Algoasaurus

Algoasaurus (/ælˌɡoʊ.əˈsɔːrəs/; "Algoa Bay reptile") is a genus of sauropod dinosaur from the Tithonian-early Valanginian-age Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous Upper Kirkwood Formation of Cape Province, South Africa. It was a neosauropod; although it has often been assigned to the Titanosauridae,[1][2] there is no evidence for this, and recent reviews have considered it to be an indeterminate sauropod.[3][4]

The type species, A. bauri, was named by Robert Broom in 1904 from a back vertebra, femur and an ungual phalanx. The fossils were recovered in 1903 from a quarry by workmen who did not recognize them as dinosaur specimens, so many of the bones were made into bricks and thus destroyed.[5] The animal may have been around 9 m (30 ft) long when it died.[6]

Algoasaurus
Algoasaurus
Femur, vertebra and scapula
Scientific classification
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Algoasaurus

Broom, 1904
Binomial name
Algoasaurus bauri
Broom, 1904

References

  1. ^ Romer, Alfred Sherwood (1997). Osteology of the reptiles (Reprint with new preface and taxonomic table. ed.). Malabar, Fla.: Krieger Pub. Co. pp. 1–772. ISBN 0-89464-985-X.
  2. ^ Steel, R. (1970). Saurischia. Handbuch der Paläoherpetologie/Encyclopedia of Paleoherpetology. Part 14. Gustav Fischer Verlag:Stuttgart p. 1-87.
  3. ^ David B. Weishampel; Peter Dodson; Halszka Osmólska, eds. (1992). The Dinosauria (1st. paperback printing. ed.). Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 345–401. ISBN 0-520-06727-4.
  4. ^ David B. Weishampel, ed. (2004). The Dinosauria (2nd. ed.). Berkeley [u.a.]: Univ. of California Press. pp. 259–322. ISBN 0-520-24209-2.
  5. ^ Broom, R. (1904). On the occurrence of an opisthocoelian dinosaur (Algoasaurus Bauri) in the Cretaceous beds of South Africa. Geological Magazine, decade 5, 1(483):445-447.
  6. ^ Don Lessem; Donald F. Glut (1993). The Dinosaur Society's dinosaur encyclopedia. Tracy Ford (illus.) ... [et al.] ; scientific advisors, Peter Dodson (1st. ed.). New York: Random House. p. 16. ISBN 0-679-41770-2.
1904 in paleontology

Paleontology or palaeontology is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils. This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1904.

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