A socialist, Tsipras has been leader of the Greek political party Syriza since 2009. Tsipras is the fourth prime minister who has governed in the course of the 2010s Greek government-debt crisis. Originally an outspoken critic of the austerity policies implemented during the crisis, his tenure in office has been marked by an intense austerity policy, mostly in the context of the third EU bailout to Greece (2015–18).
Tsipras was born in Athens in 1974. He joined the Communist Youth of Greece in the late 1980s and in the 1990s was politically active in student protests against education reform plans, becoming the movement's spokesperson. He studied civil engineering at the National Technical University of Athens, graduating in 2000, and later undertook post-graduate studies in urban and regional planning. He worked as a civil engineer in the construction industry, based primarily in Athens.
From 1999 to 2003, Tsipras served as the secretary of Synaspismos Youth. He was elected as a member of the Central Committee of Synaspismos in 2004 and later the Political Secretariat. In the 2006 local election, he ran as Syriza's candidate for Mayor of Athens, winning 10.5%. In 2008, he was elected as leader of Syriza, succeeding Alekos Alavanos. He was first elected to the Hellenic Parliament representing Athens A in the 2009 election and was re-elected in May and June 2012, subsequently becoming Leader of the Opposition and appointing his own shadow cabinet.
In January 2015, Tsipras led Syriza to victory in a snap legislative election, winning 149 out of 300 seats in the Hellenic Parliament and forming a coalition with the Independent Greeks. On 20 August 2015, seven months into his term as prime minister he lost his majority after intraparty defections, announced his resignation, and called for a snap election to take place the following month. In the September 2015 election that followed, Tsipras led Syriza to another victory, winning 145 out of 300 seats and re-forming the coalition with the Independent Greeks. As prime minister, he has overseen negotiations regarding the Greek government-debt crisis, initiated the Greek bailout referendum, and responded to the European migrant crisis. In 2015, he was named by TIME magazine as one of the 100 most influential people globally.
As Prime Minister of Greece, the opposition parties have accused Tsipras among other things of having capitulated to enacting increasingly harsh austerity measures to keep his country on the surface in contrast with his pre-election promises and also of having exacerbated problems that already existed in the Greek economy, with the country having lost about 25% of its GDP since the start of the crisis.
|Prime Minister of Greece|
|Assumed office |
21 September 2015
|Preceded by||Vassiliki Thanou|
26 January 2015 – 27 August 2015
|Preceded by||Antonis Samaras|
|Succeeded by||Vassiliki Thanou|
|Minister for Foreign Affairs|
20 October 2018 – 15 February 2019
|Preceded by||Nikos Kotzias|
|Succeeded by||Georgios Katrougalos|
|Leader of the Opposition|
20 June 2012 – 26 January 2015
|Prime Minister||Antonis Samaras|
|Preceded by||Antonis Samaras|
|Succeeded by||Antonis Samaras|
|Leader of Syriza|
|Assumed office |
4 October 2009
|Preceded by||Alekos Alavanos|
|Member of the Hellenic Parliament|
|Assumed office |
4 October 2009
|Born||28 July 1974|
|Political party||Syriza (2013–present)|
|Communist Party (before 1991)|
|Domestic partner||Peristera Baziana|
|Alma mater||National Technical University of Athens|
Tsipras was born 28 July 1974 in Athens. His mother's family has its roots in a village near Babaeski in an area of Eastern Thrace which was transferred from Turkey to Greece during the 1923 population exchange between Greece and Turkey. His father, Pavlos, was from Epirus and was a contractor of big public works. His mother, Aristi, was born in Eleftheroupoli.
Tsipras joined the Communist Youth of Greece in the late 1980s. In the early 1990s, as a student at Ampelokipoi Multi-disciplinary High School, he was politically active in the student uprising and the school occupations against the controversial law of Education Minister Vasilis Kontogiannopoulos. He rose to prominence as a representative of the student movement when he was featured as a guest on a television show hosted by journalist Anna Panagiotarea. During the interview, Panagiotarea implied that Tsipras was being disingenuous in defending middle and high school students' right to absenteeism without parental notification in the context of protests. Newspapers and opposition politicians contrasted his early activism for the free state education to his choice to enroll his children in private schools when he became prime-minister.
