Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (/oʊˌkɑːsioʊ kɔːrˈtɛz/; Spanish: [oˈkasjo koɾˈtes]; born October 13, 1989), also known by her initials, AOC, is an American politician and activist. A member of the Democratic Party, she has been the U.S. Representative for New York's 14th congressional district since January 3, 2019. The district includes the eastern part of The Bronx and portions of north-central Queens in New York City.
On June 26, 2018, Ocasio-Cortez drew national recognition when she won the Democratic Party's primary election for New York's 14th congressional district, defeating the ten-term incumbent Congressman, Democratic Caucus Chair Joe Crowley, in what was widely seen as the biggest upset victory in the 2018 midterm election primaries. She beat Republican opponent Anthony Pappas in the November 6, 2018 general election, and at age 29, became the youngest woman ever to serve in the United States Congress.
Ocasio-Cortez is a member of the Democratic Socialists of America. She and Rashida Tlaib are the first two members of the group in Congress. She has advocated for a progressive platform that includes Medicare For All, a federal jobs guarantee, guaranteed family leave, establishing a Green New Deal, abolishing U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, free public college and trade school, infrastructure projects for renewable energy, and a 70% marginal tax rate for incomes above $10 million. Before running for Congress, she served as an educational director for the 2017 Northeast Collegiate World Series for the National Hispanic Institute. Ocasio-Cortez majored in international relations and economics at Boston University, graduating cum laude in 2011.
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from New York's 14th district
|Assumed office |
January 3, 2019
|Preceded by||Joe Crowley|
|Born||October 13, 1989|
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Education||Boston University (BA)|
Ocasio-Cortez was born in The Bronx, New York City, on October 13, 1989, to Blanca Ocasio-Cortez (née Cortez) and Sergio Ocasio in a Catholic family. She has a younger brother, Gabriel Ocasio-Cortez. Her father was born in the Bronx to a Puerto Rican family, and became an architect; her mother was born in Puerto Rico. She has described her Puerto Rican community as an amalgamation: "We are black; we are indigenous; we are Spanish; we are European." Until age five, Ocasio-Cortez lived with her family in an apartment in the neighborhood of Parkchester. The family moved to a house in Yorktown Heights, a suburb in Westchester County.
Ocasio-Cortez attended Yorktown High School, graduating in 2007. She won second prize in the Intel International Science and Engineering Fair with a microbiology research project on the effect of antioxidants on the lifespan of the nematode C. elegans. In a show of appreciation for her efforts, the International Astronomical Union named a small asteroid after her: 23238 Ocasio-Cortez. In high school, she took part in the National Hispanic Institute's Lorenzo de Zavala (LDZ) Youth Legislative Session. She later became the LDZ Secretary of State while she attended Boston University. Ocasio-Cortez had a John F. Lopez Fellowship. In 2008, while Ocasio-Cortez was a sophomore at Boston University, her father died of lung cancer. During college, she served as an intern in the immigration office during the final year of U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy's tenure. "I was the only Spanish speaker, and as a result, as basically a kid—a 19-, 20-year-old kid—whenever a frantic call would come into the office because someone is looking for their husband because they have been snatched off the street by ICE, I was the one that had to pick up that phone," Ocasio-Cortez said. "I was the one that had to help that person navigate that system."
When her father died intestate in 2008, she became involved in a long probate battle to settle his estate. She has said that the experience helped her learn "firsthand how attorneys appointed by the court to administer an estate can enrich themselves at the expense of the families struggling to make sense of the bureaucracy."
After college, Ocasio-Cortez moved back to the Bronx, while she worked as a bartender in Manhattan and as a waitress in a taqueria. Her mother, meanwhile, cleaned houses and drove school buses. After her father's death, Ocasio-Cortez and her mother struggled to fight foreclosure of their home. She launched Brook Avenue Press, a publishing firm for books that portray the Bronx in a positive light. She worked as lead educational strategist at GAGEis, Inc. Ocasio-Cortez also worked for the nonprofit National Hispanic Institute (NHI). She served as NHI's Educational Director of the 2017 Northeast Collegiate World Series, a five-day long program targeted at college-bound high school students from across the United States and other countries, where she participated in a panel on Latino leadership.
In the 2016 primary, Ocasio-Cortez worked as an organizer for Bernie Sanders's 2016 presidential campaign. After the general election, she traveled across America by car, visiting places such as Flint, Michigan, and Standing Rock Indian Reservation in North Dakota, and speaking to people affected by the Flint water crisis and the Dakota Access Pipeline. In an interview, she recalled her visit to Standing Rock as a tipping point, saying that before that, she had believed that the only way to effectively run for office was if you had access to wealth, social influence, and power. But her visit to North Dakota, where she saw others "putting their whole lives and everything that they had on the line for the protection of their community", inspired her to begin to work for her own community.
