Aliaskhab Kebekov

Aliaskhab Alibulatovich Kebekov (Russian: Алиасхаб Алибулатович Кебеков; 1 January 1972 – 19 April 2015),[3] also known as Ali Abu Muhammad (Russian: Али Абу Мухаммад),[4] was a Dagestani militant Islamist in Russia and the leader of the Caucasus Emirate following the death of inaugural leader Dokka Umarov. Following in the same religious tradition as Umarov, he adhered to the ideology of Salafism.[5] The United States Department of State added Kebekov to its list of Specially Designated Global Terrorists on March 25, 2015.[6] On 19 April 2015, Kebekov was killed by Russian security forces during special operations in the settlement of Gerei-Avlak in Buynaksk.[7] An Avar by nationality, Kebekov was the first non-Chechen to lead the North Caucasus insurgency.

Aliaskhab Alibulatovich Kebekov
Алиасхаб Алибулатович Кебеков
Emir of the Caucasus Emirate
In office
18 March 2014 – 19 April 2015
Preceded byDokka Umarov
Succeeded byMagomed Suleimanov[1]
Supreme Qadi of the Sharia Court
In office
14 October 2010 – 19 April 2015
Preceded byMagomed Vagabov
Succeeded byAbdulla Kosteksky[2] (Abdullah al-Kustaki)
Personal details
Born
Aliaskhab Alibulatovich Kebekov

1 January 1972
Sovetsky District, Dagestan, RSFSR, USSR
Died19 April 2015 (aged 43)
Buynaksk, Dagestan, Russia
NationalityAvar
Military service
Battles/warsInsurgency in the North Caucasus

Early life and career

Aliaskhab Kebekov was born on 1 January 1972 in what is now the Shamilsky District of Dagestan.[3] He joined the Vilayat Dagestan wing of the Caucasus Emirate. In October 2010, Kebekov was appointed by Dokka Umarov as the Qadi or judge of the Caucasus Emirate, responsible for giving Shariah rulings on the groups actions. Kebekov accepted the role, despite expressing doubts about his suitability, as he was not a Mujtahid or a scholar with extensive knowledge of the Koran and Sunnah.[4]

Caucasus Emirate leadership

On 16 January 2014, an audio clip was posted on YouTube, in which a voice claiming to be Kebekov acknowledged receiving the news that Umarov had died. Kebekov seemingly rejected the proposal by other emirs of the group that he should succeed Umarov, stating that he had no military experience and had never served as a commander; instead he proposed Aslambek Vadalov for the role.[8] Nonetheless, in March he acceded to demands and accepted the appointment.[9] The Caucasus Emirate linked Kavkaz Center announced Kebekov's appointment, together with acknowledgment of Umarov's death.[10] In the weeks after this announcement, the site also posted pledges of allegiance to Kebekov from groups in Dagestan, Chechnya, Ingushetia and Kabardino-Balkaria, as well as members of the Chechen-led Syria-based Jaish al-Muhajireen wal-Ansar.[11]

In a video recording posted on the Internet in June 2014, Kebekov apologised to civilians that had been harmed by Caucasus Emirate attacks and stated that civilians should not be targeted by the group. He also called on militants not to use black widows in armed attacks or suicide bombings.[12] The Caucasus Emirate has become more active in their insurgent activities. On 5 October 2014 a suicide bombing near the Grozny city hall took place. Five Russian police officers were killed, the suicide bomber was also killed, 12 other people were wounded. The Caucasus Emirate took credit for the attack.[13] Byutukayev took responsibility for the 2014 Grozny clashes during which 14 Russian policemen were killed and 35 total people were wounded. The attack was one of the largest since the December 2013 Volgograd bombings, which were also carried out by the Caucasus Emirate.[14] The day after the Grozny attack a Russian Federal Security Service building in neighboring Dagestan was reported to be engulfed in flames. If the attack was carried out by the Caucasus Emirate this would represent three large scale attacks in three months.[15]

