Aloha Airlines

Aloha Airlines was a Hawaiian airline headquartered in Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii,[3][4] operating from a hub at Honolulu International Airport. Operations began on July 26, 1946, and ceased on March 31, 2008.

Aloha Airlines
Aloha Airlines Logo
IATA ICAO Callsign
FoundedJuly 26, 1946 (as Trans-Pacific Airlines)[1]
Commenced operationsJuly 26, 1946
Ceased operationsMarch 31, 2008
HubsHonolulu International Airport
Frequent-flyer programAlohaPass
AllianceIsland Air, United Airlines
SubsidiariesAloha Air Cargo, Aloha Island Air, Aloha Pacific Air
Fleet size22
Company sloganExpect More [2]
Parent companyAloha Air Group
HeadquartersHonolulu, Hawaii
Key peopleRuddy Tongg (Co-Founder), Richard C Tongg (Co-Founder), David Banmiller (President & CEO)


Propeller era

The airline was founded as charter carrier Trans-Pacific Airlines by publisher Ruddy F. Tongg, Sr. as a competitor to Hawaiian Airlines, commencing operations on July 26, 1946, with a single World War II-surplus Douglas C-47 (DC-3) on a flight from Honolulu to Maui and Hilo. The name reflected Tongg's vision of a trans-oceanic airline connecting California, Hawaii, and China. It soon earned the nickname "The Aloha Airline" and was flying four aircraft by the end of the year. Approval to operate as a scheduled airline came when President Harry S. Truman signed the certificate on February 21, 1949, with the first scheduled flight on June 6, 1949, following ceremonies held the previous day.

In 1952, the airline reported its first annual profit: $36,410.12. The airline's market share rose to 30% that year, up from 10% in 1950, the year the airline adopted the name TPA-The Aloha Airline. However, the introduction of the Convair 340 at Hawaiian Airlines halted further growth of TPA's market share for over five years. In 1958, real estate developer Hung Wo Ching, whose family held a sizable stake in the airline and following overtures by Tongg, was elected president of the airline. In November of that year, the company changed its name again, becoming Aloha Airlines. On April 15, 1959, Aloha took delivery of its first Fairchild F-27 turboprop aircraft. These aircraft were unique to Aloha, built with a stronger keel beam and thicker belly skin to satisfy concerns about ditching the high-wing aircraft. That summer, Aloha's market share jumped to 42%.

Jet engine era

BAC 1-11 215AU N11183 Aloha LBG 03.06.67 edited-2
Aloha BAC 1-11 in 1967
Aloha Airlines Boeing 737-200 Silagi-1
Aloha Boeing 737-200 at Honolulu in May 1981
Aloha Pacific McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 Groves
Aloha Pacific DC-10-30 at Taipei Airport in July 1984
A former Aloha Boeing 737-700WL in storage in Southend Airport, England after the airline's 2008 demise

Aloha retired its last DC-3 on January 3, 1961, becoming the second airline in the United States to operate an all-turbine fleet. In 1963, the airline took delivery of two Vickers Viscounts from Austrian Airlines and soon acquired a third from Northeast Airlines. The October 1, 1964 cover of the airline's system timetable proclaimed "Hawaii's Only All Jet Power Service Between The Islands" as Aloha was operating all of its inter-island flights at this time with the Fairchild F-27 and Vickers Viscount turboprops.[5] Soon, the airline made the move to pure jets, with its first new British Aircraft Corporation BAC One-Eleven twin jet arriving in Honolulu on April 16, 1966. The last F-27 was retired from service in June 1967. As Hawaiian Airlines took delivery of larger Douglas DC-9-30 jets, Aloha realized its smaller BAC One-Eleven series 200 aircraft, which also suffered from performance penalties at Kona International Airport, put it at a disadvantage. Aloha placed an order for two Boeing 737-200 jetliners in 1968. Named "Funbirds," the Boeing jets entered service in March 1969. The massive capacity increase hurt both airlines, and in 1970, the first of three unsuccessful merger attempts between the two rivals (the others coming in 1988 and 2001) was made. In October 1971, the airline sold its remaining Viscount 745 turboprop aircraft and became an all-jet airline.

