Alexander Ilyinsky

Alexander Alexandrovich Ilyinsky (Russian: Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Ильи́нский; 24 January [O.S. 12 January] 1859 – 23 February 1920) was a Russian music teacher and composer, best known for the Lullaby (Berceuse), Op. 13, No. 7, from his orchestral suite "Noure and Anitra", and for the opera The Fountain of Bakhchisaray set to Pushkin's poem of the same name.

Alexander Ilyinsky was born in Tsarskoye Selo in 1859. His father was a physician in the Alexander Cadet Corps. His general education was in the First Cadet Corps at St Petersburg, and he served in the Artillery from 1877 to 1879.[1] His music studies were in Berlin, under Theodor Kullak and Natanael Betcher[1] at the Berlin Conservatory, and under Woldemar Bargiel at the Neue Akademie der Tonkunst.[2] He returned to Russia in 1885, graduated from the St Petersburg Conservatory[2] and taught at the Moscow Philharmonic Society School of Music and Drama.[1] He resigned in 1899 and started giving private lessons.[1] In 1905 he joined the staff of the Moscow Conservatory.[1][2] His students included Vasily Kalinnikov, Anatoly Nikolayevich Alexandrov, Nikolai Roslavets, and the Finnish composer Väinö Raitio.[3]

His major work, the 4-act opera The Fountain of Bakhchisaray, to a libretto based on Alexander Pushkin's poem, was produced in Moscow in 1911.[4] He also wrote a symphony, a Concert Overture,[1] a string quartet, three orchestral suites, a set of orchestral Croatian Dances, a symphonic movement called Psyche,[1] two cantatas for female chorus and orchestra (Strekoza (The Dragonfly) and Rusalka), incidental music to Sophocles' Oedipus Rex and Philoctetes, and to Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy's Tsar Fiodor Ioannovich, piano pieces, church music, songs, etc. His name is perhaps most familiar to music students for his Lullaby from the third orchestral suite (sometimes described as a ballet),[1] "Noure and Anitra", Op. 13, which excerpt has appeared in many different arrangements.

Alexander Ilyinsky also wrote "A Short Guide to the Practical Teaching of Orchestration" (1917), which remained in use long after his death.[2] In 1904 there appeared under his editorship "Biographies of all Composers from the Fourth to the Twentieth Century".[1] He edited the complete piano works of Beethoven for a commercial publication.[5]

He died in 1920 in Moscow.

Orgy of the Spirits, an excerpt from The Fountain of Bakhchisaray, was used in the scores of the film East of Java (1935)[6] and the adventure serials Tim Tyler's Luck (1937) and Flash Gordon's Trip to Mars (1938).[2] It was also used as the theme music for the radio serial The Witch’s Tale.[7]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Grande Musica
  2. ^ a b c d e
  3. ^
  4. ^ Opera Glass
  5. ^ National Library of Russia
  6. ^ "Flash Gordon and His Universal Serial Compatriots". Archived from the original on 26 August 2009. Retrieved 9 October 2009.
  7. ^ Old Time Radio: Theme Title Index


  • Grove’s Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 5th, 1954, Eric Blom, ed.

Further reading

"Iljinski, Alexander Alexandrovich", in The Biographical Dictionary of Musicians (1940), Garden City, NY: Blue Ribbon Books.

External links

1920 in music

This is a list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1920.

Anatoly Alexandrov (composer)

Anatoly Nikolayevich Alexandrov (Russian: Анато́лий Никола́евич Алекса́ндров) (May 25, 1888 [O.S. May 13], Moscow – April 16, 1982, Moscow), PAU, was a Russian composer of works for piano and for other instruments, and pianist. His initial works had a mystical element, but he downplayed this to better fit socialist realism. He led a somewhat retiring life, but received several honors.

Alexandrov was the son of a Professor of Tomsk University. He attended the Moscow Conservatory (which he left in 1915), where he was a pupil of Nikolai Zhilyayev, Sergei Taneyev and Sergei Vasilenko (theory), Alexander Ilyinsky (composition) and Konstantin Igumnov (pianoforte). His early music revealed the influence of Nikolai Medtner and Alexander Scriabin. He was appointed Professor at the Moscow Conservatory in 1923.Viktor Belyaev, Alexandrov's first biographer, wrote in 1926: "If Myaskovsky is a thinker, and Feinberg a psychologist, then Alexandrov is, before anything else, a poet." Alexandrov was also a strong proponent of Stanchinsky and edited much of his compositions for publication.

