Ambassadors of the United States

Ambassadors of the United States are persons nominated as ambassadors by the President to serve as United States diplomats to individual nations of the world, to international organizations, and as ambassadors-at-large. Their appointment needs to be confirmed by the United States Senate.[1] An ambassador can be appointed during a recess, but he or she can only serve as ambassador until the end of the next session of Congress unless subsequently confirmed.[2] Ambassadors serve "at the pleasure of the President", meaning they can be dismissed at any time. Appointments change regularly for various reasons, such as reassignment or retirement.

An ambassador may be a career Foreign Service Officer (career diplomat – CD) or a political appointee (PA). In most cases, career foreign service officers serve a tour of approximately three years per ambassadorship whereas political appointees customarily tender their resignations upon the inauguration of a new president. As embassies fall under the State Department's jurisdiction, ambassadors answer directly to the Secretary of State.

The United States Department of State provides lists of ambassadors which are updated periodically.[3] (A recent list was issued on December 4, 2018.[4] A further 24 nominees were confirmed on January 2, 2019, and a number of ambassadorships remain vacant.) A listing by country of past chiefs of mission is maintained by the Office of the Historian of the U.S. Department of State.[5] That same office maintains a list of the names and appointment dates of past and present ambassadors-at-large,[6] as well as chiefs of mission to international organizations.[7] This information may also be available in the final pages of the aforementioned periodically updated lists of overseas ambassadors.[3]

Flag of a United States ambassador
Flag of ambassadors of the United States of America
JFK with Ambassadors March1961
President Kennedy with a group of ambassadors in March 1961

Current U.S. ambassadors

Note that the information in this list is subject to change due to regular personnel changes resulting from retirements, reassignments, etc. The State Department posts updated lists of ambassadors approximately monthly, accessible via an interactive menu-based website.[3] As of early June 2018 there remained 28 vacant ambassadorships.[8]

