Alfredo Griffin

Alfredo Claudino Baptist Read Griffin[1] (born October 6, 1957) is a former Major League Baseball (MLB) player, who played shortstop for four teams from 1976 to 1993.

Alfredo Griffin
AlfredoGriffinAngels
Griffin with the Los Angeles Angels
Shortstop
Born: October 6, 1957 (age 61)
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Batted: Switch Threw: Right
MLB debut
September 4, 1976, for the Cleveland Indians
Last MLB appearance
October 3, 1993, for the Toronto Blue Jays
MLB statistics
Batting average.249
Home runs24
Runs batted in527
Teams
As player

As coach

Career highlights and awards

Playing career

Griffin began his career as a member of the Cleveland Indians, who signed him as an amateur free agent in 1973. On December 5, 1978, before having played a full season in the majors, he was traded, along with Phil Lansford (minors), to the Toronto Blue Jays for Víctor Cruz. Alfredo made an immediate impact, sharing the American League Rookie of the Year Award in 1979 with John Castino.

In 1980, Griffin led the majors in triples, tying Willie Wilson of the Royals with fifteen; both Griffin and Wilson set an AL record for most triples in a single season by a switch-hitter. Five years later, Wilson himself shattered the record that he shared with Griffin by tallying 21 triples in 1985.

In 1984, he was named to the All-Star team. This was explained by John Feinstein of the Washington Post as: "Making the All-Star team the hard way: Major league baseball pays the expenses for each player here and for one guest. In most cases, players bring wives or girlfriends. Damaso Garcia, the Toronto Blue Jays' second baseman, brought his shortstop, Alfredo Griffin. When the Tigers' Alan Trammell hurt his arm and could not play tonight, Manager Joe Altobelli named Griffin to the team, partly because he's a fine player, but mostly because he was here."[2]

Griffin spent six years with the Blue Jays, playing in 392 consecutive games. He was traded after the 1984 season to Oakland, where, despite his reluctance to draw walks and a tendency to be overaggressive on the basepaths, he began to harness the offensive promise that he showed in 1980 when he set an AL record for most triples by a switch-hitter with a league-leading 15. He also had some very bad seasons: in 1990 when he became the last player to finish last in the National League, of those who qualified for the batting title, in batting average, on-base percentage, and slugging average. Griffin won the American League Gold Glove award in 1985.

After establishing personal bests in most offensive categories with the Athletics, Griffin was traded to the Dodgers for Bob Welch prior to the 1988 season in a move that helped both teams to league championships. A Dwight Gooden fastball broke his hand in May 1988, and he was disabled for much of 1988 and part of 1989.

Griffin returned to Toronto in 1992 and was a key contributor as the Jays took the first of two consecutive championships. On October 23, 1993, he stood on deck as Joe Carter faced Mitch Williams in the ninth inning of Game Six. His career came to an end moments later when Carter homered to win the World Series for Toronto.

Alfredo Griffin is the first player in major league history to have started three times for the opposing line-ups in a perfect game: against Len Barker in 1981 as a Toronto Blue Jay, then against both Tom Browning in 1988 and against Dennis Martínez in 1991 as a Los Angeles Dodger.

Coaching career

He was the first-base coach for the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim in MLB from 2000 to 2018, and also for the Estrellas Orientales (Eastern Stars) in his native Dominican Republic's Winter League.

See also

References

  1. ^ Córdova, Cuqui (8 December 2007). "Béisbol de ayer" (in Spanish). Listín Diario. Retrieved 14 August 2014.
  2. ^ Merron, Jeff. "These guys weren't stars". Page2 (ESPN). Retrieved July 11, 2006.

External links

Preceded by
George Hendrick
Anaheim / Los Angeles Angels First-Base Coach
2000–2015
Succeeded by
Gary DiSarcina
1979 Toronto Blue Jays season

The 1979 Toronto Blue Jays season was the franchise's third season of Major League Baseball. It resulted in the Blue Jays finishing seventh in the American League East with a record of 53 wins and 109 losses. The Blue Jays were the only American League East team to finish 1979 with a losing record and the loss total of 109 set the franchise mark. Attendance for the season decreased to 1,431,651.