Chronological list of Russian classical composers

The following is a chronological list of classical music composers who live in, work in, or are citizens of Russia, or who have done so.

Ilyinsky (surname)

Ilyinsky is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Alexander Ilyinsky (1859-1919), Russian composer

Igor Ilyinsky (1901–1987), Soviet actor

Paul Ilyinsky (1928–2004), three-time Mayor of Palm Beach, Florida, the United States

List of Russian composers

An alphabetical list of significant composers who were born in Russia or worked there for a significant time.

List of composers by nationality

The following is a list of composers by nationality.

Nikolai Roslavets

Nikolai Andreevich Roslavets (Russian: Никола́й Андре́евич Ро́славец) (4 January 1881 [O.S. 23 December 1880], Surazh, then in Chernigov Governorate, Russian Empire, now in Bryansk Oblast, Russia – 23 August 1944, Moscow) was a significant Russian modernist composer of Russian origin. Roslavets was a convinced modernist and cosmopolitan thinker; his music was officially suppressed from 1930 onwards.

Among his works are five symphonic poems (three of them are lost), two violin concertos, five string quartets, two viola sonatas, two cello sonatas, six violin sonatas, and five piano trios.

November 7 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

November 6 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - November 8

All fixed commemorations below celebrated on November 20 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.For November 7th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on October 25.

Plays with incidental music

This is an incomplete list of plays for which incidental music has been written.

A very large number of such works have been written, and to limit the size of this article, only items where the composer and/or the playwright has a specific Wikipedia article should be included.

Saint Petersburg Conservatory

The N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov Saint Petersburg State Conservatory (Russian: Санкт-Петербургская государственная консерватория имени Н. А. Римского-Корсакова) is a music school in Saint Petersburg, Russia. In 2004, the conservatory had around 275 faculty members and 1,400 students.

Tchaikovsky (song)

"Tchaikovsky (and Other Russians)" is a patter song with lyrics by Ira Gershwin and music by Kurt Weill, first performed by American comedian Danny Kaye in the 1941 Broadway musical Lady in the Dark. The original spelling is "Tschaikowsky (and Other Russians)" – in his lyrics Gershwin used the alternate spelling "Tschaikowsky", from the German transliteration (used by German music publishers of the period) in place of the more widely accepted modern transliteration Tchaikovsky."Tschaikowsky (and Other Russians)" is not a song in the normal sense of the term: it is a rhyming list of fifty Russian composers' names, which Kaye rattled off (in a speaking, not singing, voice) as rapidly as possible. At each performance, Kaye tried to break his previous speed record for reciting this song: consequently, it was intended to be recited a cappella (without instrumental accompaniment), as the orchestra could not possibly keep up with him.

Several of the "Russian" composers listed in this song are actually Russian-Americans whose names Gershwin altered for the purposes of his lyric. For example, one of the names in the song is "Dukelsky"; this is actually the birth name of Vernon Duke, an American composer of Russian ancestry. Stanisław Moniuszko, Witold Maliszewski and Leopold Godowsky are actually Polish, not Russian, but all three were born in what was then part of the Russian Empire.

Ira Gershwin began his career writing lyrics for his brother George Gershwin. Ira, the more self-effacing of the Gershwin brothers, was concerned that music publishers might think that George had chosen him as lyricist on the basis of nepotism rather than talent, so Ira originally chose to write lyrics under the pseudonym "Arthur Francis" (derived from the names of his other brother Arthur and his sister Frances).

The song was originally a nonsense poem which Ira Gershwin had published in a college newspaper under the name "Arthur Francis" in his student days. Decades later, in his memoir Lyrics on Several Occasions, Ira Gershwin expressed the hope that someone might accuse him of plagiarizing his song "Tschaikowsky" from the collegiate poem, so he could reveal that he and Arthur Francis were the same person.

