Alice, Sweet Alice

Alice, Sweet Alice is a 1976 American psychological slasher film co-written and directed by Alfred Sole, and starring Linda Miller, Paula Sheppard, and Brooke Shields in her film debut. The narrative focuses on a troubled adolescent girl who becomes a suspect in the brutal murder of her popular younger sister at her first communion.

Inspired by Nicolas Roeg's Don't Look Now (1973) and several Alfred Hitchcock films, writer-director Sole devised the screenplay with Rosemary Ritvo, an English professor who was his neighbor. At the time, Sole had been working as an architect restoring historic buildings in his hometown of Paterson, New Jersey, and several properties he had worked on were used as shooting locations. Filming took place throughout the summer of 1975 in Paterson.

The film premiered at the Chicago International Film Festival under its original title, Communion, in November 1976, and was released under this title in London in September 1977. After being acquired by Allied Artists, it was re-titled Alice, Sweet Alice, and released in the United States on November 18, 1977. Another theatrical re-release occurred in 1981 under the title Holy Terror, which marketed the popularity of Shields after her performance in Louis Malle's Pretty Baby (1978). While not prosecuted for obscenity, the film was seized and confiscated in the UK under Section 3 of the Obscene Publications Act 1959 during the video nasty panic. In the years since its release, the film has accrued a cult following and is considered a classic of the slasher subgenre in critical circles.[4]

Alice, Sweet Alice
Alice Sweet Alice
Poster for the 1978 release
Directed byAlfred Sole
Produced by
  • Richard K. Rosenberg
  • Alfred Sole
Written by
  • Rosemary Ritvo
  • Alfred Sole
Starring
Music byStephen J. Lawrence
Edited byEdward Salier
Distributed byAllied Artists
Release date
Running time
108 minutes[2]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$400,000[3]

Plot

In 1961 Paterson, New Jersey, Catherine Spages visits Father Tom with her two daughters, nine-year-old Karen and twelve-year-old Alice, who both attend St. Michael's Parish Girls' School. Karen is preparing for her first communion, and Father Tom gives her his mother's crucifix as a gift. A jealous Alice puts on a translucent mask, frightening Father Tom's housekeeper, Mrs. Tredoni. Later, Alice steals Karen's porcelain doll and lures her into an abandoned building. She scares Karen before and locking her in a room, and threatens her if she tells on her.

On the day of her first communion, Karen is attacked and strangled in the church transept by a person wearing a translucent mask and a yellow raincoat. Her body is dumped into a bench compartment near the confessionals, which is set on fire with a candle, but not before her crucifix is ripped from her neck. Meanwhile, Alice enters the church, carrying Karen's veil; she kneels in place to receive communion. Simultaneously, a nun who has noticed smoke coming from the transept locates Karen's body. She screams in horror, disrupting the communion ceremony.

After Karen's funeral, Catherine's ex-husband Dominick begins independently investigating her murder, while Detective Spina formally handles the case. Catherine's sister Annie moves in to help her through her grief, though Alice and Annie despise each other. Catherine sends Alice to deliver a rent check to their landlord, Mr. Alphonso, and he attempts to fondle and molest her. Shortly after, while descending the stairs to go shopping, Annie is attacked by a rain-coated figure in a mask. At the hospital, Annie claims that Alice tried to kill her. Alice is sent to a psychiatric institution for evaluation.

Later, Dominick receives a hysterical phone call from someone claiming to be Annie's daughter, Angela, saying that she has Karen's crucifix. Dominick agrees to meet her at an abandoned building. There, he spots the raincoated figure, and follows it into the building. On a staircase landing, the figure stabs him before beating him with a brick and binding him with rope. Dominick regains consciousness and sees that the killer is in fact Mrs. Tredoni, a St. Michael's parishioner. Mrs. Tredoni chastises Dominick and Catherine as sinners over their premarital sex and divorce. After Dominick bites Karen's crucifix off her neck, Mrs. Tredoni beats him with her shoe and pushes him out a window to his death.

During Dominick's autopsy, the pathologist finds Karen's crucifix in his mouth, and Alice is formally eliminated as a suspect. After hearing of Dominick's death, Catherine goes to visit Father Tom. He is not home, but Mrs. Tredoni invites Catherine in. While preparing the night's dinner for Father Tom and the monsignor, Mrs. Tredoni explains to Catherine that when her own daughter died on the day of her first communion, she realized children are punished for the sins of their parents. In her grief and madness she devotes herself to the church. Father Tom arrives in the midst of the conversation, and he and Catherine leave to get Alice from the institution.

Later that day, Mrs. Tredoni sneaks into Catherine and Alice's apartment building, unaware they have left for church. Simultaneously, Mr. Alphonso wakes up screaming, as Alice had mischievously placed a jar of cockroaches on him while he slept. Mr. Alphonso encounters Mrs. Tredoni in the staircase and mistakes her for Alice. When he shoves her against a wall, she stabs him to death and flees. However, Detective Spina witnesses her running out of the back entrance without a mask on. Mrs. Tredoni rushes to the church, where the police are stationed outside. Father Tom denies her communion. Mrs. Tredoni points at Catherine, screams that he gave communion to a whore, and violently stabs Father Tom as the police rush in. Father Tom dies in Mrs. Tredoni's arms. Alice walks out of the church with Mrs. Tredoni's shopping bag and places the bloodstained butcher knife into it.

