The Alternative Left (German: Alternative Linke; French: La Gauche; Italian: La Sinistra), or The Left in translation from French and Italian, was a political party of the left in Switzerland that existed from 2010 to 2018. This party sought to unite the political forces and movements farther to the left on Switzerland's political spectrum than the centre-left Social Democratic Party and the Green Party.
Their sole current National Council of Switzerland member was until 2011 Josef Zisyadis, who was elected in 2007 for the Swiss Labour Party. He was still a member of the SLP, but in official publications he was only a member of the Alternative Left.
|German name||Alternative Linke (AL)|
|French name||La Gauche (LG)|
|Italian name||La Sinistra|
|Founded||29 May 2010|
|Headquarters||2722 Les Reussilles|
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After an opening party congress on 21 November 2009, in Schaffhausen, the party was officially founded six months later at the congress of Lausanne on 29 May 2010. In that congress the party presented a program of nine important political points. The third congress took place in Zurich on 5 March 2011, where party members voted to launch a national referendum blocking the flat-rate tax incentive favoring foreign millionaires which financial lobbies had sought to enthrone as a Swiss constitutional amendment. The same referendum in the canton of Zurich, originating with the Alternative List, was earlier approved in that Canton by Zurich's voters with a 52.9% majority in February 2009. The third congress was at the 30th juny in Biel with a discussion with Stéphane Hessel in the afternoon.
The national organisation got dissolved in 2018, while the local section in Bern as well as the groups that were united under the Alternative Left are still existing.
In total the "Alternative Left" counts actually six official sections:
In the French-speaking part of Switzerland the members of the party come mainly from the Swiss Party of Labour, solidaritéS, Les Communistes and independents. The section in Bern is a newly created one, the section in Valais was already founded 2007 at an earlier election rally.
There are also other groups, that are involved in the AL, but are not official members of the party:
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General elections were held in Chile on 11 December 1993. Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle of the Concert of Parties for Democracy alliance was elected President, whilst the alliance also won a majority of seats in the Chamber of Deputies and maintained its majority in the Senate.1999 European Parliament election in Spain
The 1999 European Parliament election in Spain was held on Sunday, 13 June 1999, as part of the EU-wide election to elect the 5th European Parliament. All 64 seats allocated to Spain as per the Treaty of Amsterdam were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in thirteen autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain.2003 Catalan regional election
The 2003 Catalan regional election was held on Sunday, 16 November 2003, to elect the 7th Parliament of the Autonomous Community of Catalonia. All 135 seats in the Parliament were up for election.
This election marked a change for all Catalan political parties due to Catalan President Jordi Pujol's decision not to seek a seventh term in office and to retire from active politics. The election results were a great disappointment for Pasqual Maragall's Socialists' Party of Catalonia, which again saw Convergence and Union winning a plurality of seats despite them winning the most votes by a margin of just 0.3%. Opinion polls earlier in the year had predicted a much larger victory for Maragall, but his lead over CiU had begun to narrow as the election grew nearer. ERC was the perceived true victor of the election, doubling its 1999 figures and scoring the best results in its recent history, both in terms of seats (23 of 135) and votes (16.4%), up from 11 seats and 8.7%.
As Pujol's successor Artur Mas did not won a majority large enough to renew his party pact with the People's Party of Catalonia, which had kept Pujol in power since 1995, an alliance between the Socialists' Party of Catalonia, Republican Left of Catalonia and Initiative for Catalonia Greens–United and Alternative Left resulted in the Catalan tripartite government. Ironically, despite losing 10 seats and 150,000 votes respect to the 1999 election, Maragall became the first center-left President of Catalonia, ending with 23 years of Convergence and Union government.Alt-right
The alt-right, or alternative right, is a loosely connected far-right, white nationalist movement. The term is ill-defined, having been used in different ways by various groups and individuals. A largely online movement, the alt-right is found primarily in the United States, where it originated, although alt-rightists are also present elsewhere in the world. Constituent groups that associate with the "alt-right" label have been characterised as hate groups.In 2010, the American white nationalist Richard B. Spencer launched The Alternative Right webzine to disseminate his ideas. Spencer's "alternative right" was influenced by earlier forms of American white nationalism, as well as paleoconservatism, the Dark Enlightenment, and the Nouvelle Droite. His term was shortened to "alt-right" and popularised by far-right participants of /pol/, the politics board of web forum 4chan. It came to be associated with other white nationalist websites and groups, including Andrew Anglin's Daily Stormer, Brad Griffin's Occidental Dissent, and Matthew Heimbach's Traditionalist Worker Party. Following the 2013 Gamergate controversy, the alt-right made increasing use of trolling and online harassment as a tactic to raise its profile. In 2015 it attracted broader public attention, particularly through Steve Bannon's Breitbart News—which Bannon described as "the platform for the alt-right"—due to alt-rightist support for Donald Trump's 2016 presidential campaign. On being elected, Trump disavowed the movement. Alt-rightists organised the 2017 Unite the Right rally, after which their movement began to decline amid anti-fascist opposition.
