All American Racers

All American Racers is an American auto racing team and constructor based in Santa Ana, California.[1] Founded by Dan Gurney and Carroll Shelby in 1964, All American Racers initially participated in American sports car and Champ Car races as well as international Formula One events with cars named Eagle. The Formula One team, based in the United Kingdom and using British-built Weslake engines was named Anglo American Racers. Under team manager Bill Dunne they set up shop in Rye, East Sussex.[2] The team were adjacent to Harry Weslake's engine development plant and half a mile from Elva cars.[3] They participated in 25 Grands Prix, entering a total of 34 cars.

The first Eagles were created after AAR entered a Goodyear-backed Lotus 38 in the 1965 Indianapolis 500 and Gurney hired former Lotus designer Len Terry to develop their own car for 1966. The resulting Ford-powered Eagle T2G was codeveloped with the Eagle T1G for Formula 1. After exiting Formula One in 1968 and concentrating on Champ Car, Eagle turned to sports car racing in the 1980s, partnering with Toyota to develop the Celica and later sports prototypes for the IMSA GT Championship.

The company built the Ben Bowlby-designed DeltaWing that was run by Highcroft Racing at the 2012 24 Hours of Le Mans.

Anglo American Racers logo

Formula 1

Eagle T1F
An Eagle Mk1, in early, four-cylinder Climax-engined T1F form

In order to run the Formula 1 operations, Gurney established Anglo American Racers. The Eagle T1G, powered by an obsolete Coventry Climax engine, debuted at the 1966 Belgian Grand Prix and scored its first points with a fifth place three weeks later at the French Grand Prix. In 1967 Richie Ginther was signed as a second driver. The Climax engine was replaced by a new 3-liter Weslake V12 designed by Aubrey Woods and built in Great Britain by Harry Weslake. At the 1967 Belgian Grand Prix Gurney got a victory, the first "all-American" victory in a Grand Prix since Jimmy Murphy´s triumph with Duesenberg at the 1921 French Grand Prix. Excluding the Indianapolis 500, this is the only win for a USA-built car as well as one of only two wins of an American-licensed constructor in Formula One.[1][4]

The Eagle-Weslake was a beautiful and efficient car, one example of which was constructed in titanium and exotic alloys. More than this, the Eagle was designed to make the tall Gurney fit comfortably at the wheel. Their efforts produced a V12 that was smooth and powerful. At Monza, an insight into the future of engine design was seen for the first time. The engine had four valves per cylinder at a narrow included angle (thirty degrees) that allowed a single cover to enclose both the close-spaced camshafts on each bank. The sixty-degree-vee layout had a larger bore than stroke (72.8 X 60mm). Gurney's program ran out of money in 1968 and by the end of the year he returned to the United States to concentrate his efforts on the more successful Indycar program, in which Bobby Unser had won the Indianapolis 500 and the 1968 Indycar Championship. A non-works version briefly appeared with privateer Al Pease in the 1969 Canadian Grand Prix, but Pease became noticed for all the wrong reasons and made history as the only F1 driver ever disqualified for being too slow.

USAC & CART Champ Car

JoeLeonardEagle
The Eagle driven to 6th place in the 1969 Indianapolis 500 by Joe Leonard

During the USAC years, the Eagle chassis was very successful in the late 1960s and 1970s. Eagles won 51 Champ Car races, including the 1968 and 1975 Indy 500's won by Bobby Unser and the 1973 race won by Gordon Johncock. Bobby Unser claimed 22 wins and 52 podiums with Eagle cars.

The All American Racers team was inactive in single seaters from 1987 to 1995 and returned in 1996 again building their own chassis and using new Toyota engines. However, this new effort, a combination of new and untested equipment, did not prove to be successful, never winning a race and collecting only occasional top-tens. The team ceased active racing after the 1999 CART season.

CART/USAC drivers

IMSA GT

Gurney's team was contracted by Toyota in 1983 to enter the IMSA GT Championship with specially-modified Toyota Celicas.

In 1988, the team moved up to the GTP category with two chassis – a modified Toyota 88C Group C car and a team-designed Eagle HF89 purpose-built for IMSA competition.

