Alliance, Ohio

Alliance is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio. Most of the city is located in northeast Stark County while a small portion is in adjacent Mahoning County approximately 16 miles (26 km) northeast of Canton, 27 miles (43 km) southwest of Youngstown and 51 miles (82 km) southeast of Cleveland. The population was 22,322 as of the 2010 census. Alliance was established in 1854 by combining three smaller communities. The city was a manufacturing and railroad hub for much of the 20th century and is also associated with the state flower of Ohio, the scarlet carnation, and is known as "The Carnation City". The University of Mount Union, a private liberal arts college established in 1846, is located in Alliance.

Most of the city is part of the Canton–Massillon, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, while the small portion of the city in Mahoning County is within the Youngstown–Warren–Boardman, OH-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Alliance
Glamorgan Castle
Glamorgan Castle
Nickname(s): 
Carnation City
Location of Alliance, Ohio
Location of Alliance, Ohio
Location of Alliance in Stark County
Location of Alliance in Stark County
Alliance is located in Ohio
Alliance
Alliance
Location of Alliance, Ohio
Alliance is located in the United States
Alliance
Alliance
Alliance (the United States)
Alliance is located in North America
Alliance
Alliance
Alliance (North America)
Coordinates: 40°54′48″N 81°6′29″W / 40.91333°N 81.10806°WCoordinates: 40°54′48″N 81°6′29″W / 40.91333°N 81.10806°W
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountiesStark, Mahoning
Government
 • MayorAlan Andreani
Area
 • Total8.96 sq mi (23.21 km2)
 • Land8.92 sq mi (23.10 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)
Elevation1,158 ft (353 m)
Population
 • Total22,322
 • Estimate 
(2012[4])
22,183
 • Density2,502.5/sq mi (966.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
44601
Area code(s)234 & 330
FIPS code39-01420[5]
GNIS feature ID1064313[2]
Websitehttp://www.cityofalliance.com/

History

Alliance was founded in 1854 by the merger of three smaller communities called Williamsport (formed in 1827), Freedom (formed in 1838), and Liberty (formed in 1850). A fourth community, Mount Union, was added in 1888. Alliance was incorporated as a city in 1889.[6]

At April 16, 1856, Alliance was directly struck by a Tornado, doing devastating damage. [7]

There are two popular theories regarding the origin of the city's name. One holds that it was chosen because of the "alliance" of three small settlements into a larger entity.[8] The other theory says the name reflects the fact that two major railroad lines (the Cleveland and Wellsville Railroad and the Ohio and Pennsylvania Railroad) intersected in Alliance, once known as "The Crossing".[6][8][9]

Alliance is a town where Main Street was originally laid out to bring traffic to the train station, the heart of the city's transportation hub. The railroads were central to industry and personal transportation, bringing in raw materials for factories and sending out finished goods. Due to this, Alliance is sometimes referred to as "The town where Main Street is a dead end."[10]

Historical buildings

Alliance is a town rich with social, industrial and railroad history, with the restored Glamorgan Castle,[11] previous home of the owner of Morgan Engineering, the Haines House, a restored underground railroad home, and the Mabel Hartzell historic home. The name of Levi L. Lamborn, the man who cultivated the scarlet carnation, Ohio's state flower, can still be seen on the facade of a building in the old downtown district. The Richardsonian Romanesque stone house of the Devine family is currently being renovated. The historic downtown area is experiencing a gradual renaissance, with the opening of a Saturday Farmers' Market on Main Street near the historic Caboose, and the renovation of a storefront on Main Street as an art gallery and live performance space, joining a scattering of antique shops and other businesses.

The Cat Fanciers' Association relocated to the former Midland-Buckeye bank, at 260 East Main Street, in June 2011, opening the CFA Foundation's Feline Historical Museum, the first of its kind of the United States.

Alliance was also home to the World War History & Art Museum, located in College Plaza at 1300 East State Street. WWHAM had a dozen exhibits including a world class collection of 320 original paintings and drawings by the troops of World War I, an HO scale model of the German 2nd Panzer Division in 1944, and original art by the pilots and airmen of World War II. It closed to the public on April 17, 2014 and now does traveling shows.[12]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.96 square miles (23.21 km2), of which 8.92 square miles (23.10 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.[1] There are no lakes within city limits, although the Mahoning River flows through the northeast part of the city.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840315
185050058.7%
18601,421184.2%
18704,063185.9%
18804,63614.1%
18907,60764.1%
19008,97418.0%
191015,08368.1%
192021,60343.2%
193023,0476.7%
194022,405−2.8%
195026,16116.8%
196028,3628.4%
197026,547−6.4%
198024,322−8.4%
199023,376−3.9%
200023,253−0.5%
201022,322−4.0%
Est. 201721,791[13]−2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

2010 census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 22,322 people, 8,631 households, and 5,232 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,502.5 inhabitants per square mile (966.2/km2). There were 10,022 housing units at an average density of 1,123.5 per square mile (433.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.6% White, 10.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 3.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9% of the population.

There were 8,631 households of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.6% were married couples living together, 17.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.4% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.96.