Cast

† credited as Paula Sheppard
‡ credited as Miss Lillian Roth

Analysis

Film scholars have noted the film's hysterical portrayal of Catholicism and religious institutions to be in direct conversation with the motives of its villain, Mrs. Tredoni, whose ultimate goal is to "punish" the sinning members of her parish; this has resulted in some claiming the film to be overtly "anti-Catholic".[5] Writer/director Sole's own proclaiming of himself as an "ex-Catholic" supports this interpretation of the film's religious themes and undertones.[6] Prior to writing and directing Alice, Sweet Alice, Sole had directed his debut feature, an adult film titled Deep Sleep, in 1972.[7] The release of the film resulted in obscenity charges being brought against him in the state of New Jersey, as well as formal excommunication from the Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson, New Jersey; this event has been credited as influential to the apparent anti-religious bent of Alice, Sweet Alice.[8]

The murder scenes in the film in particular have been described by genre scholars such as John Kenneth Muir as "stark and shocking," and noted for their use of "powerful imagery" correlating with the film's religious overtones.[6] Muir views the film as a precursor to such films as Seven (1995), which focus on individuals being punished by death for their sins and character flaws.[6] Catholic iconography is featured prominently throughout the film, including votive candles, crucifixes, and rosaries, as well as artistic depictions of the Virgin Mary in sculptures and paintings.

Production

Development

Alice Sweet Alice screenshot mask
The killer's yellow raincoat is a recurring motif in the film, and a direct reference to the killer with red raincoat in Don't Look Now (1973)

Director Alfred Sole began writing the film in 1974, collaborating with co-writer Rosemary Ritvo on the script. Ritvo, an English professor at a local university, was Sole's neighbor, and the two often talked about films together.[9] "She was a Catholic and we would talk about the Catholic church, religion and stuff like that. Then we started talking about films and theater and I discovered she had a great love of horror films," Sole recalled.[9] The two began meeting during weekends and workshopping the screenplay together.[9] At the time, Sole was working as an architect in New Jersey.[9]

Sole stated that he was inspired to make the film after seeing Nicolas Roeg's 1973 thriller, Don't Look Now, based on the novel by Daphne du Maurier.[10] As a result, Alice, Sweet Alice makes several visual references to Don't Look Now, namely the usage of the raincoat which is featured on the villains in both films.[11] In developing the character of Alice, Sole and screenwriter Ritvo aspired to create a "child who has been neglected, and who could go either way," dividing the audience in regards to her guilt or innocence in the crimes committed.[12] Sole chose to set the film in 1960s-era Paterson, New Jersey, his hometown,[13] and culled much of the family drama and dynamics from his own Italian-Catholic upbringing.[14] The character of Mrs. Tredoni, the villain, was based on a woman who lived at the Catholic rectory next-door to his grandmother's house and looked after the clergy.[14]

Sole was also influenced by the works of Alfred Hitchcock, as well as the 1955 French film Les Diaboliques, while assembling compositions in the film.[15] Although many critics have drawn comparisons to Italian giallo films and the works of Dario Argento in particular, Sole claimed to have not seen Argento's work at the time.[16] Nonethless, the film's incorporation of subtle dark humor and its unsympathetic portrayal of religion— both motifs of giallo thrillers— led to the film's reputation as the most "gialloesque" American film in history.[16]

Casting

Sole, at the time an inexperienced filmmaker, did not have a casting director to cast the film, and instead would approach various stage actors about playing the parts.[17] Brooke Shields was the first to be cast in the film after auditioning in New York City in 1975; director Sole had seen her modeling in a Vogue advertisement,[18] and contacted her mother about the film, expressing his interest in her playing the role of young Karen.[19] Sole recalled that Shields's mother "bent over backwards to help me out."[20] Sole cast Paula Sheppard, then a college student, in the film as 12-year-old Alice, the protagonist suspected of her sister's murder.[21] At the time of being cast, Sheppard was 19 years old, and had been discovered by Sole working as a dancer in a local university's stage productions.[22] Linda Miller, an actress and daughter of Jackie Gleason, was cast in the role of Alice and Karen's mother, Catherine.[23]

Of the supporting cast, Alphonso De Noble, a New Jersey native, was cast as the tenacious landlord after director Sole had seen him impersonating a priest in local cemeteries.[24] Sole had originally sought veteran stage actress Geraldine Page for the role of Mrs. Tredoni; Page, however, could not play the character due to obligations in a Broadway production, but recommended fellow stage actress Mildred Clinton, who played the role.[25] Tom Signorelli, who played Detective Brennan, an officer investigating the crimes, was a New York stage actor.[26]

In the years after the film's release, Sole spoke favorably of Shields and Sheppard, though he recalled that much of the cast were "New York actors who were doing me a favor."[27] He also commented that he and Miller clashed significantly, describing her as "really difficult to work with...  A real nightmare."[14] Despite this, he conceded: "Linda is an excellent actor; they all are."[14]

Filming

WEST AND SOUTH ELEVATIONS - Rogers Locomotive and Machine Works, Erecting Shop, Spruce and Market Streets, Paterson, Passaic County, NJ HAER NJ,16-PAT,20-A-1
The Rogers Locomotive and Machine Works building in Paterson was among the shooting locations