AAR experienced its greatest success in GTP competition with the Eagle MkIII, introduced in 1991. Powered by a turbocharged 2.1-liter Toyota inline-4 developing up to 800 horsepower and generating 10,000 pounds of downforce at 200 mph, the MkIII won 21 of the 27 races in which it was entered – a record so dominant that it has been blamed for the collapse of the GTP series.[5][6]

Trans-Am

AAR created a special Trans-Am Series version of the Plymouth Barracuda, running in the 1970 season with drivers Dan Gurney and Swede Savage.[7] A homologation special production edition was offered in 1970.[8]

Racing results

Complete Formula One World Championship results

Anglo American Racers

(key) (Results in italics indicate fastest lap.)

Year Chassis Engine(s) Tyres Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Points WCC
1966 Eagle T1G Climax S4
Weslake V12
G MON BEL FRA GBR NED GER ITA USA MEX 4 7th
United States Dan Gurney Ret 5 Ret Ret 7 Ret Ret 5
United States Phil Hill DNQ
United States Bob Bondurant DSQ Ret
1967 Eagle T1G Weslake V12 G RSA MON NED BEL FRA GBR GER CAN ITA USA MEX 13 7th
United States Dan Gurney Ret Ret Ret 1 Ret Ret Ret 3 Ret Ret Ret
United States Richie Ginther DNQ
New Zealand Bruce McLaren Ret Ret Ret
Italy Ludovico Scarfiotti Ret
1968 G RSA ESP MON BEL NED FRA GBR GER ITA CAN USA MEX 0* 12th
Eagle T1G Weslake V12 United States Dan Gurney Ret Ret Ret Ret 9 Ret
McLaren M7A Ford V8 Ret 4 Ret

* 4th place in the 1968 United States Grand Prix was scored in a McLaren-Ford, therefore the points did not count towards Eagle-Weslake's points total.

Non-works entries

(key)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine Tyres Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
1967 Castrol Oils Ltd. Eagle T1G Climax S4 G RSA MON NED BEL FRA GBR GER CAN ITA USA MEX
Canada Al Pease NC
1968 Castrol Oils Ltd. Eagle T1G Climax S4 G RSA ESP MON BEL NED FRA GBR GER ITA CAN USA MEX
Canada Al Pease DNS
1969 John Maryon Eagle T1G Climax S4 F RSA ESP MON NED FRA GBR GER ITA CAN USA MEX
Canada Al Pease DSQ

Complete Formula One Non-Championship results

(key)

Year Chassis Engine Driver 1 2 3 4 5 6
1967 Eagle T1G Weslake V12 ROC SPC INT SYR OUL ESP
United States Dan Gurney 1
United States Richie Ginther 10

Complete CART PPG Indy Car World Series results

(key) (results in bold indicate pole position)