In 1983, Aloha introduced its AlohaPass frequent flyer program. In 1984, the airline leased a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, and on May 28, inaugurated service with the aircraft between Honolulu, Guam, and Taipei under the name Aloha Pacific. The operation, however, was unable to compete with Continental Airlines, and was discontinued on January 12, 1985. In October of that year, Aloha acquired Quick-Change 737 aircraft that could be quickly converted from a passenger configuration to all-cargo freighter for nighttime cargo flights. In February 1986, Aloha began weekly flights between Honolulu and Kiritimati (Christmas Island), becoming the first airline to operate ETOPS approved B737s.

In late 1986, Ching and vice-chairman Sheridan Ing announced plans to take the company private, and it remained in the hands of the Ing and Ching families until its emergence from bankruptcy in 2006, when additional investors including The Yucaipa Cos., Aloha Aviation Investment Group, and Aloha Hawaii Investors LLC took stakes in the airline. In 1987, the airline acquired Princeville Airways, renaming Aloha IslandAir, which became known as Island Air in 1995. In 2003, Island Air was sold to Gavarnie Holding and became an independent airline.

On February 14, 2000, the airline began mainland service, flying newly delivered ETOPS certified Boeing 737-700 jetliners from Honolulu, Kahului, and Kona, Hawaii to Oakland. The carrier soon started regularly scheduled flights to and from Orange County, San Diego, Sacramento, Reno, and Las Vegas. For a short time Aloha also offered flights from Honolulu to Vancouver. In addition, the airline served the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport (BUR, now known as Bob Hope Airport) in the Los Angeles area with nonstop Boeing 737-700 service to and from Honolulu.

Aloha Airline's longest inter-island route was 216 miles, while the shortest route was a mere 62 miles. Average travel distance per inter-island flight was 133 miles. Aloha also marketed some inter-island routes served by partner Island Air, and passengers earned miles in either its own frequent flyer program, AlohaPass, or in United Airlines' Mileage Plus program.[6][7][8]

Economic challenges

Rising costs and an economic contraction in Japan put Aloha into a defensive position in the early 2000s, soon exacerbated by the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, the SARS panic of 2003, and soaring fuel prices. On December 30, 2004, Aloha Airlines filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in an attempt to cut costs and remain competitive with other airlines serving Hawaii. Led by Marc Bilbao and six other Giuliani advisors in December 2004, Giuliani Partners through Giuliani Capital sold Aloha to Ronald Burkle's group of investors and also obtained a $65 million loan for the carrier.[9] In November 2005, Giuliani renegotiated with Aloha Chief David Banmiller for Giuliani's total compensation to be increased to $2.9 million.[9] Following approval of new labor contracts and securing additional investment from new investors, the airline emerged from bankruptcy protection on February 17, 2006. On August 30, 2006, Gordon Bethune was named Chairman of the Board.

Citing losses from a protracted fare war incited by inter-island competitor go! (operated by parent company Mesa Airlines) and high fuel prices, Aloha filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection again on March 20, 2008.[10] Ten days later, on March 30, 2008, Aloha Airlines announced the suspension of all scheduled passenger flights, with the final day of operation to be March 31, 2008.[11] The shutdown resulted in the layoffs of about 1,900 of the company's roughly 3,500 employees.[12] Hawaii Governor Linda Lingle asked the bankruptcy court involved to delay the shutdown of Aloha Airlines passenger services, and forcibly restore passenger service;[13] however, federal Bankruptcy Judge Lloyd King declined, saying the court should not interfere with business decisions.[14]

After the shutdown of passenger operations, Aloha and its creditors sought to auction off its profitable cargo and contract services division. Pacific Air Cargo emerged as the highest bidder for the contract services division; the sale of the division to Pacific Air Cargo is currently in progress.[15] Pacific Air Cargo will operate the division under the name Aloha Contract Services.[16]

Several companies expressed interest in purchasing Aloha's cargo division, including Seattle-based Saltchuk Resources, California-based Castle & Cooke Aviation, and Hawaii-based Kahala Capital (which included Richard Ing, a minority investor in the Aloha Air Group and member of Aloha's board of directors).[17] However, a disagreement between cargo division bidders and Aloha's primary lender, GMAC Commercial Finance, ended with the bidders dropping out of the auction.[18] Almost immediately afterwards, GMAC halted all funding to Aloha's cargo division, forcing all cargo operations to cease; at the same time, Aloha's board of directors decided to convert its Chapter 11 bankruptcy reorganization filing into a Chapter 7 bankruptcy liquidation.[18]