1985 Oakland Athletics season

The Oakland Athletics' 1985 season involved the A's finishing 4th in the American League West with a record of 77 wins and 85 losses. While the Athletics' on-field performance continued to disappoint, the debut of slugger Jose Canseco gave fans a measure of hope.

1986 Oakland Athletics season

The Oakland Athletics' 1986 season was a season in American baseball. It involved the A's finishing 3rd in the American League West with a record of 76 wins and 86 losses.

1988 Los Angeles Dodgers season

The 1988 season was a memorable one for the Dodgers as a squad that was picked to finish fourth wound up winning the World Series, beating the heavily favored New York Mets and Oakland Athletics on the way. Kirk Gibson carried the Dodger offense, winning the National League Most Valuable Player Award. Orel Hershiser dominated on the mound, throwing a record 59 consecutive scoreless innings on his way to winning the Cy Young Award.

1988 World Series

The 1988 World Series was the 85th edition of Major League Baseball's championship series, and the conclusion of the 1988 Major League Baseball season. It was a best-of-seven playoff played between the American League (AL) champion Oakland Athletics and the National League (NL) champion Los Angeles Dodgers, with the Dodgers upsetting the heavily favored Athletics to win the Series in five games. It is best known for the pinch-hit walk-off home run hit by Dodgers outfielder and 1988 NL MVP Kirk Gibson, who could barely walk due to injuries suffered during the NLCS, against Hall-of-Fame Athletics closer Dennis Eckersley in Game 1. The Dodgers were the only MLB team to win more than one World Series title in the 1980s; their other World Series title during the decade came in 1981 (they also broke a 10-year chain of 10 different World Series champions going back to 1978).Although Gibson's home run has become an iconic World Series moment, it was series MVP Orel Hershiser who capped a dominant 1988 season in which he set the all time scoreless inning streak at 59 innings, recorded five straight shutouts, led the league with 23 wins and 267 innings, and won the Cy Young and Gold Glove awards. Hershiser was the MVP of the NLCS, starting three games, getting the save for Game 4, and shutting out the Mets in Game 7. In the World Series, he shut out the A's in Game 2, and pitched a two-run, complete game in the decisive Game 5 victory.

The Los Angeles Dodgers won the National League West division by seven games over the Cincinnati Reds then upset the New York Mets, four games to three, in the 1988 NLCS. The Oakland Athletics won the American League West division by thirteen games over the Minnesota Twins then swept the Boston Red Sox, four games to none, in the American League Championship Series.

1989 Los Angeles Dodgers season

The 1989 team came down to earth after the success of the 1988 season, finishing further down in the standings falling to fourth place in the Western Division of the National League.

1991 Los Angeles Dodgers season

The 1991 season featured an exciting National League Western Division race between the Dodgers and the Atlanta Braves. The Braves edged out the Dodgers to win the division by one game. Center fielder Brett Butler set a National League record with 161 errorless games while Darryl Strawberry hit 28 home runs, the most by a left-handed hitter in Los Angeles history at that point. On the debit side, the Dodgers became the first franchise to be on the receiving end of three perfect games when Dennis Martínez prevented any of their batters from reaching base on July 28.

1999 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1999 followed the system in use since 1995. The Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) voted by mail to select from recent major league players and elected three: George Brett, Nolan Ryan, and Robin Yount. The Veterans Committee met in closed sessions and selected four people from multiple classified ballots: Orlando Cepeda, Nestor Chylak, Frank Selee, and Joe Williams.

Brett, Ryan, and Yount—the BBWAA class of 1999—were all newly eligible, as they all played their last games in 1993. It was the first time the writers elected more than two first-ballot candidates since the inaugural class of 1936 (five).

Induction ceremonies in Cooperstown, New York, were held July 25 with George Grande as emcee.