Year Chassis Engine Tyres Drivers No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
1979 PHX ATL INDY TRT MCH WGL TRT ONT MCH ATL PHX
Eagle 79 Cosworth DFX V8t G United States Mike Mosley 36 6 17 17 3 13 DNS 2 20 12 14 34 14 10
1980 ONT INDY MIL POC MDO MCH WGL MIL ONT MCH MXC PHX
Eagle 80 Cosworth DFX V8t G United States Mike Mosley 48 19
Chevrolet V8 32 23 17
1981 PHX MIL ATL MCH RIV MIL MCH WGL MXC PHX
Eagle 81 Chevrolet V8 G United States Mike Mosley 48 1* DNS 18 DNS 26 24
Australia Geoff Brabham 19 9
United States Rocky Moran 6
1983 ATL INDY MIL CLE MCH ROA POC RIV MDO MCH CPL LAG PHX
Eagle 83 Chevrolet V8 G United States Jeff Wood 98 22 8
1984 LBH PHX INDY MIL POR MEA CLE MCH ROA POC MDO SAN MCH PHX LAG CPL
Eagle 84SB Pontiac V8 G United States Mike Chandler 88 16 DNQ
United States Kevin Cogan 8
98 20 9 18 20 22
United States Pete Halsmer 14
United States Ed Pimm 26 13 22 22 19 10 12 19
1985 LBH INDY MIL POR MEA CLE MCH ROA POC MDO SAN MCH LAG PHX MIA
Eagle 85GC Cosworth DFX V8t G United States Tom Sneva 2 8 20 2 6 11 3 21 8 15 5 21
Lola T900 24 7 19 19
United States Tony Bettenhausen, Jr. 97 29
United States Ed Pimm 98 21
Eagle 85GC 12 9 19 DNS 5 11 20 9 8 3 14 9 12
1986 PHX LBH INDY MIL POR MEA CLE TOR MCH POC MDO SAN MCH ROA LAG PHX MIA
Eagle 86GC Cosworth DFX V8t G Netherlands Jan Lammers 98 9 14 DNQ
1996 MIA RIO SFR LBH NAZ 500 MIL DET POR CLE TOR MCH MDO ROA VAN LAG
Eagle Mk-V Toyota RV8A V8t G Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio II 36 21 17 15 25 25 22 19 18 14 13 28 14 20 8 19 28
United States P. J. Jones 98 Wth 24 9 24 23 20 16 25 18 13 27
1997 MIA SFR LBH NAZ RIO GAT MIL DET POR CLE TOR MCH MDO ROA VAN LAG FON
Reynard 96i Toyota RV8A V8t G Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio II 36 20 20 26 15
Reynard 97i Toyota RV8B V8t 20 23 21 10 22 21 19 11 25 10 12 15 27
Reynard 96i Toyota RV8A V8t United States P. J. Jones 98 28 26 16 21
Reynard 97i Toyota RV8B V8t 16 21 14 14 20 25 21 28 17 14 25 17 10
1998 MIA MOT LBH NAZ RIO GAT MIL DET POR CLE TOR MCH MDO ROA VAN LAG HOU SFR FON
Reynard 97i
Reynard 98i
Eagle 987
Toyota RV8C V8t
Toyota RV8D V8t
G United States Alex Barron 36 18 24 14 DNS 12 14 DNS 20 14 15 28 15 16 24 19 20 12 19 13
United States P. J. Jones 98 20 30 11 19 13 12 14 25 16 21 19 24 20 22 21
Italy Vincenzo Sospiri 22 15 15 23
1999 MIA MOT LBH NAZ RIO GAT MIL POR CLE ROA TOR MCH DET MDO CHI VAN LAG HOU SRF FON
Eagle 997 Toyota RV8D V8t G United States Alex Barron 36 15 17 23 9 23 16 14
Brazil Gualter Salles 27 13 20 25 15 11 18
Brazil Raul Boesel 12 17
Italy Andrea Montermini 11 24 23 15

References

  1. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-10-22. Retrieved 2012-08-10.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Competition Press & Autoweek, March 26, 1966, Page 3.
  3. ^ Competition Press & Autoweek, April 23, 1966, Page 6.
  4. ^ Penske achieved a victory at the 1976 Austrian Grand Prix having raced with an American licence, but the car was built at the British base in Poole. Though American-owned, the British-based Shadow achieved a victory at the 1977 Austrian Grand Prix having raced with a British licence.
  5. ^ Toyota Eagle MkIII Archived 2013-07-25 at the Wayback Machine, Mulsanne's Corner
  6. ^ Eagle MkIII GTP Archived 2013-02-18 at the Wayback Machine, quoted from RACER magazine
  7. ^ "Trans Am - The Early Years of American Sedan Racing". Car Craft. February 2009. Archived from the original on September 22, 2012. Retrieved January 25, 2013.
  8. ^ "AAR 'Cuda". Mopar Muscle Cars. January 27, 2011. Archived from the original on 2013-01-27. Retrieved January 25, 2013.

External links

1984 IMSA GT Championship

The 1984 Camel GT Championship season was the 14th season of the IMSA GT Championship auto racing series. It was for GTP class prototypes and GTO and GTU class Grand Tourer-style racing cars. It began February 4, 1984, and ended November 25, 1984, after seventeen rounds.

1985 IMSA GT Championship

The 1985 Camel GT Championship season was the 15th season of the IMSA GT Championship auto racing series. It was for prototypes in the existing GTP class and new, smaller Lights class, as well as Grand Tourer-style racing cars which ran in the GTO and GTU classes. It began on February 2, 1985, and ended on December 1, 1985, after seventeen rounds.

