All Basotho Convention

The All Basotho Convention (ABC) is a political party in Lesotho. The party was formed in October 2006 and is headed by Tom Thabane, a former minister in the Lesotho Congress for Democracy (LCD) led government of Prime Minister Pakalitha Mosisili.[1]

A total of 18 members of parliament crossed the floor to join the ABC in opposition on October 13, 2006; these included Thabane and 16 other former LCD members, along with one independent, Lehlohonolo Tšehlana, who had previously been expelled from the LCD.[2]

The 18 members of parliament joining the ABC, along with their constituencies, were:

  • M. Maliehe (Butha-Buthe)
  • Sello Peter Maphalla (Hlotse)
  • Mokholane Pita (Maputsoe)
  • Lijane Edwin Selikane (Mosalemane)
  • Matooane Mokhosi (Bela-Bela)
  • Clement S. Machakela (Mahlatsa)
  • Mabuo Kojoana (Thupa-Kubu)
  • Seeiso Simon Sehloho (Mabote)
  • Mokherane Chaltin Tsatsanyane (Stadium Area)
  • ’Mapheello B. Tšuluba (Qoaling)
  • Molobeli Bernard Soulo (Lithoteng)
  • Tom Thabane (Abia)
  • Molebatsi Khaile (Qeme)
  • Freddy Rantelali Shea (’Maletsunyane)
  • Retšelisitsoe Ranooe (Kolo)
  • Seabata Joseph Monare (Qhalasi)
  • ’Nyane Mphafi (Thaba-Tseka)
  • Lehlohonolo Tšehlana (Mokhotlong)[2]

The ABC thus became the third largest party in the country's National Assembly. The ruling party was left with 61 of the 120 parliamentary seats, and ABC leaders expressed the expectation that more LCD members would defect, which would have given the opposition a majority.[3] In late November, parliament was dissolved and an early election was called for February 2007.[4]

ABC has attracted local musicians (among others, jazz artists Ts'epo Tshola and Bhudaza Mapefane, and famo artists, namely Selomo Chakela and Mants'a) who had given up hope on Lesotho by making their living in the neighbouring country of South Africa. The new All Basotho Convention is believed by young people to have changed the political situation of this country whereby elections and politics in general were viewed as "senior citizens' business."

ABC contested the 17 February 2007 Lesotho general elections. It was anticipated that it would win the majority of the urban constituencies. The party won 17 constituency seats, falling far short of the 61 seats won by the LCD.[5]

In the June 2017 parliamentary election, the ABC won the most seats (48 out of 120), and with its allies it was able to command a majority.[6] Party leader Tom Thabane was sworn in as Prime Minister on 16 June 2017.[7]

All Basotho Convention
LeaderTom Thabane
FounderTom Thabane
FoundedOctober 2006
Split fromLesotho Congress for Democracy
Human rights
Liberal democracy
ColorsYellow, Red, Green
National Assembly
48 / 120


  1. ^ "Lesotho holds elections for new gov't", Associated Press (CBS News), February 17, 2007.
  2. ^ a b "18 MPs Cross the Floor in the National Assembly to Form New Parliamentary Party" Archived 2007-10-18 at the Wayback Machine, Summary of Events in Lesotho - 3rd quarter 2006,
  3. ^ "New Lesotho political party formed", AFP (IOL), October 13, 2006.
  4. ^ Bethuel Thai, "Lesotho will go to the polls in February 2007", Reuters (IOL), December 1, 2006.
  5. ^ "Win was not fair - opposition", AFP (IOL), February 21, 2007.
  6. ^ "Lesotho: Incumbent Mosisili loses election to former Prime Minister Thabane", Africanews, 6 June 2017.
  7. ^ Ismail Akwei, "'Devastated' Lesotho PM inaugurated after fatal shooting of wife", Africanews, 16 June 2017.

External links

'Makabelo Mosothoane

'Makabelo Priscilla Mosothoane (born 1952) is a Lesotho politician who served as the country's Minister for Education and Training from 2012 to 2015, in the government of Tom Thabane. She worked as a nurse and schoolteacher prior to entering politics, and was also president of the local branch of the Red Cross Society.

2007 Lesotho general election

General elections were held in Lesotho on 17 February 2007. They had originally been scheduled to be held in April or May 2007. In October 2006, Tom Thabane left the ruling Lesotho Congress for Democracy (LCD) and formed a new party, the All Basotho Convention (ABC), and 17 other members of parliament joined him. This left the LCD with a narrow majority of 61 out of 120 seats. On the advice of Prime Minister Pakalitha Mosisili, King Letsie III dissolved parliament on November 24, 2006, and the election was scheduled for February 17, 2007.