Saltchuk Resources decided to renew its bid to purchase the cargo division at the urging of U.S. Senator Daniel Inouye, and a deal between Aloha and Saltchuk was struck and approved by the federal bankruptcy court, where Saltchuk would purchase the cargo division for $10.5 million.[19] The sale was approved by federal Bankruptcy Judge Lloyd King on May 12, 2008, with the sale expected to close two days later.[20]

Prior to its bid for Aloha, Saltchuk Resources was already present in Hawaii through its subsidiaries Young Brothers/Hawaiian Tug & Barge, Hawaii Fuel Network, Maui Petroleum and Minit Stop Stores. The company also owns Northern Air Cargo, Alaska's largest cargo airline. A new subsidiary, Aeko Kula Inc., was set up by Saltchuk to operate Aloha Air Cargo.

Name and intellectual property

In January 2011, Los Angeles-based Yucaipa Cos., the former majority shareholder of Aloha won federal Bankruptcy Court approval to buy the Aloha name and other intellectual property for $1.5 million with a stipulation that it not resell the name to Mesa Air Group, the parent of go! Mokulele. In 2009, Mesa sought to re-brand its go! planes as Aloha. But federal Bankruptcy Judge Lloyd King stopped the name change, following impassioned pleas from former Aloha Airlines employees who largely blamed Mesa for Aloha's demise. It is unknown at this time what the future plans are for the Aloha name.


Aloha 732
Boeing 737–200

Prior to the shutdown of its passenger services on March 31, 2008, Aloha Airlines provided passenger service to/from the following destinations:

American Samoa


Cook Islands


Marshall Islands

Midway Atoll

United States


At the time the Aloha airlines ceased operations, the airline's fleet consisted of the following aircraft:

Aloha Airlines Fleet
Aircraft Total Passengers
Routes Notes
Boeing 737–200 13 127 (-/127) Hawaii Inter-Island
Boeing 737–700 8 124 (12/112) US Mainland
Boeing 737–800 1 162 (12/150) US Mainland
(primarily Kahului-Sacramento)
Leased from Transavia from
November 2007 – April 2008[21]

As of March 2008, the average age of the Aloha Airlines fleet was 18.2 years.[22]

Other jet aircraft previously operated by Aloha included the Boeing 737-300 and 737-400.[23] According to various Aloha Airlines flight schedules which appeared in the Official Airline Guide (OAG), these aircraft were used for a short period of time on inter-island flights in Hawaii.

The airline previously operated Douglas C-47 prop aircraft followed by Fairchild F-27 and Vickers Viscount turboprop airliners. The first jet type operated by Aloha was the British Aircraft Corporation BAC One-Eleven. Aloha subsidiary Aloha Pacific operated the McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 wide body jetliner.

Codeshare agreements

Aloha Airlines had codeshare agreements with the following airlines:

Incidents and accidents

Aloha Airlines Flight 243 fuselage
The fuselage of Aloha Airlines Flight 243 after suffering explosive decompression over Hawaii.
  • On April 28, 1988, Aloha Airlines Flight 243 was a scheduled Boeing 737–297 flight between Hilo and Honolulu in Hawaii. The aircraft suffered extensive damage after an explosive decompression in flight, but was able to land safely at Kahului Airport on Maui.[28][29] A senior flight attendant, Clarabelle Lansing, was the sole fatality when she was blown out of the airplane, whereas another 65 passengers and crew were injured. The safe landing of the aircraft with such a major loss of integrity was unprecedented and remains unsurpassed. Subsequent investigations concluded that the accident was caused by metal fatigue. The 1990 made-for-television film Miracle Landing is based on this accident.