The alt-right is a white nationalist, racist movement. Part of its membership supports anti-immigrationist policies to ensure a continued white majority in the United States. Others call for the breakup of the country to form a white separatist ethno-state in North America. Some alt-rightists seek to make white nationalism socially respectable in the U.S., while others—known as the "1488" scene—adopt openly white supremacist and neo-Nazi stances. Some alt-rightists are anti-semitic, promoting a conspiracy theory that there is a Jewish plot to bring about white genocide; other alt-rightists view most Jews as members of the white race. The alt-right is anti-feminist, advocates for a more patriarchal society, and intersects with the men's rights movement and other sectors of the online manosphere. Alt-rightists generally support anti-interventionist and isolationist foreign policies alongside economic protectionism and thus criticise mainstream U.S. conservatism. Attitudes to social issues like homosexuality and abortion vary within the movement. Individuals aligned with many of the alt-right's ideas but not its white nationalism have been termed "alt-lite".
The alt-right distinguished itself from earlier forms of white nationalism through its largely online presence and its heavy use of irony and humor, particularly through the promotion of internet memes like Pepe the Frog. Membership was overwhelmingly white and male, with academic and anti-fascist observers linking its growth to deteriorating living standards and prospects, anxieties about the place of white masculinity, and anger at increasingly visible left-wing forms of identity politics like the Black Lives Matter movement. Alt-right online material has been identified as a contributing factor in the radicalization of young white men and linked to a range of far-right murders and terrorist attacks in the United States since 2014. Opposition to the alt-right came from both leftists and conservatives.Alternative Left (Spain)
Alternative Left (Spanish language: Izquierda Alternativa, IA) was a Spanish political party with a socialist ideology formed by the union of the Revolutionary Communist League (LCR) and the Communist Movement (MC) in 1991.Alternative List
The Alternative List (German: Alternative Liste), abbreviated to AL, is a socialist political party in Switzerland.
The AL has existed since 1990 as a loose coalition of left-wing activists. At the beginning of 2007, the AL Zurich was transformed into a political union. Beside Zürich, the AL is active in the cantons of Schaffhausen and Aargau.
The AL works closely with the Swiss Labour Party, solidaritéS and other leftist parties and organisations. They're participating in the new Swiss party Alternative Left, but no group of the Alternative List is constituted as a section of the party yet.Carlist Party (1970)
The Carlist Party (Spanish: Partido Carlista, Catalan: Partit Carlí, Basque: Karlista Alderdia, Galician: Partido Carlista, Asturian: Partíu Carlista; PC) is a Spanish political party that considers itself as a successor to the historical tradition of Carlism. The party was founded in 1970, although it remained illegal until 1977 following the death of the caudillo Francisco Franco and the democratisation of Spain.
Since 2000, the general secretary of the party has been Evaristo Olcina and its official publication since is El Federal. It has a political line of the alternative left, workers' self-management and confederalism. It annually organises the acts of Montejurra. The Carlist Party holds a federal structure with the possibility of it forming sovereign Carlist parties in the associate nationalities in the Carlist Party. The youths of the different Carlist parties and Carlist groups group together in the Carlist Youths. The party is known as the left-wing of the Carlist movement since the movement itself has historically been a right-wing conservative one.