The bringing forward of the date caused dissatisfaction amongst the opposition, which expressed concern that it would not allow sufficient time for campaigning and electoral preparations. It was believed that the election was called early due to the possibility that there would be further defections from the LCD, depriving it of its majority.80 constituency seats were up for election together with 40 seats allocated by proportional representation. The poll was monitored by the SADC and the American National Democratic Institute.The electoral commission announced late on 20 February that the LCD had won 61 out of the 80 constituency seats, while the ABC won 17. The Alliance of Congress Parties won one constituency seat, and the vote in Makhaleng was delayed because a candidate there had died. The National Independent Party, which is allied with the LCD, won 21 seats through proportional representation, and the Lesotho Workers' Party, which is allied with the ABC, won 10 seats through proportional representation. ABC leader Tom Thabane called the vote free, but not fair.An extended dispute has followed the election regarding the allocation of the seats based on proportional representation. Despite acknowledging that the LCD won the election, the ABC has argued that the proportional seats were not allocated correctly. The LCD's reluctance to engage in talks prompted Thabane on October 18, 2007 to threaten street protests to pressure the government into holding a new election "if they continue to fail to co-operate".

2012 Lesotho general election

General elections were held in Lesotho on 26 May 2012. The incumbent Prime Minister Pakalitha Mosisili's newly formed Democratic Congress won a majority of single-member seats. He also won his seat by the second-largest margin of victory. However, they only had a plurality in the overall tally and coalition talks are taking place.

2015 Lesotho general election

General elections were held in Lesotho on 28 February 2015 for all 120 seats of the National Assembly, the lower house of the Parliament of Lesotho, more than two years ahead of schedule due to the 2014 political crisis. Following mediation facilitated by the Southern African Development Community (SADC), King Letsie III on the advice of the incumbent Prime Minister Tom Thabane, dissolved the Eighth Parliament and called a snap election.Lesotho uses the mixed-member proportional representation voting system. More than 1.2 million voters had been registered by the Independent Electoral Commission. The army was confined to the barracks on the election day. The opposition Democratic Congress managed to form a coalition government as no party achieved an outright majority. Voter turnout was 48%.

2017 Lesotho general election

Early general elections were held in Lesotho on 3 June 2017 to elect all 120 seats of the National Assembly, the lower house of the Parliament. The elections were called more than three years ahead of schedule due to a successful vote of no confidence against the incumbent Prime Minister Pakalitha Mosisili.

Alliance of Democrats (Lesotho)

The Alliance of Democrats (AD) is a political party in Lesotho.

Elections in Lesotho

Lesotho elects a legislature on national level. The Parliament has two chambers: the National Assembly with 120 members, elected for a five-year term, 80 in single-seat constituencies and 40 by proportional representation; and the Senate, with 33 nominated members.

Hae Phoofolo

Haae Edward Phoofolo (born 1947) served as interim Prime Minister of Lesotho from 17 August 1994 to 14 September 1994. Son of an Anglican clergy, Phoofolo was born in Ladybrand, South Africa. He received his secondary education in 1969 and a joint LLB degree from the University of Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland and the University of Edinburgh in 1974. He later obtained a M.Sc. degree in banking and money management from Adelphi University, New York in 1977.

In 1974, he was admitted to the Lesotho bar and served as an attorney, conveyancer and notary public in the High Court and Court of Appeal in 1978. He began his public career as an legal advisor to the Lesotho National Development Bank. Three years later, he was appointed commissioner of financial institutions in the Ministry of Finance. In 1981, he participated in the creation of the Lesotho Central Bank and was appointed deputy governor in 1983. Between 1986 and early 2012, he worked as an attorney and served as a consultant, for which he gained a reputation as a human rights advocate. His close relationship with the monarchy led to his appointment as prime minister by King Letsie III in 1994.

In 2012, he battled successfully with the All Basotho Convention for the right to stand as a candidate for election in Maseru Central constituency and won the constituency in 2012 with 45% of votes. He was also appointed Minister of Justice, Human Rights, Correctional Service and Law and Constitutional Affairs and has pledged to improve the country's justice system.

Lesotho Congress for Democracy

The Lesotho Congress for Democracy is a political party in Lesotho.