Host country List Ambassador Background Website Confirmed
 Afghanistan List John Bass CD Kabul [1] September 28, 2017
 Albania List Vacant since July 2018
Leyla Moses-Ones, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[9]
(N/A) Tirana [2]
 Algeria List John Desrocher CD Algiers August 3, 2017
 Andorra[10] List Richard Duke Buchan III PA Madrid November 2, 2017
 Angola List Nina Maria Fite CD Luanda November 2, 2017
 Antigua and Barbuda[11] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela[12] CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
 Argentina List Edward C. Prado PA Buenos Aires March 22, 2018
 Armenia List Lynne M. Tracy CD Yerevan [3] January 2, 2019
 Australia List Arthur B. Culvahouse, Jr. PA Canberra [4] January 2, 2019
 Austria List Trevor Traina PA Vienna [5] March 22, 2018
 Azerbaijan List Earle D. Litzenberger CD Baku January 2, 2019
The Bahamas Bahamas List Vacant since November 21, 2011
Stephanie Bowers, Chargé d'Affaires a.i. [13]
Doug Manchester nominated[14][15][16]
(N/A) Nassau
 Bahrain List Justin Siberell CD Manama [6] September 28, 2017
 Bangladesh List Earl R. Miller CD Dhaka [7] November 13, 2018
 Barbados[11] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela[12] CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
 Belarus List Vacant since March 12, 2008[17]
Jenifer H. Moore, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.[18]
(N/A) Minsk
 Belgium List Ronald Gidwitz PA Brussels June 28, 2018
 Belize List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Keith R. Gilges, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.[19]
(N/A) Belmopan
 Benin List Patricia Mahoney CD Cotonou January 2, 2019
 Bhutan The United States does not maintain formal diplomatic relations with Bhutan. Informal contact through the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi.
 Bolivia List Vacant since September 10, 2008[20]
Bruce Williamson, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.[21]
(N/A) La Paz
 Bosnia and Herzegovina List Eric George Nelson CD Sarajevo [8] January 2, 2019
 Botswana List Craig Lewis Cloud CD Gaborone January 2, 2019
 Brazil List Vacant since November 2018[22]
William Popp, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[23]
(N/A) Brasilia
 Brunei List Matthew John Matthews CD Bandar Seri Begawan January 2, 2019
 Bulgaria List Eric S. Rubin CD Sofia December 9, 2015
 Burkina Faso List Andrew Robert Young CD Ouagadougou September 28, 2016
 Burma (Myanmar)[24] List Scot Marciel CD Rangoon [9] February 9, 2016
 Burundi List Anne Casper CD Bujumbura June 29, 2016
 Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) List John Jefferson Daigle (N/A) Praia May 24, 2019
 Cambodia List Vacant since November 2018[25]
Michael Newbill, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [26]
(N/A) Phnom Penh
 Cameroon List Peter Barlerin CD Yaoundé November 2, 2017
 Canada List Kelly Knight Craft PA Ottawa [10] August 3, 2017
 Central African Republic[27][28][29] List Lucy Tamlyn CD Bangui January 2, 2019
 Chad List Vacant since September 2018[30]
Richard K. Bell, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[31]
(N/A) N'Djamena
 Chile List Vacant since January 31, 2019
Baxter Hunt, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [32]
(N/A) Santiago
 China List Terry Branstad PA Beijing [11] May 22, 2017
 Colombia List Kevin Whitaker CD Bogotá April 1, 2014
 Comoros[33] List Michael Peter Pelletier CD Antananarivo January 2, 2019
Republic of the Congo Congo-Brazzaville List Todd Haskell CD Brazzaville May 18, 2017
Democratic Republic of the Congo Congo-Kinshasa (DRC) List Mike Hammer CD Kinshasa September 6, 2018
 Costa Rica List Sharon Day PA San José August 3, 2017
 Croatia List Robert Kohorst PA Zagreb November 2, 2017
 Cuba List Vacant since October 28, 1960
Mara Tekach, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [34]
(N/A) Havana [12]
 Cyprus List Judith G. Garber CD Nicosia January 2, 2019
 Czech Republic List Steve King PA Prague [13] October 5, 2017
 Denmark List Carla Sands PA Copenhagen [14] November 2, 2017
 Djibouti List Larry André Jr. CD Djibouti November 2, 2017
 Dominica[11] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela[12] CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
 Dominican Republic List Robin Bernstein PA Santo Domingo June 28, 2018
 East Timor List Kathleen M. Fitzpatrick CD Dili November 2, 2017
 Ecuador List Michael J. Fitzpatrick CD Quito May 23, 2019
 Egypt List Vacant since July 1, 2017
Thomas Goldberger, Chargé d'Affaires a.i. [35]
(N/A) Cairo
 El Salvador List Jean Elizabeth Manes [36] CD San Salvador December 9, 2015
 Equatorial Guinea List Susan N. Stevenson CD Malabo [15] January 2, 2019
 Eritrea List Vacant since July 19, 2010
Natalie E. Brown, Chargé d'Affaires a.i. [37]
(N/A) Asmara
 Estonia List Vacant since July 2018[38]
Elizabeth Horst, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[39]
(N/A) Tallinn [16]
 Eswatini (Swaziland)[40] List Lisa J. Peterson CD Mbabane November 19, 2015
 Ethiopia List Michael A. Raynor CD Addis Ababa August 3, 2017
 Fiji[41] List Vacant since March, 2018[42]
Michael Goldman, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[43]
(N/A) Suva
 Finland List Robert Pence PA Helsinki March 22, 2018
 France[44] List Jamie D. McCourt PA Paris [17] November 2, 2017
 Gabon[45] List Joel Danies CD Libreville February 15, 2018
 Gambia List Richard Carlton Paschall III CD Banjul January 2, 2019
 Georgia List Vacant since March 2018 [46]
Ross Wilson, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [47]
(N/A) Tbilisi [18]
 Germany List Richard Grenell PA Berlin [19] May 3, 2018
 Ghana List Stephanie Sullivan CD Ghana September 6, 2018
 Greece List Geoffrey Pyatt CD Athens [20] July 14, 2016
 Grenada[11] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela[12] CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
 Guatemala List Luis Arreaga CD Guatemala October 4, 2017
 Guinea-Bissau[48] List Tulinabo S. Mushingi CD Bissau VPP May 18, 2017
Guinea Guinea-Conakry List Simon Henshaw CD Conakry January 2, 2019
 Guyana List Sarah-Ann Lynch CD Georgetown January 2, 2019
 Haiti List Michele J. Sison CD Port-au-Prince November 2, 2017
 Holy See (Vatican City) List Callista Gingrich PA Vatican [21] October 16, 2017
 Honduras List Vacant since June 2017
Heide B. Fulton, Chargé d'Affaires a.i. [49]
(N/A) Tegucigalpa
 Hungary List David B. Cornstein PA Budapest May 24, 2018
 Iceland List Jeffrey Gunter PA Reykjavik May 23, 2019
 India List Kenneth Juster PA New Delhi [22] November 2, 2017
 Indonesia List Joseph R. Donovan Jr. CD Jakarta [23] September 28, 2016
 Iran List No diplomatic relations since April 7, 1980. Informal contact via the U.S. Interests Section in the Swiss embassy.
Virtual Embassy Tehran open since December 2011.
 Iraq List Vacant since February 2019 [50]
Joey Hood, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [51]
(N/A) Baghdad [24]
Republic of Ireland Ireland List Vacant since January 20, 2017 [52]
Reece Smyth, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [53]
(N/A) Dublin [25]
 Israel List David M. Friedman PA Jerusalem [26] March 23, 2017
 Italy[54] List Lewis Eisenberg PA Rome [27] August 3, 2017
 Ivory Coast List Vacant since August 2016 [55]
Katherine Brucker, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [56]
(N/A) Abidjan
 Jamaica List Vacant since July 2017 [57]
Eric Khant, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [58]
(N/A) Kingston
 Japan List William F. Hagerty PA Tokyo [28] July 13, 2017
 Jordan List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Paul Malik, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [59]
(N/A) Amman
 Kazakhstan List William H. Moser CD Astana January 2, 2019
 Kenya List Kyle McCarter PA Nairobi [29] January 2, 2019
 Kiribati[41] List Vacant since March, 2018[42]
Michael Goldman, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[43]
(N/A) Suva
 Kuwait List Lawrence Robert Silverman CD Kuwait City July 14, 2016
 Kyrgyzstan List Donald Lu CD Bishkek September 18, 2018
 Laos List Rena Bitter CD Vientiane September 28, 2016
 Latvia List Nancy Pettit CD Riga June 24, 2015
 Lebanon List Elizabeth Holzhall Richard CD Beirut May 17, 2016
 Lesotho List Rebecca Eliza Gonzales CD Maseru November 16, 2017
 Liberia List Christine A. Elder CD Monrovia May 17, 2016
 Libya List Vacant since January, 2018
Peter Bodde, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [60]
(N/A) Tripoli
 Liechtenstein[61] List Ed McMullen PA Bern November 2, 2017
 Lithuania List Anne Hall CD Vilnius July 14, 2016
 Luxembourg List J. Randolph Evans PA Luxembourg May 24, 2018
Republic of Macedonia Macedonia List Katie Marie Byrnes CD Skopje May 23, 2019
 Madagascar[33] List Michael Peter Pelletier CD Antananarivo January 2, 2019
 Malawi List Virginia E. Palmer/Robert K. Scott CD Lilongwe December 12, 2014
 Malaysia List Kamala Shirin Lakhdhir CD Kuala Lumpur December 9, 2016
 Maldives[62] List Alaina Teplitz CD Colombo September 6, 2018
 Mali List Dennis B. Hankins CD Bamako January 2, 2019
 Malta List Vacant since late Sept./early Oct. 2018 [63]
Mark A. Schapiro, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [64]
(N/A) Attard [30]
 Marshall Islands List Karen B. Stewart CD Majuro May 17, 2016
 Mauritania List Michael Dodman CD Nouakchott November 2, 2017
 Mauritius[65] List David Dale Reimer CD Port Louis November 2, 2017
 Mexico List Vacant since May 5, 2018 [66]
John S. Creamer, Chargé d'Affaires a.i, [67]
(N/A) Mexico City [31]
Federated States of Micronesia Micronesia List Robert Riley CD Kolonia May 17, 2016
 Moldova List Dereck J. Hogan CD Chişinău [32] September 6, 2018
 Monaco[44][68] List Jamie D. McCourt PA Paris [33] November 2, 2017
 Mongolia List Michael S. Klecheski CD Ulaanbaatar [34] January 2, 2019
 Montenegro List Judy Rising Reinke CD Podgorica September 6, 2018
 Morocco List Vacant since January 20, 2017 [69]
Stephanie Miley, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [70]
(N/A) Rabat
 Mozambique List Dennis Walter Hearne CD Maputo January 2, 2019
 Namibia List Lisa A. Johnson CD Windhoek November 16, 2017
 Nauru[41] List Vacant since March 2018[42]
Michael Goldman, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[43]
(N/A) Suva
   Nepal List Randy W. Berry CD Kathmandu September 6, 2018
 Netherlands List Pete Hoekstra PA The Hague [35] November 9, 2017
 New Zealand[71] List Scott Brown PA Wellington [36] June 8, 2017
 Nicaragua List Kevin K. Sullivan CD Managua October 11, 2018
 Niger List Eric P. Whitaker CD Niamey November 2, 2017
 Nigeria List W. Stuart Symington CD Abuja September 28, 2016
 North Korea The United States does not maintain diplomatic relations with North Korea. Limited consular matters handled by the Swedish embassy.[72]
 Norway List Kenneth Braithwaite PA Oslo [37] December 21, 2017
 Oman List Marc Jonathan Sievers CD Muscat November 19, 2015
 Pakistan List Vacant since July 2018
Paul W. Jones, Chargé d'Affaires a.i, [73]
(N/A) Islamabad [38]
 Palau[74] List Amy J. Hyatt CD Koror December 12, 2014
 Panama List Vacant since January 12, 2018
Roxanne Cabral, Chargé d'Affaires a.i. [75]
(N/A) Panama City
 Papua New Guinea[76] List Catherine Ebert-Gray CD Port Moresby December 9, 2015
 Paraguay List M. Lee McClenny CD Asunción December 21, 2017
 Peru List Krishna Urs CD Lima August 3, 2017
 Philippines[74] List Sung Y. Kim CD Manila [39] September 28, 2016
 Poland List Georgette Mosbacher PA Warsaw [40] September 6, 2018
 Portugal List George Edward Glass PA Lisbon [41] August 3, 2017
 Qatar List Vacant since June 20, 2017
William Grant, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[77]
(N/A) Doha
 Romania List Hans G. Klemm[78] CD Bucharest August 5, 2015
 Russia List Jon Huntsman Jr. PA Moscow [42] October 3, 2017
 Rwanda List Peter H. Vrooman CD Kigali February 15, 2018
 Saint Kitts and Nevis[11] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela[12] CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
 Saint Lucia[11] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela[12] CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[11] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela[12] CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
 Samoa[71] List Scott Brown PA Matafele Apia June 8, 2017
 San Marino[54] List Lewis Eisenberg PA Florence [43]
San Marino VPP
August 3, 2017
 São Tomé and Príncipe[45] List Joel Danies CD Libreville February 15, 2018
 Saudi Arabia List Vacant since January 9, 2017 [79]
Christopher Henzel, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [80]
(N/A) Riyadh
 Senegal[48] List Tulinabo S. Mushingi CD Dakar May 18, 2017
 Serbia List Kyle Randolph Scott CD Belgrade December 9, 2015
 Seychelles[65] List David Dale Reimer CD Port Louis November 2, 2017
 Sierra Leone List Maria Brewer CD Freetown August 3, 2017
 Singapore List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Stephanie Syptak-Ramnath, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [81]
(N/A) Singapore
 Slovakia List Bridget A Brink CD Bratislava May 23, 2019
 Slovenia List Vacant since July 2018 [82]
Gautam Rana, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [83]
CD Ljubljana November 20, 2014
 Solomon Islands[76] List Catherine Ebert-Gray CD Port Moresby December 9, 2015
 Somalia[84][85] List Donald Y. Yamamoto CD Somalia VPP October 11, 2018
 South Africa List Vacant since December 16, 2016 [86]
Jessye Lapenn, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [87]
(N/A) Pretoria [44]
 South Korea List Harry B. Harris Jr. PA Seoul [45] June 28, 2018
 South Sudan List Thomas Hushek CD Juba [46] April 26, 2018
 Spain[10] List Duke Buchan PA Madrid November 2, 2017
 Sri Lanka[62] List Alaina Teplitz CD Colombo September 6, 2018
 Sudan[88] List Vacant since February 7, 1996
Steven Koutsis, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [89]
(N/A) Khartoum
 Suriname List Karen L. Williams CD Paramaribo August 22, 2018
 Sweden List Vacant since January 20, 2017 [90]
Clifford G. Bond, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [91]
(N/A) Stockholm
  Switzerland[61] List Ed McMullen PA Bern November 2, 2017
 Syria[92] List Vacant since February 28, 2014 (N/A) Damascus
 Taiwan Since January 19, 1979, diplomatic relations have been carried out by the American Institute in Taiwan
Taipei Office
 Tajikistan List John Mark Pommersheim CD Dushanbe January 2, 2019
 Tanzania List Vacant since October 2016
Inmi Patterson, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [93]
(N/A) Dar es Salaam [47]
 Thailand List Vacant since September 2018[94]
Peter Haymond, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [95]
(N/A) Bangkok [48]
 Togo List Eric Williams Stromayer CD Lomé January 2, 2019
 Tonga[41] List Vacant since March 2018[42]
Michael Goldman, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[43]
(N/A) Tonga
 Trinidad and Tobago List Joseph N. Mondello PA Port of Spain June 28, 2018
 Tunisia List Donald Armin Blome CD Tunis January 2, 2019
 Turkey List Vacant since October 15, 2017[96]
Jeffrey M. Hovenier, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [97]
(N/A) Ankara
 Turkmenistan List Matthew Klimow CD Ashgabat May 24, 2019
 Tuvalu[41] List Vacant since March 2018[42]
Michael Goldman, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[43]
(N/A) Suva
 Uganda List Deborah R. Malac CD Kampala November 19, 2015
 Ukraine List Marie L. Yovanovitch CD Kiev [49] July 14, 2016
 United Arab Emirates List Vacant since Nov-Dec. 2017 [98]
Steven C. Bondy, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [99]
(N/A) Abu Dhabi [50]
 United Kingdom[100] List Woody Johnson PA London [51] August 3, 2017
 Uruguay List Kelly Keiderling [101] CD Montevideo May 17, 2016
 Uzbekistan List Daniel N. Rosenblum CD Tashkent April 11, 2019
 Vanuatu[76] List Catherine Ebert-Gray CD Port Moresby December 9, 2015
 Venezuela List Vacant since July 16, 2010 [102]
James Story, Chargé d'Affaires a.i. [103]
(N/A) Caracas [52]
 Vietnam List Daniel J. Kritenbrink CD Hanoi October 26, 2017
 Yemen List Christopher Paul Henzel CD Sana’a January 2, 2019
 Zambia List Daniel Lewis Foote CD Lusaka November 2, 2017
 Zimbabwe List Brian A. Nichols CD Harare June 28, 2018
 Abkhazia The Republic of Abkhazia is not recognized by the United Nations or by the United States.
 Northern Cyprus The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is not recognized by the United Nations or by the United States.
 Palestine The Palestinian State is not recognized by the United States.
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic is not recognized by the United Nations or by the United States[104]
 South Ossetia The Republic of South Ossetia is not recognized by the United Nations or by the United States.