The Carlist Party was also known for supporting Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma over his brother for leading the Carlist movement.Catalunya Sí que es Pot
Catalunya Sí que es Pot (English: "Catalonia Yes We Can", also translated as "Catalonia It Is Possible" or "Yes, Catalonia Can") was a left-wing coalition composed of Podemos, Initiative for Catalonia Greens (ICV) and United and Alternative Left (EUiA). It was formed in 2015 to stand in the Catalan election scheduled for 27 September that year.CSQP got 366,494 votes (8.94% of the vote) and 11 seats in the 2015 Catalan elections.Catalunya en Comú
Catalunya en Comú (English: "Catalonia in Common", CatComú), previously Un País en Comú (English: "A Country in Common") and collectively dubbed as Comuns (English: Commons), is a political party who was planned to succeed the electoral alliances of Catalunya Sí que es Pot and En Comú Podem at a permanent basis. The foundation of the party has been supported by Initiative for Catalonia Greens, United and Alternative Left, Barcelona en Comú and Equo. The founding manifesto was presented on 19 December 2016 and its first public event was held in Barcelona on 29 January 2017. Its spokesman is En Comú Podem's spokesperson in the Congress of Deputies, Xavier Domenech, with the new party being sponsored by mayor of Barcelona Ada Colau.It was proposed that the definitive name be Catalunya en Comú (Catalan for Catalonia in Common), En Comú Podem (In Common We Can), En Comú (In Common) or Comuns (Commons). In the end, the chosen name was Catalunya en Comú. It contested the 2017 Catalan regional election under the Catalunya en Comú–Podem label, in coalition with Podemos.Communist Party of Chile
The Communist Party of Chile (Spanish: Partido Comunista de Chile) is a Chilean political party inspired by the thoughts of Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin. It was founded in 1922, as the continuation of the Socialist Workers Party, and in 1932 it established its youth wing, the Communist Youth of Chile (Juventudes Comunistas de Chile [abbr:JJ.CC]).En Comú Podem
En Comú Podem (English: "In Common We Can") is an electoral coalition formed by Unidas Podemos, Barcelona en Comú, Initiative for Catalonia Greens and United and Alternative Left, led by the Mayor of Barcelona, Ada Colau, and formed in October 2015 to contest the 2015 Spanish general election in Catalonia. For the 2016 general election it ran as En Comú Podem−Guanyem el Canvi (Catalan for "In Common We Can−Let's Win Change"). Ahead of the 2019 Spanish general election, the alliance was rebranded under the same label as a continuation of the Catalunya en Comú–Podem alliance, the coalition of Catalunya en Comú and Podemos.Initiative for Catalonia Greens
Initiative for Catalonia Greens (Catalan: Iniciativa per Catalunya Verds, ICV; IPA: [inisi.əˈtiβə pəɾ kətəˈluɲə ˈβɛɾts]) is an eco-socialist political party in Catalonia. It was formed as a merger of Iniciativa per Catalunya and Els Verds. IC had been an alliance led by Partit Socialista Unificat de Catalunya and was the equivalent of Izquierda Unida in Catalonia. IC later developed into a political party, and PSUC was dissolved.
The youth of ICV is called Joves d'Esquerra Verda (Green Left Youth). It used to be called JambI, Joves amb Iniciativa (Youth with Initiative).
In the elections to the European Parliament in 2004 ICV ran on the Izquierda Unida list. One MEP, Raül Romeva, was elected from ICV which joined the Green Group.
The ICV formed part of the past ruling tripartite coalition (along with the Socialist Party of Catalonia and the Republican Left of Catalonia, a left-wing Catalan Nationalist Party) in the Generalitat of Catalonia. The coalition governed Catalonia from 2004-2010. ICV was given responsibility for the Ministry of the Environment in the share-out of power in the new government.
Initiative for Catalonia Greens has an agreement of mutual association with Equo.Initiative for Catalonia Greens–United and Alternative Left
Initiative for Catalonia Greens–United and Alternative Left (Catalan for Iniciativa per Catalunya Verds–Esquerra Unida i Alternativa) was an electoral coalition formed by Initiative for Catalonia Greens and United and Alternative Left to contest elections in Catalonia. Since 2015 both parties have participated in several coalitions: En Comú Podem for the 2015 and 2016 general elections, Catalunya Sí que es Pot for the 2015 Catalan regional election, and Catalunya en Comú for the 2017 Catalan regional election. Currently, they are represented in the Spanish Congress of Deputies within En Comú Podem and in the Parliament of Catalonia within Catalunya en Comú–Podem.Lleida (Parliament of Catalonia constituency)
Lleida (Spanish: Lérida) is one of the four constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Parliament of Catalonia, the regional legislature of the Autonomous Community of Catalonia. The constituency currently elects 15 deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Lleida. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.Party of the Communists of Catalonia
Party of the Communists of Catalonia (Catalan: Partit dels i les Comunistes de Catalunya) was a communist party in Catalonia that existed from 1982 to 2014. The main organ of PCC was Avant and the theoretical organ was Realitat. Every year the party used to hold a festival for its newspaper – Festa d'Avant. The youth wing of PCC was the Collectives of Young Communists – Communist Youth (Col·lectius de Joves Comunistes - Joventut Comunista).
