Alejandro "Alex" Pompez (May 3, 1890 – March 14, 1974) was an American executive in Negro league baseball who owned the Cuban Stars (East) and New York Cubans franchises from 1916 to 1950. His family had emigrated from Cuba, where his father was a lawyer. Outside baseball and numbers (illegal gambling), he owned and operated a cigar shop in downtown Manhattan. He later served as a scout and director of international scouting for the Giants franchise in Major League Baseball. He was posthumously inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2006.
|Alejandro "Alex" Pompez|
|Born: May 3, 1890|
Key West, Florida
|Died: March 14, 1974 (aged 83)|
New York City
|Member of the National|
|Baseball Hall of Fame|
|Election Method||Committee on African-American Baseball|
Pompez was born on May 3, 1890, in Key West, Florida, the oldest of four children born to Cuban immigrants Jose and Loretta Pompez. His father was a lawyer and cigar manufacturer who had connections to Cuban author and dissident Jose Marti. Jose Pompez was on the board of directors for the Key West chapter of the Cuban Revolutionary Party; he was elected to the Florida House of Representatives as a Republican in 1892. He was a state representative until his death until 1897. Alex and his family struggled financially after his father willed his estate to the insurgency.
Alex Pompez owned the Cuban Stars of the Eastern Colored League between 1923 and 1928 and the New York Cubans of the Negro National League from 1935 to 1951. He also helped organize the first Negro League World Series in 1924. He signed numerous Latin American players for his Negro league teams, including Martín Dihigo, Minnie Miñoso and Alejandro Oms.
Several owners in the Negro National League, including Pompez, were numbers bankers. Pompez was one of New York's leading numbers bankers during the 1920s but was forced to join Dutch Schultz in 1932. His connections with Schultz's organization led to his indictment in 1936 for involvement in policy rackets when New York County District Attorney Thomas Dewey selected him as one of the targets in a crackdown on New York City racketeering. Pompez fled to Mexico after being tipped off to his arrest; he was eventually arrested by Mexican authorities, but Mexican officials refused to extradite him. Pompez decided to return to the U.S. as a state witness in the investigation. He is considered the only man who survived after turning informant against another racketeer.
In 1948, sensing that baseball's integration would change the Negro leagues, Pompez arranged for the New York Cubans to become a minor league affiliate of the New York Giants. Pompez scouted Latin America for the Giants, and they signed several players through Pompez, including Camilo Pascual, Tony Oliva and Orlando Cepeda. In 1950, Pompez submitted a favorable scouting report to the Giants on Fidel Castro. He was hired by the New York Giants to oversee their Latin American operations in 1950.
The following are the baseball events of the year 1890 throughout the world.1974 in baseball
The following are the baseball events of the year 1974 throughout the world.2006 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting
Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 2006 proceeded in keeping with rules enacted in 2001, augmented by a special election; the result was the largest class of inductees (18) in the Hall's history, including the first woman elected. The Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) held an election to select from among recent players. The Veterans Committee did not hold an election; the 2001 rules changes provided that elections for players retired over 20 years would be held every other year, with elections of non-players (managers, umpires and executives) held every fourth year. The Committee voted in 2005 on players who were active no later than 1983; there was no 2005 election for non-players. Elections in both categories were held in 2007.
On July 26, 2005, the Hall announced that its board of directors had approved a special election to be held in 2006, by the Committee on African-American Baseball, of Negro leagues and pre-Negro leagues candidates.
Induction ceremonies in Cooperstown were held July 30 with Commissioner Bud Selig presiding.2006 in baseball
The following are the baseball events of the year 2006 throughout the world.Alex
Alex is a common given name commonly associated with the Greek name Alexandros. In English, it is usually a diminutive of the male given name Alexander, or its female equivalent Alexandra or Alexandria. Aleck or Alec is the Scottish form of Alex. The East European male name Alexey (Aleksei, Alexis, Aleksa) is also sometimes shortened to Alex. It is a commonly used nickname in Spanish for Alejandro, Alexandro, Alejandrino and Alexandrino, and related names like Alexa and Alexis.Cuban Stars (East)
The Cuban Stars (East) were a team of professional baseball players from Cuba and other Latin American countries who competed in the Negro leagues in the eastern United States from 1916 to 1933. They generally were a traveling team that played only road games.Cuban Stars (West)
The Cuban Stars were a team of Cuban professional baseball players that competed in the United States Negro leagues from 1907 to 1932. The team was also sometimes known as the Cuban Stars of Havana, Stars of Cuba, Cuban All-Stars, Havana Reds, Almendares Blues or simply as the Cubans. For one season, 1921, the team played home games in Cincinnati, Ohio and was known as the Cincinnati Cubans.Hispanic Heritage Baseball Museum
The Hispanic Heritage Baseball Museum Hall of Fame was founded in the Mission District in San Francisco, California on October 24, 1998, and Incorporated as a 501c3 non-profit organization on June 23, 1999 in Sacramento, California by Gabriel "Tito" Avila, Jr. a former Semi-pro, Sandlot, High School, College player and a Vietnam Era Veteran from New York City and San Francisco resident who wanted to honor the greatest Hispanic Baseball position players of all time. The HHBMHOF is International and dedicated to recognizing the contributions made to baseball by Hispanic players. Since its inception, the HHBMHOF has inducted (67) players, coaches, broadcasters, Negro Leagues Hispanic players, MLB Scorers, and Pioneer Executives. Founding members include Orlando Cepeda, Orlando Mercado and Tito 23 Fuentes.