The median age in the city was 35.3 years. 22% of residents were under the age of 18; 16.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.4% were from 25 to 44; 23.9% were from 45 to 64; and 15.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.

2000 census

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 23,253 people, 8,908 households, and 5,665 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,700.1 people per square mile (1,042.7/km2). There were 9,730 housing units at an average density of 1,129.8 per square mile (436.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 85.51% White, 11.19% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 1.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.17% of the population.

There were 8,908 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 15.5% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,078, and the median income for a family was $37,011. Males had a median income of $31,033 versus $20,063 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,185. About 12.7% of families and 18.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.8% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Alliance is served by daily Amtrak train service by the Capitol Limited. Alliance Station is at 820 East Main Street. The municipality is also served by the Stark Area Regional Transit Authority (SARTA) bus system.

The Carnation City

Alliance is commonly referred to as the Carnation City, having been given that designation by the Ohio General Assembly in 1959.[15] Alliance gave Ohio its official state flower, the scarlet carnation. Alliance's association with the carnation began in 1866 when an Alliance doctor, Levi L. Lamborn, purchased six potted carnation plants to grow in a greenhouse at his house. At that time this flower was rarely cultivated in the United States. In 1876 Lamborn ran against William McKinley for the Congressional seat from this district. The two men were personal friends, although they were political opponents. McKinley had expressed his admiration for Lamborn's carnations, so before each of their political debates Lamborn gave McKinley a carnation to wear on his lapel. Mr. McKinley won the election and associated the carnation with his success, and wore carnations during his successful campaigns for Governor of Ohio and then President of the United States.[15]

In 1884 Lamborn suggested that Ohio should make the carnation a state emblem. In 1904, three years after President McKinley's assassination, the Ohio General Assembly designated the scarlet carnation as the official state flower as a "token of love and reverence to the memory of William McKinley". On 29 January of each year (President McKinley's birth anniversary), a bouquet of red carnations is placed in the hands of McKinley's statue at the Capitol in Columbus.[15]

Every year since 1960 Alliance has held a Carnation Festival[16] during August.

Education

Alliance is served by the Alliance City School District, which oversees the only high school in the city. The local Catholic parish school, Holy Cross Academy – Regina Coelli Campus, is overseen by the Diocese of Youngstown and serves students from pre-kindergarten to eighth grade.[17][18]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ a b Incorporation of Alliance Archived 2008-08-27 at the Wayback Machine, Rodman Public Library website (accessed 3 February 2008)
  7. ^ https://archive.org/stream/pagesfromallianc00magr/pagesfromallianc00magr_djvu.txt], Tornado in 1856.
  8. ^ a b City of Alliance website Archived 2008-02-13 at the Wayback Machine (accessed 3 February 2008)
  9. ^ "Alliance, Ohio FAQ". Archived from the original on 2008-05-17. Retrieved 2008-02-04.
  10. ^ "A Short History of Alliance, Ohio". Alliance Historical Society. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  11. ^ "Glamorgan Castle History and Events". Alliance City Schools. Archived from the original on 1 December 2014. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  12. ^ "World War History and Art Museum". Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  13. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ a b c Dr. Lamborn's Carnations Archived 2007-02-04 at the Wayback Machine, Rodman Public Library website (accessed 3 February 2008)
  16. ^ Greater Alliance Carnation Festival website
  17. ^ "Regina Coelli Campus – About Us". rcsjalliance.com.
  18. ^ "Stark's restructured Catholic schools prepare to open". The Alliance Review. August 15, 2013.
  19. ^ Beeman, Edward (2007). "Charles Armstrong, M.D.: A Biography" (PDF). Retrieved 26 October 2011.
  20. ^ "Honorary Degrees". West Virginia University. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
  21. ^ Price, Mark J. (April 20, 2009). "Local History: Chemists Form Bonds for Science". Akron Beacon Journal.

External links

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Alliance High School (Alliance, Ohio)

Alliance High School is a public high school in Alliance, Ohio, United States. It is the only high school in the Alliance City School District. Athletic teams compete as the Alliance Aviators in the Ohio High School Athletic Association as a member of the Eastern Buckeye Conference.

Alliance Machine International Open

The Alliance Machine International Open was a golf tournament on the LPGA Tour, played only in 1959. It was played at the Alliance Country Club in Alliance, Ohio. Mickey Wright won the event.

Chris Zurbrugg

Christopher M. Zurbrugg (born August 10, 1964) is a former American football player. He played at the quarterback position for the University of Michigan from 1984 to 1986. He was Michigan's starting quarterback in the last half of the 1984 season and led the Wolverines in the 1984 Holiday Bowl against the national champion BYU Cougars. In his second start for Michigan, Zurbrugg set a Michigan record for most passing yards in a game and tied the record with four touchdown passes in a game. Zurbrugg later became a high school teacher and football coach in Alliance, Ohio.

Dymonte Thomas

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Fred Hoaglin

Fred Hoaglin, (born January 28, 1944, in Alliance, Ohio) was a center in the NFL from 1966 to 1976. Graduated from East Palestine High School in East Palestine, Ohio and University of Pittsburgh. He was a member of the first Seattle Seahawks team after being acquired from Houston in the expansion draft.

