Ambala–Attari line

The Ambala–Attari line is a railway line connecting Ambala Cantonment in the Indian state of Haryana and Attari in Punjab. The line is under the administrative jurisdiction of Northern Railway.

Ambala–Attari line
including
Hoshiarpur branch line
Overview
StatusOperational(Doubled Electrified)
LocaleHaryana, Punjab
TerminiAmbala
Attari
Operation
Opened1870
OwnerIndian Railway
Operator(s)Northern Railway
Technical
Track length273 km (170 mi)
Number of tracks2
Track gauge1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge
Electrification25 kV 50 Hz AC OHLE in 1995-2004
Highest elevationAmbala Cantonment 272.530 m (894 ft), Attari 220 m (722 ft)

History

The Sind, Punjab and Delhi railway completed the Multan-Lahore-Amritsar line in 1865 and the 483 km (300 mi) long Amritsar-Ambala-Saharanpur-Ghaziabad line in 1870 connecting Multan (now in Pakistan) with Delhi.[1] Amritsar-Attari section was completed on the route to Lahore in 1862.[2]

Hoshiarpur was linked by rail with Jullundur Cantonment in 1913.[3]

Electrification

The Ambala-Amritsar sector is electrified. It was electrified in parts. The Shahbad Markanda-Mandi Gobindgarh sector was electrified in 1995-96, the Mandi Gobindgarh-Ludhiana sector in 1996-97, the Phillaur-Phagwara sector in 2002-03, and the Phagwara-Jallandhar City-Amritsar in 2003-04.[4]

Sheds and workshops

Ambala has an outstation shed for Shakurbasti WDS-4 diesel locos. Ludhiana diesel shed holds 170+ locos including WDM-2, WDM-3A and WDG-3A. Ludhiana electric loco shed was commissioned in 2001 and houses WAM-4, WAG-5 and WAG-7 locos. India’s first and largest DMU shed at Jalandhar holds 90 units placed in service in rural Punjab. It also houses two BEML built rail buses which operate on the Beas-Goindwal Sahib line. Amritsar workshop carries out periodic overhaul of WDS-4 locos and breakdown cranes and bogie manufacture.[5]

Tracks and speed limit

The Ambala Cantonment-Ludhiana-Pathankot line is classified as a "Group B" line and can take speeds up to 130 km/ h.[6]

It is a double-line track.[7] There is a third line between Sahnewal and Ludhiana.[8]

Passenger movement

Ambala Cantonment, Ludhiana, Jalandhar City and Amritsar, on this line, are amongst the top hundred booking stations of Indian Railway.[9]

Railway reorganisation

Sind Railway (later reorganised as Sind, Punjab and Delhi Railway) was formed a guaranteed railway in 1856.[1] It constructed broad gauge railways from Delhi to Multan via Lahore, and from Karachi to Kotri. Multan and Kotri were connected by ferry service on the Indus River. In 1871-72, Indus Valley Railway was formed to connect Multan and Kotri. At the same time, Punjab Northern State Railway started constructing from Lahore towards Peshawar. In 1886, Sind, Punjab and Delhi Railway was acquired by the state and amalgamated with Indus Valley Railway and Punjab Northern State Railway to form North-Western State Railway.[10]

With the partition of India in 1947, North Western Railway was split. While the western portion became Pakistan West Railway, and later Pakistan Railways, the eastern part became Eastern Punjab Railway.[11] In 1952, Northern Railway was formed was formed with a portion of East Indian Railway Company west of Mughalsarai, Jodhpur Railway, Bikaner Railway and Eastern Punjab Railway.[12]

References

  1. ^ a b R. P. Saxena. "Indian Railway History Timeline". Irse.bravehost.com. Archived from the original on 29 February 2012. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
  2. ^ "Sind, Punjab and Delhi Railway". fibis. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  3. ^ "Punjab District Gazetteers - Hoshiarpur". Punjab Revenue. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  4. ^ "History of Electrification". IRFCA. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  5. ^ "Sheds and workshops". IRFCA. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
  6. ^ "Chapter II – The Maintenance of Permanent Way". IRFCA. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  7. ^ "Punjab District Gazetteers - Kapurthala". Punjab Revenue. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  8. ^ "Chandigarh-Ludhiana rail link inaugurated". Hindustan Times, Chandigarh, 19 April 2013. Archived from the original on 13 March 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  9. ^ "Indian Railways Passenger Reservation Enquiry". Availability in trains for Top 100 Booking Stations of Indian Railways. IRFCA. Archived from the original on 10 May 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  10. ^ "Digital South Asia Library". Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 3, p. 398. Archived from the original on 2 February 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  11. ^ SM Imamul Haque. "Management of Indian Railways, 1989". Readings in Indian Railway Finance by KB Verma, P 136. Mittal Publications,A 1/8 Mohan Garden, New Delhi 110059. ISBN 81-7099-183-8. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  12. ^ "Geography – Railway Zones". IRFCA. Retrieved 31 January 2014.

External links

Ambala Cantonment Junction railway station

Ambala Cantonment railway station is a junction station at the junction of Delhi-Kalka line and Moradabad-Ambala line cum Ambala-Attari line

Ambala-Bathinda line and Ambala Una Himachal line . It is one of the busiest railway station in India in terms of frequency of trains. It is located in the Indian state of Haryana. It serves Ambala Cantonment and Ambala. Around 300 trains start, end, or pass through the station daily.Northern Railways Ambala railway division is named for the station.