  1. ^ Norwood, Tom; Wegg, John (2002). North American Airlines Handbook (3rd ed.). Sandpoint, ID: Airways International. p. 9. ISBN 0-9653993-8-9. Archived from the original on November 28, 2016. Retrieved October 13, 2018.
  2. ^ ron ferrell (February 28, 2009). "aloha airlines commercial" – via YouTube.
  3. ^ "Aloha Airlines, Inc." BusinessWeek. Retrieved on May 21, 2009.
  4. ^ "Customer Relations." Aloha Airlines. August 31, 2005. Retrieved on November 29, 2012. "Aloha Airlines Customer Relations 2 Waterfront Plaza, Suite 500 500 Ala Moana Blvd. Honolulu, Hawaii 96813 "
  5. ^, Oct. 1, 1964 Aloha Airlines system timetable
  6. ^ "Where we Fly". Aloha Airlines. Archived from the original on April 6, 2007. Retrieved April 9, 2007.
  7. ^ "AlohaPass". Archived from the original on April 3, 2007. Retrieved April 9, 2007.
  8. ^ Codeshare partners Archived January 18, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ a b Vardi, Nathan (October 28, 2006). "The Company He Keeps". Forbes. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
  10. ^ Blair, Chad (March 20, 2008). "Aloha Airlines files for second bankruptcy in 3 years, blames go! for losses". Pacific Business News. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
  11. ^ McAvoy, Audrey (March 30, 2008). "Aloha Airlines halting passenger service". BusinessWeek. Retrieved April 25, 2008.
  12. ^ Segal, Dave (March 31, 2008). "Aloha Air shuts down". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Archived from the original on April 8, 2008. Retrieved May 3, 2008.
  13. ^ "Lingle asks court to delay Aloha passenger service shutdown". The Honolulu Advertiser. March 30, 2008. Retrieved April 25, 2008.
  14. ^ Segal, Dave (April 1, 2008). "Ending service is Aloha's call, court says". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Archived from the original on April 5, 2008. Retrieved May 3, 2008.
  15. ^ "Pacific Air Cargo is Highest Bidder for Aloha's Contract Services Unit" (Press release). Aloha Airlines. April 21, 2008. Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved April 28, 2008.
  16. ^ "Aloha Contract Services" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 28, 2008. Retrieved May 2, 2008.
  17. ^ Segal, Dave (April 2, 2008). "Turbulent aftermath". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Archived from the original on April 5, 2008. Retrieved May 3, 2008.
  18. ^ a b Segal, Dave (April 29, 2008). "Bidders drop out and funding halts". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Archived from the original on May 6, 2008. Retrieved May 3, 2008.
  19. ^ Segal, Dave (May 2, 2008). "Return flight". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Archived from the original on May 6, 2008. Retrieved May 3, 2008.
  20. ^ Segal, Dave (May 13, 2008). "Court allows Seattle firm to buy Aloha's cargo division". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved May 14, 2008.
  21. ^
  22. ^ "Fleet age Aloha Airlines - Airfleets aviation".
  23. ^, Aloha Airlines Boeing 737-300 and 737-400 photos in Hawaii
  24. ^ "Island Air launches independent Maui-Kona service". USA Today. Associated Press. May 12, 2004. Retrieved May 1, 2008.
  25. ^ "Feel like you're flying by the seat of your pants? Sit back and relax with these tips". The Seattle Times. April 20, 2008. Archived from the original on April 23, 2008. Retrieved May 10, 2008.
  26. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved October 7, 2009.
  27. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved October 8, 2009.
  28. ^ "Aloha Airlines Flight 243, April 28, 1988". Star-Advertiser. April 27, 2018. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
  29. ^ Hurley, Timothy (April 28, 2018). "Remembering Aloha Airlines Flight 243". Star-Advertiser. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
  • Young, Branden (July–August 2006). "Aloha Airlines: Ready to Protect Their Beachfront in Paradise". Airliners: The World's Aviation Magazine. Airliners Publications. pp. 35–39.
  • Forman, Peter (2005). Wings of Paradise: Hawaii's Incomparable Airlines. Kailua, HI: Barnstormer Books. ISBN 978-0-9701594-4-1.

External links

Aloha Air Cargo

Aeko Kula, Inc., operating as Aloha Air Cargo, is an American cargo airline headquartered in Honolulu, Hawaii, operating from a hub at Honolulu International Airport. Formerly part of Aloha Airlines, it became an independent cargo operator following the closure of the passenger airline in 2008.