The film was primarily shot on location in Paterson, New Jersey in the summer of 1975,[28] with much of the crew being based out of New York City.[29] The budget was approximately $400,000.[3] To help finance the film, Sole refinanced his home and cleared his life savings.[9] "My family was really supportive," he recalled, "and my mother cooked for the crew, my neighbors chipped in; everyone was just so kind and supportive of me that we eventually got it made."[9]

Approximately 90% of the film was shot using a 16 mm camera, as Sole wanted the frames to have "wide" appearance with significant foreground.[30] Sole's occupation as a local restorational architect in Paterson helped him secure several shooting locations, effectively lending the film a modern Gothic aesthetic.[31] Among the Paterson locations was the historic Rogers Locomotive and Machine Works building, where Dom's murder sequence was filmed.[32] Exteriors of the church were shot at St. Michael's Parish in Newark, New Jersey, while the interiors were filmed inside a hospital church.[18] Additional photography took place at the Governor Morris Hotel in Morris Township.[2] The production was periodically postponed during filming, with Sole stating that sometimes two to four week breaks would be taken between filming sessions due to budget issues.[33] On one occasion, the production was temporarily halted after Linda Miller attempted suicide by slitting her wrists.[9] Because of this, the crew had to recurrently hire new cameramen; Sole estimated that a total of six different cameramen worked on the film.[18] The total number of shooting days was around 20, as estimated by Sole.[34]

For the film's special effects, which included multiple murder sequences by bludgeoning and stabbing, Sole hired friend William Lustig, who would later direct the cult horror film Maniac (1980). Lustig also worked as an assistant cameraman on the film.[21] Dick Vorisek, who had previously worked on Dog Day Afternoon (1975) and Carrie (1976), was hired onto the film as chief sound engineer after Sole was put in contact with him through Technicolor.[35] The special effects in the film were achieved via practical methods, such as the stabbing sequences, which were shot using a fake retractable knife designed by Sole's friend, an engineer.[36]

Release

Theatrical distribution

The film premiered under the title Communion at the Chicago International Film Festival in the fall of 1976, where it earned a Silver Medal award.[2] According to Sole, Columbia Pictures had signed on to distribute the film in the United States, as well as securing a book tie-in by author Frank Lauria, which was written in conjunction through Bantam Books.[37] The chief stipulation provided to Sole was that he cut three minutes of the film, to which he agreed.[38] However, following a monetary dispute between Columbia and producer Richard Rosenberg,[39] Columbia ultimately dropped the film from their roster.[40] The film had a theatrical release in the United Kingdom through Hemdale Film Corporation,[2] debuting in London on September 8, 1977, under its original Communion title.[1]

Allied Artists subsequently purchased the film for North American distribution, and forced the filmmakers to change the title from Communion to Alice, Sweet Alice, out of fear that the public would perceive it to be a Christian film.[41] Allied Artists' revised title, Alice, Sweet Alice, originated from a quote in Volume 16 of the Publications of the Catholic Truth Society, published in 1898, which reads: "Then there is Alice—sweet Alice—your eldest born, who leans over the back of your chair and sweeps your face with her brown curls."[42] Director Sole reportedly fought Allied Artists on the changing of the title to no avail; the film was ultimately released as Alice, Sweet Alice in the United States on November 18, 1977.[a] The novelization, however, was still published under the original Communion title.

Following the rising fame of Brooke Shields after her performance in Pretty Baby (1978), the film was released for a third time in 1981 under the title Holy Terror.[45]

Critical response

Alice, Sweet Alice received generally favorable reviews from critics upon release. Roger Ebert gave the film a positive review, stating: "Director Alfred Sole has a brilliant touch for the macabre and there are some splendidly chilling scenes,"[46] while US Magazine called the film a "superior modern Gothic thriller."[b] Leonard Maltin awarded the film a mixed 2 out of 4 stars, calling it "[an] OK murder mystery."[48] Daniel Ruth of The Tampa Tribune praised the screenplay, referring to it as "a tight, well-paced melodrama that keeps its audience guessing who the murderer is until the last possible moment."[49] Bill Brownstein of the Montreal Gazette deemed the film "a gory and effective" surprise, praising its cinematography despite its story having "gaps and inconsistencies."[50] Linda Gross of the Los Angeles Times praised the performances of Sheppard and Shields, but criticized the film for its depiction of violence, noting the film as "foul...  Alice, which offers 105 minutes of atrociousness and bloody homicides perpetrated upon children by other children and infirm adults, is an obscenity."[51]

Joe Leydon, writing for the Shreveport Times, lauded the film's "imaginative touches," but ultimately deemed it an "awful movie...  It's a pity, because of Alice, Sweet Alice is offbeat enough to rise slightly above the usual run of cheapie chillers."[52] The Boston Globe's Michael Blowen deemed the film a "gross vulgarity of an exploitation picture," adding that the film "begins as a slick, glossy thriller that gradually degenerates into a bloody mess... Sole employs craftsmanlike camerawork and swift editing in an attempt to gloss over the inconsistent script, but this film's complete lack of originality cannot be hidden."[53] William Whitaker of the Abilene Reporter-News similarly criticized the film's violence as "a little too much after awhile," but conceded that the "script has enough imagination and the direction enough insight to make it passable fare as far as these kind of films go."[54] Edward L. Blank of the Pittsburgh Press wrote that the film was "intriguing" but "maddeningly contrived."[55]