Tsipras studied civil engineering at the National Technical University of Athens, graduating in 2000, before undertaking postgraduate studies in Urban and Regional Planning following an inter-departmental MPhil at the School of Architecture of NTUA. Alongside his postgraduate studies, he began working as a civil engineer in the construction industry. He wrote several studies and projects on the theme of the city of Athens.
As a university student, Tsipras joined the ranks of the renascent left-wing movement, particularly the "Enceladus" (Greek: Εγκέλαδος) group, and as member of it, he was elected to the executive board of the students' union of the Civil Engineering School of NTUA and also served as student representative on the University Senate. From 1995 to 1997 he was an elected member of the Central Council of the National Students Union of Greece (EFEE).
After the departure of the Communist Party of Greece from Synaspismos in 1991, Tsipras remained in the coalition. In May 1999 he became the first political secretary of Synaspismos' youth-wing, the Synaspismos Youth. During this period he was described as a centrist, different from the very clear radical, left-wing profile he would later maintain as leader of Synaspismos. He won many awards during this time. In November 2003 he was succeeded by Tasos Koronakis and moved on to the mother party. He managed quite efficiently to maintain a strong adherence to the policy of the party, effectively out talking both the left and right political wings. As secretary of Synaspismos Youth, he took an active part in the process of creating the Greek Social Forum and attended many of the international protests and marches against neoliberal globalization. In December 2004, at the 4th Congress of Synaspismos, he was elected a member of the party's Central Political Committee and consequently to the Political Secretariat, where he was responsible for educational and youth issues.
Tsipras first entered the limelight of mainstream Greek politics during the 2006 local election when he ran for Mayor of Athens under the "Anoikhti Poli" (Greek: Ανοιχτή Πόλη, "Open City") Syriza ticket that gained 10.51% of the Athenian vote, finishing third overall. Tsipras won a seat on the Municipality of Athens council by virtue of him being first on the Syriza list. He did not run for the Greek Parliament in the 2007 election, choosing to continue the completion his term as a member of the municipal council of Athens.
Tsipras was elected Leader of Synaspismos during its 5th Congress on 10 February 2008, after its previous Leader Alekos Alavanos decided not to stand for election again due to personal reasons. Tsipras became leader of Synaspismos at the age of 33, thus becoming the youngest leader of a Greek political party since 1931. In the 2009 election, he was elected to the Hellenic Parliament for Athens A and was subsequently voted unanimously to be the head of the Syriza parliamentary group. Tsipras led SYRIZA through the 2012 elections, overseeing a swing of over 22% to the party and becoming the Leader of the Opposition and head of the Shadow Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras.
In December 2013, Tsipras was the first candidate proposed for the position of president of the Commission of the European Union by the European United Left–Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL). The vote was a EU member states election to the European Parliament in May 2014.
Tsipras campaigned as the only candidate of the south periphery countries. At the beginning of May 2014, in a speech in Berlin, he clarified many of his positions, in opposition to the allegedly Merkel-dominated neoliberal political course in Europe. Tsipras declared a substantial change for a better future for all Europeans is visible within 10 years. He addressed those who lost out in the fallout of the financial crises from 2008 to 2014, which produced unexpectedly high jobless rates in most of the EU. The speech was given in English to a German audience and intended to be listened to throughout Europe. Although the GUE/NGL won in Greece, winning six of the 21 Greek seats in the European Parliament, it finished fifth in Europe overall.
Tsipras led Syriza to victory in the general election held on 25 January 2015, falling short of an outright majority in Parliament by just two seats. The following morning, Tsipras reached an agreement with the right-wing populist Independent Greeks party to form a coalition.
On the same day he was sworn in by President Karolos Papoulias as the youngest Prime Minister in Greek history since 1865, using the words "I declare in my name, honour and conscience to uphold the Constitution and its laws." Tsipras was also the first prime minister to take a civil rather than a religious oath of office, marking a rupture with Greek orthodox ceremonial culture. While reaffirming the good relations between his party and the Church, he generated further religious controversy during a meeting with Archbishop Ieronymos. Tsipras explained that as an atheist who neither married in a religious ceremony nor baptised his children, he would not take a religious oath of office.