Ocasio-Cortez began her congressional campaign while working a job waiting tables and tending bar at Flats Fix, a taqueria in New York City's Union Square. "For 80 percent of this campaign, I operated out of a paper grocery bag hidden behind that bar," she told Bon Appétit. Between shifts at the restaurant, Ocasio-Cortez retrieved her political literature and a change of clothes from the bag, then took off to canvass. One of her bar patrons at the restaurant helped design her fliers and campaign materials.
Ocasio-Cortez was among a slate of nationwide Justice Democrats/Brand New Congress candidacy announcements that were livestreamed on May 16, 2017. In August 2017, she attended the Netroots Nation conference in Atlanta, appearing on a panel with fellow candidates on "how to run a grassroots campaign that puts people above party".
Ocasio-Cortez was the first person since 2004 to challenge Joe Crowley, the Democratic Caucus Chair, in the Democratic primary. She faced a significant financial disadvantage, but said, "You can't really beat big money with more money. You have to beat them with a totally different game." Nearly 75% of her donations were small individual contributions, while less than one percent of Crowley's contributions were. The Ocasio-Cortez campaign spent $194,000 to the Crowley campaign's $3.4 million.
Ocasio-Cortez's campaign video began with her saying, "Women like me aren't supposed to run for office"; she had not previously held elected office. Her campaign posters' design took inspiration from "revolutionary posters and visuals from the past...particularly those of Cesar Chavez and Dolores Huerta, Latino labor activists and co-founders of the United Farm Workers in the 1960s—and union badges." "That was the closest representation to a populist, social-minded, justice-inclined, inspirational campaign that was about positivity and taking back the power," lead designer Maria Arenas said. The posters were distributed in the Bronx, and people posted them in bodegas and draped them on the hoods of cars. Posters were often taken down and hung up in supporters' homes. "They were begging people not to take their materials, saying: 'We'll try to get you one after the campaign,'" one of the designers said.
On June 15, the candidates' only face-to-face encounter during the campaign occurred on a local political talk show, Inside City Hall. The format was a joint interview conducted by Errol Louis, which NY1 characterized as a debate. On June 18, a debate in the Bronx was scheduled, but Crowley did not participate. He sent former New York City Council member Annabel Palma in his place.
Ocasio-Cortez was endorsed by progressive and civil rights organizations such as MoveOn, Justice Democrats, Brand New Congress, Black Lives Matter, and Democracy for America, and by gubernatorial candidate Cynthia Nixon, who, like Ocasio-Cortez, also challenged a longtime incumbent. Nixon challenged incumbent Andrew Cuomo in the 2018 New York gubernatorial election but lost.
Governor Cuomo endorsed Crowley, as did both of New York's U.S. Senators, Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand, as well as New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio, 11 U.S. Representatives, 31 local elected officials, 31 trade unions, and progressive groups such as the Sierra Club, Planned Parenthood, the Working Families Party, NARAL Pro-Choice America and Moms Demand Action for Gun Sense in America, among others. California representative Ro Khanna, a Justice Democrat like Ocasio-Cortez, initially endorsed Crowley, but later endorsed Ocasio-Cortez in an unusual dual endorsement.
Following her win, Ocasio-Cortez explained her campaign strategy:
I knew that if we were going to win, the way that progressives win on an unapologetic message is by expanding the electorate. That's the only way that we can win strategically. It's not by rushing to the center. It's not by trying to win spending all of our energy winning over those who have other opinions. It's by expanding the electorate, speaking to those that feel disenchanted, dejected, cynical about our politics, and letting them know that we're fighting for them.
On June 26, 2018, Ocasio-Cortez received 57.13% of the vote (15,897) to Joe Crowley's 42.5% (11,761), defeating the 10-term incumbent by almost 15 percentage points. Time called her victory "the biggest upset of the 2018 elections so far"; CNN made a similar statement. The New York Times described Crowley's loss as "a shocking primary defeat on Tuesday, the most significant loss for a Democratic incumbent in more than a decade, and one that will reverberate across the party and the country". The Guardian called it "one of the biggest upsets in recent American political history". Her victory was especially surprising as she was outspent by a margin of 18 to 1. Merriam-Webster reported that searches for the word "socialism" spiked 1,500% after her victory. In a sign of her outsider status, as of 11 p.m. on election day Crowley had not phoned Ocasio-Cortez; she believed he did not have her phone number and stated that she did not have his. Earlier in the evening, however, Crowley, an amateur guitarist, had played a cover of Bruce Springsteen's "Born to Run" at his election night watch party by way of conceding defeat, having dedicated it to Ocasio-Cortez.
Bernie Sanders congratulated her: "She took on the entire local Democratic establishment in her district and won a very strong victory. She demonstrated once again what progressive grassroots politics can do." Noam Chomsky saw her victory as "a quite spectacular and significant event". He believes her win shows a split in the Democratic Party and he thinks that "she was right in saying that the policies she's outlined should have broad appeal to a very large segment of the population."
Several commentators noted the similarities between Ocasio-Cortez's victory over Crowley and Dave Brat's Tea Party movement-supported 2014 victory over Eric Cantor in the Republican primary for Virginia's 7th congressional district. Like Crowley, Cantor was a high-ranking member in his party's caucus. After her primary win, Ocasio-Cortez endorsed several progressive primary challengers to Democratic incumbents nationwide, capitalizing on her fame and spending her political capital in a manner not usually seen even in unexpected primary winners.