In later interviews, Danny Kaye described how, on opening night, his rendition of Tschaikowsky brought down the house. Instead of elating him, this put Kaye in a panic because Gertrude Lawrence's song, "The Saga of Jenny", was the next number, and "no one upstages Gertrude Lawrence!" He was certain Lawrence would demand Tschaikowsky be cut from the show the next day. Lawrence, however, was up to the challenge, and gave an overwhelming performance of "The Saga of Jenny", thereby saving Kaye's number.

The Fountain of Bakhchisaray

For Boris Asafyev's ballet of the same name, see The Fountain of Bakhchisarai (ballet)

The Fountain of Bakhchisaray (Russian: «Бахчисарайский фонтан») is a poem by Alexander Pushkin, written during the years 1821 to 1823.

Pushkin began writing The Fountain of Bakhchisaray in the spring of 1821, after having visited The Fountain of Tears at the Khan Palace in Bakhchisaray in 1820. The bulk of the poem was written during 1822. In spring 1823, the entry draft was completed. During the autumn of 1823, the poem received its final finishing and was prepared for printing. The first edition of The Fountain of Bakhchisaray was published on March 10, 1824.

In 1909–1910, a short film based on the poem was created by Yakov Protazanov. In 1934, Boris Asafyev created a ballet of the same name, also inspired by Pushkin's work, and Alexander Ilyinsky composed an opera (1911) based on the poem. Alexander von Zemlinsky's 1897 opera Sarema takes its name from a character in the poem, and is based upon it.

Theodor Kullak

Theodor Kullak (12 September 1818 – 1 March 1882) was a German pianist, composer, and teacher. He was born in Krotoschin and died in Berlin.

Tsar Fyodor Ioannovich

Tsar Fyodor Ioannovich (Russian: Царь Фёдор Иоаннович, old orthography: Царь Ѳедоръ Іоанновичъ) is a 1868 historical drama by Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy. It is the second part of a trilogy that begins with The Death of Ivan the Terrible and concludes with Tsar Boris. All three plays were banned by the censor. Tsar Fyodor is written in blank verse and was influenced by the work of William Shakespeare, Casimir Delavigne, and Edward Bulwer-Lytton. It dramatises the story of Feodor I of Russia, whom the play portrays as a good man who is a weak, ineffectual ruler. The trilogy formed the core of Tolstoy's reputation as a writer in the Russia of his day and as a dramatist to this day. It has been considered Tolstoy's masterpiece.Tsar Fyodor Ioannovich was first performed in an amateur production in Saint Petersburg in 1890. It received its first professional production at Suvorin's theatre in Saint Petersburg on 12 October 1898, directed by P. P. Gnedich. Two days later on 14 October, the play was performed as the inaugural production of the world-famous Moscow Art Theatre, directed by Constantin Stanislavski, with Ivan Moskvin in the lead role and Vsevolod Meyerhold as Prince Vasiliy Shuisky. Since then the play has been revived frequently. Incidental music was written for the play by Alexander Ilyinsky.

Vasily Kalinnikov

Vasily Sergeyevich Kalinnikov (Russian: Васи́лий Серге́евич Кали́нников; January 13 [O.S. January 1] 1866 Oryol Governorate – January 11, 1901 [O.S. December 29, 1900], Yalta) was a Russian composer. His body of work consists of two symphonies, several additional orchestral works, and numerous songs, all of them imbued with characteristics of folksong. His symphonies, particularly the First, were frequently performed in the early 20th century.

His younger brother Viktor Kalinnikov (1870–1927) was also a composer, mainly of choral music.

Water supply and sanitation in Russia

In Russia, approximately 70 per cent of drinking water comes from surface water and 30 per cent from groundwater. In 2004, water supply systems had a total capacity of 90 million cubic metres a day. The average residential water use was 248 litres per capita per day. One quarter of the world’s fresh surface and groundwater is located in Russia. The water utilities sector is one of the largest industries in Russia serving the entire Russian population.

Woldemar Bargiel

Woldemar Bargiel (3 October 1828 – 23 February 1897) was a German composer.

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