In 1997, Prime Minister Ntsu Mokhehle left the Basutoland Congress Party to form with his faction the new Lesotho Congress for Democracy. The new party won the 1998 elections with 60.7% of the popular vote and 79 out of 80 seats. Pakalitha Mosisili became the new party leader and prime minister. At the elections for the National Assembly, 25 May 2002, the party won 54.9% of popular votes and 77 out of 120 seats. In the 17 February 2007 parliamentary election, the party won 62 out of 120 seats.Major splits from the party occurred in October 2001, when leading LCD members Kelebone Maope and Shakhane Mokhehle left the party to form the Lesotho People's Congress and in October 2006, when Tom Thabane left the party to form the All Basotho Convention. Prior to the Lesotho general election, 2012 the party split again with incumbent Prime Minister Pakalitha Mosisili forming the Democratic Congress and General Secretary Mothetjoa Metsing taking over the party leadership.

Lesotho Workers' Party

The Lesotho Workers' Party is a political party in Lesotho. In the 25 May 2002 parliamentary election, the party won 1.4% of popular votes and one out of 120 seats in the National Assembly. In the 17 February 2007 parliamentary election, the party won 10 seats through proportional representation. It is allied with the All Basotho Convention.

List of Prime Ministers of Lesotho

This is a list of Prime Ministers of Lesotho since the formation of the post of Prime Minister of Lesotho in 1965, to the present day.

A total of five people have served as Prime Minister of Lesotho (not counting one Acting Prime Ministers and two Chairmen of the Military Council). Additionally, three persons, Ntsu Mokhehle, Pakalitha Mosisili and Tom Thabane, have served on two non-consecutive occasions.

The current Prime Minister of Lesotho is Tom Thabane, since 16 June 2017.

List of political parties in Lesotho

This article lists political parties in Lesotho.

Mophato Monyake

Mophato Moshoete Monyake (born 29 April 1961) is a Lesotho politician with the All Basotho Convention. He was elected Member of Parliament for the Stadium Area in the May 2012 elections. Prime Minister Thomas Thabane named him Minister of Justice the following month.


Mosalemane is a constituency in Lesotho with 14,001 registered voters. The constituency was won in 1965 by Basotho National Party (BNP) member J K Rampeta. In 1970 it was won also by BNP even though the 1970 elections were marred by violence. In 1993 Lijane Selikane won the election as member of the Basutoland Congress Party (BCP). He further won it in 1998 and 2002 under a new party Lesotho Congress for Democracy (LCD).

In 2007 Liau Ntlele won the elections under LCD and he won it again in 2012 under a new party Democratic Congress (DC). In the latest election Samuel Tsoinyana Rapapa won the constituency by 3,201 in the February 2015 Elections under the All Basotho Convention (ABC).

National Assembly (Lesotho)

The National Assembly is the lower chamber of Lesotho's bicameral Parliament.

Politics of Lesotho

Politics of Lesotho takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic constitutional monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister of Lesotho is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of Parliament, the Senate and the National Assembly. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

Pontso Sekatle

Pontso S. M. Sekatle (born 26 May 1957) is a politician and academic in Lesotho. Sekatle lectured at the National University of Lesotho from 1984 to 2001. In June 2001, she was appointed to the Senate of Lesotho, and on July 6, 2001 she became Minister of Health and Social Welfare. She was a member of the Qacha's Nek constituency for third time with the win in the elections in 2012 and was appointed the Minister of Local government and Chieftianship Affairs.

Dr. Sekatle in her capacity as the Minister of Local government, executed the local elections in 2005, the first of its kind in Lesotho and originally envisioned during 1968.

Tom Thabane

Thomas Motsoahae "Tom" Thabane (born 28 May 1939) is a Mosotho politician who has been Prime Minister of Lesotho since June 2017. Previously he was Prime Minister from June 2012 to March 2015. He is leader of the All Basotho Convention (ABC) political party.

Thabane served in the government of Prime Minister Pakalitha Mosisili from 1998 to 2006, and at the time, was a member of the ruling Lesotho Congress for Democracy (LCD), but in 2006 he split from the LCD and launched the ABC. After more than five years in opposition, he built a coalition of 12 parties in the wake of the May 2012 parliamentary election and was appointed Prime Minister.

In the February 2015 parliamentary election, the All Basotho Convention was democratically removed from power by a seven-party coalition led by his rival and predecessor, Pakalitha Mosisili, although the ABC did win the highest number of constituencies. Two months later, Thabane fled to South Africa with two other opposition leaders, claiming that their lives were in danger. They returned to Lesotho on 12 February 2017 in order to participate in a parliamentary vote of no confidence that unseated Prime Minister Mosisili.


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