Without campaigning for it, Ocasio-Cortez won the Reform Party primary as a write-in candidate in a neighboring congressional district, New York's 15th, with a total vote count of nine, highest among all 22 write-in candidates. She said she appreciated the show of support, but would decline the nomination.
Ocasio-Cortez faced Republican nominee Anthony Pappas in the November 6 general election. Pappas, who lives in Astoria, is an economics professor at St. John's University. According to the New York Post, Pappas did not actively campaign. The Post wrote that "Pappas' bid was a long shot," since the 14th has a Cook Partisan Voting Index of D+29, making it the sixth most Democratic district in New York City. Registered Democrats outnumber Republicans by almost six to one. Ocasio-Cortez was endorsed by various politically progressive organizations and figures, including former President Barack Obama and U.S. Senator Bernie Sanders.
Crowley also remained on the ballot, as the nominee of the Working Families Party (WFP). Neither Crowley nor the party actively campaigned, with both having endorsed Ocasio-Cortez after her Democratic primary victory. Former Connecticut Senator Joe Lieberman, who won reelection in 2006 on a third-party line after losing the Democratic Primary in 2006, penned a July 17 column in the Wall Street Journal expressing his hope that Crowley would actively campaign on the WFP ballot line. Dan Cantor, Executive Director of the WFP, wrote an endorsement of, and apology to, Ocasio-Cortez for the New York Daily News; he asked voters not to vote for Crowley if his name remained on the general election ballot.
Ocasio-Cortez won the election with 78% of the vote (110,318) to Pappas's 14% (17,762). Her election was part of a broader Democratic victory in the 2018 midterm elections, as the party gained control of the House by picking up at least 40 seats.
Prior to defeating incumbent Joe Crowley in the 2018 Democratic primary, Ocasio-Cortez was given little airtime by most traditional news media outlets. Jimmy Dore interviewed her when she first announced her candidacy in June 2017. After her primary win, Brian Stelter wrote that progressive media outlets, such as The Young Turks and The Intercept, "saw the Ocasio-Cortez upset coming" in advance. Margaret Sullivan said that traditional metrics of measuring a campaign's viability, like total fundraising, were contributing to a "media failure". Ocasio-Cortez was barely mentioned in print-media coverage until her primary election win.
After her primary win, Ocasio-Cortez quickly garnered nationwide media attention, including numerous articles and TV talk-show appearances. She appeared on The Late Show with Stephen Colbert and The View in the first few days after the primary, and later on The Daily Show with Trevor Noah.
Ocasio-Cortez also drew a great deal of media attention when she and Sanders campaigned for James Thompson in Kansas, in July 2018. A rally in Wichita had to be moved from a theater with a capacity of 1,500 when far more people said they would attend. The event drew 4,000 people, with some seated on the floor. In The New Yorker Benjamin Wallace-Wells wrote that while Sanders remains "the de-facto leader of an increasingly popular left, [he is unable to] do things that do not come naturally to him, like supply hope." Wallace-Wells suggested that Ocasio-Cortez has made Sanders's task easier, as he can point to her success to show that ideas "once considered to be radical are now part of the mainstream".
In December 2018, Ocasio-Cortez said the media's treatment of her reveals a sexist double standard. She cited the example of Paul Ryan, who was also elected to Congress at age 28 but who was treated as a "genius" despite what she referred to as his "ill-considered policies", while she has been treated with suspicion and derision.
On the first day of congressional orientation, Ocasio-Cortez participated in a climate change protest outside the office of House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi. Ocasio-Cortez backed Pelosi's bid to be Speaker of the House once the Democratic Party reclaimed the majority on the condition that Pelosi "remains the most progressive candidate for speaker."
A Twitter user named AnonymousQ shared an unearthed video of Ocasio-Cortez dancing in college in an attempt to embarrass her. Many social media users came to her defense, inspiring memes and a Twitter account cheekily syncing the footage to songs like "Mambo No. 5" and "Gangnam Style." Ocasio-Cortez lightheartedly responded by posting a video of herself dancing to Edwin Starr's "War."
During her first month in office, admirers of Ocasio-Cortez left dozens of messages of encouragement on orange, pink, yellow and blue bits of Post-it Notes. "Some mothers came by & left 2-3 encouraging notes on my plaque," she explained. "We left them up, bc it was great to read those little encouraging words every morning...Soon, more Post-its came. It became a little ritual for the public, so we left stacks out for people." The sticky notes were removed after the Superintendent of House Office Buildings said the notes obscured the braille on her nameplate, according to staff assistant Claudia Pagon Marchena. A spokeswoman for the Architect of the Capitol, which oversees the superintendent’s office, said the Post-it Notes violated "hallway policy."
