Amazonas (Venezuelan state)

Amazonas State (Spanish: Estado Amazonas, IPA: [esˈtaðo amaˈsonas]) is one of the 23 states (estados) into which Venezuela is divided. It covers nearly a fifth of the area of Venezuela, but has less than 1% of Venezuela's population.

The state capital is Puerto Ayacucho. The capital until the early 1900s was San Fernando de Atabapo. Although named after the Amazon River, most of the state is drained by the Orinoco River. Amazonas State covers 176,899 km² and, in 2007, had a population of 142,200. Its density is 0.8 inhabitants per km².

Amazonas has Venezuela's highest proportion of indigenous peoples of Venezuela; these make up only around 1.5% of the population nationwide, but the proportion is nearly 50% in Amazonas.[1]

Honor y Lealtad
(English: Honor and Loyalty)
Anthem: Himno del Estado Amazonas
Location within Venezuela
Location within Venezuela
CapitalPuerto Ayacucho
 • GovernorLiborio Guarulla (2010–present)
 • Total183,500 km2 (70,800 sq mi)
Area rank2nd
 19.38% of Venezuela
(2011 est.)
 • Total146,480
 • Rank24th
 0.3% of Venezuela
Time zoneUTC-04:00
ISO 3166 codeVE-Z
Emblematic treeCaucho (Hevea benthamiana)
^[c] Until this date, Amazonas had the status of Federal Territory.


The territory covered by present-day Amazonas was previously part of the Guayana Province, a Province of the Spanish Empire (from 1585) and later of Venezuela (until 1864, when the Provinces of Venezuela were replaced by the States of Venezuela, following the Federal War). Amazonas was created as a state in 1994, having been a Federal Territory since 1864.

Municipalities and municipal seats

Municipality Capital km² Pop Map
Alto Orinoco Municipality La Esmeralda 49.217 km² 14.222 hab. (2008) Venezuela - Amazonas - Alto Orinoco
Atabapo Municipality San Fernando de Atabapo 25.062 km² 12.797 hab. (2007) Venezuela - Amazonas - Atabapo
Atures Municipality Puerto Ayacucho 7.302 km² 91.386 hab (2007) Venezuela - Amazonas - Atures
Autana Municipality Isla Ratón 12.291 km² 8.181 hab (2007) Venezuela - Amazonas - Autana
Manapiare Municipality San Juan de Manapiare 32.042 km² 9.658 hab (2007) Venezuela - Amazonas - Manapiare
Maroa Municipality Maroa 13.082 km² 8.181 hab (2005) Venezuela - Amazonas - Maroa
Río Negro Municipality San Carlos de Río Negro 37.903 km² 9.658 hab (2007) Venezuela - Amazonas - Río Negro
Bongo autana
A river near Autana tepui in Amazonas.
Tobogan de la Selva
The Tobogán de la Selva, near to Puerto Ayacucho.


Race and ethnicity

According to the 2011 Census, the racial composition of the population was:[2]

Racial composition Population %
Mestizo N/A 60.6
White 54,102 34.4
Black 6,291 4.1
Other race N/A 0.9

See also


  1. ^ Van Cott (2003), "Andean Indigenous Movements and Constitutional Transformation: Venezuela in Comparative Perspective", Latin American Perspectives 30(1), p52
  2. ^ "Resultado Básico del XIV Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2011 (Mayo 2014)" (PDF). p. 29. Retrieved 8 September 2015.

External links

Coordinates: 3°30′N 66°00′W / 3.500°N 66.000°W

Cacique Aramare Airport

Cacique Aramare Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Cacique Aramare) (IATA: PYH, ICAO: SVPA) is an airport serving Puerto Ayacucho, the capital of the Amazonas state in Venezuela. The airport and city are on the Orinoco River, locally the border between Venezuela and Colombia.

The Puerto Ayacucho VOR (Ident: PAY) and Puerto Ayacucho non-directional beacon (Ident: PAY) are located on the field.

