Ali Saibou

Ali Saibou (17 June 1940 – 31 October 2011) was the third President of Niger from 1987 to 1993 succeeding the deceased Seyni Kountché.

A member of the Djerma people, he was born in Dingajibanda, a village in the Ouallam arrondissement. Although from Kountché's home village, Saibou is not a cousin. He became interested in a military career early on, and attended the Saint-Louis preparatory school in Senegal from 1954, then joined the First Senegalese Tirailleurs Regiment. He saw action in Cameroon in 1960, and was wounded there while with the 5th Overseas Interarms Regiment (RIOM) of France.

Upon Niger's independence in 1960, Saibou was transferred to the new Niger Army as a sergeant in August 1961. He attended officers' school, and in 1969 was put in command of a unit at N'Guigmi. After moving to a new unit in Agadez in 1973, he attained the rank of captain. Saibou threw in his lot with Kountché in the coup of April 1974, and brought his troops from Agadez to Niamey. As a reward he was promoted to major, appointed to the cabinet as minister of rural economy and the environment, and on 20 November 1974, made chief of staff.

However, Kountché was suspicious of Saibou. In June 1975, he dismissed Saibou from the cabinet and asked him to relinquish his command of the armed forces. Saibou countered by asking to be retired from the service altogether, an act which apparently allayed Kountché's fears. Saibou remained loyal until Kountché's death, which occurred on 10 November 1987.

Saibou then secured his nomination by the Supreme Military Council as Kountché's successor, subsequently sending military rivals overseas with diplomatic tasks. In 1989, he had a new constitution approved, and founded the National Movement for the Development of Society (MNSD) as the sole legal party. As the president of the NMSD, Saibou was the only candidate for president in December. The NMSD swept all 93 seats in the National Assembly.

In the early part of 1990, unrest by students and a Tuareg assault on Tchin Tabaraden led to a National Conference of 1991 that ultimately dismantled one-party rule, leaving Saibou mostly ineffective. At an MNSD party congress in March 1991, Saibou was able to retain his position as party leader, particularly benefiting from the support of the army. However, later in the year the National Conference barred Saibou from running in the planned presidential election, and at another MNSD congress in November 1991 he was replaced as party leader by Tandja Mamadou.[1] After the election of Mahamane Ousmane as president in March 1993, Saibou handed the presidency over to Mahamane on April 16—the first time that the incumbent president peacefully handed over power to the opposition—and retired to his home village. Ali Saibou died on 31 October 2011.[2]

Ali Saibou
Ali Saibou
President of Niger
In office
November 14, 1987 – April 16, 1993
Prime MinisterHamid Algabid
Mamane Oumarou
Aliou Mahamidou
Amadou Cheiffou
Preceded bySeyni Kountché
Succeeded byMahamane Ousmane
Personal details
Born17 June 1940
near Ouallam, Niger, French West Africa
Died31 October 2011 (aged 71)
Niamey, Niger
Political partyMNSD (after 1989)

See also

References

  1. ^ Myriam Gervais, "Niger: Regime Change, Economic Crisis, and Perpetuation of Privilege", in Political Reform in Francophone Africa (1997), ed. John F. Clark and David E. Gardinier, page 100.
  2. ^ Former Niger president Saibou dies at 71
  • Samuel Decalo, Historical Dictionary of Niger, 3rd ed. (Scarecrow Press, 1997, ISBN 0-8108-3136-8) pp. 265–266
Political offices
Preceded by
Seyni Kountché
President of Niger
1987–1993
Succeeded by
Mahamane Ousmane
1989 Nigerien general election

General elections were held in Niger on 12 December 1989 to elect a President and National Assembly. They were the first elections since 1970, and followed the approval of a new constitution in a referendum in September, which had made the country a one-party state with the National Movement for the Development of Society as the sole legal party. As a result, its leader, the incumbent president Ali Saibou, was elected unopposed, and the party won all 93 seats in the Assembly. Voter turnout was 95.1%.

Constitution of Niger

The Republic of Niger has had seven constitutions, two substantial constitutional revisions, and two periods of rule by decree since its independence from French colonial rule in 1960. The current "Seventh Republic" operates under the Constitution of 2010.

Daouda Malam Wanké

Daouda Malam Wanké (May 6, 1946 – September 15, 2004) was a military and political leader in Niger. He was a member of Hausa ethnic group.

Wanké's year of birth is disputed. Many sources claim it is 1954 while others 1946.

Elections in Niger

Elections in Niger take place within the framework of a semi-presidential system. The President and National Assembly are elected by the public, with elections organised by the Independent National Electoral Commission (CENI).

Geography of Niger

Niger is a landlocked nation in West Africa located along the border between the Sahara and Sub-Saharan regions. Its geographic coordinates are longitude 16°N and latitude 8°E. Its area is 1.267 million square kilometers, of which 1 266 700 km² is land and 300 km² water, making Niger slightly less than twice the size of France.

Hamani Diori

Hamani Diori (6 June 1916 – 23 April 1989) was the first President of the Republic of Niger. He was appointed to that office in 1960, when Niger gained independence. Although corruption was a common feature of his administration, he gained international respect for his role as a spokesman for African affairs and as a popular arbitrator in conflicts. His rule ended with a coup in 1974.