In late 2014 and early 2015, at least 6 field commanders of the Caucasus Emirate, and an unknown number of ordinary members, switched their allegiance from Kebekov to the Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.[16] On 19 April 2015, Kebekov was killed by Russian security forces during a raid on a house in the settlement of Gerei-Avlak in Buynaksk.[7][17] He was reportedly succeeded as Caucasus Emirate leader by Magomed Suleimanov.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b "North Caucasus Insurgency Selects New Leader". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 29 May 2015. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  2. ^ "Обращение Маджлис Шуры Вилаята Нохчийчоь Имарата Кавказ". Chechen Info. 10 September 2015. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Али Абу Мухаммад (Кебеков Алиасхаб Алибулатович)". Caucasus Knot. 18 March 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Chechen rebel leader Doku Umarov 'dead'". Long War Journal. 18 March 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
  5. ^ http://www.ict.org.il/Article/132/Salafist-Takfiri%20Jihadism%20the%20Ideology%20of%20the%20Caucasus%20Emirate Salafist-Takfiri Jihadism: The Ideology of the Caucasus Emirate
  6. ^ "Terrorist Designation of Aliaskhab Kebekov". U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 12 November 2017. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
  7. ^ a b "Russian troops kill leader of Islamic Caucasus Emirate". Long War Journal. 19 April 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  8. ^ "Is Doku Umarov Really Dead? Assessing The Circumstantial Evidence". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 20 January 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
  9. ^ "Chechen militant leader Doku Umarov is dead: Reports". The Times of India. 19 March 2014. Archived from the original on 19 March 2014.
  10. ^ "Ali Abu Muhammad al Dagestani, the new emir of the Islamic Caucasus Emirate". BBC. 18 March 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
  11. ^ "North Caucasus Fighters in Syria Pledge Allegiance to Umarov's Successor". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 31 March 2014. Retrieved 29 April 2014.
  12. ^ ""Imarat Kavkaz" leader calls on militants to abandon suicide bombings and terror acts against civilians". Caucasian Knot. 1 July 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
  13. ^ "Five killed in suicide bombing in Chechen capital". BBC.
  14. ^ "In Kremlin speech, Putin rails at West, tries to bolster economy as recession looms". Washington Post.
  15. ^ "Russia Intelligence Service Building on Fire in Dagestan". Yahoo.
  16. ^ Liz Fuller (2015-01-02). "Six North Caucasus Insurgency Commanders Transfer Allegiance To Islamic State". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved 2015-01-28.
  17. ^ "Russia says kills head of North Caucasus Islamist insurgency". Reuters. 20 April 2015. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
Political offices
Preceded by
Dokka Umarov
Emir of the Caucasus Emirate
2014–2015
Succeeded by
Magomed Suleimanov
1995 Shali cluster bomb attack

The 1995 Shali cluster bomb attack refers to an incident which occurred on January 3, 1995, in which Russian fighter-jets repeatedly bombed the Chechen town of Shali with cluster bombs.

2004 raid on Grozny

2004 raid on Grozny was a series of overnight attacks in central Grozny, capital of Chechnya.

According to estimates of the investigation group, 250-400 fighters entered the city on August 21, established their own roadblocks, and simultaneously attacked a number of polling places and other targets, according to law enforcement sources killing 58 members of police and pro-Moscow militia and five federal soldiers. More than a dozen civilians were also killed.

Arthur Getagazhev

Arthur Getagazhev (Russian: Артур Гатагажев), also known as Emir Abdullah or Ubaydullakh, was an Islamist militant leader in the Russian North Caucasus republic of Ingushetia.

Active in the Insurgency in Ingushetia from at least 2009

, Getagazhev was credited for many attacks in Ingushetia including the assassination of the Ingushetia head of security Akhmet Kotiev.

Following the killing of Dzhamaleyl Mutaliyev (alias Emir Adam) by Russian security forces on 21 May 2013, Doku Umarov, leader of the Caucasus Emirate, appointed Getagazhev as the head of the Vilayat Galgaycho rebels. Getagazhev was among 7 killed during a raid by security forces on the village of Sagopshi on 24 May 2014.

Aslan Byutukayev

Aslan Avgazarovich Byutukayev (Russian: Аслан Бютукаев), also known as Emir Khamzat and Abubakar, is a Chechen insurgent commander in the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) Wilayah al-Qawqaz, the commander of the Riyad-us Saliheen Brigade of Martyrs and a close associate of the deceased Caucasus Emirate leader Dokka Umarov. Byutukayev was listed as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist by the United States on July 13, 2016.

Battle of Dolinskoye

The Battle of Dolinskoye (Dolinskoe, Dolinsky), which took place 25 kilometers northwest of the Chechen capital of Grozny, was the first major ground engagement of the First Chechen War.

Battle of Khankala

The Battle of Khankala was a failed attempt by the Chechen separatists to counterattack at the strategic position at Khankala from Grozny and Argun using armoured vehicles.

Khankala is a former Soviet military base and airstrip at the eastern outskirts of Grozny, also overtaking the main Rostov-Baku highway and cutting direct access into the Chechen capital of Grozny from the town of Argun. It was captured by a column of Russian troops led by elements of the 104th Guards Airborne Division in a surprise south-east dash from the village of Tolstoy-Yurt.

Reportedly, in the aftermath of the battle, the Chechen attackers were repelled by Russian paratroopers, losing six tanks and an armoured personnel carrier.

Caucasian Front (militant group)

The Caucasian Front (Russian: Кавказский фронт) also called Caucasus Front or the Caucasian Mujahadeen, was formally established in May 2005 as an Islamic structural unit of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria's armed forces by the decree of the separatist President of Chechnya Abdul-Halim Sadulayev during the Second Chechen War.

