Alphyn

An Alphyn (from the Germanic word for "chaser" or "wolf"), also known as awfyn or alfin in older writings,[1] is a rare heraldic creature. It is much like a heraldic tyger, but stockier and with tufts of hair covering its body, and also has a thick mane and long thin tongue.[2] Another notable characteristic is its knotted tail, reminiscent of Celtic design and similar to that of the griffin.[3] Sometimes it is depicted as having an eagle's[3] or dragon's talons on its forelegs, other times they are cloven, like a goat's. Occasionally all four feet are depicted as having the claws of a lion. In English heraldry, the Alphyn was used as a heraldic badge of the Lords de la Warr, and also appeared on the guidon held by the knight in the Milleflour Tapestry in Somerset.

In England's first printed book, William Caxton's "Game and Playe of the Chesse" the chessmen now known as bishops are described instead as Alphyns, representing judges: "The Alphyns ought to be made and formed in manere of Juges syttynge in a chayer wyth a book open to fore their eyen."

Alphyn
A heraldic alphyn

See also

References

  1. ^ The Chess player's chronicle. Oxford Press, 1841. 67. Print.
  2. ^ Ferguson, John, and Stephen Friar. Basic Heraldry. 1st ed. W W Norton & Co Inc, 1993. 166. Print.
  3. ^ a b Heraldry Society. "The Coat of Arms, Volumes 3-6." Johnson Reprint Corporation. University of Minnesota: 1954.
Cieleski coat of arms

Cieleski is a Polish coat of arms. It was used by several szlachta families in the times of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. A variation of the Trestka coat of arms.

Ciołek coat of arms

Ciołek (Polish for "bull calf") is a Polish coat of arms, one of the oldest in medieval Poland. It was used by many szlachta (noble) families under the late Piast dynasty, under the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, during the Partitions of Poland, and in the 20th century. The variant names "Siolek" and "Cialek" arose from miscommunication among early-20th-century Polish immigrants to the United States.

Helmet (heraldry)

In heraldic achievements, the helmet or helm is situated above the shield and bears the torse and crest. The style of helmet displayed varies according to rank and social status, and these styles developed over time, in step with the development of actual military helmets. In some traditions, especially German and Nordic heraldry, two or three helmets (and sometimes more) may be used in a single achievement of arms, each representing a fief to which the bearer has a right. For this reason, the helmets and crests in German and Nordic arms are considered to be essential to the coat of arms and are never separated from it.

Open-visored or barred helmets are typically reserved to the highest ranks of nobility, while lesser nobility and burghers typically assume closed helms. While these classifications remained relatively constant, the specific forms of all these helmets varied and evolved over time.

In ecclesiastical heraldry, bishops and other clergy use a mitre or other rank-appropriate ecclesiastical hat in place of a helmet.

List of legendary creatures (A)

Á Bao A Qu (Malay) - Entity that lives in the Tower of Victory in Chitor.

Aatxe (Basque) - Bull spirit.

Abaasy (Yakuts) - Iron-toothed demons.

Abada (African) - Small unicorn reported to live in the lands of the African Congo.

Äbädä (Tatar) - Forest spirit.

Abaia (Melanesia) - Huge magical eel.

Abarimon (Medieval Bestiaries) - Savage humanoid with backward feet.

Abath (Malay) - One-horned animal.

Abura-sumashi (Japanese) - Creature from a mountain pass in Kumamoto Prefecture.

Acephali (Greek) - Headless humanoids.

Acheri (Indian Folklore) - Disease-bringing ghost.

Achlis (Roman) - Curious elk.

Adar Llwch Gwin (Welsh) - Giant birds that understand human languages.

Adaro (Solomon Islands) - Malevolent merfolk.

Adhene (Manx) - Nature spirit.

Adlet (Inuit) - Vampiric dog-human hybrid

Adroanzi (Lugbara) - Nature spirit.

Adze (Ewe people) - African vampiric-forest being.

Aerico (Greek) - Disease demon.

Afanc (Welsh) - Lake monster (exact lake varies by story).

Agni (Hindu) - God of fire and sacrifices.

Agathodaemon (Greek) - Spirit of vinefields and grainfields.

Agloolik (Inuit) - Ice spirit that aids hunters and fishermen.