Human rights in Niger

According to the Republic of Niger's Constitution of 1999, most human rights, as defined by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, are upheld and protected. Despite these protections, concerns of both domestic and international human rights organizations have been raised over the behavior of the government, military, police forces, and over the continuation of traditional practices which contravene the 1999 constitution. Under French colonial rule (1900–1960) and from independence until 1992, citizens of Niger had few political rights, and lived under arbitrary government power. Although the situation has improved since the return to civilian rule, criticisms remain over the state of human rights in the country.

Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara

Colonel Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara (May 9, 1949 – April 9, 1999) was a military officer in Niger who seized power in a January 1996 coup d'état and ruled the country until his assassination during the military coup of April 1999.

Maïnassara, a member of Niger's Hausa ethnic majority, was born in Dogondutchi in 1949, and pursued a military career. Maïnassara was named Army Chief of Staff in March 1995, under a constitution which had moved Niger from military rule in 1991.

Ide Oumarou

Ide Oumarou (1937–2002) was a Nigerien diplomat, government minister, and journalist. He served as ambassador to the United Nations between 1980 and 1983. He then served as the foreign minister between 1983 and 1985 and was secretary-general of the Organisation of African Unity between 1985 and 1988. He was educated at the Ecole William Ponty in Dakar and IHEOM in Paris. He was an editor and journalist at the Niger Ministry of Information, serving as editor of state paper Le Niger from 1961 to 1963. He became director general of Information from 1963 to 1972, and then became director of Posts and Telecommunication for the Ministry. Following the 1974 Nigerien Coup d'état, he became cabinet chief and assistant to Military Head of State Seyni Kountche, becoming a particularly close adviser.In July 1988, Oumarou was nominated to serve a second term as OAU General Secretary, but lost to Tanzania's Salim Salim.

After the death of Kountche, Oumarou became a cabinet adviser to new president, General Ali Saibou, who appointed him a Minister of State without portfolio. Also a successful author, Oumarou's first book, entitled Gros Plan, won the 1978 Grand Prix Litteraire d' Afrique Francaise.

Kennedy Bridge (Niamey)

The Kennedy Bridge is the main crossing for the Niger River in Niamey, Niger. It was built in 1970, and named for United States President John F. Kennedy. Its construction enabled Niamey to expand onto the right bank of the river to the west. On 9 February 1990, a confrontation between students of the University of Niamey and police on the bridge left 20 civilians dead, and hastened the end of the military regime led by General Ali Saibou.

List of heads of state of Niger

This is a list of heads of state of Niger since the country gained independence from France in 1960 to the present day.

A total of nine people have served as head of state of Niger.

The current head of state of Niger is the President of the Republic Mahamadou Issoufou, since 7 April 2011.

Mahamadou Danda

Mahamadou Danda (born 25 July 1951) is a Nigerien political figure who was appointed as Prime Minister of Niger by the Supreme Council for the Restoration of Democracy (CSRD) on 23 February 2010 and left office on 7 April 2011.

Mahamane Ousmane

Mahamane Ousmane (born January 20, 1950) is a Nigerien politician. He was the first democratically elected and fourth President of Niger, serving from 16 April 1993 until his ousting in a military coup d'état on 27 January 1996. He has continued to run for president in each election since his ousting, and he was president of the National Assembly from December 1999 to May 2009. He is the president of the Democratic and Social Convention-Rahama (CDS), a major political party that is currently in opposition.

Mamane Oumarou

Mamane Oumarou (born 1946) is a Nigerien politician who served two brief periods as Prime Minister of Niger during the 1980s. He has been Mediator of the Republic since 2008.

A Kanuri from the eastern part of the country, he was Ambassador to Canada, then Mayor of Maradi and Minister of Youth, Sports, and Culture under Seyni Kountché. Kountché appointed him as Prime Minister on 24 January 1983, but in November 1983 he instead made Oumarou the head of the National Council for Development, where he served until 1988.

Kountché's successor Ali Saïbou appointed Oumarou as Prime Minister again in May 1989, but eliminated the position in December 1989.

Oumarou served for a time as Ambassador to Saudi Arabia. He was appointed as Mediator of the Republic by President Mamadou Tandja on 19 August 2008.

National Movement for the Development of Society

The National Movement for the Development of Society (French: Mouvement National pour la Société du Développement, MNSD-Nassara) is a political party in Niger. Founded under the military government of the 1974-1990 period, it was the ruling party of Niger from 1989 to 1993 and again from 1999 until a coup on February 18, 2010, by a military junta called the Supreme Council for the Restoration of Democracy (CSRD) ousted the president, Mamadou Tandja.

Saibou

Saibou may refer to:

Ali Saibou (1940-2011), third President of Niger.

Joshiko Saibou (born 1990), German basketball player.

Saibou Bungaku, Japanese psychedelic folk/freak folk/blues band.

Salou Djibo

Lieutenant General Salou Djibo (born April 15, 1965) is a Nigerien military officer. After President Mamadou Tandja's attempts to remain in power after the end of his term, Djibo led the military coup of 18 February 2010 that ousted Tandja, after which he became the head of the Supreme Council for the Restoration of Democracy. The Supreme Council returned power to the government after the 2011 elections.

Seyni Kountché

Seyni Kountché (1 July 1931 – 10 November 1987) was a Nigerien military officer who led a 1974 coup d'état that deposed the government of Niger's first president, Hamani Diori. He ruled the country as military head of state from 1974 to 1987. Stade Général Seyni Kountché, Niger's national stadium in Niamey, is named after him.

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