Ocasio-Cortez entered Congress with no seniority but with a large social media presence that could increase her influence in the House. Axios has credited her with "as much social media clout as her fellow freshman Democrats combined." As of February 2019 she has 3.1 million Twitter followers, up from 1.38 million in November 2018 and surpassing Nancy Pelosi. She has 2.2 million Instagram followers and 500,000 followers on Facebook. Her colleagues were so impressed that she was appointed to teach them social media lessons upon her arrival in Congress.
During the orientation for new members hosted by the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Ocasio-Cortez wrote on Twitter about the influence of corporate interests by sponsors such as the American Enterprise Institute and the Center for Strategic and International Studies: "Lobbyists are here. Goldman Sachs is here. Where's labor? Activists? Frontline community leaders?"
When Ocasio-Cortez made her first speech on the floor of Congress, C-SPAN tweeted out the video. Within 12 hours, the video of her four-minute speech set the record as C-SPAN's most-watched Twitter video.
Speaking at a Congressional hearing with a panel of representatives from campaign finance watchdog groups, Ocasio-Cortez questioned the panel about ethics regulations as they apply to both the president and members of Congress. Her questioning revealed that no regulations prevent lawmakers "from being bought off by wealthy corporations." With more than 37.5 million views, the clip became the most-watched political video ever posted on Twitter.
Ocasio-Cortez is a self-described democratic socialist. She is a member of the Democratic Socialists of America. She has said that the type of socialism she advocates is not that of Venezuela or Cuba but would "most closely resemble what we see in the U.K., in Norway, in Finland, in Sweden".
Ocasio-Cortez supports progressive policies such as single-payer Medicare for All, tuition-free public college and trade school, a federal job guarantee, guaranteed family leave, abolishing U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, ending the privatization of prisons, enacting gun-control policies, and energy policy relying on 100% renewables. She is open to using Modern Monetary Theory (MMT) as an economic pathway that could provide funding and enable implementation of these goals.
Ocasio-Cortez campaigned in favor of establishing tuition-free public colleges and trade schools. She has said she is still paying off student loans herself and wants to cancel all student debt.
Ocasio-Cortez has called for "more environmental hardliners in Congress", describing climate change as "the single biggest national security threat for the United States and the single biggest threat to worldwide industrialized civilization". She advocates for the United States to transition by 2031 to an electrical grid running on 100% renewable energy and to end the use of fossil fuels. She leads the effort for a Green New Deal, in which the federal government would invest in the construction of large-scale green infrastructure projects. The Green New Deal has gained support from Senators Elizabeth Warren and Cory Booker.
Ocasio-Cortez has proposed "a select committee in the House to draft a plan that fits the proposal's standards". Outlined in a draft resolution on her website, the proposal would mean "using nothing but renewable energy for electricity generation" and transitioning to renewable sources of energy "within 10 years of passing Green New Deal legislation". It would also roll out a nationwide "smart" electrical grid and "mass energy-efficient building upgrades". Forty-three Democrats in the new Congress have supported this resolution, according to the Sunrise Movement. Frank Pallone (D-NJ), Chairman of the House Energy and Commerce Committee, opposes it.
On February 7, Ocasio-Cortez and Senator Ed Markey released a joint resolution laying out the main elements of a 10-year "economic mobilization" that would phase out fossil fuel use and overhaul the nation's infrastructure. Their plan calls for implementing the "social cost of carbon" that was part of the Obama administration's plans to address climate change and transitioning the United States to 100% renewable, zero-emission energy sources, including electric cars and high-speed rail systems.
Ocasio-Cortez proposed introducing a marginal tax as high as 70% on income above $10 million to pay for the Green New Deal. According to tax experts contacted by The Washington Post, this tax would bring in extra revenue of $720 billion per decade. Ocasio-Cortez has opposed and voted against the pay-as-you-go rule supported by Democratic leaders, which requires deficit-neutral fiscal policy, with all new expenditures balanced by tax increases or spending cuts. She joins Ro Khanna in condemning the rule as hamstringing new or expanded progressive policies. She cites Modern Monetary Theory as a justification for higher deficits to finance her agenda. Drawing a parallel with the Great Depression, she explains that the Green New Deal needs deficit spending like the original New Deal.
In February 2018, Ocasio-Cortez stated that she supports defunding the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency (ICE), calling it "a product of the Bush-era Patriot Act suite of legislation" and "an enforcement agency that takes on more of a paramilitary tone every single day". That June, she stated that she would "stop short of fully disbanding the agency", and would rather "create a pathway to citizenship for more immigrants through decriminalization". She later clarified that this does not mean ceasing all deportations. She has called immigration detention centers operated by the Department of Homeland Security "black sites", citing limited public access to those locations. Two days before the primary election, Ocasio-Cortez attended a protest at an ICE child-detention center in Tornillo, Texas. She was the only Democrat to vote against H.R. 648, a bill to fund and reopen the government, because it funded ICE, which she supports abolishing.
Ocasio-Cortez supports transitioning to a Medicare for All single-payer healthcare system, recognizing medical care as a human right. She says that a single government health insurer should cover every American, reducing overall costs. On her campaign website, Ocasio-Cortez says "Almost every other developed nation in the world has universal healthcare. It's time the United States catch up to the rest of the world in ensuring all people have real healthcare coverage that doesn't break the bank." The Medicare for All proposal has been adopted by many likely Democratic 2020 presidential contenders.