Upon the film's 1981 re-release under the title Holy Terror, Vincent Canby of The New York Times gave the film a positive review, writing: "Mr. Sole, whose first feature this is, knows how to direct actors, how to manipulate suspense and when to shift gears: the identity of the killer is revealed at just that point when the audience is about to make the identification, after which the film becomes less of a horror film than an exercise in suspense. He also has a good feeling for the lower middle-class locale and the realities of the lives of the people who live in it."[56] A review published by TV Guide gave the film four out of five stars, calling it "an excellent low-budget horror film from director Sole, whose impressive grasp of filmmaking technique and eye for the grotesque keeps the viewer on edge throughout the movie."[57] Time Out, London also gave the film a positive review, noting: "The plot investigates the murder; the film examines the family's self-destruction; and the film-makers construct a running commentary on the themes of Alfred Hitchcock: against a carefully evoked background of Catholicism emerge twin themes of repression and guilt."[58]

Patrick Legare of AllMovie called the film an "eerie, effective chiller," praising the film's cinematography, and awarding it four-and-a-half out of five stars.[59] Slant Magazine noted in their review of the film: "Possibly the closest American relation to an Italian giallo, the film is head-trippingly hilarious (Jane Lowry, as Aunt Annie, may be the nuttiest screamer in the history of cinema) and features some of the more disquieting set pieces you'll ever see in a horror film."[60]

On the internet review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film has a 78% approval rating, based on nine critic reviews.[61]

Home media

During the changes in distributors and due to a myriad of legal problems, the film was not properly registered with the United States Copyright Office in 1975 during its production.[62] As a result, the film became widely bootlegged in the following years.[62] Some VHS versions of the film released in the 1980s feature a truncated 98-minute cut of the film, such as a release by Celebrity Home Entertainment in 1987.[63]

In 1997, Anchor Bay Entertainment released the film on VHS in its 108-minute, fully uncut version, with remastering supervised by director Alfred Sole.[64] A DVD edition was subsequently released by Anchor Bay in 1999.[65] After this edition of the film became out of print, it was re-released on DVD by Hen's Tooth Video in 2007.[65] 88 Films, a UK based company, released a region free Blu-ray on July 9, 2018.[66]

Remake

In 2007 director Dante Tomaselli announced his intent to direct a remake, confirmed that he had completed a script with Michael Gingold.[67][68] Tomaselli will also score the film using original pieces and re-mastered and remixed musical compositions from the original film.[68] In 2013 actress Kathryn Morris was confirmed to be performing in the film and will assume the role of Catherine Spages.[69] The film will be set in the 1970s as opposed to setting it in modern times or in its original 1960s setting, as Tomaselli wanted to be "somewhat more recent while not at all losing its retro style".[68] In May 2016, Tomaselli revealed that the film had suffered delays due to lack of funds, but also stated that he had been in recent contact with "solid prospects from European production companies and producers."[70]

Legacy

Alice, Sweet Alice ranked #89 on Bravo's The 100 Scariest Movie Moments for the scene when Alice scares Karen in the warehouse. In 2017, the film was ranked the fourth-best slasher film of all time by Complex magazine.[71]

Notes

  1. ^ Newspaper sources show a release in cities such as Philadelphia[43] and Orlando occurring on November 18, 1977.[44]
  2. ^ Quotation is cited from the 1999 DVD release of the film by Anchor Bay Entertainment.[47]

