AltaVista

AltaVista was a Web search engine established in 1995. It became one of the most-used early search engines, but lost ground to Google and was purchased by Yahoo! in 2003, which retained the brand but based all AltaVista searches on its own search engine. On July 8, 2013, the service was shut down by Yahoo! and since then, the domain has redirected to Yahoo!'s own search site.[2]

AltaVista
Altavista logo
Altavista-1999
Top: 2002–2013 AltaVista logo
Bottom: The AltaVista web portal in 1999
Type of site
Search engine
Available inMultilingual
Founded1995
Headquarters,
Key peoplePaul Flaherty, Louis Monier, Michael Burrows, Jeffrey Black
ParentOverture Services (2003)
Yahoo! (2003–2013)
Verizon Media (2017–present)
WebsiteAltaVista.com
Alexa rankNegative increase 565,211 (July 2018)[1]
AdvertisingYes
RegistrationNo
LaunchedDecember 15, 1995
Current statusDefunct (July 8, 2013)[2]

Etymology

The word "AltaVista" is formed from the words for "high view" or "upper view" in Spanish (alta + vista).[3][4]

Origins

AltaVista was created by researchers at Digital Equipment Corporation's Network Systems Laboratory and Western Research Laboratory who were trying to provide services to make finding files on the public network easier.[5] Paul Flaherty came up with the original idea,[6][7] along with Louis Monier and Michael Burrows, who wrote the Web crawler and indexer, respectively. The name "AltaVista" was chosen in relation to the surroundings of their company at Palo Alto, California. AltaVista publicly launched as an Internet search engine on December 15, 1995 at altavista.digital.com.[8][9]

At launch, the service had two innovations that put it ahead of other search engines available at the time: it used a fast, multi-threaded crawler (Scooter) that could cover many more webpages than were believed to exist at the time, and it had an efficient back-end search, running on advanced hardware.

Popularity and technologies

AltaVista was the first searchable, full-text database on the World Wide Web with a simple interface.[10]

As of 1998, it used 20 multi-processor machines using DEC's 64-bit Alpha processor. Together, the back-end machines had 130 GB of RAM and 500 GB of hard disk drive space, and received 13 million queries every day.[11] Another distinguishing feature of AltaVista was its minimalistic interface, which was lost when it became a Web portal, but regained when it refocused its efforts on its search function. It also allowed the user to limit search results from a domain, reducing the likelihood of multiple results from the same source.

AltaVista's site was an immediate success. Traffic increased steadily from 300,000 hits on the first day to more than 80 million hits per day two years later. The ability to search the web, and AltaVista's service in particular, became the subject of numerous articles and even some books.[5] AltaVista itself became one of the top destinations on the web, and in 1997 it earned US$50 million in sponsorship revenue.[12] It was the 11th most visited website in 1998 and in 2000.[13]

AltaVista was the most favored search engine used by professional researchers at the "Internet Search-Off" study in February 1998, with 45 percent of the researchers choosing that. Second place belonged to HotBot at 20 percent.[14] At the time, AltaVista also powered Yahoo!, which was the most popular search website overall.[15]

By using the data collected by the crawler, employees from AltaVista, together with others from IBM and Compaq, were the first to analyze the strength of connections within the budding World Wide Web in a seminal study in 2000.[16]

In 2000, AltaVista was used by 17.7% of internet users while Google was only used by 7% of internet users, according to Media Metrix.[17]

Business transactions

In 1996, AltaVista became the exclusive provider of search results for Yahoo!. In 1998, Digital was sold to Compaq and in 1999, Compaq redesigned AltaVista as a Web portal, hoping to compete with Yahoo!. Under CEO Rod Schrock, AltaVista abandoned its streamlined search page, and focused on adding features such as shopping and free e-mail.[18] In June 1998, Compaq paid AltaVista Technology Incorporated ("ATI") $3.3 million for the domain name altavista.com – Jack Marshall, cofounder of ATI, had registered the name in 1994.

In June 1999, Compaq sold a majority stake in AltaVista to CMGI, an Internet investment company.[19] CMGI filed for an initial public offering (IPO) for AltaVista to take place in April 2000, but when the Internet bubble collapsed, the IPO was cancelled.[20] Meanwhile, it became clear that AltaVista's Web portal strategy was unsuccessful, and the search service began losing market share, especially to Google. After a series of layoffs and several management changes, AltaVista gradually shed its portal features and refocused on search. By 2002, AltaVista had improved the quality and freshness of its results and redesigned its user interface.[21]

In February 2003, AltaVista was bought by Overture Services, Inc. for $140 million.[22] In July 2003, Overture was taken over by Yahoo!.[23] After Yahoo! purchased Overture, AltaVista used the same search index as Yahoo! Search.[3]

In December 2010, a Yahoo! employee leaked PowerPoint slides indicating that the search engine would shut down as part of a consolidation at Yahoo!.[24]

Free services

AltaVista provided Babel Fish, a Web-based machine translation application that translated text or web pages from one of several languages into another.[25] It was later superseded by Yahoo! Babel Fish in May 2008 and now redirects to Bing's translation service.[3][26][10] AltaVista also provided a free email service, which shut down on March 31, 2002 at 12:00 PM PST and had 400,000 (200,000 active) registered email accounts before shutting down.[27]