Ambassadors to international organizations

Current ambassadors from the United States to international organizations:

Host organization List Location Ambassador Background Website Confirmed
African Union List Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Mary Beth Leonard CD Addis Ababa June 29, 2016
Association of Southeast Asian Nations List Jakarta, Indonesia Vacant since January 20, 2017
Jane Bocklage, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [105]
(N/A) Jakarta
Conference on Disarmament List Geneva, Switzerland Robert Wood CD Geneva July 15, 2014
European Union List Brussels, Belgium Gordon Sondland PA Brussels [53] June 29, 2018
International Civil Aviation Organization List Montreal, Quebec, Canada Thomas L. Carter PA Montreal November 2, 2017
North Atlantic Treaty Organization List Brussels, Belgium Kay Bailey Hutchison PA Brussels August 3, 2017
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development List Paris, France Vacant since January 20, 2017[106]
Andrew Haviland, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [107]
(N/A) Paris
Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons[108] List The Hague, Netherlands Kenneth Ward [109] CD The Hague December 7, 2015
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe List Vienna, Austria Vacant since January 20, 2017[110]
Harry Kamian, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [111]
(N/A) Vienna [54]
Organization of American States List Washington, D.C., United States Carlos Trujillo PA Washington, D.C. March 22, 2018
United Nations List New York, United States Vacant since December 31, 2018[112] New York City
United Nations (Deputy) List Washington, D.C., United States Jonathan R. Cohen[113] CD New York City May 24, 2018
United Nations (Management and Reform) List New York, United States Cherith Norman Chalet PA New York City September 12, 2018
United Nations (Special Political Affairs) List New York, United States Vacant since January 20, 2017 (N/A) New York City
United Nations Economic and Social Council List New York, United States Kelley Eckels Currie PA New York City August 3, 2017
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
-- U.S. withdrew from UNESCO effective December 31, 2018 [114][115]
List Paris, France Vacant since January 20, 2017 (N/A) Paris
United Nations Human Rights Council
-- On June 19, 2018 the U.S. announced it was withdrawing from the UN-HRC [116]
List Geneva, Switzerland Vacant since January 20, 2017
Mark Cassayre, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [117]
(N/A) Geneva
United Nations International Organizations in Geneva List Geneva, Switzerland Vacant since January 20, 2017[118]
Mark Cassayre, Chargé d'Affaires a.i [117]
(N/A) Geneva
United Nations International Organizations in Nairobi List Nairobi, Kenya Robert F. Godec CD Nairobi January 2, 2013
United Nations International Organizations in Rome (U.N. Agencies for Food & Agriculture) List Rome, Italy Kip Tom PA Rome April 11, 2019
United Nations International Organizations in Vienna List Vienna, Austria Jackie Wolcott CD Vienna September 24, 2018

Ambassadors-at-Large

Current Ambassadors-at-Large from the United States with worldwide responsibility:[119][120]

Portfolio List Ambassador Background Website Confirmed
Counterterrorism (Coordinator) List Nathan Alexander Sales PA [55] August 3, 2017
Global AIDS Combat[121] (Coordinator) List Deborah L. Birx PA [56] April 4, 2014
Global Criminal Justice List Todd F. Buchwald CD [57] December 30, 2015
Global Women's Issues List Vacant since Jan. 2017 (N/A) [58]
International Religious Freedom List Sam Brownback PA [59] January 24, 2018
Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (Director) List John C. Richmond PA [60] October 11, 2018

Other Chiefs of Mission

Senior diplomatic representatives of the United States hosted in posts other than embassies. Unlike other consulates, these persons report directly to the Secretary of State.

