Allahabad district

Allahabad district, officially known as Prayagraj district [1] since October 2018, is one of the major and largest districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India. The district headquarters is Allahabad city which was renamed Prayagraj at the same time as the district was renamed. The District is divided into blocks within tehsils. As of 2011, there are 20 blocks in eight tehsils.[2][3][4] The Allahabad division includes the districts of Fatehpur, Kaushambi and Allahabad, with the western Pratagraj District becoming part of the new Kaushambi district.[5] The administrative divisions are Phulpur, Koraon, Meja, Sadar, Soraon, Handia, Bara and Karchana.

The three rivers of India - Ganges, Yamuna and the mythical river of Sarasvati - meet at a point in the district, known as Sangam, considered holy by Hindus. Allahabad was once the capital of United Province before independence. Allahabad is one of the largest educational hubs.

Allahabad district
Location of Allahabad district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Allahabad district in Uttar Pradesh
CountryIndia
StateUttar Pradesh
Administrative divisionAllahabad division
HeadquartersAllahabad
Tehsils8
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesAllahabad, Phulpur
Area
 • Total5,482 km2 (2,117 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
 • Total5,954,391
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy74.41 per cent
 • Sex ratio901
Major highwaysNH 2
WebsiteOfficial website

Demographics

According to the 2011 census of India the district has a population of 5,959,798,[6] roughly equal to the nation of Eritrea[7] or the US state of Missouri.[8] This gives it a ranking of 13th in India (out of a total of 640).[6] As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Uttar Pradesh (out of 71).[6] The district has a population density of 1,087 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,820/sq mi).[6] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.74%.[6]

The district has a sex ratio of 902 females for every 1000 males,[6] and a literacy rate of 74.41% which is close to the all-India average of 74%.[6] This rate is the highest in the region.[9]

Languages

People in the district speak Awadhi, a language in the Hindi continuum spoken by over 38 million people, mainly in the Awadh region;[10] and Bagheli, which has a lexical similarity of 72-91% with Hindi[11] (compared to 60% for German and English)[12] and is spoken by about 7,800,000 people in Bagelkhand.[11]

Religion

Hinduism is majority religion in the district with 85.69% followers. Islam is second most popular religion in district of Allahabad with approximately 13.38% following it. Around 0.93% stated 'Other Religion', approximately 0.90% stated 'No Particular Religion'. Allahabad Kumbh Mela is a major Hindu event. Allahabad has a Triveni Sangam. Akshayavat is a sacred fig tree. There is a Roman Catholic Diocese of Allahabad.

References

  1. ^ https://prayagraj.nic.in
  2. ^ "Development Blocks under Tehsils". District court of Allahabad. Archived from the original on 2012-05-26. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
  3. ^ Hridai Ram Yadav. Village Development Planning. Concept Publishing Company. pp. 9–13. ISBN 978-81-7268-187-6. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
  4. ^ Pramod Lata Jain. Co-operative Credit in Rural India: A Study of Its Utilisation. Mittal Publications. pp. 61–63. ISBN 978-81-7099-204-2. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
  5. ^ blocks, Divisions and. "Maps, Tahsils and villages of Allahabad". Explore Allahabad Press. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Eritrea 5,939,484 July 2011 est.
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Missouri 5,988,927
  9. ^ "Allahabad has highest literacy rate in region". The Times of India. 15 April 2011. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
  10. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Awadhi: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
  11. ^ a b M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bagheli: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
  12. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "English". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
  13. ^ "Allahabad Religion Census 2011". Census 2011. Retrieved 19 May 2017.

External links

Coordinates: 25°27′N 81°51′E / 25.450°N 81.850°E

Allahabad

Allahabad (pronunciation ), officially known as Prayagraj, and also known as Illahabad and Prayag, is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of Allahabad district—the most populous district in the state and 13th most populous district in India—and the Allahabad division.