Agogwe (East Africa) - Small, ape-like humanoid.

Ahkiyyini (Inuit) - Animated skeleton that causes shipwrecks.

Ahuizotl (Aztec) - Anthropophagous dog-monkey hybrid.

Aigamuxa (Khoikhoi) - Anthropophagous humanoid with eyes in its instep.

Aigikampoi (Etruscan) - Fish-tailed goat.

Airavata (Hindu) - Divine elephant.

Aitu (Polynesian) - Malevolent spirits or demons.

Aitvaras (Lithuanian) - Household spirit.

Ajatar (Finnish) - Dragon/snake female spirit, is said to spread diseases

Akateko (Japanese) - Tree-dwelling monster.

Akhlut (Inuit) - Orca-wolf shapeshifter.

Akka (Finnish) - Female spirits or minor goddesses.

Akki (Japanese) - Large, grotesque humanoid.

Akkorokamui (Ainu) - Sea monster.

Akuma (Japanese) - Evil spirit or devil

Akupara (Hindu) - Giant turtle that supports the world.

Akurojin-no-hi (Japanese) - Ghostly flame which causes disease.

Al (Armenian and Persian) - Spirit that steals unborn babies and livers from pregnant women.

Ala (Slavic) - Bad weather demon.

Alal (Chaldean) - Queen of the full moon.

Alan (Philippine) - Winged humanoid that steals reproductive waste to make children.

Alce (Heraldic) - Wingless griffin.

Aleya (Bengali) - Spirit of a dead fisherman.

Alicanto (Chilean) - Bird that eats gold and silver.

Alicorn - Winged unicorn from the Latin "ala" (wing) and "corn" (horn).

Alkonost (Slavic) - Angelic bird with human head and breasts.

Allocamelus (Heraldic) - Ass-camel hybrid.

Almas (Mongolian) - Savage humanoid.

Al-mi'raj (Islamic) - One-horned rabbit.

Aloja (Catalan) - Female water spirit.

Alom-bag-winno-sis (Abenaki) - Little people and tricksters.

Alp (German) - Male night-demon.

Alphyn (Heraldic) - Lion-like creature, sometimes with dragon or goat forelegs.

Alp-luachra (Irish) - Parasitic fairy.

Al Rakim (Islamic) - Guard dog of the Seven Sleepers.

Alseid (Greek) - Grove nymph.

Alû (Assyrian) - Leprous demon.

Alux (Mayan) - Little people.

Amaburakosagi (Japanese) - Ritual disciplinary demon from Shikoku.

Amala (Tsimshian) - Giant who holds up the world.

Amamehagi (Japanese) - Ritual disciplinary demon from Hokuriku.

Amanojaku (Japanese) - Small demon.

Amarok (Inuit) - Giant wolf.

Amarum (Quechua) - Water boa spirit.

Amazake-babaa (Japanese) - Disease-causing hag.

Amemasu (Ainu) - Lake monster.

Ammit (Ancient Egyptian) - Female demon who was part lion, hippopotamus and crocodile.

Amorōnagu (Japanese) - Tennyo from the island of Amami Ōshima.

Amphiptere (Heraldic) - Winged serpent.

Amphisbaena (Greek) - Serpent with a head at each end.

Anak (Jewish) - Giant.

Androsphinx (Ancient Egyptian) - Human-headed sphinx.

Angel (mainly Christian, Jewish, Islamic traditions) - From the Greek ángelos, divine beings of Heaven who act as mediators between God and humans; the counterparts of Demons.

Angha (Persian) - Dog-lion-peacock hybrid.

Ani Hyuntikwalaski (Cherokee) - Lightning spirit.

Ankou (French) - Skeletal grave watcher with a lantern and scythe.

Anmo (Japanese) - Ritual disciplinary demon from Iwate Prefecture.

Antaeus (Greek) - Giant who was extremely strong as long as he remained in contact with the ground.

Anubis (Ancient Egyptian) - God of the Underworld

Antero Vipunen (Finnish) - Subterranean giant.

Anzû (Sumerian) - Divine storm bird

Ao Ao (Guaraní) - Anthropophagous peccary or sheep.

Aobōzu (Japanese) - Blue monk who kidnaps children.