In his first act after being sworn in, Tsipras visited the Resistance Memorial in Kaisariani, laying down red roses to commemorate the 200 members of the Greek Resistance executed by the German Wehrmacht on 1 May 1944.
During the first meeting of the new cabinet, Tsipras declared the priorities of his government to be the fight against the "humanitarian crisis" in Greece, negotiations with the EU and the International Monetary Fund on restructuring the Greek debt, and the implementation of promises made by SYRIZA such as the abolition of the previous government's privatization policies.
On 3 February, Tsipras made his first official state visit, meeting with his Italian counterpart Matteo Renzi in Rome. They held a joint press conference expressing concerns about austerity measures imposed by the Juncker Commission and stated that economic growth is the only way to exit from the crisis. After the press conference, Renzi presented Tsipras with an Italian tie as a gift. Tsipras, who is notable for never wearing ties, thanked Renzi and said that he would wear the gift in celebration when Greece had successfully renegotiated the austerity measures.
On 20 February, the Eurogroup came to an agreement with Greece to extend the Greek bailout for four months. Tsipras had also announced a trip to Moscow on 8 April, in a bid to secure Russian support.
On 31 May, Tsipras laid out his complaints and outlined his plan in a recap of events since his election. He concluded that there were at least two competing visions for the integration of Europe, both of which he seemed to reject, and that certain unnamed institutional actors had "an obsession" with their own technocratic programme.
On 22 June, Tsipras presented a new Greek proposal, which included raising the retirement age gradually to 67 and curbing early retirement. It also offered to reform the value-added-tax system to set the main rate at 23 percent. On 29 June Greek banks stayed shut and Tsipras said they would remain so to impose capital control. Trading in Greek stocks and bonds halted as well.
On 27 June 2015, Tsipras announced a referendum to decide whether or not Greece should accept the bailout conditions proposed jointly by the Juncker Commission, the International Monetary Fund and the European Central Bank.
Tsipras recommended a "No" vote. On 3 July, during an address to at least 250,000 people gathered in the capital's Syntagma Square in front of parliament, he rejected some leaders' warnings that a "No" result in Sunday's plebiscite could see Greece forced to leave the eurozone. He declared "On Sunday, we are not simply deciding to remain in Europe—we are deciding to live with dignity in Europe". The result of the referendum was 61.3 percent voting "No."
After several days of negotiation, on 13 July 2015, Tsipras came to an agreement with lenders. Greece was to get a loan of 82 to 86 billion euros, which would be handed to Greece gradually from 2015 until June 2018. In return, Greece would have to increase the VAT, reform the pension system, assure the independence of ELSTAT, automatically cut public spending to get primary surpluses, reform justice so decisions can be made faster, follow the reforms proposed by OECD, revoke the laws passed by Tsipras except for the one concerning the "humanitarian crisis", recapitalize the banks, privatize 50 billion of state assets, and decrease the cost of the public sector. In return, Greece would be given the Juncker package, 35 billion euros, which is meant to help the Greek economy grow. The Syriza-led government of Greece accepted a bailout package that contains larger pension cuts and tax increases than the one rejected by Greek voters in the referendum.
On 14 August, the Greek parliament backed the country's new bailout deal, although more than 40 MPs from Syriza voted against the deal and Tsipras had to rely on the support of the pro-EU opposition: New Democracy, To Potami and PASOK. Tsipras told MPs they were facing a choice between "staying alive or suicide". He also said: "I have my conscience clear that it is the best we could achieve under the current balance of power in Europe, under conditions of economic and financial asphyxiation imposed upon us."
On 20 August 2015, Tsipras resigned from position of the Prime Minister of Greece due to the rebellion of MPs from his own party Syriza and called for a snap election. He made the announcement in a televised state address. After opposition parties failed to form a government, Vassiliki Thanou-Christophilou was appointed as an interim prime minister until elections can be held.