Host country List Ambassador Title Website Appointed
 Curaçao[122] List Margaret Hawthorne Consul General and Chief of Mission Curaçao April 2016
 Hong Kong[123] List Kurt Tong Consul General and Chief of Mission Hong Kong [61] August 27, 2016
 Jerusalem[124] List Karen Sasahara Consul General and Chief of Mission Jerusalem [62] August 2018
 Macau[123] List Kurt Tong Consul General and Chief of Mission Hong Kong [63] August 27, 2016
 Taiwan List William Brent Christensen Director Taipei [64] August 11, 2018

Special Envoys, Representatives and Coordinators

These diplomatic officials report directly to the Secretary of State. Many oversee a portfolio not restricted to one nation, often an overall goal, and are not usually subject to Senate confirmation.[125][120][126] Unlike the State Department offices and diplomats listed in other sections of this Article, the offices and special envoys/representatives/coordinators listed in this Section are created and staffed by direction of top Federal Executive administrators - primarily U.S. Presidents and Secretaries of State - whose political or organizational management philosophies may not be shared by their successors.[127][128][129] As such, many of these positions may go unfilled upon assumption of office by successor Presidential Administrations, with their offices sometimes merged with or subsumed into other offices, or abolished altogether.

Portfolio Officeholder (Title) Website Appointed
Afghanistan and Pakistan — S/SRAP office disestablished June 2017, its duties assumed by the Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs[130] Alice G. Wells [65] June 26, 2017
Arctic Region — In 2017 it was announced this office's functions would be subsumed into the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs[128] Vacant since January 20, 2017
(Special Representative) [131]
[66]
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Matthew Matthews [132]
(Senior Official)
[67] May 17, 2015
Assistance to Europe, Eurasia, and Central Asia Vacant (Coordinator) [133] [68]
Biological & Toxin Weapons Convention Issues Robert Wood[134] (Special Representative) [69] October 2, 2014
Burma — In 2017 it was announced this office's functions would be subsumed into the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs[128] Vacant since November 19, 2014
(Senior Advisor)
[70]
Central African Republic[135] Vacant since 2015
(Special Representative)
[71]
Civil Society and Emerging Democracies Vacant since October 31, 2014 (Coordinator) [72]
Climate Change — In 2017 it was announced this office's functions would be subsumed into the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs[128] Vacant since January 20, 2017
(Special Envoy)
[73]
Closure of the Guantánamo Detention Facility — In 2017 it was announced this office would be disestablished, and any of its functions deemed still necessary would be assumed by the Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs[129] Vacant since January 20, 2017
(Special Envoy)
[74]
Commercial and Business Affairs Vacant (Special Representative)
Scott Ticknor, acting
[75]
Conference on Disarmament Robert Wood (Special Representative) [76] October 2, 2014
Counterterrorism Nathan A. Sales[136] (Coordinator)[137] [77] August 10, 2017
Cyber Issues — In 2017 it was announced the coordinator position for this office would be discontinued, and its functions subsumed into the Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs[129] Vacant since July 2017[138][139] (Coordinator) [78]
Environment and Water Resources — In 2017 it was announced the assistant secretary for oceans and international environmental and scientific affairs would be dual-hatted as the special representative for environment and water resources.[129] Vacant since January 2017
(Special Representative)
[79]
Fissile Material Negotiator Michael Guhin (Senior Cutoff Coordinator) [80][140] August 10, 2009
Global Coalition to Counter ISIL Vacant since December 31, 2018 [141][142]
(Special Presidential Envoy)
[81]
Global Criminal Justice Todd Buchwald (Special Coordinator) [82] December 30, 2015
Global Engagement Center Vacant (Coordinator)
Daniel Kimmage, acting
[83]
Global Food Security — In 2017 it was reported that this office would be moved to USAID[128] Vacant (Special Representative)
Ted Lyng, acting
[84]
Global Health Diplomacy[121] Deborah L. Birx
(Special Representative/Ambassador)
[85] April 14, 2014
Global Partnerships — In 2017 it was reported this position would be cut and its duties of the office subsumed into the Office of Management Policy, Rightsizing, and Innovation.[129] Vacant (Special Representative)
Thomas Debass, acting
[86]
Global Youth Issues — In 2017 it was reported this position would be cut and the duties of the office transferred to the Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs[129] Andy Rabens (Special Advisor) [87] October 19, 2014
Great Lakes Region of Africa J. Peter Pham (Special Envoy) [88] November 2018
Haiti Kenneth Merten (Special Coordinator) [89] August 17, 2015
Holocaust Issues Thomas K. Yazdgerdi (Special Envoy)
Stu Eizenstat (Special Advisor)
[90] August 22, 2016
December 18, 2013
Hostage Affairs Robert C. O'Brien
(Special Presidential Envoy)
[91] May 25, 2018
Human Rights of LGBTI Persons Vacant since November 2017[143]
(Special Envoy)
[92]
International Communications and Information Policy (Advisory Committee) Vacant (Coordinator/Ambassador) [93]
International Disabilities Rights Vacant (Special Advisor) [94]
International Energy Affairs Vacant (Special Envoy and Coordinator)
Mary Warlick acting
[95]
International Information Programs Vacant (Coordinator)
Jonathan Henick, acting
[96]
International Information Technology Diplomacy Vacant (Senior Coordinator) [97]
International Labor Affairs Vacant (Special Representative) [98]
Iran Nuclear Implementation Vacant(Coordinator) [99]
Israel and the Palestinian Authority Frederick Rudesheim
(Security Coordinator)
[100] January 2015
Israeli-Palestinian Negotiations Frank Lowenstein (Special Envoy) [101] July 1, 2014
Knowledge Management Vacant (Senior Coordinator) [102]
Libya Vacant since January 20, 2017
(Special Envoy)
Middle East Transitions Vacant (Special Coordinator) [103]
Minsk Vacant (Senior Representative) [104]
Monitor and Combat Anti-semitism Vacant (Special Envoy) [105]
Muslim Communities Vacant (Special Representative) [106]
Nonproliferation and Arms Control Vacant since June 10, 2010
(Special Advisor)
[107]
North Korea Policy Joseph Yun (Special Representative) [108] October 17, 2016
North Korean Human Rights Issues Vacant (Special Envoy) [109]
Northern Ireland Issues Vacant (Presidential Representative) [110]
Nuclear Nonproliferation Vacant (Special Representative of the President/Ambassador) [111]
Organization of Islamic Cooperation Vacant since February 13, 2015
(Special Envoy)
[112]
Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review Vacant since July 6, 2015
(Special Representative)
[113]
Religion and Global Affairs [144][145][146] Vacant (Special Representative) [114]
Religious Minorities in the Near East and South/Central Asia Knox Thames[147] (Special Envoy) [115] [116] September 28, 2015
Sanctions Policy Vacant (Coordinator) [117]
Science and Technology Vacant (Advisor) [118]
Secretary Initiatives Vacant (Special Advisor)
Senior Advisor to the Secretary Vacant (Senior Advisor)
Six-Party Talks (2003-2009) on North Korea's development of weapons of mass destruction[148] Vacant since September 2015
(Special Envoy)
[119]
Somalia Vacant since 2015 [149]
(Special Representative)
[120]
Sudan and South Sudan Vacant since January 2017 [150][151]
(Special Envoy)
[121]
Syria Vacant since April 2018[152]
(Special Envoy)
[122]
Threat Reduction Programs Vacant since 2017 (Coordinator/Ambassador) [123][153]
Tibetan Issues[154] Vacant (Special Coordinator) [124]
Transparency (Coordinator)[155][156] - office may have been disestablished; no public record of activity after 2016 located/identified Vacant (Coordinator) Archived[155]
Ukraine Negotiations Kurt Volker (Special Representative) [125] July 7, 2017