Dennis Martínez's perfect game

On July 28, 1991, Dennis Martínez of the Montreal Expos pitched the 13th perfect game in Major League Baseball history, blanking the Los Angeles Dodgers 2-0 at Dodger Stadium. A native of Granada, Nicaragua, Martínez became the first pitcher born outside of the United States to pitch a perfect game. (He has since been joined by Venezuela native Félix Hernández, who pitched a perfect game in 2012.) The perfect game also made the Dodgers, the losing team in Tom Browning's perfect game in 1988, the first team to be on the losing end of consecutive perfect games; they have since been joined by the Tampa Bay Rays, who were the losing team in Mark Buehrle's perfect game in 2009 and Dallas Braden's perfect game the following year. After completing the perfect game, Martínez slowly walked into the Dodger Stadium dugout, sat down by himself and cried.

The perfect game is the last of four no-hitters in Montreal Expos history, Bill Stoneman having pitched two, in 1969 (the franchise's inaugural season, and only nine games into its history) and 1972, and Charlie Lea in 1981. After the 2004 season, the franchise moved to Washington, D.C., where it became the Washington Nationals, and would not record the first no-hitter in its Washington history until Jordan Zimmermann no-hit the Miami Marlins on September 28, 2014.

Epy Guerrero

Epifanio Obdulio "Epy" Guerrero (January 3, 1942 - May 23, 2013) was a Dominican baseball scout who signed more than 50 Major League Baseball (MLB) players for the Houston Astros, New York Yankees, Toronto Blue Jays and Milwaukee Brewers. Epy was the brother of former shortstop Mario Guerrero, and had two sons, Epy Jr. and Mike, who played minor league ball.Guerrero was a Toronto Blue Jays coach in 1981. As a Blue Jays scout, Guerrero signed Tony Fernández and Carlos Delgado, and urged upper management to draft George Bell away from the Philadelphia Phillies.

He is considered to have signed more major leaguers than any other scout, including All Stars Cesar Cedeño, Carlos Delgado, Tony Fernández, Dámaso García, Alfredo Griffin, and José Mesa.Guerrero was inducted into the Dominican Sports Hall of Fame in October 2008, and on January 15, 2009, Guerrero received a "Legends in Scouting Award" from the Professional Baseball Scouts Foundation.

Gary DiSarcina

Gary Thomas DiSarcina (born November 19, 1967) is an American former professional baseball shortstop and current third base coach with the New York Mets. He played his entire Major League Baseball (MLB) career for the California / Anaheim Angels.

List of Los Angeles Dodgers seasons

The Los Angeles Dodgers are the second most successful franchise in the National League and the third-most successful and second-most wealthy in Major League Baseball after the New York Yankees. The franchise was formerly based in Brooklyn and known originally as the "Grays" or "Trolley Dodgers" after the trams which supporters had to avoid to enter games. Later it became known successively as the "Bridegrooms", "Superbas", "Dodgers" and "Robins"; the present "Dodgers" was firmly established in 1932.

The franchise has won the World Series six times and lost a further 13, and like the Yankees and Cardinals have never lost 100 games in a season since World War I, with their worst record since then being in 1992 with 63 wins and their best records ever being in 1953 with 105 wins and both 1942 and 2017 with 104. Their most successful period, between 1947 and 1966 with ten World Series appearances and only two seasons with 71 or more losses (one of them the year they moved to Los Angeles after a dispute over stadium funding), was famous for the Dodgers becoming the first Major League Baseball team to incorporate African American players, led by Jackie Robinson and Roy Campanella.

List of Major League Baseball annual fielding errors leaders

The following is a list of annual leaders in fielding errors in Major League Baseball (MLB), with separate lists for the American League and the National League. The list also includes several professional leagues and associations that were never part of MLB.

In baseball statistics, an error is an act, in the judgment of the official scorer, of a fielder misplaying a ball in a manner that allows a batter or baserunner to advance one or more bases or allows an at bat to continue after the batter should have been put out.

Herman Long is the all-time leader in errors, committing 1,096 in his career. Long and Billy Shindle hold the record for most fielding errors in a season, with Long committing 122 errors in 1889, and Shindle committing 122 errors the following year in 1890. Adrián Beltré is the active leader in fielding errors, leading the league once in 1999.