Apkallu (Sumerian) - Fish-human hybrid that attends the god Enki.

Apsaras (Buddhist and Hindu) - Female cloud spirit.

Aqrabuamelu (Akkadian) - Human-scorpion hybrid.

Ardat-Lili (Akkadian) - Disease demon.

Argus Panoptes (Greek) - Hundred-eyed giant.

Arikura-no-baba (Japanese) - Old woman with magical powers.

Arimaspi (Greek) - One-eyed humanoid.

Arion (Greek) - Swift green-maned talking horse.

Arkan Sonney (Manx) - Fairy hedgehog.

Asag (Sumerian) - Hideous rock demon.

Asakku (Sumerian) - Demon.

Asanbosam (West Africa) - Iron-toothed vampire.

Asena (Turkic) - Blue-maned wolf.

A-senee-ki-wakw (Abenaki) - Stone giant.

Ashi-magari (Japanese) - Invisible tendril that impedes movement.

Asiman (Dahomey) - Vampiric possession spirit.

Askefrue (Germanic) - Female tree spirit.

Ask-wee-da-eed (Abenaki) - Fire elemental and spectral fire.

Asobibi (Japanese) - Spectral fire from Kōchi Prefecture.

Aspidochelone (Medieval Bestiaries) - Island-sized whale or sea turtle.

Asrai (English) - Water spirit.

Astomi (Greek) - Humanoid sustained by pleasant smells instead of food.

Aswang (Philippine) - Carrion-eating humanoid.

Atomy (English) - Surprisingly small creature.

Ato-oi-kozō (Japanese) - Invisible spirit that follows people.

Atshen (Inuit) - Anthropophagous spirit.

Auloniad (Greek) - Pasture nymph.

Avalerion (Medieval Bestiary) - King of the birds.

Awa-hon-do (Abenaki) - Insect spirit.

Axex (Ancient Egyptian) - Falcon-lion hybrid.

Ayakashi (Japanese) - Sea serpent that travels over boats in an arc while dripping oil.

Ayakashi-no-ayashibi (Japanese) - Spectral fire from Ishikawa Prefecture.

Aziza (Dahomey) - Little people that help hunters.

Azukiarai (Japanese) - Spirit that washes azuki beans along riversides.

Azukibabaa (Japanese) - Bean-grinding hag who devours people.

Azukitogi (Japanese) - Spirit that washes azuki beans along riversides.

Ogończyk coat of arms

Ogończyk is a Polish coat of arms. It was used by several szlachta families in the times of the Kingdom of Poland and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Pobóg coat of arms

Pobóg is a Polish coat of arms that was used by many noble families in medieval Poland and later under the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Sas coat of arms

Sas or Szász (origin: Slavic for "Saxon", Polish: Sas, Hungarian: Szász, Romanian: Saş, Ukrainian: Сас) is a Central European coat of arms. It was borne since the medieval period by several Transylvanian-Saxon Hungarian, Ruthenian, Ukrainian, and Polish-Lithuanian noble families. The house was once a mighty princely and ducal house with origins in Saxony, Transylvania, Hungary and Ruthenia.

Trestka coat of arms

Trestka is a Polish coat of arms. It was used by several szlachta families in the times of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Ypotryll

The Ypotryll is a Medieval European chimeric creature featured in heraldry. It has the tusked head of a wild boar or hog, the humped body of a camel, the legs and hooves of an ox or goat and the long, scaly tail of a serpent. Its name is thought to be derived from the greek “hippo” (horse) or in Middle English, “ypotame” itself derived from the latin "ypotamus". Though there isn’t much known of the creature’s meanings or origins, it appears as the badge of John Tiptoft, 1st Earl of Worcester, also known as the “Butcher of England”; a man known for his extreme cruelty in regards to the execution of Lancastrians during his rule as Lord High Constable in the early 1460s. The creature is known for its awesome ugliness, and is perhaps a reflection of those that wore it as their mark. Tiptoft was beheaded in 1470 by the Lancastrians during the War of the Roses (1455-1487).

Officials
Types
Charges
of
heraldic
achieve-
ments

(List)

See also:
Canting
Alliance
(Courtesy)
Funerary
Tinctures
Rules
Tricking
Hatching
Fimbriation

(with black and
white rendering)
External
Applications
See also

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