Ambala City railway station

Ambala railway station is a main railway station in Ambala district, Haryana. Its code is UBC. It serves Ambala city. The station consists of three platforms, none well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including water and sanitation. It lies on Moradabad-Ambala line and Ambala-Attari line. Around 71 trains passes through the station daily.

Amritsar Junction railway station

Amritsar Junction railway station is located in Amritsar district in the Indian state of Punjab and serves Amritsar

Atari Shyam Singh railway station

Atari Shyam Singh railway station is located in Amritsar district in the Indian state of Punjab and serves Attari and the Wagah border with Pakistan.In May 2015, Government of Punjab changed the name of station to Atari Shyam Singh railway station after Sham Singh Atariwala who was general in the Sikh Empire.

Bathinda–Rewari line

The Bathinda–Rewari line is a railway line connecting Bathinda in the Indian state of the Punjab and Rewari in Haryana. There are links to Sadulpur and Rohtak also. The line is under the administrative jurisdiction of Northern Railway.

Chandigarh–Sahnewal line

The Chandigarh – Sahnewal line (also referred to as the Chandigarh-Ludhiana line) is a railway line connecting Chandigarh and Sahnewal, the latter in the Indian state of the Punjab . The line is under the administrative jurisdiction of Northern Railway.

Delhi–Kalka line

The Delhi–Kalka line is a railway line connecting Delhi and Kalka. It connects to the UNESCO World Heritage Site Kalka–Shimla Railway.

Jalandhar Cantonment railway station

Jalandhar Cantonment railway station is located in Jalandhar district in the Indian state of Punjab and serves Jalandhar .

Jalandhar City Junction railway station

Jalandhar City railway station is located in Jalandhar district in the Indian state of Punjab and serves Jalandhar.

Jalandhar–Firozpur line

The Jalandhar–Firozpur line is a railway line connecting Jalandhar City and Firozpur Cantonment, both in the Indian state of the Punjab. The line is under the administrative jurisdiction of Northern Railway.

Jalandhar–Jammu line

The Jalandhar–Jammu line is a railway line connecting Jalandhar Cantonment / Jalandhar City in the Indian state of Punjab and Jammu Tawi in Jammu & Kashmir. The line is under the administrative jurisdiction of Northern Railway.

Jodhpur–Bathinda line

The Jodhpur–Bathinda line connects Jodhpur, in the Indian state of Rajasthan to Bathinda in the Punjab, via Dabwali Railway in Haryana. During the British Raj, Bathinda was on the Delhi-Karachi line and after independence and partition of India in 1947, it is on the Delhi-Fazilka line. This line operates under the jurisdiction of North Western Railway.

Ludhiana Junction railway station

Ludhiana railway station is located in Ludhiana district in the Indian state of Punjab and serves Ludhiana. It is located in about the centre of the city and is among the most busiest railway stations of Punjab. It is also among the most cleaned railway stations of India.

Ludhiana–Fazilka line

The Ludhiana–Fazilka line is a railway line connecting Ludhiana and Fazilka both in the Indian state of the Punjab . The line is under the administrative jurisdiction of Northern Railway.

Ludhiana–Jakhal line

The Ludhiana–Dhuri--Jakhal line is a railway line connecting Ludhiana in the Indian state of the Punjab and Jakhal in Haryana. The line is under the administrative jurisdiction of Northern Railway.

Moradabad–Ambala line

The Moradabad – Ambala line (also known as Moradabad - Ambala main line) is a railway line connecting Moradabad in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and Ambala Cantonment in Haryana. The line is under the administrative jurisdiction of Northern Railway.

Phagwara railway station

Phagwara railway station is located in Kapurthala district in the Indian state of Punjab and serves the textile town of Phagwara .

Sahnewal railway station

Sahnewal railway station is located in Ludhiana district in the Indian state of Punjab and serves Sahnewal .

Sirhind railway station

Sirhind railway station is located in Fatehgarh Sahib district in the Indian state of Punjab and serves Sirhind-Fategarh .

Route map
km
Wagah
24 Attari
13 Khasa
6 Chheharta
Road marker IN SH.svg State Highway 21
to Khem Karan
0
249
Amritsar
236 Mananwala
230 Jandiala
224 Tangra
218 Butari
212 Baba Bakala Rajya
to Tarn Taran
206 Beas
201 Dhilwan
193 Ramidi
(Halt)
191 Hamira
185 Karatpur
178 Sura Nussi
174 Baba Sodhal Nagar
170
0
Jalandhar City
to Nakoar
165
5
Jalandhar Cantonment
11 Bolinna Doaba
22 Khurdpur
28 Sham Chaurasi
36 Nasrala
43 Hoshiarpur
157 Chiheru
149 Phagwara
to Nawan Shahr Doaba
145 Mauli
139 Goraya
133 Bhatian
to Lohian Khas
127 Phillaur
122 Ladhowal
114 Ludhiana
106 Dhandari Kalan
98 Sahnewal
91 Doraha
87 Jaspalon
82 Chawapail
71 Khanna
63 Mandi Gobindgarh
to Nangal Dam
53 Sirhind
Road marker IN SH.svg State Highway 12A
43 Sadhoo Garh
37 Sarai Banjara
to Bhatinda
28 Rajpura
17 Sambhu
7 Ambala City
0 Ambala Cantonment
Railways in Northern India
National network/
trunk lines
Branch lines/ sections
Urban and suburban
rail transport
Heritage railways
Monorails
Defunct lines
Manufacturing units
and workshops
Railway companies
See also

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.