Aloha Airlines Flight 243

Aloha Airlines Flight 243 (IATA: AQ243, ICAO: AAH243) was a scheduled Aloha Airlines flight between Hilo and Honolulu in Hawaii. On April 28, 1988, a Boeing 737-297 serving the flight suffered extensive damage after an explosive decompression in flight, but was able to land safely at Kahului Airport on Maui. There was one fatality, flight attendant Clarabelle Lansing, who was ejected from the airplane. Another 65 passengers and crew were injured. Despite the substantial damage inflicted by the decompression, and the loss of one cabin crew member, the safe landing of the aircraft established the incident as a significant event in the history of aviation, with far-reaching effects on aviation safety policies and procedures.

Atlantic Gulf Airlines

Atlantic Gulf Airlines was a regional airline founded by Tom Tepper and Kerry Broaddus in Florida that began operations in October 1983. Service started with two British-manufactured Vickers Viscount four engine turboprop airliners. Atlantic Gulf was one of very few airlines in the U.S. to operate the Viscount in scheduled passenger service (Continental Airlines and United Airlines operated Viscounts during the 1960s as did Aloha Airlines and Hawaiian Airlines). The airline began with service from Miami to St. Petersburg, Florida. By early 1984, the airlines had added Convair 580 turboprops to the fleet and was operating Miami (MIA) - St. Petersburg (PIE) - Atlanta (ATL) service. The fleet grew to three Convair 580s and cities such as Tallahassee and Fort Lauderdale were added to the route system.


Claribel, Clarabelle, Clarabell or Clarabel may refer to:


Claribel (1864-1929), one of the Cone sisters, socialites and noted art collectors

Claribel Kendall (1889-1965), American mathematician

Clarabelle C. B. Lansing, flight attendant and sole fatality in the Aloha Airlines Flight 243 accident

Claribel Medina (born 1961), Puerto Rican actress

Charlotte Alington Barnard (1830-1869), English poet and composer of ballads and hymns under the pseudonym Claribel

Claribel Alegría, pseudonym of Nicaraguan poet, essayist, novelist, and journalist Clara Isabel Alegría Vides (born 1924)Fictional characters:

Clarabelle Cow, a cartoon character created by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks

Clarabell the Clown, the human partner of Howdy Doody

Clarabel, from The Railway Series of children's books by the Rev. W. Awdry and the related Thomas the Tank Engine and Friends television series

Claribel, mentioned but not seen in Shakespeare's The Tempest

Clarabel Trifle, from Duncall Ball's Selby novel seriesPlaces:

Claribel, California, an unincorporated community

Claribel, original name of the city of Richmond Heights, Ohio

Claribel Creek, on the list of rivers of OhioIn the arts:

"Claribel", a poem by Alfred, Lord Tennyson

Saxonette, a soprano clarinet also known as a ClaribelOther uses:

Operation Claribel, see list of Special Operations Executive operations in World War II

Daniel K. Inouye International Airport

Daniel K. Inouye International Airport (IATA: HNL, ICAO: PHNL, FAA LID: HNL), also known as Honolulu International Airport, is the principal aviation gateway of the City and County of Honolulu on Oahu in the State of Hawaii. It is identified as one of the busiest airports in the United States, with traffic now exceeding 21 million passengers a year and rising.The airport is named after the U.S. Senator and Medal of Honor recipient Daniel K. Inouye, who represented Hawaii from 1963 until his death in 2012. The airport is located in the Honolulu census-designated place three miles (5 km) northwest of Honolulu's central business district. Main roads leading to the airport are Nimitz Highway and the Queen Liliuokalani Freeway of Interstate H-1.

Daniel K. Inouye International Airport serves as the principal hub of Hawaiian Airlines, the largest Hawaii-based airline. It offers flights between the various airports of the Hawaiian Islands and also serves the continental United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, American Samoa, Tahiti, Japan, China, the Philippines, and South Korea. It is host to major United States and international airlines, with direct flights to North American, Asian, and Pacific Rim destinations. In addition to services to most major western cities and many smaller gateways, especially in California, the airport has succeeded in attracting long-haul services to the East Coast including the recently added destinations of Toronto–Pearson and Washington–Dulles, which have joined established services to Atlanta, New York–JFK, and Newark.

It is also the base for Aloha Air Cargo, which previously offered both passenger and cargo services under the name Aloha Airlines. This airline ceased passenger flights on March 31, 2008, and sold off its cargo services to Seattle-based Saltchuk Resources, Inc. (also owners of inter-island sea-based shipping company Young Brothers and Hawaiian Tug & Barge).