Ocasio-Cortez is a staunch proponent of LGBTQ rights and LGBTQ equality. She has said she supports the LGBTQ community and thanked its members for its role in her campaign. She publicized and later appeared on a charity speedrun of Donkey Kong 64 by British YouTuber Hbomberguy, who was raising money for the trans children's charity Mermaids. At the January 2019 New York City Women's March in Manhattan, Ocasio-Cortez gave a detailed speech in support of measures needed to ensure LGBTQ equality in the workplace and elsewhere. She has also made a point of recognizing transgender rights specifically, saying, "It's a no-brainer...trans rights are civil rights are human rights."
In May 2018, Ocasio-Cortez criticized the Israel Defense Forces' use of deadly force against Palestinians participating in the 2018 Gaza border protests, calling it a "massacre" in a tweet. In a July 2018 interview with the PBS series Firing Line, Ocasio-Cortez said that she is "a proponent of a two-state solution" and called Israel's presence in the West Bank an "occupation of Palestine". Her use of the term "occupation" drew backlash from a number of pro-Israel groups and commentators. Others defended her remarks, citing the United Nations' designation of the territory in the West Bank as occupied.
Ocasio-Cortez has called for "solidarity with Puerto Rico". She has advocated for granting Puerto Ricans further civil rights, regardless of Puerto Rico's legal classification. She advocates for voting rights and disaster relief. Ocasio-Cortez was critical of FEMA's response to Hurricane Maria and the federal government's unwillingness to address Puerto Rico's political status. She believes the federal government should increase investment in Puerto Rico.
The International Astronomical Union named the asteroid 23238 Ocasio-Cortez after her when she was a senior in high school in recognition of her second-place finish in the 2007 Intel International Science and Engineering Fair. Ocasio-Cortez was named the 2017 National Hispanic Institute Person of the Year by Ernesto Nieto.
Ocasio-Cortez has family in Puerto Rico, where her grandfather lived in a nursing home before dying in the aftermath of Hurricane Maria. After Ocasio-Cortez's father's death in 2008, her mother and grandmother relocated to Florida due to financial hardship. She identifies as Catholic and described her faith and its impact on her life and campaign for criminal justice reform in an article in America, the magazine of the Jesuit order in the United States. At a 2018 Hanukkah party held by activist group Jews for Racial & Economic Justice, Ocasio-Cortez said that she has Sephardic Jewish ancestry, although she does not practice the faith. Of her Sephardic Jewish ancestry, she has said that DNA isn't culture, but that "to be Puerto Rican is to be the descendant of: African Moors + slaves, Taino Indians, Spanish colonizers, Jewish refugees, and likely others. We are all of these things and something else all at once — we are Boricua."
But I'm fine with candidates like AOC (can we start abbreviating?) proposing the jobs guarantee, for a couple of reasons.
" in the most shocking upset of a rollicking political season".
It was the most shocking result of 2018's political season so far ...
In one of the most shocking upsets in recent political history ...
In a shocker that is already being compared to the 2014 primary loss by then–House Majority Leader Eric Cantor, the chairman of the House Democratic Caucus (the fourth-ranking leadership position among House Democrats), ten-term veteran Joe Crowley has been upset by 28-year-old first-time candidate Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez in the Bronx-Queens 14th congressional district.
Cantor [was] the second-ranking House Republican and highest-ranking Jewish member.
Brian Stelter saw upsetwas invoked but never defined (see the help page).
Democratic congressional nominee Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez said Sunday she embraces the 'Democratic Socialist' label but doesn't want to force other Democrats to do the same. 'It's part of what I am; it's not all of what I am,' Ocasio-Cortez said on 'Meet the Press' on NBC. 'And I think that's a very important distinction.'
The recent primary upset of Joe Crowley, the fourth-ranking Democrat in the House, by Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, showcased the electoral strength of her platform, which included single-payer health insurance and tuition-free college and trade school.
Although true-blooded socialists — Democratic Socialists, to be precise — remain a relatively small niche within the Democratic Party, they are having a visible impact on the party’s agenda, with nearly every likely 2020 presidential contender embracing Medicare for all. Bernie Sanders’s 2016 campaign galvanized progressive support for the idea of Democratic Socialism, and this year, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez has embraced not only the label but also a blue-sky vision of American socialism — free public college, a jobs guarantee, guaranteed family leave and more — unbound by moderate liberal worries about government overreach or overspending.
She drew support for her progressive platform that included abolishing the Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency, Medicare for all and a federal jobs guarantee.
The idea of a Green New Deal has, in just a few months, become a central piece of Ocasio-Cortez's agenda and attracted the attention of ambitious national Democrats.
The Green New Deal that Ocasio-Cortez has laid out aspires to power the U.S. economy with 100 percent renewable energy within 12 years and calls for “a job guarantee program to assure a living wage job to every person who wants one,” “basic income programs” and “universal health care,” financed, at least in part, by higher taxes on the wealthy.