1987 IMSA GT Championship

The 1987 Camel GT Championship season was the 17th season of the IMSA GT Championship auto racing series. It was for GTP and Lights classes of prototypes, as well as Grand Tourer-style racing cars which ran in the GTO and GTU classes. It began January 31, 1987, and ended October 25, 1987, after 21 rounds.

1988 IMSA GT Championship

The 1988 Camel GT Championship season was the 18th season of the IMSA GT Championship auto racing series. It was for GTP and Lights classes of prototypes, as well as Grand Tourer-style racing cars which ran in the GTO and GTU classes. It began January 30, 1988, and ended October 23, 1988, after seventeen rounds.

1991 IMSA GT Championship

The 1991 Camel GT Championship and Exxon Supreme GT Series seasons were the 21st season of the IMSA GT Championship auto racing series. It was for GTP and Lights classes of prototypes, as well as Grand Tourer-style racing cars which ran in the GTO and GTU classes, as well as a tube-frame All-American Challenge (AAC) class during select rounds. It began February 2, 1991, and ended October 13, 1991, after nineteen rounds.

1992 IMSA GT Championship

The 1992 Camel GT Championship and Exxon Supreme GT Series seasons were the 22nd season of the IMSA GT Championship auto racing series. It was for GTP and Lights classes of prototypes, as well as Grand Tourer-style racing cars which ran in the GTS, GTO, and GTU classes. It began February 1, 1992, and ended October 11, 1992, after fifteen rounds.

1993 IMSA GT Championship

The 1993 Camel GT Championship and Exxon Supreme GT Championship seasons were the 23rd season of the IMSA GT Championship auto racing series. It was the final year of the Camel's sponsorship of the prototype class, and the final year of the GTP and Lights prototype categories before they were replaced with the World Sports Car (WSC) class of prototypes the following year. WSC class cars were allowed to participate, but did not score points toward any championships. Grand Tourer-style racing cars were also raced and ran in the GTS, GTO, and GTU classes. An Invitiational GT class was also used for cars which did not comply with IMSA's regulations. It began January 30, 1993, and ended October 3, 1993, after eleven rounds.

Alex Barron (racing driver)

Alex Barron (born June 11, 1970) is an American race car driver. He began racing CART FedEx World Series Championship cars in 1998 and made his first Indy Racing League Northern Lights Series (now IndyCar Series) start in 2001.

The 1997 KOOL Toyota Atlantic Champion, moved across to the IRL, where he had trouble finding a regular drive and got his opportunities through injuries to other drivers. However, in 2006, he stepped down a level to race in the Champ Car Atlantic Championship, and then returned to IRL in 2007. After racing in the 2008 Rolex 24 at Daytona, Barron stopped racing at an international level.

Alligator (motorcycle)

The Alligator is a feet forwards motorcycle built by Dan Gurney Alligator Motorcycle Company which is the motorcycle division of the former driver/racing team owner's All American Racers workshop in Santa Ana, California. Although not the first of such design, it is unique for its unconventional low-slung seating position which allows for its low center of gravity.

Dan Gurney

Daniel Sexton Gurney (April 13, 1931 – January 14, 2018) was an American racing driver, race car constructor, and team owner who reached racing's highest levels starting in 1958.

Gurney won races in the Formula One, Indy Car, NASCAR, Can-Am, and Trans-Am Series. Gurney is the first of three drivers to have won races in Sports Cars (1958), Formula One (1962), NASCAR (1963), and Indy cars (1967). (The other two were Mario Andretti and Juan Pablo Montoya).

In 1967, after winning the 24 Hours of Le Mans together with A. J. Foyt, Gurney spontaneously sprayed champagne while celebrating on the podium, which thereafter became a custom at many motorsports events. As owner of All American Racers, he was the first to put a simple right-angle extension on the upper trailing edge of the rear wing. This device, called a Gurney flap, increases downforce and, if well designed, imposes only a relatively small increase in aerodynamic drag. At the 1968 German Grand Prix, he became the first driver ever to use a full face helmet in Grand Prix racing.