References

  1. ^ a b Brandt, Del (December 3, 1977). "Salier Edits Film For 'Sweet Alice'". The Daily Journal. Vineland, New Jersey. p. 4 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  2. ^ a b c d "Alice, Sweet Alice". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Archived from the original on September 18, 2018. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Communion". Cinefantastique. Vol. 5 no. 1. Frederick S. Clarke. p. 58. ISSN 0145-6032.
  4. ^ Edwards 2017, pp. 37–38.
  5. ^ Everman 2000, pp. 11–12.
  6. ^ a b c Muir 2007, p. 445.
  7. ^ Lukeman 2003, p. 4.
  8. ^ Lukeman 2003, pp. 1–5.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Edwards 2017, p. 29.
  10. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 6:47.
  11. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 6:50.
  12. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 10:55.
  13. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 28:14.
  14. ^ a b c d Edwards 2017, p. 32.
  15. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 20:30.
  16. ^ a b Boyd & Palmer 2006, p. 196.
  17. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 57:39.
  18. ^ a b c Edwards 2017, p. 30.
  19. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 3:50.
  20. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 4:25.
  21. ^ a b Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at.
  22. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 11:03.
  23. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 15:20.
  24. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 9:06.
  25. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 55:50.
  26. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 17:58.
  27. ^ Edwards 2017, p. 31.
  28. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 19:34.
  29. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 1:02.
  30. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 1:02:52.
  31. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 1:41.
  32. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 1:10:08.
  33. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 3:10.
  34. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 1:24:12.
  35. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 25:00.
  36. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 38:34.
  37. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 32:15.
  38. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 32:20.
  39. ^ Edwards 2017, pp. 33–34.
  40. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 33:00.
  41. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 33:50.
  42. ^ Publications of the Catholic Truth Society. 16. The Catholic Truth Society. 1898. p. 6 – via Google Books. open access
  43. ^ "Alice, Sweet Alice trade advertisement". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Philadelphia. p. 16-C – via Newspapers.com. open access
  44. ^ "Alice, Sweet Alice trade advertisement". The Orlando Sentinel. Orlando, Florida. p. 4-B – via Newspapers.com. open access
  45. ^ Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 3:38.
  46. ^ Ebert, Roger. Review: Alice, Sweet Alice. The Chicago Sun-Times. 1978.
  47. ^ Alice, Sweet Alice (DVD). Anchor Bay Entertainment. 1999.
  48. ^ Maltin 2015, pp. 630–31.
  49. ^ Ruth, Daniel (November 21, 1977). "'Sweet Alice' Bloody Bath, But Not Bad". The Tampa Tribune. Tampa, Florida. p. 6-D – via Newspapers.com. open access
  50. ^ Brownstein, Bill. "Horror is here with 'Sweet Alice'". The Gazette. Montreal. p. 37 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  51. ^ Gross, Linda (May 12, 1978). "Gore Runneth Over in 'Sweet Alice'". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, California. p. 34 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  52. ^ Leydon, Joe (October 26, 1978). "'Alice, Sweet Alice,' oh, why not better?". The Times. Shreveport, Louisiana. p. 11-C – via Newspapers.com. open access
  53. ^ Blowen, Michael (July 15, 1978). "'Sweet Alice' all too familiar". The Boston Globe. Boston, Massachusetts. p. 7 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  54. ^ Whitaker, William (November 20, 1977). "'Sweet Alice' Bloody But Not Bad". Abilene Reporter-News. Abilene, Texas. p. 24-A – via Newspapers.com. open access
  55. ^ Blank, Edward L. (June 9, 1978). "Bland, Gooey 'If Ever' Offsets Contrived, Gory 'Sweet Alice'". Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. p. B-12 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  56. ^ Canby, Vincent (April 3, 1981). "'Holy Terror'". The New York Times. Retrieved December 20, 2016.
  57. ^ "Alice, Sweet Alice - Movie Reviews". TV Guide. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  58. ^ CPE. "Communion, directed by Alfred Sole". Time Out. London. Retrieved December 26, 2016.
  59. ^ Legare, Patrick. "Alice, Sweet Alice - Review - AllMovie". AllMovie. Retrieved July 26, 2012.
  60. ^ Gonzalez, Ed (April 20, 2005). "Film Review: Alice, Sweet Alice". Slant Magazine. Retrieved December 14, 2016.
  61. ^ "Alice, Sweet Alice (Communion)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved October 20, 2017.
  62. ^ a b Sole & Salier 1999, event occurs at 31:00.
  63. ^ Alice, Sweet Alice (VHS). Celebrity Home Entertainment. 1987 [1976]. ASIN 6300158756.CS1 maint: ASIN uses ISBN (link)
  64. ^ Alice, Sweet Alice (VHS). Anchor Bay Entertainment. 1997 [1976]. ASIN 1564426785.CS1 maint: ASIN uses ISBN (link)
  65. ^ a b "DVD Savant Review: Alice, Sweet Alice". DVD Talk. 2007. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
  66. ^ Squires, Jon (March 26, 2018). "Classic Slasher 'Alice, Sweet Alice' Restored for First Ever Blu-ray Release". Bloody Disgusting.
  67. ^ "Tomaselli to Helm 'Alice, Sweet Alice' Remake". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved February 14, 2014.
  68. ^ a b c Doupe, Tyler. "Exclusive Interview: Dante Tomaselli on 'Torture Chamber,' 'Alice Sweet Alice' and More!". Fearnet. Retrieved February 14, 2014.
  69. ^ Hanley, Ken. ""ALICE, SWEET ALICE" remake grabs "COLD CASE" star; director talks". Fangoria. Retrieved February 14, 2014.
  70. ^ Grove, David (May 22, 2016). "Alice, Sweet Alice Remake Revived". ihorror.com. iHorror. Retrieved October 28, 2016.
  71. ^ Barone, Matt (October 23, 2017). "The Best Slasher Films of All Time". Complex. Retrieved August 20, 2018.

Works cited

External links

1976 in film

The year 1976 in film involved some significant events.

9th Saturn Awards

The 9th Saturn Awards, honoring the best in science fiction, fantasy and horror film in 1981, were held on July 27, 1982.

Alfred Sole

Alfred Sole (born July 2, 1943) is an American production designer, film director, producer and writer best known for directing such films as Alice, Sweet Alice and Pandemonium.

Alphonso DeNoble

Alphonso DeNoble (December 20, 1946 – November 1978) was an American actor. A resident of Paterson, New Jersey, he is most famous for playing the obese, cat-loving, landlord in Alfred Sole's 1976 horror film Alice, Sweet Alice. According to Sole, Alphonso made extra money by dressing up as a priest and hanging around cemeteries. Elderly widows would ask "Father Alphonso" for a blessing and offer him a donation for the church in return. He was also a bouncer at Paterson's only gay bar. Alphonso made two other film appearances—as the white slave dealer in Joel M. Reed's Blood Sucking Freaks (where he is credited only by his first name) and as the camera store proprietor in another Reed film, Night of the Zombies, released in 1981. DeNoble died in 1978.

Regarding his death, director Joel M. Reed mentioned that Alphonso had shot himself, after an incident where he got stuck in a turnstile due to his weight, appeared in the papers. It was also mentioned that Alphonso was married, and he would never eat on the set—instead he would sneak off to his car where he had food stocked.