In 2012, the airport handled 19,291,412 passengers, 278,145 aircraft movements and processed 412,270 metric tons of cargo. It is included in the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2017–2021, in which it is categorized as a large-hub primary commercial service facility.

Descent (aeronautics)

A descent during air travel is any portion where an aircraft decreases altitude, and is the opposite of an ascent or climb.

Descents are part of normal procedures, but also occur during emergencies, such as rapid or explosive decompression, forcing an emergency descent to below 10,000 feet (3,000 m) and preferably below 8,000 feet (2,400 m), respectively the maximum temporary safe altitude for an unpressurized aircraft and the maximum safe altitude for extended duration.An example of explosive decompression is Aloha Airlines Flight 243. Involuntary descent might occur from a decrease in power, decreased lift (wing icing), an increase in drag, or flying in an air mass moving downward, such as a terrain induced downdraft, near a thunderstorm, in a downburst, or microburst.

Emergency landing

An emergency landing is a prioritised landing made by an aircraft in response to an emergency containing an imminent or ongoing threat to the safety and operation of the aircraft or involving a sudden need for a passenger or crew on board to be on land, such as a medical emergency.

It is usually a forced diversion to the nearest or most suitable airport or airbase, in which air traffic control must prioritise and give way immediately upon the declaration of the emergency.

Flight 243

Flight 243 may represent:

28 April 1988 accident on Aloha Airlines Flight 243

24 September 2010 incident on Windjet Flight 243

20 June 2011 accident on RusAir Flight 243

FlyHawaii Airlines

FlyHawaii Airlines was a proposed low-cost airline that would have provided inter-island flight service in the Hawaiian Islands. The company, which was founded by Lion Coffee founder James Delano planned to begin service in late 2005 or early 2006.

FlyHawaii hoped to succeed where predecessors such as Discovery Airways and Mahalo Air had failed by following the blueprint of low-cost carriers like Southwest Airlines and JetBlue Airways, which offer frequent flights and depend heavily on Internet bookings. The airline planned to charge fares in the $50 to $60 range.

Following the September 2005 announcement by Mesa Air Group that it intended to start its own inter-island carrier, go!, using 50-seat jet aircraft, its primary investor, a group that included America Online founder Steve Case, decided against buying into the carrier. Other potential investors also elected to wait to gauge Mesa's impact on the market and await the results of Aloha Airlines then-current Chapter 11 bankruptcy reorganization. In late November 2005, FlyHawaii laid off its staff and shut down.

Go! (airline)

Go! (styled as go!), based in Honolulu was a regional brand of Phoenix, Arizona-based Mesa Airlines. Go! operated inter-island services within Hawaii. Its main base was Honolulu International Airport. It was a division within the Mesa Airlines subsidiary of Mesa Air Group and its flights were operated by Mesa Airlines. The airline ceased operations in Hawaii on April 1, 2014.

Hilo International Airport

Hilo International Airport (IATA: ITO, ICAO: PHTO, FAA LID: ITO), formerly General Lyman Field, is owned and operated by the Hawaiʻi state Department of Transportation. Located in Hilo, Hawaiʻi County, the airport encompasses 1,391 acres (563 ha) and is one of two major airports on Hawaiʻi Island and one of five major airports in the state. Hilo International Airport serves most of East Hawaiʻi, including the districts of Hilo and Puna, as well as portions of the districts of Hāmākua and Kaʻū. Most flights to the airport are from Honolulu International Airport. These flights are predominantly operated by Hawaiian Airlines and Aloha Air Cargo.

It is included in the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2017–2021, in which it is categorized as a small-hub primary commercial service facility.