DeltaWing

The DeltaWing is a racing car designed by Ben Bowlby and debuted at the 2012 24 Hours of Le Mans. The entry was run under the Project 56 name, composed of Ben Bowlby (design), Dan Gurney's All American Racers (constructor), Duncan Dayton's Highcroft Racing (racing team) and International Motor Sports Association owner Don Panoz (managing partner). Nissan's NISMO division provided the engine in return for naming rights for part of 2012.

The DeltaWing is built and maintained at Panoz headquarters in Braselton, Georgia.

Drake Olson

Drake Olson (born April 5, 1955) is an American former racing driver from Bridgewater, Connecticut.

Olson made one CART World Series start in 1983 at Road America. In 1984 he drove in three Can-Am races, an IMSA GT Championship race and two World Endurance Championship races, including the 1984 24 Hours of Le Mans where he was caught up in the debris field of his Aston Martin teammate John Sheldon's crash that killed a track worker. In 1985 he won three races with Dyson Racing in IMSA Camel GTP, the team's first, in a Porsche 962. 1986 saw Olson continue in IMSA GTP with Dyson and Preston Henn fielding his entries. That year he also competed in the 1986 24 Hours of Le Mans, co-driving a Rothmans Porsche factory 962 with Vern Schuppan. Olson was away from racing after that until 1989 when he returned with the All American Racers Toyota 88C factory team in IMSA GTP. He won two poles and finished ninth in points. 1990 would be his final year of professional racing as he finished tenth in GTP points with three poles for All American Racers in their Eagle HF89.

After retiring from racing, Olson became a glacier pilot in Alaska, and appeared as such in 2012 in National Geographic Channel documentary show Alaska Wing Men.

Eagle HF89

The Eagle HF89 and its evolution, the Eagle HF90, is a racing car built and entered by Dan Gurney's All American Racers team, for the IMSA GT Championship. It was raced from 1989 until 1991 in IMSA's premier sports-car racing category, the GTP (Grand Touring Prototype) division. The design was also sometimes called the Eagle MkII.

Eagle MkIII

The Eagle MkIII is a sports prototype racing car built by All American Racers in 1991 to IMSA GTP specifications. Powered by a turbocharged Toyota inline-4 engine, the car was campaigned in the IMSA Camel GT series by Dan Gurney's Toyota-sponsored AAR team from 1991 through to the end of 1993. The Eagle MkIII won 21 out of the 27 races in which it was entered and is considered one of the most successful and technologically advanced designs of the IMSA GTP era — "a car that proved so overwhelmingly dominant that the class for which it was created has now been assigned to history", according to Racer magazine.

Juan Manuel Fangio II

Juan Manuel Fangio II (born September 19, 1956 in Balcarce, Buenos Aires, Argentina) is a former auto racing champion and the nephew of auto racer Juan Manuel Fangio. Fangio II grew up meeting some of auto racing's most famous champions of his uncle's era. He inherited his uncle's passion for motorsports.

After same experience in European Formula 3, He debuted as a professional auto racer in IMSA in 1984 in the Miami Grand Prix in a Porsche 935 with Hugo Gralia He had an award-winning career, winning two GTP driver's championships, as well as 2 manufacturer titles when he was racing for Toyota and All American Racers. Fangio II further established his legacy in the world of auto racing by winning the prestigious 12 Hours of Sebring two times (as did his uncle), posting 21 GTP wins, and establishing an IMSA record with 19 solo victories. His victories came while driving the Eagle HF89/90 and Eagle MkIII GTP cars.

Fangio II won pole position ten times during his career. He made most of his driving career in the United States and was chosen in 1992 and 1993 as an "All-American" by the American Auto Racing Writers and Broadcasters Association (AARWBA), an organization which also named Fangio their 1992 driver of the year.

His boss, and also a personal friend, was Dan Gurney. While Fangio II also participated in the CART circuit, he did not win any races, a fact that he regretted.

In 1997, Fangio II called Gurney to let him know that he was retiring. He told Gurney, "I have discovered that regardless of what my passion says, despite what I command my mind to do, I am no longer able to give my whole being, my total focus at the exclusion of everything else to this sport that I love. 99% is not enough, I shall stop."

