Amable Guillaume Prosper Brugière, baron de Barante

Amable Guillaume Prosper Brugière, baron de Barante (June 10, 1782 – November 22, 1866) was a French statesman and historian. Associated with the center-left,[1] he was described in France as the first man to call himself, "without any embarrassment or restriction, a Liberal."[2]

Anne-Louis Girodet - Portrait de Prosper de Barante
Amable Guillaume Prosper Brugière, baron de Barante.

Life

Barante was born at Riom, Puy-de-Dôme, the son of an advocate. At the age of sixteen he entered the École Polytechnique at Paris, and at twenty obtained his first appointment in the civil service. His abilities secured him rapid promotion, and in 1806 he obtained the post of auditor to the council of state. After being employed in several political missions in Germany, Poland, and Spain, during the next two years, he became prefect of Vendée.[3]

At the time of the return of Napoleon I he held the prefecture of Nantes, and this post he immediately resigned. On the second restoration of the Bourbons he was made councillor of state and secretary-general of the ministry of the interior. After filling for several years the post of director-general of indirect taxes, he was created in 1819 as a peer of France and was prominent among the Liberals.[3]

After the revolution of July 1830, Barante was appointed ambassador to Turin, and five years later to St Petersburg. Throughout the reign of Louis Philippe he remained a supporter of the government; and after the fall of the monarchy, in February 1848, he withdrew from political affairs and retired to his country seat in Auvergne. Shortly before his retirement he had been made grand cross of the Legion of Honour.[3]

He died at the Castle of Barante, near Thiers, in 1866.

Works

Barante, Prosper de - 01
Barante in his later years.

Barante's Histoire des ducs de Bourgogne de la maison de Valois, which appeared in a series of volumes between 1824 and 1828, procured him immediate admission to the Académie Française. Its narrative qualities, and purity of style, won high praise from the romantic school, but it exhibits a lack of the critical sense and of scientific scholarship. Amongst his other literary works are:

  • a Tableau de la littérature française au dix-huitième siècle, of which several editions were published
  • Des communes et de l'aristocratie (1821)
  • a French translation of the dramatic works of Schiller
  • Questions constitutionnelles (1850)
  • Histoire de la Convention Nationale, which appeared in six volumes between 1851 and 1853
  • Histoire du Directoire de la République française (1855)
  • Études historiques et biographiques (1857)
  • La Vie politique de M. Royer-Collard (1861)

The version of Hamlet for Guizot's Shakespeare was his work.[3]

His Souvenirs were published by his grandson (Paris, 1890–99).[3]

References

  1. ^ Takeda, Chinatsu (2018). Mme de Staël and Political Liberalism in France. Springer. p. 182.
  2. ^ Crăiuțu, Aurelian (2003). Liberalism Under Siege: The Political Thought of the French Doctrinaires. Lexington Books. p. 30.
  3. ^ a b c d e  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Barante, Amable Guillaume Prosper Brugiére, Baron de" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 379–380.
Amable

Amable is a French given name. Notable people with the name include:

Amable Aristy (born 1949), Dominican politician and businessman

Amable Audin (1899–1990), French archaeologist

Amable Bapaume (1825–1895), French novelist, journalist and playwright

Amable de Courtais (1790–1877), French soldier and politician

Amable Guillaume Prosper Brugière, baron de Barante (1782–1866), French statesman and historian

Amable Bélanger (1846–1919), Canadian iron founder, industrialist and community leader

Amable Berthelot (1777–1847), Quebec lawyer, author and political figure

Amable de Bourzeys (1606–1672), French churchman, writer, hellenist, and Academician

Amable Dionne (1782–1852), Canadian businessman, seigneur and political figure

Amable Éno, dit Deschamps (1785–1875), political figure in Quebec

Amable Jodoin (1828–1880), businessman and political figure in Quebec

Amable Jourdain (1788–1818), French historian and orientalist

Amable Liñán (born 1934), Spanish aeronautical engineer

Amable de Saint-Hilaire (born 1799), French dramatist

Amable Tastu (1795–1885), French femme de lettres

Amable Troude (1762–1824), French Navy officer of the Napoleonic Wars

Fronde

The Fronde (French pronunciation: ​[fʁɔ̃d]) was a series of civil wars in France between 1648 and 1653, occurring in the midst of the Franco-Spanish War, which had begun in 1635. King Louis XIV confronted the combined opposition of the princes, the nobility, the law courts (parlements), and most of the French people, and yet won out in the end. The dispute started when the government of France issued seven fiscal edicts, six of which were to increase taxation. The parlements pushed back and questioned the constitutionality of the King's actions and sought to check his powers.The Fronde was divided into two campaigns, the Parlementary Fronde and the Fronde of the Princes. The timing of the outbreak of the Parlementary Fronde, directly after the Peace of Westphalia (1648) that ended the Thirty Years' War, was significant. The nuclei of the armed bands that terrorized parts of France under aristocratic leaders during this period had been hardened in a generation of war in Germany, where troops still tended to operate autonomously. Louis XIV, impressed as a young ruler with the experience of the Fronde, came to reorganize French fighting forces under a stricter hierarchy whose leaders ultimately could be made or unmade by the King. Cardinal Mazarin blundered into the crisis but came out well ahead at the end. The Fronde represented the final attempt of the French nobility to do battle with the king, and they were humiliated. In the long-term, the Fronde served to strengthen royal authority, but weakened the economy. The Fronde facilitated the emergence of absolute monarchy.

List of French-language authors

Chronological list of French language authors (regardless of nationality), by date of birth. For an alphabetical list of writers of French nationality (broken down by genre), see French writers category.

List of members of the Académie française

This is a list of members of the Académie française (French Academy) by seat number. The primary professions of the academicians are noted. The dates shown indicate the terms of the members, who generally serve for life. Some, however, were "excluded" during the reorganisations of 1803 and 1816 and at other times.

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