Anchor Bay Entertainment

Anchor Bay Entertainment (formerly Video Treasures), was an American home entertainment and production company. It was a subsidiary of Starz Inc.. Anchor Bay Entertainment marketed and sold feature films, series, television specials and short films to consumers worldwide. In 2004, the company agreed to have its movies co-produced by 20th Century Fox and renewed their deal in 2011.

A year after Starz launched a home entertainment division in 2016, they later folded Anchor Bay Entertainment into Lionsgate Home Entertainment.

Antonino Rocca

Antonino Rocca (born Antonino Biasetton, 13 April 1921 – 15 March 1977) was an Italian Argentinian professional wrestler. He tag teamed with partner Miguel Pérez. He was posthumously inducted into the WWF Hall of Fame as a member of the class of 1995 and the Wrestling Observer Newsletter Hall of Fame in 1996.

Dante Tomaselli

Dante Tomaselli (born October 29, 1969, in Paterson, New Jersey) is an Italian-American horror screenwriter, director, and score composer. In 2013 Fearnet named Tomaselli one of their "Favorite Underrated Horror Directors", as they found his work "unique and eccentric". Tomaselli is currently working on a remake of the 1976 film Alice, Sweet Alice, which was directed by his cousin Alfred Sole.

Holy Terror

(The) Holy Terror may refer to:

In music:

Holy Terror (album), a funk/spoken word album by The Last Poets

Holy Terror (band), a thrash metal band formed by Kurt Kilfelt of Agent Steel

Holy Terror, the name given to the music played by the band IntegrityIn literature:

Holy Terror (graphic novel), a 2011 graphic novel by Frank Miller

Batman: Holy Terror, an Elseworlds one-shot from DC Comics

Les Enfants Terribles (The Holy Terrors) a 1929 novel by Jean Cocteau, translated with this English title in 1955

The Holy Terror (Wells novel), a novel by H.G. Wells

The Holy Terror (The Saint), a Simon Templar novel by Leslie CharterisIn film and television:

Holy Terror, an alternative title for the 1976 horror film Alice, Sweet Alice

The Holy Terror (1929 film), an Our Gang short

The Holy Terror (1937 film), directed by James Tinling

The Holy Terror (1965 film), a Hallmark Hall of Fame TV filmIn radio:

The Holy Terror (Doctor Who), an audio drama based on the TV show Doctor WhoIn boats

Holy Terror, houseboat built at the shipyard of James Lenox for William GilletteIn politics

Holy Terror, capitalised political term used in book of same name by Amir Taheri 1987

Lillian Roth

Lillian Roth (December 13, 1910 – May 12, 1980) was an American singer and actress.

Her life story was told in the 1955 film I'll Cry Tomorrow, in which she was portrayed by Susan Hayward, who was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance as Roth.

Linda Miller (actress)

Linda Mae Miller (née Gleason; born September 16, 1942) is an American film, stage, and television actress. The daughter of actor and comedian Jackie Gleason, Miller began working professionally as a child, later appearing on Broadway in a production of Black Picture Show (1975), for which she was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Supporting Actress. She would go on to star in television and in feature films such as the drama One Summer Love, and the horror film Alice, Sweet Alice (both 1976).

With her husband, playwright and actor Jason Miller, she has one son, actor Jason Patric.

List of American films of 1976

A list of American films released in 1976.

Rocky won the Academy Award for Best Picture.

Rocky was also the highest-grossing American film released during 1976.

List of films set in New Jersey

This is list of movies set or partially set in the U.S. state of New Jersey:

13th Child (2002) - story is based on The Jersey Devil by James F. McCloy and Ray Miller Jr.; film was shot in New Jersey at Wharton State Forest, Batsto Village, and Hammonton in the Pine Barrens

According to Greta (2009) - Ocean Grove, NJ - Asbury Park, NJ - Brick Township, NJ - Neptune, NJ - Point Pleasant, NJ

Across the Universe (2007) - Princeton University Campus

The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai Across the 8th Dimension (1984)

A.I. Artificial Intelligence (2001)

Alice, Sweet Alice (1976)

American Gangster (2007)

American Hustle (2013)

The Amityville Horror (1979) - partially filmed in Toms River

Analyze That (2002)

Analyze This (1999) - partially filmed in Hoboken, Jersey City, Montclair

Annie (1982)

Aqua Teen Hunger Force Colon Movie Film for Theaters (2007)

Artie Lange's Beer League (2006)

Atlantic City (1980)

Baby It's You (1983)

Bad Company (2002)

Ball of Fire (1941)

Bathing Beauty (1944)

Be Kind Rewind (2008)

A Beautiful Mind (2001)

Before I Self Destruct (2009)

Being John Malkovich (1999) - "You see the world through John Malkovich's eyes. Then after about 15 minutes, you're spit out into a ditch on the side of the New Jersey Turnpike!"