Major League Baseball Rookie of the Year Award

In Major League Baseball, the Rookie of the Year Award is annually given to one player from each league as voted on by the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA). The award was established in 1940 by the Chicago chapter of the BBWAA, which selected an annual winner from 1940 through 1946. The award became national in 1947; Jackie Robinson, the Brooklyn Dodgers' second baseman, won the inaugural award. One award was presented for both leagues in 1947 and 1948; since 1949, the honor has been given to one player each in the National and American League. Originally, the award was known as the J. Louis Comiskey Memorial Award, named after the Chicago White Sox owner of the 1930s. The award was renamed the Jackie Robinson Award in July 1987, 40 years after Jackie Robinson broke the baseball color line.

Of the 140 players named Rookie of the Year (as of 2016), 16 have been elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame—Jackie Robinson, five American League players, and ten others from the National League. The award has been shared twice: once by Butch Metzger and Pat Zachry of the National League in 1976; and once by John Castino and Alfredo Griffin of the American League in 1979. Members of the Brooklyn and Los Angeles Dodgers have won the most awards of any franchise (with 18), twice the total of the New York Yankees, and members of the Philadelphia and Oakland Athletics (eight), who have produced the most in the American League. Fred Lynn and Ichiro Suzuki are the only two players who have been named Rookie of the Year and Most Valuable Player in the same year, and Fernando Valenzuela is the only player to have won Rookie of the Year and the Cy Young Award in the same year. Sam Jethroe is the oldest player to have won the award, at age 32, 33 days older than 2000 winner Kazuhiro Sasaki (also 32). Shohei Ohtani of the Los Angeles Angels and Ronald Acuña Jr. of the Atlanta Braves are the most recent winners.

Pinch runner

A pinch runner is a baseball player substituted for the specific purpose of replacing a player on base. The pinch runner may be faster or otherwise more skilled at base-running than the player for whom the pinch runner has been substituted. Occasionally a pinch runner is inserted for other reasons (such as a double switch), ejection, or if the original player on base has become injured (such as having been hit by a pitch).

A pinch-runner is not credited with a game played for the purpose of consecutive game streaks, per Rule 10.24(c) of baseball's Official Rules. In fact, Alfredo Griffin of the Toronto Blue Jays scored the winning run in a game, yet his consecutive game streak ended as he appeared only as a pinch runner.As with other substitutions in baseball, when a player is pinch run for, that player is removed from the game. The pinch runner may remain in the game or be substituted for at the manager's discretion. Earlier in baseball history, teams would occasionally use "courtesy runners" as well as pinch runners. A baserunner that had to leave the game temporarily due to injury would be replaced by a courtesy runner. The courtesy runner could leave the game and re-enter later, or could be a player already in the game playing a different position. The player who had to leave the game was free to return to play. The last use of a courtesy runner in Major League Baseball was in 1949. Rule 3.04 of baseball's Official Rules now forbids courtesy runners.

One of the most famous pinch runners was Herb Washington of the Oakland Athletics. Oakland owner Charlie Finley, known as an unconventional thinker, came to believe that it would be useful to have a "designated runner"—a fast player on the roster whose only job was to periodically enter a game and run the bases for slower players. He signed Washington, a track star with no baseball experience. Washington appeared in 105 games for the Athletics in 1974 and 1975, scoring 33 runs and stealing 31 bases, without once playing the field or coming up to bat. His 1975 Topps baseball card is the only baseball card in history to use the "Pinch Runner" position label.For statistical and scorekeeping purposes, the pinch runner is denoted by PR.

Toronto Blue Jays award winners and league leaders

This is a list of award winners and league leaders for the Toronto Blue Jays professional baseball team.

Wally Whitehurst

Walter Richard Whitehurst (born April 11, 1964 in Shreveport, Louisiana) is a former right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball who played from 1989 to 1996 with the New York Mets, San Diego Padres and New York Yankees. Standing 6'3" and weighing 195 pounds, Whitehurst attended the University of New Orleans where he compiled a 37-15 record.