Said Gurney: "A gentleman in a driver's suit with a core of steel exuding an aura of Latin American dignity and honor even in the worst of circumstances will be missing from the grid".

Fangio II currently resides in Balcarce, Argentina.

Kevin Cogan

Kevin Cogan (full name John Kevin Cogan), born in Culver City, California, March 31, 1956 is a former racecar driver who drove in Formula One from 1980 to 1981. Driving a RAM Williams in the 1980 Canadian Grand Prix, he failed to qualify, suffering the same result driving for Tyrrell at the 1981 US GP West. He then moved over to Indy cars in 1982 but his career was cut short by a series of accidents.

Portland Grand Prix

The Portland Grand Prix was a sports car race held at the Portland International Raceway in Portland, Oregon from 1978 until 2006. It began as a round of the IMSA GT Championship, and became an American Le Mans Series race in 1999.

Toyota Racing Development

Toyota Racing Development (also known by its abbreviation TRD) is the in-house tuning shop for all Toyota, Lexus and formerly Scion cars. TRD is responsible both for improving street cars for more performance and supporting Toyota's racing interests around the world. TRD produces various tuning products and accessories, including performance suspension components, superchargers, and wheels. TRD parts are available through Toyota dealers, and are also available as accessories on brand-new Toyotas and Scions. Performance parts for Lexus vehicles are now labeled as F-Sport and performance Lexus models are labeled F to distinguish Lexus's F division from TRD.

As of June 2013 there are currently two official branches of TRD: TRD Japan (a.k.a. Toyota Technocraft) and TRD USA. Each of these branches has both a performance tuning division and a race (or competition) division.

TRD Japan's Race Division concentrates on the Super GT Series (JGTC), All-Japan Formula Three Championship Series, ESSO Formula Toyota Series, and Netz Cup races (Vitz Series).

TRD USA's Race Division, known as 'Toyota Racing', competes in NASCAR, NHRA Top Fuel and Funny car, IMSA GT Daytona, Pirelli World Challenge TCA, Formula Drift, TORC, USAC, and Lucas Oil Off Road Racing Series. Former competitions include the Baja 1000, Grand-Am, CART/Champ Car and the Indy Racing League. In association with All American Racers, TRD USA was responsible for developing engines for the Eagle HF89/90 and Eagle MkIII Grand Touring Prototypes.TRD is not to be confused with Toyota Motorsport GmbH (TMG), which is located in Cologne, Germany and currently operates Toyota's FIA World Endurance Championship (WEC) factory team under the name Toyota Gazoo Racing. Within Toyota, TMG is a completely separate entity from, and therefore not under the control of, TRD. Former TMG activities include operating the Toyota Formula One Team (also known as Panasonic Toyota Racing), which competed in the FIA Formula One World Championship (F1). TMG also competed in the FIA World Rally Championship (WRC) as Toyota Team Europe with the famous Celica GT-Four and rally versions of the Corolla, and two attempts (in 1998 and 1999) at the 24 Hours of Le Mans with the GT-One.

Toyota Australia introduced a TRD division in August 2007, with the supercharged Aurion V6, followed by a high-performance variant of the 4WD Hilux in April 2008. Speculation suggested a third model was likely to be a RAV4. TRD was aimed to compete with local in-house tuning shops Holden Special Vehicles (HSV) and Ford Performance Vehicles (FPV). However, in December 2008 Toyota Australia announced it would be ceasing production of its TRD range. The decision took effect on 31 March 2009.

Victor Holt

Victor Holt, Jr. (May 8, 1908 – April 22, 1988) was an American college basketball standout at Oklahoma in the late 1920s. He was an All-American and the Helms National Player of the Year in 1928. Holt was the University of Oklahoma's first national player of the year in men's basketball.

After college he played basketball in the Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) for Cook's Painter Boys, located in Kansas City, Missouri. With them he won two national championships in 1928 and 1929.

After basketball he worked for Goodyear Tire Company, ultimately became its 10th president, and also became an auto racing enthusiast & co-owner. He also is notable for having suggested the name of the famous auto-racing empire Dan Gurney's All American Racers, in which he was a partner/co-owner.

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