PCC was formed in April 1982 by the pro-Soviet faction of the Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia (PSUC). The formation of PCC was the peak of a long and intense struggle within PSUC between the pro-Soviet and Eurocommunist sections of the party. The pro-Soviet section were often nicknamed 'Afghans' due to their support of the Soviet line of the war in Afghanistan. In December 1981 Pere Ardiaca, chairman of PSUC and leader of the pro-Soviet section, had been expelled from PSUC, accused of fractional activities. When PCC was constituted Ardiaca was elected chairman of the new party.
In 1984 PCC merged into the Communist Party (later renamed the Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain, PCPE), and it became its regional wing in Catalonia. However, the party soon broke the bonds to PCPE and reconstructed itself as an independent party. Instead PCPE formed a new Catalan branch, the Communist Party of the Catalan People (Partit Comunista del Poble Català).
In 1987 PCC took part in the formation of Initiative for Catalonia (IC), a broad coalition of leftwing parties led by PSUC. In 1989 it left IC. In the 1993 elections it contested on IC lists as part of the electoral coalition of IC-Greens. In 1998 PCC and PSUC viu formed the United and Alternative Left (EUiA), which became the new Catalan referent of the Spanish United Left (IU) following the break between IU and IC. PCC is the largest party inside EUiA.
On 1 November 2014 the Party of the Communists of Catalonia agreed to its dissolution as a political party and the transfer of all its human, political and material capital to a new unitary organization – Communists of Catalonia.Results breakdown of the 2003 Spanish local elections (Catalonia)
This is the results breakdown of the local elections held in Catalonia on 25 May 2003. The following tables show detailed results in the autonomous community's most populous municipalities, sorted alphabetically.Somme's 3rd constituency
The 3rd constituency of Somme is a French legislative constituency in the Somme département. Like the other 576 French constituencies, it elects one MP using the two-round system, with a run-off if no candidate receives over 50% of the vote in the first round.United and Alternative Left
United and Alternative Left (Catalan: Esquerra Unida i Alternativa, EUiA) is a political party in Catalonia, Spain. EUiA has 4000 members and it is the Catalan correspondent of the Spain-wide United Left (IU).
It was formed in 1998 as a schism from Iniciativa per Catalunya (IpC). It comprises an alliance of Party of the Communists of Catalonia, Living Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia, POR, PRT-IR, PASOC, CEA and CLI. After competing in a series of elections with their former colleagues at Iniciativa, the two parties agreed to run together as an electoral coalition. Currently, 2 out of the 12 MPs at the regional Parliament of Catalonia adscribed to the IpC-EUiA group are members of this latter party.WRFL
WRFL, Lexington (Radio Free Lexington) is a 7900-watt college radio station that broadcasts live, 24 hours a day, from the University of Kentucky campus in Lexington, Kentucky. The station has broadcast continuously at 88.1 MHz on the FM radio band (with rare interruptions due to power loss or other technical failures) since 1988 without automation.
WRFL is operated at all times by volunteer deejays, consisting largely of University of Kentucky students and also of some Lexington community members. A large portion of its programming is left up to the deejays, who plan their own shows in either a general or genre-specific format. Music played on WRFL is strictly "alternative," here defined as material which cannot be heard on other radio stations or through traditional, commercial outlets. This requirement is not only part of the station's culture and character, but is also mandated by the station's educational U.S. Federal Communications Commission license.
WRFL also has a commitment to public affairs and the community, featuring student-produced news programs, student-produced sports programs, and broadcasting the syndicated progressive news program Democracy Now! five days a week.
The station has a strong connection with the Lexington music scene and highlights underground and local artists weekly through its live music program, WRFL-Live, as well as on many of its other shows.
The Gavin Report listed WRFL in the top 2% of college radio stations in the nation.
Current slogans of the station include "All the way to the left," and "The only alternative left."
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