Nations without exchange of ambassadors

  • Bhutan: According to the U.S. State Department, "The United States and the Kingdom of Bhutan have not established formal diplomatic relations; however, the two governments have informal and cordial relations".[157] Informal contact with the nation of Bhutan is maintained through the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi.[157]
  • Iran: On April 7, 1980, the United States broke diplomatic relations with Iran after the 1979 Iranian Revolution.[158] On April 24, 1981, the Swiss government assumed representation of U.S. interests in Tehran, and Algeria assumed representation of Iranian interests in the United States.[159] Currently, Iranian interests in the United States are represented by the government of Pakistan. The U.S. Department of State named Iran a "State Sponsor of Terrorism" on January 19, 1984.[160]
  • North Korea: The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is not on friendly terms with the United States, and while talks between the two countries are ongoing, there is no exchange of ambassadors. Sweden functions as Protective Power for the United States in Pyongyang and performs limited consular responsibilities for U.S. citizens in North Korea.[161]
  • Taiwan: With the normalization of relations with the People's Republic of China in 1979, the United States has not maintained official diplomatic relations with Taiwan. Relations between Taiwan and the United States are maintained through an unofficial instrumentality, the Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office, with headquarters in Taipei and field offices in Washington, D.C., and twelve other U.S. cities. The Taipei Office of the American Institute in Taiwan, a non-profit, public corporation, functions as a de facto embassy, performing most consular functions and staffed by Foreign Service Officers who are formally "on leave."[162]

Selected past ambassadors

Many well-known individuals have served the United States as ambassadors, or in formerly analogous positions such as envoy, including several who also became President of the United States (indicated in boldface below). Some notable ambassadors have included:

Ambassador Host country or organization
John Adams United Kingdom, Netherlands
John Quincy Adams United Kingdom, Russia, Netherlands, Germany
Madeleine Albright United Nations
Carol Moseley Braun New Zealand
James Buchanan Russia, United Kingdom
George H. W. Bush United Nations
Cassius Marcellus Clay Russia
Frederick Douglass Haiti
Lawrence Eagleburger Yugoslavia
Benjamin Franklin France, Sweden
John Kenneth Galbraith India
Averell Harriman Soviet Union, United Kingdom
Pamela Harriman France
Patricia Roberts Harris Luxembourg
William Henry Harrison Colombia
Richard Holbrooke Germany, United Nations
Jon Huntsman, Jr. Singapore, China, Russia (current, as of 2017)
Ambassador Host country or organization
John Jay Spain
Thomas Jefferson France
Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. United Kingdom
Jeane Kirkpatrick United Nations
Robert Lincoln United Kingdom
Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. United Nations, Germany
Clare Boothe Luce Italy
George McGovern UN-Rome
John Y. Mason France
Walter Mondale Japan
James Monroe France, United Kingdom
Daniel Patrick Moynihan India, United Nations
Donald Rumsfeld NATO
Shirley Temple Czechoslovakia, Ghana
Martin Van Buren United Kingdom
Paul Wolfowitz Indonesia
Charles Yost Laos, Syria, Morocco, United Nations

Ambassadors killed in office

Eight United States Ambassadors have been killed in office – six of them by armed attack and the other two in plane crashes.[163]

Name Ambassador to Place Country Date of death Killed by
Laurence Steinhardt Canada Ramsayville, Ontario  Canada March 28, 1950 plane crash
John Mein Guatemala Guatemala City  Guatemala August 28, 1968 attack by Rebel Armed Forces
Cleo Noel Sudan Khartoum  Sudan March 2, 1973 attack by Black September Palestinian Terrorists
Rodger Davies Cyprus Nicosia  Cyprus August 19, 1974 attack during Greek Cypriot demonstration
Francis Meloy Lebanon Beirut  Lebanon June 16, 1976 attack by Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
Adolph Dubs Afghanistan Kabul  Afghanistan February 14, 1979 attack by Settam-e-Melli
Arnold Raphel Pakistan Bahawalpur  Pakistan August 17, 1988 plane crash
Chris Stevens Libya Benghazi  Libya September 11, 2012 attack by Ansar al-Sharia on a U.S. diplomatic mission

