Ali Akbar Salehi (Persian: علیاکبر صالحی, pronunciation (help·info); born 24 March 1949) is an Iranian academic, diplomat and the head of Atomic Energy Organization of Iran. He served as head of AEOI from 2009 to 2010 and was appointed to the post for a second time on 16 August 2013. Before his appointment of his current position, he was foreign affairs minister from 2010 to 2013. He was also the Iranian representative in the International Atomic Energy Agency from 1998 to 2003.
Ali Akbar Salehi
|6th Head of Atomic Energy Organization|
|Assumed office |
16 August 2013
|Preceded by||Fereydoon Abbasi|
16 July 2009 – 13 December 2010
|Preceded by||Gholam Reza Aghazadeh|
|Succeeded by||Mohammad Ahmadian|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs|
30 January 2011 – 15 August 2013
Acting: 13 December 2010 – 30 January 2011
|Preceded by||Manouchehr Mottaki|
|Succeeded by||Mohammad Javad Zarif|
|Born||24 March 1949|
|Relatives||Jawad Salehi (brother)|
|Academic background and work|
|Alma mater||American University of Beirut|
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
|Thesis||Resonance Region Neutronics of Unit Cells in Fast and Thermal Reactors (1977)|
|Doctoral advisor||Michael J. Driscoll|
|Institutions||Sharif University of Technology|
Imam Khomeini International University
Salehi was born in Karbala, Iraq, on 24 March 1949 to ethnic Persian parents. He received a bachelor of science degree in physics from the American University of Beirut in 1971 and a PhD in nuclear engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1977. Salehi is fluent in English and Arabic, in addition to his native Persian.
Salehi is full professor and was chancellor of the Sharif University of Technology and a member of the Academy of Sciences of Iran and the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Italy. He served as the chancellor of the Sharif University of Technology from 1982 to 1985 and once again from 1989 to 1993. While chancellor, Salehi was involved in an attempt to obtain dual-use technologies from a European supplier, according to David Albright of the Institute for Science and International Security, citing some 1,600 telex documents from the 1990s. He was also chancellor of Imam Khomeini International University for two years (1988–1989).
An ISIS (Institute for Science and International Security) report claims the Physics Research Center acted as a front in the late 1980s and early 1990s to obtain illicit nuclear technologies. ISIS claims that, as head of Sharif University, was aware of purchases.
Salehi was appointed as permanent representative of Iran to International Atomic Energy Agency by the then president Mohammad Khatami on 13 March 1997 and remained in the post until 22 August 2005. On 18 December 2003, Salehi signed the Additional Protocol to the safeguard agreement, on behalf of Iran. He was replaced by Pirooz Hosseini.
Salehi was deputy secretary-general of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference under Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu from 2007 to 2009. He resigned on 16 July 2009 when then President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad appointed Salehi as the new head of Iran's Atomic Energy Organization, replacing Gholam Reza Aghazadeh who resigned on 10 July. Salehi resigned from office on 23 January 2011 when Ahmadinejad nominated him as foreign minister.
On 13 December 2010, Ahmadinejad dismissed Manouchehr Mottaki for unknown reasons and appointed Salehi in an acting capacity. On 23 January 2011, Ahmadinejad nominated Salehi to become foreign minister. The Iranian Parliament voted him on 30 January and he became the foreign minister of Iran, gaining 146 positive votes. The European Union and the Treasury of the United Kingdom had put Salehi into the sanction list as an asset freeze target on 18 November 2009 due to his previous involvement in Iran's nuclear programme. The EU waived this designation when he became foreign minister in 2010. His term as foreign minister ended on 15 August 2013 when Mohammad Javad Zarif took the position in the elected President Hassan Rouhani's government. A day after, Rouhani appointed Salehi as head of Atomic Energy Organization for a second time on 16 August 2013. Salehi replaced Fereydoon Abbasi in the post.
As the head of the AEOI when Iran was facing increased scrutiny in light of International Atomic Energy Agency findings, Salehi was designated for financial sanctions and travel restrictions by the European Union and the United Kingdom. Salehi and Ernest Moniz joined 2015 Geneva Iran and P5+1 nuclear talks to discuss more about technical aspects of Iran nuclear program. Salehi has been selected among the ten people who mattered the year 2015 by Nature magazine because of his role in nuclear talks.
Mohammad Sadegh Ayatollahi
| Ambassador of Iran to the IAEA
Gholam Reza Aghazadeh
| Head of Atomic Energy Organization
| Minister of Foreign Affairs
Mohammad Javad Zarif
| Head of Atomic Energy Organization
| Chancellor of Sharif University of Technology
| Chancellor of Imam Khomeini International University
| Chancellor of Sharif University of Technology
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The Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) is the main official body responsible for implementing regulations and operating nuclear energy installations in Iran.
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Iranian authorities state the facility is built deep in a mountain because of repeated threats by Israel to attack such facilities, which Israel believes can be used to produce nuclear weapons. However, attacking a nuclear facility so close to the city of Qom which is considered so holy between Shia Muslims brings concern of a potential risk of a Shiite religious response.In November 2013, hundreds of Iranians, mostly students of Sharif University of Technology, accompanied by Head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, Ali Akbar Salehi, and several Majles (parliament) representatives formed a human chain around Fordow uranium enrichment facility.The Fordow plant was to be restructured to less intensive research use, as part of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action of April 2015.
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Iraqi Moaveds (Persian: معاودین عراقی) are a group of 350,000-650,000 Iraqis of Persian ancestry who were deported from Iraq by the Ba'ath dictatorship because of their Iranian ancestry. Thousands of Shi'ah of Iranian origin but whose families had resided for generations in the Shi'ah religious centers of Karbala and Najaf, were expelled from Iraq, in the early 1970s and before Iraq-Iran war. The exact number of this group is not clear and ranging from 350,000 to 650,000. Many of them who could prove an Iranian origin in the court get Iranian citizenship (400,000) and some of them returned to Iraq after Saddam.Many Iraqi Moaveds hold or have held high positions in the government of Islamic Republic of Iran such as Shahroudi (head of Judicial system of Iran), General Mohammad Reza Naqdi (commander of the Basij paramilitary force), Hamid-Reza Assefi and Ali Akbar Salehi (Minister of Foreign Affairs).Mohammad-Javad Mohammadizadeh
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Salehi (Persian: صالحی) is an Iranian surname. Notable people with the surname include:
Ali Akbar Salehi, Iranian academic and politician
Ataollah Salehi, Iranian general
Djavad Salehi-Isfahani, Iranian economist
Jahan Salehi, Iranian-American entrepreneur
Jawad Salehi, Iranian electrical and computer engineer