Hoaglin was an assistant coach for the Detroit Lions (1978–1984), New York Giants (1985–1992), New England Patriots (1993–1996), and Jacksonville Jaguars (1997–2000). He was an assistant coach for the Giants during their Super Bowl XXV championship season.

Jim Heacock

Jim Heacock (born June 23, 1948) is the former defensive coordinator of the Ohio State University football team. Heacock has been a coach since 1971. He was an assistant coach at the University of Washington from 1983 to 1987. As the team prepared for its bowl game in 1987, Heacock accepted a job as the head coach at NCAA Division I-AA Illinois State University. At Illinois State, he employed future Ohio State head coach Urban Meyer.In 1996, Heacock joined Ohio State University's football coaching staff as the defensive line coach. When head coach John Cooper was fired in 2001, Heacock was one of only three assistants retained by the new head coach, Jim Tressel. Heacock won the Broyles Award, awarded to the nation's top assistant coach, in 2007. As of 2008, Heacock was the most senior member of the Ohio State coaching staff. Heacock was promoted to defensive coordinator in 2005. In his first year in that position, the Ohio State defense was ranked first in the nation in rush defense. The same year, the defense ranked fifth in the nation for least number of points allowed and for total defense. According to sportswriter Dennis Dodd, "Statistically, the 2007 unit was among the best finishing first nationally in scoring defense, total defense and pass defense".Heacock was awarded the Frank Broyles National Assistant Coach of the Year award in 2007. Tressel remarked that ""Jim Heacock's defense has allowed this young Ohio State team to become a national contender". Heacock is more modest, claiming that "We're all just in this for the same reason. ... There are other assistants who do every bit as much as I do. I kind of get in the way."

John Boccieri

John Boccieri (born October 5, 1969) is an American politician who has represented the 59th district in the Ohio House of Representatives since being appointed to fill a vacancy on September 29, 2015. He served as the U.S. Representative for Ohio's 16th congressional district from 2009 to 2011, and lost his 2010 bid for reelection to Republican Jim Renacci. He is a member of the Democratic Party, and previously served in the Ohio State Senate and the Ohio House of Representatives. Boccieri resides in Poland, Ohio.

Len Dawson

Leonard Ray Dawson (born June 20, 1935) is a former American football quarterback and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame. He played 19 seasons for three professional teams, the last 14 seasons with the Dallas Texans/Kansas City Chiefs, and played college football at Purdue University.

Dawson led the Texans/Chiefs to three American Football League Championships (1962, 1966, 1969), and a victory in Super Bowl IV over the Minnesota Vikings, for which he won the game's MVP award. Dawson retired from professional football after the 1975 season, and was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1987. He is former sports director at KMBC-TV in Kansas City and former color analyst for the Chiefs Radio Network. Dawson owned the Chiefs single season passing touchdown record which he set in 1964 with 30 touchdowns. The record stood until November 11, 2018 when Patrick Mahomes threw his 31st touchdown of the 2018 season.

Perry King

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King received a Golden Globe nomination for his role in the television film The Hasty Heart (1983), which is a remake of the 1949 film of the same name.

The Alliance Review

The Alliance Review is a community-based newspaper in Alliance, Ohio and nearby areas of Northeast Ohio. The paper publishes six days a week and has a circulation size of close to 14,000. The Review was founded in 1888, and is currently owned by GateHouse Media, who acquired the newspaper in February 2017 from Dix Communications.

Thomas B. Fletcher

Thomas Brooks Fletcher (October 10, 1879 – July 1, 1945) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.

Born in Mechanicstown, Ohio, Fletcher attended the public schools, a private school at Augusta, Ohio, and the Richard School of Dramatic Art in Cleveland.

He graduated from Mount Union College, Alliance, Ohio, in 1900.

He was editor of the Daily Leader, Alliance, Ohio, from 1903 to 1905.

He served on the staff of the Morning News, Canton, Ohio, from 1905 to 1906.

He became a Redpath lecturer in 1906.

He was editor and publisher of the Daily Tribune at Marion, Ohio, from 1910 to 1922.

Fletcher was elected as a Democrat to the Sixty-ninth and Seventieth Congresses (March 4, 1925 – March 3, 1929).

He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1928 to the Seventy-first Congress.

Fletcher was elected to the Seventy-third, Seventy-fourth, and Seventy-fifth Congresses (March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1939).

He served as chairman of the Committee on Election of President, Vice President, and Representatives (Seventy-fourth and Seventy-fifth Congresses), Committee on the Census (Seventy-fifth Congress).

He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1938 to the Seventy-sixth Congress and for election in 1942 to the Seventy-eighth Congress.

He resumed lecturing and chautauqua work.

He died in Washington, D.C., July 1, 1945.

He was interred in Mechanicstown Cemetery, Mechanicstown, Ohio.

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WNEO

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WNEO also operates W44CR-D, a low-power digital translator in Youngstown, which serves low-lying areas in the Mahoning Valley that are shadowed from the main WNEO signal. The digital translator, which signed on the air in 2009, is a conversion of a former analog translator, W58AM, which broadcast at the same location.

WRMU-FM

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