Ambassadors to past countries

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ U.S. Senate – Powers & Procedure, Senate.gov; retrieved May 25, 2012.
  2. ^ Henry B. Hogue. "Recess Appointments: Frequently Asked Questions" (PDF). Congressional Research Service, the Library of Congress. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  3. ^ a b c "U.S. Ambassadors: Current List of Ambassadorial Appointments Overseas (listings arranged by date)". state.gov. U.S. Department of State. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
  4. ^ "Ambassadorial Assignments Overseas" (PDF). U.S. Department of State. December 4, 2018. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 7, 2018. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  5. ^ "Chiefs of Mission Listed by Country". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
  6. ^ "Ambassadors at Large". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
  7. ^ "Chiefs of Mission to International Organizations". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
  8. ^ Harris, Gardiner (June 6, 2018). "A Growing List of U.S. Diplomats Acting Undiplomatically". nytimes.com. New York Times. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
  9. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires, a.i. Leyla Moses-Ones". September 2018. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
  10. ^ a b The U.S. Ambassador to Spain, resident at Madrid, is also accredited to Andorra.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g The United States Ambassador to Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean, resident in Bridgetown, Barbados, is concurrently accredited to Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g Leandro Rizzuto nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN136 — Leandro Rizzuto — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  13. ^ "Charge d'Affaires Stephanie Bowers". bs.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  14. ^ "PN462 — Doug Manchester — Department of State (2017-18)". www.congress.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  15. ^ Meyer, Theodoric; Levine, Marianne (May 16, 2018). "Manchester hires lobbyist to salvage ambassador nomination". politico.com. Politico LLC. Archived from the original on July 12, 2018. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  16. ^ Doug Manchester nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN130 — Doug Manchester — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  17. ^ "U.S. Relations With Belarus". state.gov. April 12, 2018. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  18. ^ "Chargé d'affaires Jenifer H. Moore".
  19. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Keith R. Gilges". July 28, 2018. Archived from the original on October 7, 2018. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  20. ^ President Morales ordered the expulsion of U.S. Ambassador Philip Goldberg as well as all U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration personnel in September 2008. The U.S. Government ordered the reciprocal expulsion of the Bolivian Ambassador in Washington, Gustavo Guzman. Source: U.S. Department of State Background Notes on Bolivia
  21. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Bruce Williamson". bo.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  22. ^ McKinley, P. Michael. "Farewell Message by Ambassador McKinley: Partners for a better tomorrow". br.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  23. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires, a.i., William Popp". br.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  24. ^ In 1989 the military government of Burma changed the name of the nation to Myanmar, but the United States government—and other Western governments—still refer to the country as Burma in official usage. See Myanmar.
  25. ^ W. Patrick Murphy nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN133 — W. Patrick Murphy — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  26. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Michael Newbill". kh.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  27. ^ Embassy suspended operations on December 28, 2012. French embassy acted as protecting power from April 25, 2013. Relations resumed from September 15, 2014
  28. ^ Department of State – Central African Republic: Resumption of Operations at Embassy Bangui
  29. ^ 7 FAM 1022 – Bilateral Protecting Power Arrangements
  30. ^ "Ambassador Geeta Pasi Named to Senior Position at the Department of State in Washington, D.C." td.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  31. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires, a.i. Richard K. Bell". td.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  32. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires a.i. Baxter Hunt". cl.usembassy.gov. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  33. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Antananarivo, is accredited to Madagascar and Comoros.
  34. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires". cu.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  35. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Thomas H. Goldberger". eg.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  36. ^ Ronald Douglas Johnson nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN129 — Ronald Douglas Johnson — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  37. ^ "Charge d'Affaires Natalie E. Brown". er.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  38. ^ Melville, James D. (Jr.) (October 3, 2018). "I stepped down as U.S. ambassador to Estonia. Here's why". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  39. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Elizabeth Horst". ee.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  40. ^ On April 19, 2018, King Mswati III of Swaziland announced a change of the English language form of his country’s name from Swaziland to Eswatini. "Appendix A: Notes on Nationality (from Report of the Visa Office 2018)" (PDF). travel.state.gov. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 27, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  41. ^ a b c d e One ambassador, resident at Suva, is accredited to Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, Tonga, and Tuvalu. Source U.S. Embassy Suva.
  42. ^ a b c d e Joseph Cella nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN114 — Joseph Cella — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  43. ^ a b c d e "Charge d' Affaires Michael Goldman". fj.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  44. ^ a b As of December 2006, the U.S. ambassador to France is also accredited to Monaco.
  45. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Libreville, is accredited to Gabon and São Tomé and Príncipe. Source: U.S. State Department
  46. ^ Kelly, Ian (February 22, 2018). "Ambassador Kelly's Farewell Speech and Thoughts". ge.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  47. ^ "Ambassador Ross Wilson, Chargé d'Affaires, a.i." ge.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  48. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Dakar, is accredited to Guinea-Bissau and Senegal.
  49. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires a.i. Heide B. Fulton". hn.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  50. ^ Matthew H. Tueller nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN146 — Matthew H. Tueller — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  51. ^ "Chargé d'affaires Joey Hood". ie.usembassy.gov. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  52. ^ Edward F. Crawford nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN118 — Edward F. Crawford — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  53. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Reece Smyth". ie.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  54. ^ a b The U.S. Ambassador to Rome is also accredited to San Marino. The U.S. Consulate in Florence handles matters concerned with San Marino.
  55. ^ Richard K. Bell nominated & name submitted to Senate Jan. 3, 2019. "PN4 — Richard K. Bell — Department of State". congress.gov. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
  56. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Katherine Brucker". ci.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  57. ^ Donald R. Tapia nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN143 — Donald R. Tapia — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  58. ^ "Chargé d' Affaires Eric Khant". jm.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  59. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Paul Malik". jo.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  60. ^ "Charge d'Affaires Peter Bodde". ly.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  61. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Bern, is accredited to Switzerland and Liechtenstein.
  62. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Colombo, is accredited to Maldives and Sri Lanka.
  63. ^ Christine J. Toretti nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN145 — Christine J. Toretti — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  64. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Mark A. Schapiro". mt.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  65. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Port Louis, is accredited to Mauritius and Seychelles.
  66. ^ Summary of former ambassador Roberta Jacobson's reasons for resigning is in the eighth paragraph of this article/interview. Breslow, Jason (June 17, 2018). "Former U.S. Ambassador To Mexico Calls Trump's Immigration Policies 'Un-American'". www.npr.org. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
  67. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires – John S. Creamer". mx.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  68. ^ Until December 2006, the United States and Monaco had no formal diplomatic relations (exchange of ambassadors). The U.S. Consul General in Marseille, France, under the authority of the U.S. Ambassador to France, managed relations with Monaco. In December 2006, the United States and Monaco upgraded from consular to full diplomatic relations and Ambassador Craig Stapleton (France) was accredited to Monaco. Source: Department of State: Background notes on Monaco, U.S. Embassy in France: U.S. Diplomatic Mission to Monaco.
  69. ^ David T. Fischer nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN121 — David T. Fischer — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  70. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires – Stephanie Miley". ma.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  71. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Wellington, is accredited to New Zealand and Samoa.
  72. ^ American citizens who travel to North Korea do so at their own risk and in some cases in violation of U.S. and/or UN sanctions.
  73. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires a.i. Paul W. Jones". pk.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  74. ^ a b Until 2005 one ambassador, resident at Manila, was accredited to the Philippines and Palau. Source: CIA World Factbook. Helen Reed-Rowe is the first ambassador to Palau to be confirmed in 2010.
  75. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires a.i. Roxanne Cabral". pa.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  76. ^ a b c One ambassador, resident at Port Moresby, is accredited to Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu.
  77. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires, a.i. William Grant". November 30, 2017. Archived from the original on October 18, 2018. Retrieved December 10, 2018.
  78. ^ Adrian Zuckerman nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN148 — Adrian Zuckerman — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  79. ^ John P. Abizaid nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN103 — John P. Abizaid — Department of State". congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  80. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires, a.i. Christopher Henzel". sa.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  81. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires, ad interim". sg.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  82. ^ Lynda Blanchard nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN108 — Lynda Blanchard — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  83. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Gautam Rana". si.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  84. ^ Managed through the U.S. Embassy in Kenya. The United States has no diplomatic relations with Somalia. The last ambassador to Somalia was James Bishop when the embassy in Mogadishu was closed on January 5, 1991. Source: U.S State Department.
  85. ^ "Virtual Presence Post Somalia". Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved July 31, 2008.
  86. ^ Lana J. Marks nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN131 — Lana J. Marks — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  87. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Jessye Lapenn". za.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  88. ^ The U.S. Embassy in Khartoum was closed on February 7, 1996. Timothy Michael Carney was the last ambassador to Sudan. The embassy was reopened on May 23, 2002, with Jeffrey Millington as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim. There has been no U.S. ambassador in Khartoum since then. Source U.S. Department of State.
  89. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Steven Koutsis". sd.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  90. ^ Kenneth A. Howery nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN127 — Kenneth A. Howery — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  91. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires ad interim Clifford G. Bond". se.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  92. ^ After formal relations were reestablished in 2010 after five years, the embassy was again suspended on February 6, 2014. Poland became the protecting power until its embassy closed on July 27, at which point the Czech Republic took responsibility.
  93. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Inmi Patterson". tz.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  94. ^ "Ambassador Glyn T. Davies' statement to the press following his farewell call with Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha". th.usembassy.gov. September 26, 2018. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  95. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Peter Haymond". th.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  96. ^ David Michael Satterfield nominated & name submitted to Senate Feb. 25, 2019. "PN409 — David Michael Satterfield — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved February 26, 2019.
  97. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Jeffrey M. Hovenier". tr.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  98. ^ John Rakolta Jr. nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN135 — John Rakolta Jr. — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  99. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Steven C. Bondy". ae.usembassy.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  100. ^ The ambassador to the U.K. is known as the "Ambassador to the Court of St. James's."
  101. ^ Kenneth S. George nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN123 — Kenneth S. George — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  102. ^ President Chavez ordered the expulsion of the U.S. Ambassador, John Duddy, on September 11, 2008, in solidarity with the Bolivian government's decision to expel the U.S. Ambassador in La Paz. The U.S. Government ordered the reciprocal expulsion of the Venezuelan Ambassador in Washington. Source: U.S. Department of State Background Notes on Venezuela
  103. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires James "Jimmy" Story". ve.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  104. ^ The US neither recognizes Moroccan claims to sovereignty over Western Sahara. Sources: Western Sahara, Foreign relations of Western Sahara, Foreign relations of Morocco.
  105. ^ "Chargé d'affaires Jane Bocklage". asean.usmission.gov. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  106. ^ Pamela Bates nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN106 — Pamela Bates — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  107. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires, a.i. Andrew Haviland". usoecd.usmission.gov. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  108. ^ The U.S. Permanent Representative to the OPCW is based at the U.S. Embassy in The Hague "Our Relationship". nl.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
  109. ^ "Ambassador Kenneth D. Ward (OPCW)". nl.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
  110. ^ James S. Gilmore nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN124 — James S. Gilmore — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  111. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires, a.i., Harry Kamian". Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  112. ^ "Trump picks Heather Nauert as new US envoy to UN". www.bbc.com. December 7, 2018. Archived from the original on December 18, 2018. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  113. ^ "Ambassador Jonathan R. Cohen". Retrieved December 22, 2018.
  114. ^ Nauert, Heather (October 12, 2017). "The United States Withdraws From UNESCO". www.state.gov. Archived from the original on December 19, 2018. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
  115. ^ Kraemer, Tania (January 1, 2019). "Goodbye, UNESCO: Israel and US quit UN heritage agency". Archived from the original on January 1, 2019. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  116. ^ Haley, Nikki; Pompeo, Mike (June 19, 2018). "Remarks on the UN Human Rights Council". Retrieved December 22, 2018.
  117. ^ a b "Mark Cassayre, Chargé d'Affaires, ad interim". Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  118. ^ Andrew P. Bremberg nominated & name resubmitted to Senate Jan. 16, 2019. "PN110 — Andrew P. Bremberg — United Nations". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  119. ^ United States Ambassadors at Large
  120. ^ a b Assistant Secretaries and Other Senior Officials
  121. ^ a b Since 2015 office has been titled 'Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator and Health Diplomacy'
  122. ^ While solely accredited to Curaçao, the Consul General is responsible for all the countries and special municipalities of the former Netherlands Antilles, including Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten, Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius.
  123. ^ a b The United States Consul General to Hong Kong, resident in Hong Kong, is concurrently accredited to Macau.
  124. ^ The Consul General to Jerusalem is also responsible for residents in the Palestinian territories.
  125. ^ "Special Envoys, Representatives and Coordinators". American Foreign Service Association. January 7, 2019. Retrieved January 22, 2019.
  126. ^ Alphabetical List of Bureaus and Offices
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  129. ^ a b c d e f Kanowitz, Stephanie (October 31, 2017). "SIDEBAR: Who's In and Who's Out". washdiplomat.com. Archived from the original on November 1, 2017. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  130. ^ "Inspection of the Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs" (PDF). www.oversight.gov. February 2018. Retrieved December 22, 2018. With the creation of the Secretary of State’s Office of the Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan (S/SRAP) in 2009, the country desks for Afghanistan and Pakistan transferred out of SCA to the new entity. However, in June 2017, the Department reintegrated S/SRAP’s Afghanistan and Pakistan offices and its policy, support, foreign assistance, and leadership functions into SCA
  131. ^ "Key State Department Arctic Officials". www.state.gov. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
  132. ^ "Biography: Matthew J. Matthews". www.state.gov. Retrieved December 23, 2018.
  133. ^ (Scroll down list) "Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs: Senior Officials". www.state.gov. Retrieved December 23, 2018.
  134. ^ "Ambassador Robert Wood – U.S. Permanent Representative to the CD". geneva.usmission.gov. Retrieved December 23, 2018.
  135. ^ Last to hold the position (2014-2015) was W. Stuart Symington. "W. Stuart Symington". state.gov. Retrieved December 23, 2018.
  136. ^ United States Department of State
  137. ^ United States Department of State
  138. ^ "State Department's top cyber diplomat announces departure". www.cyberscoop.com. July 18, 2017. Retrieved December 25, 2018.
  139. ^ Chris Painter [@C_Painter] (July 28, 2017). "On my final day in this role, a reminder on this #FlashbackFriday of the importance of #Diplomacy in #Cyberspace -- hint, it's important!" (Tweet). Retrieved January 1, 2019 – via Twitter.
  140. ^ Archive of original/discontinued State Dept. webpage. "Office of U.S. Fissile Material Negotiator and Senior Cutoff Coordinator's Operation (ISN/FM)". www.state.gov. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
  141. ^ "US envoy Brett McGurk quits over Trump Syria pullout". www.bbc.com. December 23, 2018. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  142. ^ Brett McGurk [@brett_mcgurk] (December 31, 2018). "Today was my last day at the State Department. I wish my former civilian and military colleagues well as they work under extremely difficult circumstances to protect the interests of our great country. It was a privilege to serve alongside them" (Tweet). Archived from the original on December 31, 2018 – via Twitter.
  143. ^ "Randy Berry is no longer US LGBTI envoy". www.washingtonblade.com. November 30, 2017. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
  144. ^ "RELIGION AND GLOBAL AFFAIRS" (PDF). state.gov. February 27, 2015. Archived from the original on December 30, 2018. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
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External links