The city is the judicial capital of Uttar Pradesh with Allahabad High Court being the highest judicial body in the state. As of 2011, Allahabad is the seventh most populous city in the state, twelfth in Northern India and thirty-eighth in India, with an estimated population of 1.11 million in the city and 1.21 million in its metropolitan region. In 2011 it was ranked the world's 40th fastest-growing city. Allahabad, in 2016, was also ranked the third most liveable city in the state (after Noida and Lucknow) and sixteenth in the country. The 2016 update of the World Health Organization's Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database found Allahabad to have the third highest mean concentration of "PM2.5" (<2.5 μm diameter) particulate matter in the ambient air among all the 2972 cities tested (after Zabol and Gwalior).The city lies close to Triveni Sangam, "three-river confluence", original name – Prayag, "place of sacrifice or offering" – which lies at the sangam (confluence) of the Ganga, Yamuna and Sarasvati rivers, a propitious place to conduct sacrifices. It plays a central role in Hindu scriptures. Allahabad was originally called Kaushambi (now a separate district) by the Kuru rulers of Hastinapur, who developed it as their capital. Since then, the city has been a political, cultural and administrative centre of the Doab region. In the early 17th century, Allahabad was a provincial capital in the Mughal Empire under the reign of Jahangir.Akbarnama mentions that the Mughal emperor Akbar founded a great city in Allahabad. `Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni and Nizamuddin Ahmad mention that Akbar laid the foundations of an imperial city there which was called Ilahabas or Ilahabad. He was said to be impressed by its strategic location and built a fort there, later renaming it Ilahabas by 1584 which was changed to Allahabad by Shah Jahan.In 1580, Akbar created the "Subah of Ilahabas" with Allahabad as its capital. In mid-1600, Salim had made an abortive attempt to seize Agra's treasury and came to Allahabad, seizing its treasury and setting himself up as a virtually independent ruler. He was, however, reconciled with Akbar and returned to Allahabad where he stayed before returning to the royal court in 1604.In 1833 it became the seat of the Ceded and Conquered Provinces region before its capital was moved to Agra in 1835. Allahabad became the capital of the North-Western Provinces in 1858 and was the capital of India for a day. The city was the capital of the United Provinces from 1902 to 1920 and remained at the forefront of national importance during the struggle for Indian independence.Located in southern Uttar Pradesh, the city's metropolitan area covers 70.5 km2 (27.22 sq miles). Although the city and its surrounding area are governed by several municipalities, a large portion of Allahabad District is governed by the Allahabad City Council. The city is home to colleges, research institutions and 2 dozen central and state government offices. Allahabad has hosted cultural and sporting events, including Kumbh Mela and the Indira Marathon. Although the city's economy was built on tourism, most of its income now derives from real estate and financial services. The Allahabad district is the second-most revenue providing district in Uttar Pradesh.

Allahabad Airport

Allahabad Airport (IATA: IXD, ICAO: VEAB) is a military airbase and public airport serving the city of Allahabad, in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is located in Bamrauli at a distance of 12 km (7.5 mi) from Allahabad city and is operational for domestic flights. It is one of the oldest airports in India.

Allahabad City railway station

Allahabad City railway station is situated in Rambagh area of Allahabad in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It also a Terminal station of Allahabad. Due to huge rush at Allahabad Junction the railway will develop as a high facilitated terminal.

Allahabad Junction railway station

Allahabad Junction is a railway station on the Howrah-Delhi main line and Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line. It is the headquarters of the North Central Railway Zone. It is located in Allahabad district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It serves Allahabad and the surrounding areas. Many important trains pass through this station. All trains from the east going to southward pass through this station.

Allahabad division

Allahabad division, officially known as Prayagraj division since October 2018, is an administrative unit of Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

In 2000, when Uttar Pradesh was reorganised by forming Uttaranchal out of its northern areas, Allahabad division and the district was majorly reorganised too. The Etawah, Farrukhabad and Kanpur district districts of the Allahabad division were made into a separate Kanpur division. Parts of the western areas of Allahabad district were carved out to create a new district named Kaushambi. At the same time, Pratapgarh district, that falls in Awadh, was included in the Allahabad division.

Since 2000 Allahabad division consists of the following districts:

Prayagraj District (known as Allahabad District until October 2018)

Fatehpur District

Kaushambi District

Pratapgarh DistrictPrior to 2000 Allahabad division consisted of all the districts of the lower Doab:

Allahabad district

Etawah district

Farrukhabad district

Fatehpur district

Kanpur district

Bara (Assembly constituency)

Bara is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Bara in the Allahabad district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Bara is one of five assembly constituencies in the Allahabad (Lok Sabha constituency). Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 264 amongst 403 constituencies.

Currently this seat belongs to Bharatiya Janta Party candidate Dr. Ajai Kumar who won in last Assembly election of 2017 Uttar Pradesh Lagislative Elections defeating Samajwadi Party candidate Ajay by a margin of 34,053 votes.

Handia (Assembly constituency)

Handia is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Handia in the Allahabad district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Handia is one of five assembly constituencies in the Bhadohi (Lok Sabha constituency). Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 258 amongst 403 constituencies.

Currently this seat belongs to Bahujan Samaj Party candidate Hakim Lal who won in last Assembly election of 2017 Uttar Pradesh Lagislative Elections defeating Apna Dal (Sonelal) candidate Pramila Devi by a margin of 8,526 votes.

Karachhana (Assembly constituency)

Karachhana is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Karachhana in the Allahabad district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Karachhana is one of five assembly constituencies in the Allahabad (Lok Sabha constituency). Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 260 amongst 403 constituencies.