Despite a low turnout of only 57% versus 64% in previous elections, at the 20 September election, Tsipras received a solid vote of confidence, with Syriza achieving 35.50% of the vote, enough to form a coalition with ANEL. Among others, Tsipras appointed in his new government Dimitris Kammenos, a politician from ANEL, as deputy minister for infrastructure, transport and networks, causing reactions because of Kammenos' anti-Semitic, racist and homophobic comments on Twitter, such as accusations of 9/11 being a 'Jewish' plot. The outcry against him eventually forced Kammenos to resign, being a minister for less than 12 hours.
On 27 September 2015, Tsipras talked in the Clinton Global Initiative to Bill Clinton about the need to restructure the Greek debt, to make reforms in public administration and bring investments. On 30 September 2015, Panos Kammenos, the Defense Minister, celebrated the Greek victory in the battle of Salamina, causing criticism by some due to its resemblance to the junta's celebrations of similar events with the same style. On 9 October 2015, Tsipras along with Panos Kammenos visited the military exercise named Parmenion, wearing a military jacket.
On 22 October 2015, Greece's top tax collection official, Katerina Savvaidou, was sacked by Alexis Tsipras, because she had allegedly granted an extension to television stations to pay a 20 per cent tax on advertising. The measures the government pushed through are causing a backlash. In 2015 Farmers are threatening to bring their tractors into Athens and pharmacists have been on strike. On 7 November 2015, Tsipras received an angry reception at a refugee camp in Lesbos by around a hundred protesters, wearing life jackets and brandishing placards calling on the European Union to stop deaths by allowing asylum seekers safe and legal passage to Europe. The same day, Giannis Panousis, former Alternate Minister of Citizen Protection in the first cabinet, stated that there is connection between politicians and terrorists and that politicians of the current government want his political and physical extermination while he accused Tsipras of knowing about this. However, his accusations have not been proven.
On 17 November 2015, after being jeered by anarchists, Tsipras compared them in his speech in Parliament to Golden Dawn and said that there was no need for uncalled saviors "who think that they can determinate life and death". On 18 November 2015, Tsipras, as the first Greek prime minister visiting Turkey's Aegean province of Izmir since the days of the Occupation of Smyrna, visited Turkey and met Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu; they agreed to cooperate and that there would be technical cooperation between Greek and Turkish coast guards.
On 8 May 2016, Tsipras passed in Parliament new austerity measures which included increasing taxes to middle and high level income earners and making cuts across the board that would save about three per cent of Greece's GDP. The reforms also included removing value-added-tax discounts, cutting pensions and increasing deregulation. Tsipras called for calm on the streets but also defended the austerity package saying it fell in line with the agreement reached with the EU last year. On 22 May Tsipras passed further austerity measures. Legislation included a provision for "contingency" measures, including wage and pension cuts, that would take effect automatically if budget targets were derailed next year. Taxes on cigarettes, coffee and craft beer were also raised, while an unpopular property tax was restructured to increase revenues from larger buildings. A new privatisation agency was set up which would have a 99-year remit to develop and sell state-owned property. Tsipras defended his adoption of new fiscal measures. "Spring may be almost over but we are looking forward to an economic spring and a return to growth this year," the prime minister told parliament.
Ilias Kasidiaris from the Golden Dawn was present at an anti-mosque protest in Athens on 4 November 2016. The protest centred around the SYRIZA government's state funded mosque build that used Greek Navy land and state financing for its construction. This has received negative publicity both home across the political spectrum, and was reported abroad, as the government were cutting back public spending on Greek citizen who are predominately (over 98% ) Greek Orthodox Christians. However both the government and opposition supported the construction of the first mosque in Athens despite general negativity within the parties due to the financial and constitutional implications. Further friction was caused by the SYRIZA government who sought to reduce the influence of the Greek Orthodox Church in the Hellenic society.
In an interview with the Guardian that was published on 24 July 2017, Tsipras opined that the Greek economy was "on the up" and that "the worst is clearly behind us." He also expressed confidence that Greece will no longer have to rely on bailouts and international oversight in 2018. According to media reports from mid-July, Greece was considering rejoining the bond market for the first time since 2014 to borrow from the capital market. It was speculated that the government could issue a five-year bond at a time when yields on Greek bonds are their lowest since the country left the market in 2014. The announcement came a few days after the IMF "in principle" approved Greece for a conditional loan of up to $1.8 billion. The IMF made the payment of the loans contingent on Greece's debt sustainability, demanding that euro-zone countries provide debt relief to the country.