Big (1988) - parts were filmed in Cliffside Park

Bogus (1996)

The Bounty Hunter (2010) - filmed partially in Atlantic City

Brainscan (1994)

Brewster's Millions (1985 film)

Broadway Danny Rose (1984)

Burn After Reading (2008) - partially filmed in Paramus (gym scenes - Route 17)

The Cartel (2010)

Caught (1996) - Jersey City

Chasing Amy (1997)

Cheaper by the Dozen (1950)

Cinderella Man (2005)

City by the Sea (2002) - Asbury Park

City of Hope (1991) - takes place in fictitious Hudson City, New Jersey

Class of Nuke 'Em High (1986)

Clean and Sober (1988) - stars Michael Keaton and Kathy Baker; directed by Ron Howard; partially filmed in Gloucester City

Clerks (1994)

Clerks II (2006)

The Color of Money (1986)

Coneheads (1993)

Confessions of a Teenage Drama Queen (2004)

The Cookout (2004) - his hometown team, NJ Nets

Cop Land (1997)

Cosmopolitan (2003)

Coyote Ugly (2000) - was given the name 'Jersey' because she was originally from South Amboy

The Crew (2000)

Da Hip Hop Witch (2000)

Dan in Real Life (2007)

The Dark Knight Rises (2012) - Newark

Dark Ride (2006) - took place in Asbury Park

The Day the Earth Stood Still (2008)

Desperately Seeking Susan (1985)

Dogma (1999)

Donnie Brasco (1997) Clifton

Down the Shore (2011)

Duane Hopwood (2005)

Eddie and the Cruisers (1983)

Eddie and the Cruisers II: Eddie Lives! (1989)

Elizabethtown

Empire Records (1995)

Escape From New York (1981) - opening scene is supposed to be Bayonne

The Family Man (2000)

The Family Stone (2005) - Madison

Firstborn (1984)

Flight 93 (2006)

Forget About It (2006) - primarily filmed in Hoboken

Frame of Mind (2009) - Carlstadt

Freedomland (2006)

The Freshman (1990) - ending of movie is supposed to take place in Cherry Hill

Friday the 13th (1980) - set in fictional Crystal Lake Camp, NJ; filmed in Blairstown, at No-Be-Bo-Sco camp

Friday the 13th (2009)

Funny Money (2006)

Garden State (2004)

Girl Most Likely (2012)

The Godfather: Part III (1990)

Gone Fishin' (1997)

Goodbye, Columbus (1969)

Gracie (2007)

Greetings from the Shore (2007) - based and shot in Lavallette

Guess Who (2005)

Gunshy (1998)

Gypsy 83 (2004)

Happiness (1998) - "You know, people are always putting New Jersey down. None of my friends can believe I live here. But that's because they don't get it: I'm living in a state of irony."

Harold & Kumar Go to White Castle (2004)

Hellboy (2004)

Homeboy (1988)

Hudson Hawk (1991)

The Hurricane (1999)

Hysterical Blindness (2002) - takes place in Bayonne

The Iceman (2012)

Imaginary Heroes (2004)

I.Q. (1994)

In & Out (1997) - Clinton, Montclair, Pompton Lakes, and other North Jersey locations

The In-Laws (1979)

Jaws - takes place in the small New England beach resort of Amity Island, but was based on the true story of a great white shark which terrorized the shores of New Jersey in the summer of 1916

Jay and Silent Bob Strike Back (2001)

Jersey Boys (2014)

Jersey Girl (1992) - starring Jami Gertz and Dylan McDermott

Jersey Girl (2004) - directed by Kevin Smith, starring Ben Affleck

Jersey Shore Shark Attack (2012)

The Jimmy Show (2002)

Joe the King (1999)

Julie & Julia (2009) - Hoboken

Just Friends (2005)

Just The Ticket (1999) - Roselle Park

The Kill-Off (1990)

The King of Marvin Gardens (1972)

Lansdown (2002)

The Last Broadcast (1998)

Lean on Me (1989)

Lianna (1983)

Little Black Book (2004)

Live Free or Die Hard (2007)

Lock Up (1989)

Loins of Punjab Presents (2007)

The Long Kiss Goodnight (1996) - "Easy, sport. Got myself out of Beirut once, I think I can get out of New Jersey." "Yeah, well don't be so sure. Others have tried and failed. The entire population, in fact."

Mafioso (1962) - North Bergen

Mallrats (1995)

Meet Me in the Ironbound (2015)

Men in Black (1997)

Morning Glory (2010)

Mortal Thoughts (1991)

Moving (1988)

The Nanny Diaries - Annie is a graduate of Montclair University

National Treasure (2004)

New Jersey Drive (1995)

New Jersey: The Movie (2009)

Nick and Norah's Infinite Playlist (2008)

North (1994)

Not Fade Away (2012)

Nothing But Trouble (1991)

Now You Know (2002)

Ocean's Eleven (2001) - Danny Ocean is released from a prison in New Jersey

Old Dogs (2009) - partially filmed in Hoboken (Dan's apartment)

On The Waterfront (1954) - filmed in Hoboken, set in Brooklyn

One for the Money (2012)

Owning Mahowny (2003)

Palookaville (1995)

Paper Soldiers (2002)

Paterson (2016)

Paul Blart: Mall Cop (2009)

The Perfect Holiday (2007) - set in Jersey Gardens Mall

The Pick-up Artist (1987) - set in Atlantic City

Picture Perfect (1997) - Hoboken and West Orange

Pootie Tang (2001) - Old Bridge

The Prowler (1981) - took place in the fictional town of Avalon Bay; filmed in Cape May

The Purple Rose of Cairo (1985)

Ragtime (1981) - Spring Lake; James Cagney's last film

Raising Helen (2004)