List of ambassadors of the United States to Canada

This is a list of ambassadors from the United States to Canada. The ambassador is the head of the Embassy of the United States in Ottawa.

Prior to 1943, the head of the U.S. diplomatic mission to Canada bore the title of Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary. The U.S. mission to Canada was upgraded from legation to embassy status in June 1943, and Ray Atherton was the first chief of mission to hold ambassadorial rank.

List of ambassadors of the United States to China

The United States Ambassador to China is the chief American diplomat to People's Republic of China (PRC). The United States has sent diplomatic representatives to China since 1844, when Caleb Cushing, as commissioner, negotiated the Treaty of Wanghia. Commissioners represented the United States in China from 1844 to 1857. Until 1898, the Qing Empire did not have a system in place for the Emperor to accept the Letters of Credence of foreign representatives. From 1858 to 1935, the U.S. representative in China was formally Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to China. The American legation in Nanjing was upgraded to an embassy in 1935 and the Envoy was promoted to Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary.

During the republican era, the U.S. recognized the Beiyang Government in Beijing from 1912 to 1928 and the Nationalist Government in Nanjing (and Chongqing from 1937 to 1945) from 1928 onwards. After the Communist People's Republic of China was established in mainland China in 1949 and the Kuomintang moved the Republic of China government from Nanjing to Taipei, Taiwan, the U.S. continued to recognize the Republic of China as the legitimate Chinese government and maintained its embassy in Taiwan. However, in 1973, the U.S. established a Liaison Office in Beijing to represent its interests in mainland China. In 1976, the Chief of the Liaison Office was promoted to the rank of ambassador. In December 1978, the U.S. severed official relations with the Republic of China and in January 1979, established formal relations with the People's Republic of China. The U.S. Liaison Office in Beijing was upgraded to an embassy on March 1, 1979. The American Institute in Taiwan was established in 1979 to serve as the unofficial U.S. representative to Taiwan, with the director of its Taipei Office taking the role of a de facto ambassador.

On May 22, 2017 the United States Senate approved and confirmed Terry Branstad, former Governor of Iowa, as the U.S. Ambassador to China. He was sworn in on May 24, 2017.

List of ambassadors of the United States to Colombia

The following is a list of Ambassadors of the United States, or other chiefs of mission, to Colombia and its predecessor states. The title given by the United States State Department to this position is currently Ambassador Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary.

List of ambassadors of the United States to Cuba

The United States Ambassador to the Republic of Cuba is the official representative of the President of the United States to the head of state of Cuba, and serves as the head of the Embassy of the United States in Havana. Direct bilateral diplomatic relations did not exist between the two countries from 1961 to 2015. President Dwight D. Eisenhower severed relations following the Cuban Revolution on January 3, 1961. Relations were subsequently restored by Cuban President Raul Castro and President Barack Obama on July 20, 2015.

With the restoration of relations in 2015, the president may nominate an ambassador, though the position has remained vacant since 1960. The embassy is currently run by a Chargé d'affaires ad interim, Mara Tekach. The Chargé d'affaires and the embassy staff at large work in the American Embassy on the Malecón across from the Plaza de la Revolución in Havana, Cuba.

List of ambassadors of the United States to France

The United States Ambassador to France is the official representative of the President of the United States to the President of France. The United States has maintained diplomatic relations with France since the American Revolution. Relations were upgraded to the higher rank of Ambassador in 1893. The diplomatic relationship has continued through France's five republics, two empires, and three monarchies. Since 2006 the ambassador to France has also served as the ambassador to Monaco

List of ambassadors of the United States to Germany

The United States has had diplomatic relations with the nation of Germany and its principal predecessor nation, the Kingdom of Prussia, since 1835. These relations were broken twice (1917 to 1921, and 1941 to 1955) while Germany and the United States were at war and for a continuation interval afterwards.

Prior to 1835, the United States and Prussia recognized one another but did not exchange representatives, except for a brief period when John Quincy Adams was accredited to the Prussian court from 1797 to 1801.

List of ambassadors of the United States to India

The United States Ambassador to India is the chief diplomatic representative of United States in India. The U.S. Ambassador's office is situated at the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi.