On October 2017 Prime Minister Tsipras met with President Donald Trump in Washington DC. President Donald Trump told Greek prime minister Alexis Tsipras that he supported a “responsible debt relief” plan for Greece. Standing alongside Mr Tsipras in the White House Rose Garden, Mr Trump said the American people “stand with the Greek people as they recover from the economic crisis” in the country. Mr Trump said Greece had "gone through a lot" during its extended period of economic hardships but vowed the US would remain steadfast as the country executes its debt-relief plan. Mr Trump added his administration had informed Congress of a potential sale to upgrade the F-16 aircraft in Greece's air force, a deal that could be worth $2.4 billion. Mr Tsipras said the two leaders had a productive exchange, and "not a moment did I feel threatened at any time" during their encounter. The Greek leader said he shared "common values" with the US.
Greece officially concluded its three-year European Stability Mechanism(ESM) financial assistance programme on August 20, 2018, following the disbursement of €61.9 billion by the ESM over three years to support the country's macroeconomic adjustment and bank recapitalization. ESM Members agreed on the financial assistance package in August 2015. "The conclusion of the ESM programme marks a very important moment and historic for all of us. We had eight very difficult years, often painful years, but now Greece can finally turn a page in a crisis that has lasted too long," according to EU Commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs Pierre Moscovici. A day after Moscovici's statement, Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras said during a state address from the island of Ithaca "A new day is dawning in our country, today is the beginning of a new era". Tsipras furthermore asserted that the country had regained its sovereignty to determine its own future, reaching a destination that would allow the Greeks "to make our place as it deserves to be." 
On 13 January 2019, Greece Defence Minister Panos Kammenos and his Independent Greeks party quit Greece's ruling coalition over a deal struck on the Macedonia naming dispute, potentially leaving the governing coalition without a workable majority in parliament.. Despite this, some days later, Tsipras managed to win a confidence vote and gain again the support of the absolute majority of the Greek parliament (151 votes) for his government (this time backed by one political party, i.e. SYRIZA). The confidence vote was followed by the successful ratification of the Greek parliament with 153 votes of the Prespa Agreement, an agreement which resolved a long-standing dispute and named Greece's northern neighbour as North Macedonia.
Tsipras is not married. His registered partner is Peristera "Betty" Baziana, an electrical and computer engineer. They met in 1987, at the age of 13, at Ampelokipoi Branch High School. Both eventually became members of the Communist Youth of Greece. They live together in Athens with their two sons. Their younger son's middle name is Ernesto, a tribute to the Marxist revolutionary Ernesto "Che" Guevara. Tsipras is an avid football fan and, having grown up near the stadium, supports Panathinaikos, attending every home game that he can. Tsipras is a self-described atheist.
Alexis Tsipras – a radical leftist and self-described atheist
Mr Tsipras, an atheist
|Party political offices|
| Leader of Syriza
| Leader of the Opposition
| Prime Minister of Greece
| Prime Minister of Greece
| Foreign Minister of Greece
|Order of precedence|
as President of the Hellenic Republic
| Order of precedence of Greece
as Prime Minister
as Speaker of the Hellenic Parliament
The following lists events that happened during 2015 in Greece.Christoforos Vernardakis
Christoforos Vernardakis (Greek: Χριστόφορος Βερναρδάκης) is a Greek academic currently serving as Alternate Minister of Administrative Reform in the Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras. He is an MP for Athens A constituency.Christos Spirtzis
Christos Spirtzis (Greek: Χρήστος Σπίρτζης; born 1969 in Athens) is a Greek engineer and centre-left independent politician. Since 28 January 2015 he has been the Alternate Minister of Infrastructure, Transport and Networks in the government of Alexis Tsipras.Dimitris Papangelopoulos
Dimitris Papangelopoulos (Greek: Δημήτρης Παπαγγελόπουλος; born 1952) is a Greek lawyer and politician who is the current Alternate Minister of Corruption Issues in the Second Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras.