I believe absolutely in Israel's right to exist. I am a proponent of a two-state solution.
a very, very long time ago, generations and generations ago, my family consisted of Sephardic Jews.
Innocence, in its mercy, partly excuses us from having to fully reckon with the spiritual gifts of forgiveness, grace and redemption at the heart of the Catechism: I believe in the forgiveness of sins.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 14th congressional district
| Baby of the House
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
| United States Representatives by seniority
The following American politicians are affiliated with the Democratic Socialists of America. In the midterm 2018 the organization had endorsed 42 candidates who ran for local, state and federal offices in 20 states. Many if not most of these candidates were also registered members of the Democratic Party and had run for the Democratic Party nomination.
The DSA drew national attention in 2018 with their dramatic surge in support following the upset victory of Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez over the incumbent Congressman Democratic Caucus Chair Joe Crowley, who had been fourth in line for the leadership of the House.2018 United States House of Representatives elections in New York
The 2018 United States House of Representatives elections in New York were held November 6, 2018 to elect a U.S. Representative from each of New York's 27 congressional districts. The elections coincided with the gubernatorial election, as well as an election to the United States Senate and various state and local elections. Contested primaries were held June 26, 2018. On Election Day, Democrats gained three New York House seats, and the Democratic Party retook control of the House of Representatives. Democrats won a total of 21 New York House seats, while Republicans won six.2019 Queens subway shooting
On February 3, 2019, members of the drug gang MS-13 murdered a member of the 18th Street gang on a New York City Subway platform on Queens. The confrontation began at one station, continued on a 7 train, and spilled out of the train onto the platform of the 90th Street–Elmhurst Avenue station, where a bystander recorded the killing in front of many subway riders.
The alleged shooter, MS-13 member Ramiro Gutierrez, was living in the United States as an illegal immigrant, and had been arrested and charged with crimes multiple times in 2018.Abby Finkenauer
Abby Lea Finkenauer (born December 27, 1988) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Iowa's 1st congressional district since 2019. She is a member of the Democratic Party. Her district serves much of the northeast quadrant of the state, including Cedar Rapids, Waterloo, Cedar Falls and her hometown of Dubuque.
Before being elected to Congress, Finkenauer served as the member of the Iowa House of Representatives for the 99th district from 2015 to 2019. Her committee assignments in the Iowa House included Economic Growth, Labor, Transportation and Ways and Means. She was also a member of the Economic Development Appropriations Subcommittee.On November 6, 2018, Finkenauer and Cindy Axne became the first women from Iowa elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. Finkenauer also became the second-youngest woman to ever be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives behind Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez.Black Socialists of America
Black Socialists of America (BSA) is an American socialist group that organizes predominantly among black working-class people and whose stated goal is to create a national platform and network for those who identify as Black American Socialists.Since its foundation, the group has worked on grassroot initiatives with organizations across the country and received national media coverage as well as being endorsed by a number of noted political figures such as Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and linguist Noam Chomsky.The group has also hosted a number of public panels and discussions featuring both civil rights era and radical black leaders such as Jamal Joseph. Members of the group acting on behalf of the organization have also been represented in a number of other lectures or interviews done by figures such as economist Richard D. Wolff, and television networks like Free Speech TV.Global Strategy Group
Global Strategy Group (GSG) is an American public relations and research firm; specializing in research, strategic communications, digital strategy, grassroots and grasstops organizing, marketing and branding. GSG clients include political candidates, corporations and advocacy organizations worldwide. In the United States, the company works with Democratic Party candidates and office holders.
Clients of the firm, which has been called "a ubiquitous presence in New York's circles of power" in a 2008 New York Times article, have included New York Governor Eliot Spitzer, who used the firm in his successful 2006 campaign, New York state Attorney General Andrew M. Cuomo and New York Governor David A. Paterson. The New York state Democratic Party also uses the firm, as do many New York state members of Congress. The firm is also one of the "top consultants to corporations and other special interests," according to an article in the Times."They have carved out the niche of being the premier Democratic political polling firm," William T. Cunningham, a political consultant, said in 2008. Political clients include or have included Iowa Governor Chet Culver, West Virginia Senator Joe Manchin, Montana Governor Brian Schweitzer, New York State Attorney General Andrew M. Cuomo, presidential candidate Al Gore, Congresswomen Loretta and Linda Sánchez. The New York state Democratic Party and New York state members of Congress also consult with the firm. GSG has managed political campaigns in Albania, Aruba, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Greece, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Republic of Georgia, Trinidad and Venezuela.
In 2008, the firm's annual revenues were said to total about $20 million, and it had 50 employees. In addition to New York City, Global has offices in Washington, D.C. and Hartford, Connecticut.Along with its political roster of clients, GSG has been retained by large corporations, nonprofits and advocacy organizations like Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Condé Nast, General Electric, GlaxoSmithKline, Goldman Sachs, Microsoft, Scholastic, Silverstein Properties, Starwood, Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC), United Way and Yale University, among others.