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 464

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 464 of the United States Reports:

Autry v. Estelle, 464 U.S. 1 (1983) (per curiam)

Aloha Airlines, Inc. v. Director of Taxation of Haw., 464 U.S. 7 (1983)

Russello v. United States, 464 U.S. 16 (1983)

Norfolk Redevelopment and Housing Authority v. Chesapeake & Potomac Telephone Co. of Va., 464 U.S. 30 (1983)

Torres-Valencia v. United States, 464 U.S. 44 (1983) (per curiam)

Maggio v. Williams, 464 U.S. 46 (1983) (per curiam)

Iron Arrow Honor Soc. v. Heckler, 464 U.S. 67 (1983) (per curiam)

Wainwright v. Goode, 464 U.S. 78 (1983) (per curiam)

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms v. FLRA, 464 U.S. 89 (1983)

Sullivan v. Wainwright, 464 U.S. 109 (1983) (per curiam)

Rushen v. Spain, 464 U.S. 114 (1983) (per curiam)

United States v. Mendoza, 464 U.S. 154 (1984)

United States v. Stauffer Chemical Co., 464 U.S. 165 (1984)

INS v. Phinpathya, 464 U.S. 183 (1984)

Commissioner v. Engle, 464 U.S. 206 (1984)

Silkwood v. Kerr-McGee Corp., 464 U.S. 238 (1984)

Michigan v. Clifford, 464 U.S. 287 (1984)

Secretary of Interior v. California, 464 U.S. 312 (1984)

Woodard v. Hutchins, 464 U.S. 377 (1984) (per curiam)

Badaracco v. Commissioner, 464 U.S. 386 (1984)

Donovan v. Lone Steer, Inc., 464 U.S. 408 (1984)

Sony Corp. of America v. Universal City Studios, Inc., 464 U.S. 417 (1984)

Press-Enterprise Co. v. Superior Court of Cal., Riverside Cty., 464 U.S. 501 (1984)

Daily Income Fund, Inc. v. Fox, 464 U.S. 523 (1984)

McDonough Power Equipment, Inc. v. Greenwood, 464 U.S. 548 (1984)

Autry v. Estelle, 464 U.S. 1301 (1983)

Clark v. California, 464 U.S. 1304 (1983)

McDonald v. Missouri, 464 U.S. 1306 (1984)

List of airline bankruptcies in the United States

A number of major airlines have declared bankruptcy and have either ceased operations, or reorganized under bankruptcy protection. Airlines, like any business, are susceptible to market fluctuations and economic difficulties. The economic structure of the airline industry may contribute to airline bankruptcies as well. One major element in almost every airline bankruptcy is the rejection by the debtor of its current collective bargaining agreements with employees. After satisfying certain requirements, bankruptcy law permits courts to approve rejection of labor contracts by the debtor-employer. With this tool, airline managers reduce costs. Terms of an employee contract negotiated over years can be eliminated in months through Chapter 11. Terms of the Railway Labor Act, amended in 1936 to cover airlines, prevent most labor union work actions before, during and after an airline bankruptcy.

List of airlines of Hawaii

The following is a list of airlines that are based in the U.S. state of Hawaii.

Mid Pacific Air

Mid Pacific Air was a low-cost regional airline which began operations with passenger services in Hawaii. Founded in 1981, initial routes connected the islands of Kauai, O'ahu, Maui and Hawaii (the Big Island). Its primary competitors were established air carriers Hawaiian Airlines and Aloha Airlines. When it operated in the Midwest, its headquarters were on the grounds of Indianapolis International Airport in Indianapolis, Indiana. Originally its headquarters were located at Honolulu International Airport.

Miracle Landing

Miracle Landing (also known as Panic in the Open Sky) is a 1990 American made-for-television drama film based on an in-flight accident aboard Aloha Airlines Flight 243 that occurred in April 1988. The Boeing 737-200 was flying from Hilo, Hawaii to Honolulu, Hawaii, when it experienced rapid decompression when a section of the fuselage was torn away. With one flight attendant blown from the cabin to her death and 65 others injured, the aircraft was able to make a successful emergency landing at Kahului Airport, on Maui.

Miracle Landing stars Connie Sellecca, Wayne Rogers, Ana Alicia and Nancy Kwan. The film aired February 11, 1990 on CBS and has since been shown in syndication on network broadcasts throughout the world.