He has previously served as the Deputy Minister of Justice in the First Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras, from May to August 2015, and as interim Minister of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights in the Caretaker Cabinet of Vassiliki Thanou-Christophilou. Papangelopoulos was also the Director General of the National Intelligence Service for three months in 2009.First Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras
Following his victory in legislative elections held on 25 January 2015, the newly elected Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras appointed a new cabinet to succeed the cabinet of Antonis Samaras, his predecessor. A significant reshuffle took place on 17 July 2015.
Tsipras resigned as Prime Minister on 20 August 2015, and after opposition parties failed to form their own government, on 27 August Vassiliki Thanou-Christophilou was appointed as an interim Prime Minister, and her caretaker cabinet was sworn in on 28 August. Following the subsequent September legislative election, Tsipras was re-appointed as Prime Minister on 21 September and appointed a second cabinet that was sworn in on 23 September.Giorgos Stathakis
Giorgos Stathakis (Greek: Γιώργος Σταθάκης; born 8 November 1953) is a Greek politician and economist. From 27 January to 28 August 2015, he served as the Minister of Economy, Infrastructure, Shipping and Tourism in the cabinet of Alexis Tsipras. He has also been a Member of the Hellenic Parliament for Chania since May 2012.Stathakis is a professor of political economy at the University of Crete, but has been on leave since being elected as an MP. He was formerly a Vice-Rector of the university.Greece–Palestine relations
Greece-Palestine relations are bilateral relations between the Republic of Greece and the State of Palestine. Greece does not recognize Palestine as a sovereign country yet, even though the Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras is a member of the left-wing Syriza Party, which is known for its support for the Palestinians. Otherwise, the countries have historic and friendly ties. Palestine has an embassy in Athens. In December 2015, the Hellenic parliament voted unanimously in the presence of President Mahmoud Abbas to recommend to the government the full recognition of the state of Palestine on 4 June 1967 borders with East Jerusalem as its capital.Greek order of precedence
The order of precedence of Greece is fixed by the Decree 52749/2006 of the Minister of the Interior, and prescribes the protocollary hierarchy of the Greek political leadership. The President, as head of state, is first, and the Prime Minister, as head of government, is second.
President of Greece (Prokopis Pavlopoulos)
Prime Minister of Greece (Alexis Tsipras)
Speaker of the Hellenic Parliament (Nikos Voutsis)
Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (Ieronymos II)
Leader of the Official Opposition (Kyriakos Mitsotakis)
Former President(s) of Greece (Christos Sartzetakis, Karolos Papoulias)
Vice President(s) of the Government (Yannis Dragasakis)Minister for National Defence (Greece)
The Minister for National Defence of Greece (Greek: Υπουργός Εθνικής Άμυνας) is a government minister responsible for the running of the Ministry of National Defence. The current minister is Evangelos Apostolakis in the Second Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras.Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Greece)
The Hellenic Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Greek: Υπουργείο Εξωτερικών) is a government agency of Greece. The Minister for Foreign Affairs controls the agency. The ministry has its headquarters in Athens. Georgios Katrougalos currently holds the Foreign Ministry post, succeeding Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras who held the post from 20 October 2018 until 15 February 2019.Nikos Pappas (politician)
Nikos Pappas (Greek: Νίκος Παππάς) is a Greek economist and politician who currently serves as the Minister of Digital Policy, Telecommunications and Media in Alexis Tsipras' second cabinet.
He represents the Athens B constituency in the Hellenic Parliament.Nikos Voutsis
Nikos Voutsis (Greek: Νίκος Βούτσης; born 4 March 1951) is a Greek politician who served as the Minister of the Interior and Administrative Reconstruction from January 2015 to August 2015 in the First Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras. Since 4 October 2015 he is the Speaker of the Hellenic Parliament.Panagiotis Kouroumblis
Panagiotis Kouroumblis (Greek: Παναγιώτης Κουρουμπλής; born 2 October 1951) is a Greek politician of Syriza. On 27 January 2015 he was appointed the Minister for Health and Social Solidarity in the First Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras. On 23 September 2015, he became the Minister of the Interior and Administrative Reconstruction in the Second Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras.Pavlos Polakis
Pavlos Polakis (Greek: Παύλος Πολάκης; born 1965) is a Greek surgeon and politician.