Ransom (1996) - filmed throughout Bergen County

Restaurant (1998)

Return of the Secaucus 7 (1980)

Red River (1998)

Riding in Cars with Boys (2001) - East Orange (Upsala College)

Rocket Science (2007) - set in Plainsboro

Rounders (1998)

Running on Empty (1988)

Running Scared (2006)

Satan's Playground (2005)

School of Rock

Second Best (2004)

The Secret Life of Walter Mitty (1947) - set in Perth Amboy

Sherrybaby (2006)

The Simian Line (2000)

Snake Eyes (1998)

Something Wild (1986)

The Soprano State (2010)

Spider-Man 3 (2007)

Stardust Memories (1980) - filmed in Asbury Park, Belmar, Deal, Hoboken, Neptune City, Ocean Grove

The Station Agent (2003)

Stealing Home (1988)

Storytelling (2001)

Street Fight (2005)

Superman (1978)

Swimfan (2002)

This Thing of Ours (2003)

The Toxic Avenger (1984) and three sequels - "the first superhero from New Jersey"

Trade (2007)

Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen (2009) - Sam Witwicky (Shia LaBeouf) attends Princeton University

Union City (1980)

United 93 (2006) - flight departs from Newark International Airport

Vision Quest (1985) - actually set in Spokane, WA, but the female lead says she's from Trenton

Voices (1979) - mostly filmed in Hoboken; Amy Irving, Michael Ontkean

Walking to the Waterline (1998)

War of the Worlds (2005)

The Wedding Singer (1998)

Welcome to the Dollhouse (1995)

Wild Hearts Can't Be Broken (1991)

Win Win (2011)

Winter Solstice (2004)

Wise Guys (1986)

The World According to Garp - scenes filmed in Denville movie theater and Madison City Hall

World Trade Center (2006) - Clifton

The Wrestler (2008)

Zoolander - partially filmed in Ogdensburg

"Fallen" (1998) - Mullica Twp.

List of horror films of 1976

A list of horror films released in 1976.

List of thriller films of the 1970s

A list of thriller films released in the 1970s.

Mildred Clinton

Mildred Clinton (November 2, 1914 – December 18, 2010) was an American actress. Clinton had a supporting part in Serpico (1973), and starred in the 1976 horror film Alice, Sweet Alice. In her later career she frequently collaborated with director Spike Lee, appearing in small parts in his films Crooklyn (1994), Summer of Sam (1999), and Bamboozled (2000).

Saturn Award for Best Writing

The Saturn Award for Best Writing is a Saturn Award presented by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films.

Unlike most awards rewarding writing in films, it recognizes only the writer(s) of the screenplay, and not those of the story.

Something to Remember You By (Howard Dietz and Arthur Schwartz song)

"Something to Remember You By" is a song about nostalgia written by Arthur Schwartz and Howard Dietz in 1930.

"Something to Remember You By" was introduced in the musical revue "Three's a Crowd" which played on Broadway at the Selwyn Theatre, October 15, 1930 to June 6, 1931. "Three's a Crowd" starred Clifton Webb and Fred Allen and was produced by Max Gordon. It also featured Libby Holman; who introduced "Something to Remember You By" as well as the Johnny Green and Edward Heyman song "Body and Soul". Ms Holman was the first to record "Something to Remember You By" in September 1930 on the Brunswick label.The song was also recorded by Helen Morgan on September 12, 1930 for Victor (with the B side being "Body and Soul"). That same year an orchestral version was recorded by Tommy Christian and his Orchestra with vocal by Jack Arthur. Later recordings were made by Vera Lynn, Jo Stafford, Irene Kral, and many others. Bing Crosby recorded the song in 1975 for his album At My Time of Life.

Films featuring the song include:

Mr. Lucky (1943)

Her Kind of Man (1946)

Dancing in the Dark (1949)

The Band Wagon (1953)

The Telephone Book (1971)

A Safe Place (1971)

Alice, Sweet Alice (1976)It was also featured on the television show "Casablanca" (1983).

Stephen J. Lawrence

Stephen J. Lawrence (a.k.a. Stephen Lawrence) is an American composer, living and working in New York City. He has composed more than 300 songs and scores for Sesame Street, resulting in three Emmy Awards for Outstanding Achievement in Music Direction and Composition; composed the title song and four others for Marlo Thomas's Free to Be... You and Me, the landmark million-selling record, book and Emmy Award- and Peabody Award-winning ABC television special; composed the million-selling Gold Record You Take My Breath Away; scored the Robert De Niro movie Bang the Drum Slowly and the cult horror classic Alice, Sweet Alice, which won the music award at the Paris International Festival of Fantasy and Science Fiction; composed score for "One Summer Love", 1976, a.k.a. "Dragonfly", composed the songs and score for the 1989 live-action movie musical Red Riding Hood starring Isabella Rossellini and Craig T. Nelson, lyrics by Michael Korie; composed songs for the live-action movie musical The Emperor's New Clothes, starring Sid Caesar and Robert Morse; composed songs and score for "The Tale of Peter Rabbit", an HBO animated musical starring Carol Burnett, lyrics by Sheldon Harnick. He has a B.A. in music from Hofstra University. Married Christine Jones 1984. Daughter, Hannah Lawrence, born 1986. Married Cathy Schwartzman, 2002. Music Director, Temple Sinai, Stamford Ct, 2002 to 2012.

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