Shutdown

On June 28, 2013, Yahoo! announced on its Tumblr page that AltaVista would shut down on July 8, 2013.[28][29][30] Since the day AltaVista shut down, visits to AltaVista's home page are redirected to Yahoo!'s main page.[31]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Altavista.com Traffic, Demographics and Competitors - Alexa". www.alexa.com. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  2. ^ a b Jun 28th, 2013 (June 28, 2013). "Keeping our Focus on What's Next | Yahoo!". Yahoo.tumblr.com. Retrieved July 5, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c "Search engine rankings on Alta Vista: a brief history of the AltaVista search engine". www.websearchworkshop.co.uk. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  4. ^ Sherman, Chris (October 8, 2003). "What's In A (Search Engine's) Name?". Search Engine Watch. Archived from the original on January 3, 2015. Retrieved February 13, 2019.
  5. ^ a b Eric J. Ray; Deborah S. Ray; Richard Selzer (1998), The AltaVista Search Revolution (2nd ed.) (2nd ed.), Osborne/McGraw-Hill
  6. ^ Andrew Alleman (June 1, 2011), "Viking Office Products Tries to Take Sentimental Domain Name from Altavista Inventor's Widow", Domain Name Wire
  7. ^ Daniel B. Banks, Jr. (May 31, 2011), National Arbitration Forum Decision Claim Number: FA1104001383534
  8. ^ Lewis, Peter H. (December 18, 1995), "Digital Equipment Offers Web Browsers Its 'Super Spider'", The New York Times, pp. Late Edition – Final, Section D, Page 4, Column 3, retrieved December 21, 2012
  9. ^ Digital Press and Analysts News (December 15, 1995). "Digital Develops Internet's First 'Super Spider'". Newsgroupbiz.digital.announce. Usenet: 9512151806.AA02246@raptor.pa.dec.com. Retrieved February 26, 2007.
  10. ^ a b "Short History of Early Search Engines – The History of SEO". www.thehistoryofseo.com. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
  11. ^ Ricardo Baeza-Yates and Berthier Ribeiro-Neto (1999). Modern Information Retrieval. Addison-Wesley/ACM Press, pp. 374, 390.
  12. ^ John Battelle (2005), The Search: How Google and Its Rivals Rewrote the Rules of Business and Transformed Our Culture, Portfolio
  13. ^ https://tech.co/news/top-20-popular-websites-1996-present-infographic-2014-12
  14. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/19981205055941/http://www.infotoday.com/searcher/feb/story1.htm
  15. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20090615072934/http://webculture.co.uk/seo.asp
  16. ^ Broder et al., "Graph structure in the web", 9th International WWW Conference (Amsterdam, May 2000) - http://www9.org/w9cdrom/160/160.html
  17. ^ Patsuris, Penelope. "Don't Count AltaVista Out Yet". Forbes. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  18. ^ Kopytoff, Verne (March 27, 2000), "AltaVista Switches Web Portal Into High Gear", San Francisco Chronicle, p. C–1, retrieved December 21, 2012
  19. ^ Afzali, Cyrus (June 29, 1999), "CMGI Acquires 83 Percent of AltaVista for $2.3 Billion", internet.com
  20. ^ Barnes, Cecily (January 10, 2001), "AltaVista cancels proposed IPO", news.com, retrieved December 21, 2012
  21. ^ Glasner, Joanna (November 12, 2002), "AltaVista Makeover: A Better View", Wired
  22. ^ Hansell, Saul (February 19, 2003), "Overture Services to Buy AltaVista for $140 Million", The New York Times
  23. ^ "Yahoo to acquire Overture". July 13, 2003. Archived from the original on July 8, 2007.
  24. ^ "RIP AltaVista, Yahoo Buzz, Delicious, MyBlogLog", silicontap.com, December 16, 2010
  25. ^ "Babelfish: English". April 27, 1999. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  26. ^ "Welcoming Yahoo! Babel Fish users!". Translator. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  27. ^ "AltaVista cans Web mail service". Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  28. ^ "Yahoo! announces closure of AltaVista". The Drum. Retrieved July 5, 2013.
  29. ^ "Yahoo shuts down internet relic AltaVista". CBC News. Retrieved July 10, 2013.
  30. ^ "Yahoo sends search engine relic AltaVista to Internet graveyard". National Post. Retrieved July 10, 2013.
  31. ^ "Keeping our Focus on What's Next". Yahoo. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
Alta Vista, Kansas

Alta Vista is a city in Wabaunsee County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 444.

Altavista, Virginia

Altavista is an incorporated town in Campbell County, Virginia, United States. The population was 3,450 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Lynchburg Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Altavista (Zacatecas)

Altavista, or Chalchihuites, is an archaeological site near the municipality of Chalchihuites in the Mexican state of Zacatecas, in the northwest of Mexico. It is believed that the site was a cultural oasis that was occupied more or less continuously from AD 100 to AD 1400.The site is within the "Sierra de Chalchihuites" – from the Nahuatl word chalchíhuitl, the name means "precious stone" – where the Chalchihuites-Chichimec culture was established.

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It is thought that the high point of cultural flourishing at Altavista occurred during years 400 to 650 CE, that is, in the classical period. The Chalchihuites cultural and ceremonial center represents the maximum northern expansion of Mesoamerica.

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Altavista High School

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Altavista petroglyph complex

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WKDE-FM

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WODI

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