Cerro Aracamuni

Cerro Aracamuni is a tepui in Amazonas state, Venezuela. Part of the Neblina–Aracamuni Massif, it lies north of Cerro Avispa and the vast complex of Cerro de la Neblina. Cerro Aracamuni and Cerro Avispa share a common slope area; they have a combined summit area of 238 km2 (92 sq mi) and an estimated combined slope area of 658 km2 (254 sq mi). Both of these cerro-plateaus have a maximum elevation of around 1,600 metres (5,200 ft).

Cerro Avispa

Cerro Avispa is a tepui in Amazonas state, Venezuela. Part of the Neblina–Aracamuni Massif, it lies south of Cerro Aracamuni (with which it shares a common slope area) and north of Cerro de la Neblina. Cerro Avispa and Cerro Aracamuni have a combined summit area of 238 km2 (92 sq mi) and an estimated combined slope area of 658 km2 (254 sq mi). Both of these cerro-plateaus have a maximum elevation of around 1,600 metres (5,200 ft).

Cerro Duida

Cerro Duida, also known as Cerro Yennamadi, is a very large tepui in Amazonas state, Venezuela. It has an uneven and heavily inclined plateau, rising from highs of around 1,300–1,400 metres (4,300–4,600 ft) in the north and east to a maximum of 2,358 metres (7,736 ft) on its southwestern rim. It has a summit area of 1,089 km2 (420 sq mi) and an estimated slope area of 715 km2 (276 sq mi). At its foot lies the small settlement of La Esmeralda, from which the mountain can be climbed.Cerro Duida shares a common base with the much smaller (but taller) Cerro Marahuaca, located off its northeastern flank, and together they form the Duida–Marahuaca Massif. Both tepuis are entirely within the bounds of Duida-Marahuaca National Park. Sandwiched between them, a massive ridge known as Cerro Petaca rises to at least 2,700 metres (8,900 ft). The much lower Cerro Huachamacari, derived from a separate base, lies to the northwest of this complex.

Cerro Huachamacari

Cerro Huachamacari, also spelled Huachamakari or Kushamakari, is a tepui in Amazonas state, Venezuela. It lies northwest of the giant Cerro Duida and the other peaks of the Duida–Marahuaca Massif, and is considerably lower at only around 1,900 metres (6,200 ft).Cerro Huachamacari has a summit area of 8.75 km2 (3.38 sq mi) and an estimated slope area of 60 km2 (23 sq mi). It is within Duida-Marahuaca National Park.

Cerro Marahuaca

Cerro Marahuaca, also spelled Marahuaka, is a tepui in Amazonas state, Venezuela. It has an elevation of 2,832 metres (9,291 ft) above sea level and is the second-highest mountain of the entire Guayana Shield (after the Cerro de la Neblina complex). Cerro Marahuaca shares a common base with the much larger Cerro Duida and together they form the Duida–Marahuaca Massif. Both tepuis are located entirely within the bounds of Duida–Marahuaca National Park.

Cerro Marahuaca actually consists of two summit plateaus, the slightly larger northern one going by the Yekwana Amerindian name Fufha or Huha (03°46′52″N 65°29′31″W). The southern plateau (03°39′04″N 65°25′01″W) is known by two local names; its northwestern edge is called Fuif or Fhuif, whereas its southeastern portion is called Atahua'shiho or Atawa Shisho. A massive ridge known as Cerro Petaca rises to at least 2,700 metres (8,900 ft) just west of these two plateaus.Cerro Marahuaca has a total summit area of 121 km2 (47 sq mi) and an estimated slope area of 325 km2 (125 sq mi).

Duida–Marahuaca National Park

Duida–Marahuaca National Park is a protected area in Amazonas state, Venezuela. It has an area of 210,000 ha, and includes the Duida–Marahuaca Massif.

The national park was established in 1978. It has been included within the Alto Orinoco-Casiquiare Biosphere Reserve, which was designated in 1993.

Estadio Antonio José de Sucre

Estadio Antonio José de Sucre is a stadium in Puerto Ayacucho, Venezuela. It has a capacity of 10,000 spectators. It is the home of Tucanes de Amazonas of the Venezuelan Segunda División.