Since 2010, Polakis has been the mayor of the city of Sfakia on the island of Crete, being reelected in 2014. In the January 2015 legislative election, he became a member of the Hellenic Parliament for Chania. He was appointed to the First Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras as Alternate Minister of the Interior and Administrative Reconstruction. Reelected in the September 2015 legislative election, Polakis was appointed Alternate Minister of Health in the Second Tsipras Cabinet.Second Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras
The Second Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras was sworn in on 23 September 2015, following the Greek legislative election in September 2015. Alexis Tsipras, leader of Syriza, was sworn in as Prime Minister of Greece on 21 September, having agreed to re-form the coalition with Panos Kammenos and the Independent Greeks.
On 16 June 2018 the Hellenic Parliament rejected motion of no confidence against the government with a 127-153 vote.Shadow Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras
The Shadow Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras was formed on 3 July 2012, following the June 2012 Greek legislative election. It consisted of only Syriza MPs, as they were the largest party to refuse to participate in the ND-PASOK-DIMAR coalition. The Shadow Cabinet was dissolved following the January 2015 Greek legislative election, and was replaced by a New Democracy shadow cabinet led by Antonis Samaras. Tsipras subsequently formed the First Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras on 27 January 2015, formed from a coalition of both Syriza and the Independent Greeks.Sia Anagnostopoulou
Athanasia "Sia" Anagnostopoulou (Greek: Αθανασία "Σία" Αναγνωστοπούλου; born March 1959) is a left-wing Greek politician and academic who is currently the Alternate Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Second Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras. From 18 July to 28 August 2015, she served as the Alternate Minister for European Affairs in the First Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras.
Anagnostopoulou is currently an associate professor of history at the Panteion University, and has been a visiting professor at the New York University, the University of Cyprus and the School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences.Socialism in Greece
Socialism in Greece has a significant history, with various individuals and political parties identifying as socialist. Socialism is defined as a political and socio-economic ideology, where the elimination of the private possession of the means of production creates a classless society. Socialist movements in Greece began to form around the early 20th century, including the Communist Party of Greece (KKE) (1920-present), the Socialist Party of Greece (1920-1953) and the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK). Socialist ideology is present within the political party Syriza which forms the current government of Greece, also known as the Coalition of the Radical Left.Syriza
The Coalition of the Radical Left (Greek: Συνασπισμός Ριζοσπαστικής Αριστεράς, romanized: Synaspismós Rizospastikís Aristerás), mostly known by the syllabic abbreviation Syriza (, sometimes stylised SYRIZA.; Greek: ΣΥΡΙΖΑ [ˈsiriza]; a pun on the Greek adverb σύρριζα, meaning "from the roots" or "radically") is a political party in Greece originally founded in 2004 as a coalition of left-wing and radical left parties.
It is the largest party in the Hellenic Parliament, with party chairman Alexis Tsipras serving as Prime Minister of Greece from 26 January 2015 to 20 August 2015 and from 21 September 2015 to present.
The party colours are red (left-wing politics), green (green politics) and purple (feminism and other social movements).
|First Hellenic Republic|
|Kingdom of Greece (Wittelsbach)|
|Kingdom of Greece (Glücksburg)|
|Second Hellenic Republic|
|Kingdom of Greece (Glücksburg)|
|Third Hellenic Republic|
|First Hellenic Republic|
|Kingdom of Greece (Wittelsbach)|
|Kingdom of Greece (Glücksburg)|
|Second Hellenic Republic|
|Kingdom of Greece (Glücksburg)|
|Third Hellenic Republic|
§ variously as Chief Secretary/General Secretary of State
† officially considered the first foreign minister of independent Greece
|Deputy Prime Minister|
European Parliament group: European United Left–Nordic Green Left
|Heads of government|
at the Council of the European Union
|Other prominent figures|
Eurofoundation: Transform Europe
European Union Portal