Caucasus Emirate

The Caucasus Emirate (Chechen: Имарат Кавказ Imarat Kavkaz (IK); Russian: Кавказский Эмират Kavkazskiy Emirat), also known as the Caucasian Emirate, was a militant Jihadist organisation active in the southwestern region of the Russian Federation. Its intention was to expel the Russian presence from the North Caucasus and to establish an independent Islamic emirate in the region. Caucasus Emirate also refers to the state that the group seeks to establish. Partially a successor to the secessionist Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, it was officially announced on 7 October 2007, by former President of Ichkeria Dokka Umarov, who became its first emir.By late 2015 the group no longer had a visible presence in the North Caucasus region, as most of its members defected to the local ISIL affiliate, Vilayat Kavkaz.

Chechenpress

State News Agency Chechenpress (SNA Chechenpress) is the news agency of the Chechen separatists who proclaim themselves to be the representatives of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. It used to be the official press agency of Chechnya.

As of 2008, SNA Chechenpress, linked with London-based Akhmed Zakayev, is the Chechen nationalist website rival to the Islamist Kavkaz Center website run by Movladi Udugov. In November 2007 the editors of Chechenpress declared it works since then directly under the ChRI Parliament.

Counter-insurgency operations during the Second Chechen War

Counter-insurgency operations during the Second Chechen War have been conducted by the Russian army in Chechnya since 1999. The President of Chechnya, and former rebel, Ramzan Kadyrov declared this phase to end in March 2009. On 27 March 2009, the President of Russia Dmitry Medvedev met with Alexander Bortnikov, the Director of the Federal Security Service to discuss the official ending of counter-terrorism operations in Chechnya. Medvedev directed the National Anti-Terrorism Committee, which Bortnikov also heads, to report to the Russian government on this issue, which will then by decided by the Russian parliament.As of early 2009 there were close to 480 active insurgents situated in the mountains under leadership of field commander Doku Umarov, according to official data.Clashes with insurgents also continued in other regions of North Caucasus in 2009.

Guerrilla phase of the Second Chechen War

The following lists detail the incidents of guerrilla warfare and counter insurgency in the republic of Chechnya and the rest of the North Caucasus since the official end of the main Russian offensive in April 2000. The lists are incomplete and the actual casualty count is much higher. Both Russian and separatist reports of casualties are often considered unreliable.

Khasavyurt Accord

Khasavyurt Accord (Russian: Хасавюртовские соглашения) was an agreement that marked the end of the First Chechen War, signed in Khasavyurt in Dagestan on 30 August 1996 between Alexander Lebed and Aslan Maskhadov.

Magomed Suleimanov

Magomed Aliyevich Suleimanov (Russian: Мухаммад Алиевич Сулейманов; 29 February 1976 – 11 August 2015), also known as Abu Usman Gimrinsky (Russian: Абу Усман Гимринский), was a Dagestani Islamist in Russia and the third leader of the Caucasus Emirate militant group.

Magomed Vagabov

Magomed Vagabov, also known as Emir Seyfullah or Seyfullah Gubdensky, was the leader of the militant Vilayat Dagestan organisation in the Russian Republic of Dagestan, and the Supreme Qadi of the Caucasus Emirate.

Russia–Chechen Peace Treaty

Russian-Chechen Peace Treaty, also known as the Moscow Peace Treaty, was a formal peace treaty "on peace and the principles of Russian-Chechen relations" following the First Chechen War of 1994-1996. It was signed by the president of Russia Boris Yeltsin and the newly elected president of Chechnya Aslan Maskhadov, on May 12, 1997, at the Moscow Kremlin.

Rustam Asildarov

Rustam Asildarov (Aselderov) (9 March 1981 – 3 December 2016), also known as Emir Abu Muhammad Kadarsky, was the leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) North Caucasus branch, and a former leader of the militant Caucasus Emirate's Vilayat Dagestan wing.

Supyan Abdullayev

Supyan Abdullayev (Russian: Супьян Абдуллаев; 8 November 1956 – 28 March 2011) was the vice president of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. He was appointed to this position (vacant since the death of Shamil Basayev) on 19 March 2007, by the President of Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, Dokka Umarov. He was considered the most senior figure after Umarov in the ranks of the Caucasian Emirate and a possible successor.Abdullayev was commander of the Jundullah Brigade, linked to the Vedeno-based wing of the Chechen resistance movement which was close to Basayev. He was primarily a religious figure rather than a military man, alike Abdul-Halim Sadulayev.

The Pathologies

The Pathologies (Russian: Патологии) is a 2005 novel by the Russian writer Zakhar Prilepin. The Pathologies is a story about Chechen War.

This novel was published in 2005 in Andreevskiy Flag (Russia).

Vilayat Nokhchicho

The Province of Nokhchicho (Chechen: Vilayat Noxçiyçö, Вилаят Нохчийчоь) was the Chechen-based wing of the Caucasus Emirate organisation. It was created in 2007 as one of the Emirate's six vilayats, replacing the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria.

First Chechen War
Second Chechen War
Major attacks
Related topics
Wars in culture
Federalists
Separatists
Mujahideen
Leaders of Chechnya since 1917
 Chechen Republic of Ichkeria
 Chechen Republic
Flag of the Caucasus Emirate Caucasus Emirate
Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus

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