As of 2009 GSG was using the marketing tag, "Campaign to Win."
The firm was mentioned on the TV show The West Wing and is also referenced in a Trivial Pursuit board game question.
Global Strategy Group served as the pollster to Congressman and House Democratic Caucus Chairman Joseph Crowley, who lost the 2018 Democratic primary election for New York's 14th Congressional District by 15 points to Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez despite a previous GSG poll showing Crowley up by 35 points, in an upset that Politico called "as seismic of a defeat in the House since Eric Cantor lost to Dave Brat in 2014."Green New Deal
The Green New Deal (GND) is a set of proposed economic stimulus programs in the United States that aim to address climate change and economic inequality. The name refers to the New Deal, a set of social and economic reforms and public works projects undertaken by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in response to the Great Depression. The Green New Deal combines Roosevelt's economic approach with modern ideas such as renewable energy and resource efficiency. A previous policy similar to the Green New Deal was the 2008 tax incentive for solar panels.Hbomberguy
Harry Brewis (born 19 September 1992) is an English YouTube personality and essayist. Under the pseudonym Hbomberguy he runs the eponymous YouTube channel, "one of the more popular ones countering the growing tide of the manosphere and alt-right". Brewis produces critical video essays on a variety of topics, such as film, TV, and video games, often "meld[ing] his thoughts on games and movies with larger arguments for leftist political and economic positions", as well as creating "measured response" videos aimed at debunking conspiracies and alt-right arguments.His essays have garnered positive reception, with Charlie Lyne of Sight & Sound praising Brewis for "push[ing] the YouTube video essay into new territory".Intel International Science and Engineering Fair
The Intel International Science and Engineering Fair (Intel ISEF) is an annual science fair, and is owned and administered by the Society for Science & the Public a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization based in Washington, DC. Each May, more than 1500 students from roughly 70 countries and territories compete in the fair for scholarships, tuition grants, internships, scientific field trips and the grand prizes, including one $75,000 and two $50,000 college scholarships. All prizes together amount to over $4,070,000. Two awards ceremonies are held including: Special Awards Organization Presentation (which now includes the Government Awards Presentations) and the Grand Awards Ceremony. The International Science and Engineering Fair was founded in 1950 by Science Service (now the Society for Science & the Public) and has been sponsored by the Intel Corporation since 1997. A major problem in the event has been students whose parents are professors using their parents' work as their own. This is especially true for countries like India. Starting from 2019, the Intel Corporation will no longer be the title sponsor for ISEF.ISEF alumni including Nobel Prize winner Paul Modrich (1964), and National Medal of Science winners Richard Zare (1957), Susan Solomon (1972), and James Gunn (1957). Other alumni include inventor Alex Deans (2013), SUNY Chancellor Kristina M. Johnson (1975), CRISPR researcher Feng Zhang, and Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (2007).Joe Crowley
Joseph Crowley (born March 16, 1962) is an American politician who served as a U.S. Representative from New York State from 1999 to 2019. He was Chair of the House Democratic Caucus from 2017 to 2019. He also has been chair of the Queens County Democratic Party since 2006, succeeding Thomas J. Manton. He served in the New York State Assembly from 1987 to 1998.
On June 26, 2018, Crowley lost renomination in the Democratic primary to Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, who won the November 6 general election.Justice Democrats
Justice Democrats is an American progressive political action committee founded on January 23, 2017, by Kyle Kulinski of Secular Talk, Cenk Uygur of The Young Turks, and former leadership from the 2016 Bernie Sanders presidential campaign. Uygur and Kulinski are no longer affiliated with the group. Alexandra Rojas became executive director of the organization in January 2017. The organization formed as a result of the 2016 United States presidential election and has a stated goal of reforming the Democratic Party by running "a unified campaign to replace every corporate-backed member of Congress and rebuild the Democratic Party from "scratch" starting in the 2018 congressional midterm elections.Justice Democrats describes its views as being held by most Americans, but deemed "politically impossible" by the current political establishment because of systemic political corruption. They comment that as all campaigns need donations and that candidates who hold policies viewed as unfavorable by corporate interests and wealthy individuals will be denied funding by corporations. Therefore the system actually ends up forcing politicians to change their policies to suit the current business environment.In the 2018 elections, 26 of the 79 candidates endorsed by Justice Democrats won their respective primary elections. Seven of these candidates won in the general election: Raúl Grijalva, Ro Khanna, Ayanna Pressley, Rashida Tlaib, Ilhan Omar, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, and Pramila Jayapal. Districts won ranged from D+13 to D+34 on the Cook PVI, meaning solid Democrat. No swing districts were won, though Kara Eastman and Ammar Campa-Najjar came close in their respective races.Knock Down the House
Knock Down the House is a 2019 American documentary film directed by Rachel Lears. It revolves around the primary campaigns of Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Amy Vilela, Cori Bush, and Paula Jean Swearengin, four progressive Democrats endorsed by Justice Democrats and Brand New Congress running for Congress in the 2018 midterm elections.It had its world premiere at the 2019 Sundance Film Festival on January 27, 2019.New York's 14th congressional district
New York's 14th congressional district is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives located in New York City, represented by Democrat Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez.
