Ali Akbar Sarfaraz

Dr. Ali Akbar Sarfaraz is an archaeologist from Iran.[1]

He was formerly a member of the Archaeological Service of Iran.[2]

In 1962, Sarfaraz was a member of a team which excavated an Iron Age site in Yanik Tepe.[3] The excavation uncovered an artifact made of bone and resembling a pair of spectacles buried with the body of a girl.[3] If, as Sarfaraz hypothesized, this artifact once held lenses, they would represent the earliest known use of corrective lenses.[3]

In 1976-77, Sarfaraz led a "rescue excavation" at Khatunban after artifacts plundered from the site were confiscated.[4] In 1999, Sarfaraz directed the excavation of Charkhab Palace of Cyrus the Great.[5]


  1. ^ "Annual symposium of Iranian archaeologists opens". IRIB World Service. 16 December 2012. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  2. ^ "Journal of the British Institute of Persian Studies". 37. 1999: 36.
  3. ^ a b c Mir Ghaffar Sahihi Oskooei; Hormoz Chams; Mohammad Ghassemi Boroumand; Hale Kangari; Ali Salahi Yekta; Hamid Soori; Seyed Mahmoud Tabatabaei Far; Aydin Safati (2010). "Discovery of A Spectacle Made in Millennia BC". Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology. 22 (3).
  4. ^ B. Overlaet; Louis vanden Berghe (2003). The Early Iron Age in the Pusht-i Kuh, Luristan. Peeters. p. 45.
  5. ^ "Cyrus the Great' Palace Faces Total Destruction". ANI. 4 October 2009. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
Noushijan Tappe

Noushijan Tappe is an archeological site in the west of Iran near Malayer. According to excavations from this site this area was not inhabited earlier than 800 B.C.. The discovered features of this Tappe are as follows:

a building in the west of the Tappe (the first fire temple)

a columned hall (Apadana)

a central temple (the second temple)

rooms and storerooms

a tunnel

a rampart

Taq-e Bostan

Taq-e Bostan (Persian: طاق بستان‎, Southern Kurdish: تاقوەسان) means "Arch of the Garden" or "Arch made by stone" is a site with a series of large rock reliefs from the era of Sassanid Empire of Persia (Iran), carved around the 4th century AD.

This example of Persian Sassanid art is located 5 km from the city center of Kermanshah. It is located in the heart of the Zagros mountains, where it has endured almost 1,700 years of wind and rain. Originally, several sources were visible next to and below the reliefs and arches, some of which are now covered. Sources next to the reliefs still feed a large basin in front of the rock. The site has been turned into an archaeological park and a series of late Sasanian and Islamic column capitals have been brought together (some found at Taq Bostan, others at Bisutun and Kermanshah).

The carvings, some of the finest and best-preserved examples of Persian sculpture under the Sassanids, include representations of the investitures of Ardashir II (379–383) and Shapur III (383–388). Like other Sassanid symbols, Taq-e Bostan, and its relief patterns accentuate power, religious tendencies, glory, honor, the vastness of the court, game and fighting spirit, festivity, joy, and rejoicing.

Sassanid kings chose a beautiful setting for their rock reliefs along an historic Silk Road caravan route waypoint and campground. The reliefs are adjacent a sacred springs that empty into a large reflecting pool at the base of a mountain cliff.

Taq-e Bostan and its rock relief are one of the 30 surviving Sassanid relics of the Zagros mountains. According to Arthur Pope, the founder of Iranian art and archeology Institute in the US, "art was characteristic of the Iranian people and the gift which they endowed the world with."

Temple of Anahita, Kangavar

The Anahita Temple (Persian: معبد آناهیتا or پرستشگاه‌ آناهیتا‎) is the name of one of two archaeological sites in Iran popularly thought to have been attributed to the ancient deity Anahita. The larger and more widely known of the two is located at Kangāvar in Kermanshah Province. The other is located at Bishapur.

The remains at Kangavar reveal an edifice that is Hellenistic in character, and yet display Persian architectural designs. The plinth's enormous dimensions for example, which measure just over 200m on a side, and its megalithic foundations, which echo Achaemenid stone platforms, "constitute Persian elements". This is thought to be corroborated by the "two lateral stairways that ascend the massive stone platform recalling Achaemenid traditions", particularly that of the Apadana Palace at Persepolis.Another Iranian construction with Hellenistic characteristics is the Khurra mausoleum in Markazi Province.

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