Born in Moscow in the princely Golitsyn family, Alexander Golitzen fled the country with his parents during the Russian Revolution. Travelling via Siberia and China, they arrived in Seattle, where Alexander graduated from high school. He then attended the University of Washington, where he achieved a degree in architecture.
He started his art direction career in Los Angeles, as an assistant to Alexander Toluboff, an art director for MGM. He started working with Walter Wanger (a producer) in 1939 and they worked together for many movies. Starting in 1942, and continuing for the next 30 years, he became a unit art director, and later a supervising art director at Universal, overseeing dozens of productions.
He was also nominated for an Academy Award for his work on Sundown (1941), Arabian Nights (1942), The Climax (1944), Flower Drum Song (1961), That Touch of Mink (1962), Gambit (1966), Thoroughly Modern Millie (1967), Sweet Charity (1969), Airport (1970), and Earthquake (1974). He served on the Academy's board of directors for several years.
Alexander was married for 72 years to Frances, née Peters, who survived him. They had a daughter Cynthia, a son Peter, five grandchildren and a great-granddaughter.
The Academy Award for Best Production Design recognizes achievement for art direction in film. The category's original name was Best Art Direction, but was changed to its current name in 2012 for the 85th Academy Awards. This change resulted from the Art Director's branch of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) being renamed the Designer's branch. Since 1947, the award is shared with the set decorator(s). It is awarded to the best interior design in a film.The films below are listed with their production year (for example, the 2000 Academy Award for Best Art Direction is given to a film from 1999). In the lists below, the winner of the award for each year is shown first, followed by the other nominees.Alexander Golitsyn
Alexander Golitsyn or Alexander Golitzen may refer to:
Alexander Golitzen (1908–2005), movie art director
Alexander Mikhailovich Golitsyn (1718–1783), Russian field marshal and governor of Saint Petersburg
Alexander Mikhailovich Golitsyn (vice chancellor) (1723–1804), son of general admiral Mikhail Mikhailovich Golitsyn
Prince Alexander Nikolayevich Golitsyn (1773–1844), minister of education under Alexander IArthur Krams
Arthur Krams (July 15, 1912 – September 29, 1985) was an American set designer. He first made a name for himself working for MGM on films such as Holiday in Mexico, Easter Parade and The Student Prince in the mid 1940s. Later, he went on to work with Paramount Pictures. While there, he shared an Oscar for The Rose Tattoo (1955). Over his career, Krams would be co-nominated for an Oscar seven more times.Carolyn Scott
Carolyn Scott is an American art director and set decorator. She won an Academy Award in the category Best Art Direction for the film The Madness of King George.Grant Major
Grant Major (born 1955) is an Art director from New Zealand who is most famous for his work on The Lord of the Rings films. He won an Oscar for The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King.Gérard James
Gérard James is an American set decorator. He won an Academy Award in the category Best Art Direction for the film Dangerous Liaisons.Henry Bumstead
Lloyd Henry "Bummy" Bumstead (March 17, 1915 – May 24, 2006) was an American cinematic art director and production designer. In a career that spanned over fifty-five years he won two Academy Awards: the first for To Kill a Mockingbird, and the second for The Sting. In addition, he was nominated for Alfred Hitchcock's Vertigo and Clint Eastwood's Unforgiven.In Enemy Country
In Enemy Country is a 1968 American action film directed by Harry Keller and starring Anthony Franciosa, Anjanette Comer and Guy Stockwell. During World War II a group of Allied agents are sent on a secret mission to German-occupied France to destroy a dangerous new weapon.
The film's art direction was by John Beckman and Alexander Golitzen.Jack Martin Smith
Jack Martin Smith (January 2, 1911 - November 7, 1993) was a highly successful Hollywood art director with over 130 films to his credit and nine Academy Award nominations which ultimately yielded three Oscars.Jeff Melvin
Jeff A. Melvin is a Canadian set decorator. Best known for his work on the 2017 film, The Shape of Water, for which he won Academy Award for Best Production Design, with production designer Paul Denham Austerberry, and set decorator, Shane Vieau. The trio also won the BAFTA award for Production Design on February 18.Jim Erickson
James Erickson (born about 1951) is an American-Canadian set decorator. He won the Academy Award for Best Production Design for his work in Lincoln, and was nominated for There Will Be Blood. He has also done set decoration for Ali and Independence Day.Joseph Kish
Joseph Kish (June 14, 1899 – March 14, 1969) was an American set decorator. He won an Academy Award and was nominated for four more in the category Best Art Direction. He worked on 130 films between 1942 and 1966.Leslie Dilley
Leslie Dilley (born 11 January 1941) is a Welsh production designer and art director. He has won two Academy Awards and has been nominated for three more in the category Best Art Direction.Lyle R. Wheeler
Lyle Reynolds Wheeler (February 2, 1905 – January 10, 1990) was an American motion picture art director. He received five Academy Awards — for Gone with the Wind (1939), Anna and the King of Siam (1946), The Robe (1953), The King and I (1956) and The Diary of Anne Frank (1959).Malcolm Brown (art director)
Malcolm Brown (10 August 1903 – 29 August 1967) was an American art director. He won an Oscar and was nominated for another in the category Best Art Direction.Paul S. Fox
Paul Samuel Fox (September 30, 1898 – May 1972) was an American set decorator. He won three Academy Awards and was nominated for ten more in the category Best Art Direction.Ray Moyer
Ray Moyer (February 21, 1898 – February 6, 1986) was an American set decorator. He won three Academy Awards and was nominated for nine more in the category Best Art Direction. He was born in Santa Barbara, California and died in Los Angeles, California.Rick Simpson
Rick Simpson is an American set decorator. He won an Academy Award and was nominated for another in the category Best Art Direction.Urie McCleary
Urie McCleary (July 10, 1905 – December 12, 1980) was an American art director. He won two Academy Awards and was nominated for four more in the category Best Art Direction. He was born in Arkansas and died in Los Angeles, California.