Currently this seat belongs to Samajwadi Party candidate Ujjwal Raman Singh who won in last Assembly election of 2017 Uttar Pradesh Lagislative Elections defeating Bharatiya Janta Party candidate Piyush Ranjan by a margin of 15,024 votes.

Koraon (Assembly constituency)

Koraon is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Koraon in the Allahabad district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Koraon is one of five assembly constituencies in the Allahabad (Lok Sabha constituency). Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 265 amongst 403 constituencies.

Currently this seat belongs to Bharatiya Janta Party candidate Rajmani who won in last Assembly election of 2017 Uttar Pradesh Lagislative Elections defeating Indian National Congress candidate Ram Kripal by a margin of 53,696 votes.

Mahesh Prasad Mehray

Mahesh Prasad Mehray (1900–1974) was an Indian ophthalmologist and the founder of Sitapur Eye Hospital, a 2500-bedded healthcare group with 32 branches across Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal. He was a recipient of Dr. B. C. Roy Award of the Medical Council of India, the highest Indian award in the medical category. The Government of India awarded him the fourth highest civilian honour of the Padma Shri in 1955 and followed it up with the third highest honour of the Padma Bhushan, in 1970, for his contributions to Medical science.

Meja (Assembly constituency)

Meja is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Meja in the Allahabad district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Meja is one of five assembly constituencies in the Allahabad (Lok Sabha constituency). Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 259 amongst 403 constituencies.

Currently this seat belongs to Bharatiya Janta Party candidate Neelam Karwariya who won in last Assembly election of 2017 Uttar Pradesh Lagislative Elections defeating Samajwadi Party candidate Ram Sewak Singh by a margin of 19,843 votes.

Mohammad Amin (historian)

Mohammad Amin (22 January 1928 – 15 December 2012) was an Indian historian. He was the vice chancellor of Jamia Hamdard and was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 2010.

Phaphamau (Assembly constituency)

Phaphamau is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Phaphamau in the Allahabad district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Phaphamau is one of five assembly constituencies in the Phulpur (Lok Sabha constituency). Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 254 amongst 403 constituencies.

Currently this seat belongs to Bharatiya Janta Party candidate Vikramjeet who won in last Assembly election of 2017 Uttar Pradesh Lagislative Elections defeating Samajwadi Party candidate Ansar Ahmad by a margin of 25,985 votes.

Phulpur (Assembly constituency)

Phulpur is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Phulpur in the Allahabad district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Phulpur is one of five assembly constituencies in the Phulpur (Lok Sabha constituency). Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 256 amongst 403 constituencies.

Currently this seat belongs to Bharatiya Janta Party candidate Praveen Kumar Singh who won in last Assembly election of 2017 Uttar Pradesh Lagislative Elections defeating Samajwadi Party candidate Mansoor Alam by a margin of 26,613 votes.

Phulpur (Lok Sabha constituency)

Phulpur Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 80 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Uttar Pradesh state in northern India.

Its best-known MP is the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, who died in office in 1964 while holding this seat.

Pratappur (Assembly constituency)

Pratappur is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Pratappur in the Allahabad district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Pratappur is one of five assembly constituencies in the Bhadohi (Lok Sabha constituency). Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 257 amongst 403 constituencies.

Currently this seat belongs to Bahujan Samaj Party candidate Mohd Mujtaba Siddqui who won in last Assembly election of 2017 Uttar Pradesh Lagislative Elections defeating Apna Dal (Sonelal) candidate Karan Singh by a margin of 2,654 votes.

Prayag Junction railway station

Prayag Junction railway station is an important railway station in Allahabad district, Uttar Pradesh. Its code is PRG. It serves Prayag town. The station consists of three platforms. The NCR is developing the neighbouring Prayag station as a coaching terminal. There will be five new platforms, two washing lines, and a new station building with basement.

Soraon (Assembly constituency)

Soraon is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Soraon in the Allahabad district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Soraon is one of five assembly constituencies in the Phulpur (Lok Sabha constituency). Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 255 amongst 403 constituencies.

Currently this seat belongs to Apna Dal (Sonelal) candidate Jamuna Prasad who won in last Assembly election of 2017 Uttar Pradesh Lagislative Elections defeating Bahujan Samaj Party candidate Geeta Devi by a margin of 17,735 votes.

Subedarganj railway station

Subedarganj railway station is an important railway station in Allahabad district, Uttar Pradesh. Its code is SFG. It serves Allahabad city. Railways has sanctioned a budget of Rs 26 crore as part of its plan to develop the Subedarganj station, situated close to the North Central Railway headquarters in Allahabad, as a full-fledged terminal, Minister of State, Manoj Sinha said. A new FOB will be completed by November. Allahabad’s neighbouring Subedarganj is being developed as terminal station with a provision of a new platform, new FOB, and extension of the existing platform.

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