Originally selected by the Oakland Athletics in the third round of the 1985 draft, Whitehurt became a member of the Mets organization when he was part of a three-team trade that took place on December 11, 1987. He was sent by Oakland, with Kevin Tapani, to the Mets. The Los Angeles Dodgers sent Bob Welch and Matt Young to the Athletics, and Jack Savage to the Mets. The Athletics then sent Alfredo Griffin and Jay Howell to the Dodgers, with the Mets sending Jesse Orosco to the Dodgers.

Whitehurst stayed in the minor leagues until July 17, 1989, when he made his big league debut at the age of 25. In one inning of work, he allowed one hit and walked three batters, surrendering two earned runs. His season did improve though, and he finished with a 4.50 earned run average in nine games.

Whitehurst was used entirely as a reliever in 1990, appearing in 38 games, which was tied for third most on the team. In 65+ innings, he walked only nine batters and posted a 3.29 ERA.

Whitehurst appeared in 36 games in 1991, starting more than half of them. His 7-12 record was the worst among all the pitchers who had started more than 10 games with the Mets that year, as was his 4.19 ERA. He was limited to the bullpen during the last month of the season.

Although Whitehurst posted a 3.62 ERA in 1992, his record was 3-9. He was traded to the Padres after the season—he was sent with D. J. Dozier and Raul Casanova for Tony Fernández. Whitehurst spent two seasons with the Padres, 1993 and 1994, posting a record of 4-7 each season. After the 1994 season, he was released by the Padres and picked up by the San Francisco Giants. In April 1995, the Giants released him and he was signed by the Boston Red Sox. Whitehurst was released by the Red Sox in July, but picked up by the Toronto Blue Jays a short time later. After the 1995 season-a year in which he saw no major league action-he was granted free agency and picked up by the Montreal Expos. In June 1996, Whitehurst was selected off waivers from the Expos by the New York Yankees, and he started two games with them, winning one and losing one. In eight innings of big league work in 1996, he struck out only one batter (José Herrera).

Whitehurst appeared in his final big league game on August 29, 1996. Overall, he went 20-37 with a 4.02 ERA. He walked 130 batters and struck out 312 batters in 487+ innings of work. He batted .150 in 107 career at bats, and his fielding percentage was .948. He wore number 47 while with the Mets, 41 with the Padres and 55 with the Yankees. He spent five seasons with Dwight Gooden and David Cone-longer than any other teammates.

Since Whitehurst's playing days ended, he has been a pitching coach. He coached the Arizona League Padres in 2004, the Eugene Emeralds in 2005 and 2006, the Fort Wayne Wizards in 2007, and the Lake Elsinore Storm in 2008.

After serving as a substitute teacher at his old high school, Terrebonne High School in Houma, Louisiana, Whitehurst has since become the pitching coach for the Lynchburg Hillcats of the Carolina League. However, in 2010, the Pirates and Cincinnati Reds swapped minor league franchises. As a result, the Reds took control of the Hillcats, while the Pirates received Cincinnati's Sarasota Reds. The Pirates then moved Sarasota's operations to nearby Bradenton, where the club was renamed the Bradenton Marauders. Whitehurst then served as the pitching coach for the Altoona Curve.Whitehurst has left the ranks of coaching professional baseball and is currently living in Houma and working as a salesman in the oil and gas Industry.

Williamsport Tomahawks

The Williamsport Tomahawks were the Class AA Eastern League affiliate of the Cleveland Indians in Williamsport, Pennsylvania during the 1976 season. The franchise moved to Williamsport from Thetford Mines, Quebec where they were known as the Thetford Mines Miners. The Tomahawks finished the season with a record of 48-91, worst in the league. Despite the lackluster record, the team had a total attendance of 53,757 at Bowman Field, which placed them 4th in an 8 team league.

Before the next season, the Tomahawks moved to Jersey City, New Jersey as the Jersey City Indians, due to conflicts between ownership and the Williamsport municipal government over beer sales and field maintenance issues. Members of the Tomahawks who would go on to have lengthy careers in the Major Leagues included Alfredo Griffin, Ron Hassey and Larry Andersen.

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