The district includes the eastern part of the Bronx and part of north-central Queens. The Queens portion includes the neighborhoods of Astoria, College Point, Corona, East Elmhurst, Elmhurst, Jackson Heights, and Woodside. The Bronx portion of the district includes the neighborhoods of City Island, Country Club, Morris Park, Parkchester, Pelham Bay, Schuylerville, and Throggs Neck. Roughly half of the population of the district is of Hispanic or Latino heritage, making it one of the more Latino districts in New York. Before redistricting for the 2012 election, much of the area was in New York's 7th congressional district.
From 2003 to 2013, the district encompassed much of what is now New York's 12th congressional district, including Central Park and the East Side of Manhattan; all of Roosevelt Island; and the neighborhoods of Astoria, Long Island City, and Sunnyside in Queens.Our Revolution
Our Revolution (commonly known by its initials OR) is an American progressive political action organization spun out of Senator Bernie Sanders's 2016 presidential campaign to continue its work. The organization's mission is to educate voters about issues, get people involved in the political process, and work to organize and elect progressive candidates. Our Revolution is also the title of a book by Sanders released in November 2016.Our Revolution has seen significant electoral success since its founding in 2016. Notable politicians elected with its support include U.S. Representatives Pramila Jayapal, Tulsi Gabbard, Jamie Raskin,, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, and Rashida Tlaib; mayors Randall Woodfin and Chokwe Antar Lumumba of Birmingham and Jackson, respectively; Philadelphia District Attorney Larry Krasner; and Virginia State Delegate Lee Carter. Significant nominees for office in 2018 elections include Stacey Abrams, Ben Jealous, and Andrew Gillum.Progressive International
Progressive International is an international organization uniting progressive left-wing activists and organizations. Its main proponents are Bernie Sanders and Yanis Varoufakis and it was launched by The Sanders Institute and DiEM25. Varoufakis, a co-founder of DiEM25, said in an op-ed that Progressive International is created "to mobilize people around the world to transform the global order and the institutions that shape it". Progressive International was launched in November 30, 2018 at a Sanders Institute event attended by many progressive politicians, economists and activists including Naomi Klein, Cornel West, Fernando Haddad, Jeffrey Sachs, Niki Ashton and Ada Colau. Some of the project's promotional videos were produced by Means of Production, the studio behind the campaign ad for American Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez.Robert C. Hockett
Robert C. Hockett is an American lawyer, law professor, and policy advocate. He holds two positions at Cornell University (the Edward Cornell Professor of Law at Cornell Law School and a Professor of Public Affairs), is senior counsel at investment firm Westwood Capital, LLC, and was a Fellow at The Century Foundation think tank. As of 2019, he is advising Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez on the Green New Deal.Ross Barkan
Ross Barkan (born October 22, 1989) is an American journalist, novelist, and politician.Sunrise Movement
The Sunrise Movement is an American youth grassroots organization that advocates political action on climate change from the United States Congress. The Green New Deal, a plan to switch the energy infrastructure of the United States from fossil fuel to renewable energy, creating millions of jobs in the process, is its core demand. The group came to prominence after the 2018 midterm elections when 250 young people, 51 of whom were arrested, occupied the office of Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi to demand action on climate change. The Sunrise Movement is closely allied with Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and the Justice Democrats.
After the November sit-in, the organization has been focused on gaining a consensus within the Democratic Party in support of a Green New Deal. One major goal was to create a select committee on the Green New Deal, a plan opposed by the Democratic House leadership. Instead, the leadership recreated the Committee on the Climate Crisis, a move seen by the Sunrise Movement as insufficient.
The Sunrise Movement is a multi-faceted political vehicle designed as a means for young people to get involved in fighting climate change in the political sphere. Their primary strategy is to build a base of young volunteers to work in a number of ways to influence Congress.United States House Select Committee on the Climate Crisis
The House Select Committee on the Climate Crisis is a select committee established in the 116th United States Congress in 2019 when Democrats regained the majority of the United States House of Representatives. The Chair is Congresswoman Kathy Castor of Florida. The committee has no mandate or subpoena power to compel witnesses to testify.Its predecessor was the United States House Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming, which existed from 2007 to 2011, and was not renewed when the Republicans gained control of the House for the 112th Congress.The committee was formed in response to activist pressure. In November and December of 2018, youth climate activists with the Sunrise Movement pushed House Democrats to form a select committee with the mandate to draft "Green New Deal" legislation, working with incoming freshman Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, who proposed language for the committee's authorization. The activists staged a series of sit-ins in the offices of Nancy Pelosi, Steny Hoyer, and Jim McGovern, the incoming Speaker, Majority Leader, and Rules Committee chair. About two dozen Democratic members of Congress supported their proposal, but the incoming chairs of the Energy & Commerce and Natural Resources Committees, Reps. Frank Pallone and Raul Grijalva, opposed it.