Tompkins (surname)

Tompkins is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Aaron B. Tompkins (1844–1931), American cavalry soldier and Medal of Honor recipient

Andrew Tompkins, Australian musician

Angel Tompkins (born 1942), American actress

Anne Tompkins (born 1962), American lawyer

Arthur S. Tompkins (1865–1938), U.S. Representative from New York

Barry Tompkins (born c. 1940), American sportscaster

Bernard Tompkins (1904–1965), New York politician

Brian Tompkins, Yale Varsity Soccer coach

Caleb Tompkins (1759–1846), U.S. Representative from New York

Charles Henry Tompkins (1830–1915), Union Brigadier General during the American Civil War

Charles Hook Tompkins (1883–1956), American engineer and architect

Chris Tompkins, American songwriter

Christopher Tompkins (1780–1858), U.S. Representative from Kentucky

Cydnor B. Tompkins (1810–1862), U.S. Representative from Ohio

Daniel D. Tompkins (1775–1824), American Vice-President

Darlene Tompkins (born 1940), American actress

Douglas Tompkins (1943–2015), American environmentalist, co-founder of outdoor clothing companies, owner of Pumalín Park, Chile

Emmett Tompkins (1853–1917), U.S. Representative from Ohio

Fred Tompkins (born 1943), American jazz flautist

Gwyn R. Tompkins (1861–1938), American horse racing trainer

Hannah Tompkins (1721–1829), wife of Daniel D. Tompkins

Hannah Tompkins (1920–1995), American artist

Jack Tompkins (1909–1993), American baseball and ice hockey player

James Tompkins, Australian rules footballer

Jason Tompkins, British actor

Jessie Tompkins (born 1959), former American athlete

Joan Tompkins (1915–2005), American actress

Joe Tompkins (born 1968), American professional skier

Joe I. Tompkins, costume designer, see Academy Award for Best Costume Design

Kris Tompkins (born 1950), American conservationist

Larry Tompkins (born 1963), retired Irish Gaelic football manager

Madeline Tompkins (born 1952), American airline pilot, co-pilot Aloha Airlines flight 243

Mark Tompkins (racehorse trainer), British racehorse trainer

Mark Tompkins (dancer) (born 1954), American-born French artist, dancer and choreographer

Mark N. Tompkins (born 1975), Canadian-born film and theater painter and scenic artist

Mike Tompkins (born 1948), U.S. politician

Mike Tompkins (musician) (born 1987), Canadian musician

Minthorne Tompkins (1807–1881), New York politician

Oscar Tompkins (1893–1969), American lawyer

Patrick W. Tompkins (died 1853), U.S. Representative from Mississippi

Paul F. Tompkins (born 1968), American actor and comedian

Pauline Tompkins (died 2004), American educator

Peter Tompkins (1919–2007), American journalist

Ptolemy Tompkins (born 1962), American writer

Richard Tompkins (1918–1992), American entrepreneur

Roger Tompkins (born 1952), British television commercial director

Ross Tompkins (1938–2006), American jazz pianist

Sally Louisa Tompkins (1833–1916), American humanitarian, nurse and philanthropist

Shawn Tompkins (1974–2011), Canadian former martial arts fighter

Stephen Tompkins (born 1971), American artist and animator

Steve Tompkins, American television writer

Sue Tompkins (born 1971), British visual and sound artist

Tony Tompkins (born 1982), Canadian football player

Waimea-Kohala Airport

Waimea-Kohala Airport (IATA: MUE, ICAO: PHMU, FAA LID: MUE) is a state owned, public use airport located one nautical mile (2 km) southwest of Kamuela (also known as Waimea), an unincorporated town in Hawai‘i County, Hawai‘i, United States.

Hawaiian Airlines began scheduled passenger service from the airport in November 1953. At present the only scheduled air service is by Mokulele Airlines, which offers twice daily service to Kahului, Maui (OGG).As per Federal Aviation Administration records, the airport had 407 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2008, 313 enplanements in 2009, and 47 in 2010. It is included in the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2017–2021, in which it is categorized as a non-primary commercial service facility.

Yucaipa Companies

The Yucaipa Companies, LLC is an American private equity firm founded in 1986 by Ronald Burkle. It specializes in private equity and venture capital, with a focus on middle-market companies, growth capital, industry consolidation, leveraged buyouts, and turnaround investments. It generally invests $25–$300 million in companies with $300–$500 million in revenues.Yucaipa has a history of leveraged buyouts in supermarket and grocery chains, beginning with Jurgensen's Markets in 1986. After several standalone investments in the late 1980s, it went on to lead the consolidation of West Coast retail that occurred during the 1990s due in part to the rise of discount centers like Wal-Mart. In October 2014, The Yucaipa Companies acquired British retailer Tesco's Fresh & Easy chain five years after it had entered the U.S. market.

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