Guayana Region, Venezuela

The Guayana Region is an administrative region of eastern Venezuela.

Guayana natural region

The Guayana natural region (Spanish: Región natural de Guayana) also simply known as Guayana (English: Guiana) in Venezuela, is a large massif of approximately 441,726 km2 area, equivalent to 48.2% of the total continental territory of the country.It is on the geological Guiana Shield craton, and is the Venezuelan part of the biogeographic Guayana Highlands and their tepuis (mesas).

Its limits by the north and east is formed by the route of the rivers Orinoco, Atabapo and Negro Rivers; and by the south the borders with Brazil.

The region occupies almost half of meridional territory of Venezuela.

Isla Ratón

Isla Ratón is a settlement in and the capital of Autana Municipality in Venezuela’s Amazonas State. It is an island in the Orinoco River, and is in Venezuela as the left bank of the Orinoco serves as the border with Colombia.

La Esmeralda, Venezuela

La Esmeralda is a small settlement in and the capital of Alto Orinoco Municipality in Venezuela’s Amazonas State. The name means “the emerald”. It is located on the shore of the Orinoco river, only 9 miles from the Casiquiare canal bifurcation that links it to the Amazon River.

The settlement contains about a hundred homes, a school, an airfield and a military outpost.

Liborio Guarulla

Liborio Guarulla Garrido is an indigenous Venezuelan politician.He is of Baniwa ethnicity. He served as governor of Amazonas state from 2001 to 2017.

Parima Tapirapecó National Park

Parima Tapirapecó National Park (Parque Nacional Parima Tapirapecó) is a Venezuelan national park in the southern state of Amazonas.

San Carlos de Río Negro

San Carlos de Río Negro is a town in Venezuela's Amazonas State.

San Carlos de Río Negro is a small city of about 1200 inhabitants in the Venezuelan state of Amazonas. It serves as the administrative capital of the municipal district of Río Negro, inhabited primarily by Amerind people, in particular the Yanomami and Baniwa peoples. It sits on the opposite side of the Rio Negro from the Colombian city of San Felipe.

San Fernando de Atabapo

San Fernando de Atabapo was the capital city of Venezuela's Amazonas state until the early 1900s. The population in 1997 was approximately 5,000.

In the early twentieth century it was ruled for a long time by Tomas Funes, a powerful caudillo who controlled the local rubber industry (derived from indigenous rubber plants) by enslaving the local native populations. His power eventually became great enough to threaten the Venezuelan authorities and he was ultimately executed in the town square in the early 1930s. The town displays a photograph of a United States military aircraft that was shot down and crashed into the Orinoco River around this time. A Venezuelan National Guard unit is stationed here.

Serranía de la Neblina National Park

The Serranía de la Neblina National Park is a national park of Venezuela.

Tucanes de Amazonas F.C.

Tucanes de Amazonas Fútbol Club (usually called Tucanes de Amazonas) is a professional club promoted to Venezuelan league in 2011. The club is based in Puerto Ayacucho.

Yapacana National Park

The Yapacana National Park (Spanish: Parque nacional Yapacana) Also Cerro Yapacana National Park Is a protected area with the status of national park in the South American country of Venezuela which was formed on December 12, 1978 by executive decree of President Carlos Andres Perez. It is located southwest of the confluence of the Ventuari River on the Orinoco River, in the jurisdiction of the Atabapo municipality of Amazonas state.

Among the ecological and protection objectives of the Yapacana National Park is preserving and conserving areas that represent a valuable scenic and scientific resource, with a pioneering vegetation, a testimony to the evolution of the vegetation with Paleotropic and Neotropic floristic connections.

The Yapacana National Park is located in the southwestern sector of the Guayanese shield in the central western region of the Amazon state between the Orinoco rivers in the south and the Ventuari river in the north and the Yagua river in the west. The park includes the Yapacana hill, typical Pantepuy plateau of the Roraima formation.

Capital District

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