List of ambassadors of the United States to Iraq

This is a list of United States ambassadors, or lower-ranking heads of a diplomatic mission to Iraq.

Alexander K. Sloan (1931) – Chargé d'Affaires

Paul Knabenshue (1932–1942) – Minister

Thomas M. Wilson (1942) – Minister

Loy W. Henderson (1943–1945) – Minister

George Wadsworth II (1946–1948) – Minister

Edward Savage Crocker II (1948) – First ambassador

Burton Y. Berry (1952–1954)

Waldemar J. Gallman (1954–1958)

John D. Jernegan (1958–1962)

Robert C. Strong (1963–1967)

Enoch S. Duncan (1967) – Chargé d'AffairesThe United States broke off full ties with Iraq over the Six-Day War and did not resume them until 1984. The U.S. maintained an interests section starting in 1972, hosted by the Belgian embassy.

David George Newton (1984–1988) – Initially Chargé d'Affaires, then full ambassador

April Glaspie (1988–1990)

Joseph C. Wilson (1990–1991) – Chargé d'Affaires until First Gulf WarThe American embassy in Baghdad remained closed until 2000 when it was staffed by Japanese diplomats working in proxy with the U.S. No new Ambassador or Chargé d'Affaires was appointed until after the Second Gulf War. However the U.S. Interests Section was opened at the Polish embassy in January, 1991. The Polish embassy represented interests of the U.S. until June 30, 2004.

Krzysztof Biernacki (1991–2004) – the Director of the U.S. Interests Section at the Polish embassy in Baghdad, Polish diplomat

John Negroponte (2004–2005) – First post-Second Gulf War ambassador

Zalmay Khalilzad (2005 – March 2007)

Ryan Crocker (March 2007 – March 2009) Ambassador Patricia A. Butenis is Chargé d'Affaires, a.i.

Christopher R. Hill (April 2009 – August 2010)

James F. Jeffrey (August 2010 – June 2012)

Robert S. Beecroft (September 2012 – June 2014)

Stuart E. Jones (June 2014 – 2016)

Douglas Alan Silliman (2016–2019)

Joey R. Hood (2019 - present) - Chargé d'Affaires

List of ambassadors of the United States to Israel

The United States Ambassador to Israel is the official representative of the President of the United States to the head of state of Israel.

Until 1948 the area that is now the state of Israel had been under British administration as part of the League of Nations/United Nations British Mandate for Palestine. On May 14, 1948, the British government unilaterally terminated the mandate. On the same day, the Jewish Agency, under future Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion, declared independence and named the country Israel. The United States immediately recognized the nation and moved to establish diplomatic relations. The first U.S. ambassador commissioned to Israel was James Grover McDonald, who presented his credentials to the government of Israel on March 28, 1949.The embassy of the United States in Israel is located on 14 David Flusser Street in Jerusalem.

List of ambassadors of the United States to Japan

The Ambassador of the United States of America to Japan (Japanese: 日本駐在アメリカ合衆国大使, Hepburn: Nihon Chūzai Amerika Gasshūkoku Taishi) is the ambassador from the United States of America to Japan.

The current Ambassador of the United States of America to the State of Japan is William F. Hagerty, who was sworn in on July 27, 2017.

List of ambassadors of the United States to Mauritius

The United States Ambassador to Mauritius is the official representative of the government of the United States to the government of Mauritius. The ambassador is concurrently the ambassador to Seychelles, while resident in Port Louis, Mauritius.

List of ambassadors of the United States to Mexico

The United States has maintained diplomatic relations with Mexico since 1823, when Andrew Jackson was appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to that country. Jackson declined the appointment, however, and Joel R. Poinsett became the first U.S. envoy to Mexico in 1825. The rank of the U.S. chief of mission to Mexico was raised from Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary in 1898.

Normal diplomatic relations between the United States and Mexico have been interrupted on four occasions:

From December 28, 1836, to July 7, 1839 (following the secession of Texas)

From March 28, 1845, to October 2, 1848 (during the Mexican–American War)

From June 21, 1858, to April 6, 1859 (during the War of the Reform)

From March 18, 1913, to March 3, 1917 (during the Mexican Revolution; the U.S. embassy was closed on April 22, 1914, following the U.S. occupation of Veracruz). Ambassador Henry Lane Wilson was recalled after being implicated in a plot (La decena trágica) to overthrow President Francisco I. Madero. Rather than immediately formally appoint a new ambassador, Woodrow Wilson dispatched ex-Minnesota Governor John Lind as his personal envoy to handle Mexican diplomatic affairs.In addition, the U.S. legation in Mexico was headed by an interim Chargé d'Affaires from April 1864 to August 1867, during the final years of the French Intervention.

List of ambassadors of the United States to Nepal

The United States Ambassador to Nepal is the official representative of the government of the United States to the government of Nepal.

Randy Berry was nominated by President Trump on May 10, 2018 as the new Ambassador to Nepal and was confirmed by the United States Senate on September 6, 2018.

List of ambassadors of the United States to Paraguay

The following is a list of United States Ambassadors, or other chiefs of mission, to Paraguay. The title given by the United States State Department to this position is currently Ambassador Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary.

List of ambassadors of the United States to Russia

The Ambassador of the United States of America to the Russian Federation is the ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary from the United States of America to the Russian Federation. The position is currently held by Jon Huntsman Jr..

List of ambassadors of the United States to Ukraine

The history of Ambassadors of the United States to Ukraine began in 1992.

Until 1991 the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic had been a constituent SSR of the Soviet Union. Upon the breakup of the USSR, the parliament of Ukraine declared the nation’s independence on August 24, 1991. On December 1, 1991, the people of Ukraine voted to approve the declaration by a wide margin.

The United States recognized Ukraine on December 26, 1991 and the U.S. embassy in Kiev was established January 23, 1992, with Jon Gundersen as Chargé d’Affaires ad interim. The first ambassador was commissioned in May 1992.

The U.S. Embassy in Ukraine is located in Kiev.

List of ambassadors of the United States to the Netherlands

The United States diplomatic mission to the Netherlands consists of the embassy located in The Hague and a consular office located in Amsterdam.

In 1782, John Adams was appointed America's first Minister Plenipotentiary to Holland. According to the United States Department of State, the same year came formal recognition by the Netherlands of the United States as a separate and independent nation, along with badly needed financial help that indicated faith in its future. These loans from the United Provinces, which have been called "the Marshall Plan in reverse," were the first the new government received. Adams purchased a home in the Hague at Fluwelen Burgwal 18 (located within Uilebomen, The Hague Center), as the first US embassy.The current American Embassy building in The Hague opened on July 4, 1959. It was designed by architect Marcel Breuer. Notable Americans such as former Presidents Adams and John Quincy Adams, General Hugh Ewing and Iraq Envoy L. Paul Bremer have held the title of Ambassador.

Besides the embassy, a U.S. consulate-general is located on Curaçao which is responsible for the territory of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Caribbean. This consulate is not part of the U.S. diplomatic mission to the Netherlands.

April 19, the day John Adams presented his credentials in the Hague, was declared by President Ronald Reagan to be memorialized as "Dutch-American Friendship Day".

List of ambassadors of the United States to the Philippines

The Ambassador of the United States of America to the Republic of the Philippines (Filipino: Embahador ng Estados Unidos sa Pilipinas) was established on July 4, 1946 after the Philippines gained its independence from the United States.

The Ambassador to the Philippines has also been accredited to the Republic of Palau since 1996. The Ambassador works at the Embassy of the United States in Manila along Roxas Boulevard and holds residence in Forbes Park in Makati City. The Ambassador also has a summer residence in Baguio, The American Residence.

The current Ambassador to the Philippines is Sung Kim since 2016.

Ambassadors of the United States
Current countries
Defunct countries
Other places
International organizations
Ambassadors-at-large

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