The HHBMHOF also honors its (16) Pioneers beginning with Esteban Bellan of the Troy Haymakers a team for which he played for in (1869) of the (American Association 1860-1872) (National Amateur Association 1860-1870) based in Lasingburgh, New York post Major League Baseball from Cuba, Luis Castro of the Philadelphia Athletics from Colombia in (1902). Armando Marsans and Rafael Almeida of the Cincinnati Reds in (1911) from Cuba. Alfredo Cabrera of the St. Louis Cardinals in (1913) from Spain, Mel Almada of the Boston Red Sox in (1933) from Mexico, Alejandro Carrasquel of the Washington Senators in (1939) from Venezuela, Hiram Bithorn of the Chicago Cubs in (1942) from Puerto Rico, Humberto Robinson of the Milwaukee Braves from Panama in (1955), Ossie Virgil of the New York Giants in (1956) from the Dominican Republic, Dennis Martinez of the Baltimore Orioles from Nicaragua in (1976), Gerald Young of the Houston Astros in (1987) from Honduras, and Eloy "Buck" Canel, American Spanish Broadcaster of Major League Baseball and Ford Frick Award Winner (NBHOF) for broadcasting internationally spreading baseball to the radios of Latin America for four decades beginning in the (1940's). He also broadcast for both the New York Mets and New York Yankees from Argentina. Jose Mendez and Esteban Torriente Negro Leagues, Alex Pompez Executive Pioneer. Pedro Sierra, Former Major League Pitcher with the Washington Senators and the Minnesota Twins. The last Hispanic player to have signed a contract with the Negro Leagues as a Baseball player.
In 2007 the HHBMHOF established its Pioneer Award to those players or baseball aficionados who have set the example as true pioneers of the sport. To date (18) Pioneers have received that honor. Felipe Alou, San Francisco Giants on June 23, 2002 at Pacific Bell Park, San Francisco, California, Matty Alou, on June 23, 2002 at Pacific Bell Park, San Francisco, California. Jesus Alou, Houston Astros, on September 23, 2008, Houston, Texas. Juan Berenguer, Minnesota Twins on June 23, 2013 at Comerica Park, Detroit, Michigan. Orlando Cepeda, San Francisco Giants on June 23, 2002, San Francisco, California. Dave Garcia, San Diego Padres, Ossie Guillen, Chicago White Sox on June 2, 2006 at US Cellular Field, Chicago, Illinois. Rudy Jaramillo, Texas Rangers on September 20, 2008 at Rangers Ball Park at Arlington, Texas. Juan Marichal, San Francisco Giants on June 23, 2002, San Francisco, California. Minnie Minoso, Chicago White Sox on at US Cellular Field, Chicago Iiinois. Chicago White Sox, Jose Pagan, San Francisco Giants on June 23, 2002, San Francisco, California. Luis Polonia, New York Yankees, Newark, New Jersey. Ivan 'Pudge" Rodriguez, Texas Rangers, on August 2, 2012 at Comerica Park, Detroit, Michigan. Arturo Santo Domingo, Major League Baseball, Diego Segui, Oakland Athletics on July 6, 2012 at the Bartle Hall Convention Center, Kansas City, Missouri. Pedro Sierra, Negro Leagues, Major League Baseball, Valmy Thomas, San Francisco Giants on June 23, 2002, San Francisco, California. Jose Uribe, San Francisco Giants on June 23, 2002, San Francisco, California.
Luis Aparicio was inducted into the HHBMHOF at the 73rd Annual All Star Game Fan Fest at the Moscone East Center, San Francisco, California. On December 27, 2007 Mr. Millito Navarro (101 years old) was inducted into the HHBMHOF at the Pancho Coimbre Museum in Ponce, Puerto Rico. This was the HHBMHOF first induction outside the Continental United States.
The first Award of Merit was awarded on July 10, 1998 to Juan Navarette, Mexican Baseball Hall of Famer at the McAfee Coliseum, Oakland, California. Award of Merit winners Rolando Arojo, Carlos Baerga, Frank Castillo, Coco Crisp, Juan Diaz, Nomar Garciaparra, Rich Garces, Pedro Matinez, Jose Offerman,
Manny Ramirez, Freddy Sanchez, Rey Sanchez, Ugueth Urbina. On May 26, 2000 the San Francisco Giants recognize the HHBMHOF. On June 12, 2000 HHBMHOF President Mr. Tito Avila was invited as a guest of Spanish Language Radio Station (Radio WADO 1280 am) at the old Yankee Stadium in the Bronx New York during a New York Yankees home game broadcast. On June 28, 2000 The Oakland Athletics recognized HHBMHOF. On July 16, 2000 the HHBMHOF participated in Aids walk at Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, California.
On September 10, 2000 the Oakland City Council presented a city proclamation to the HHBMHOF.
On April 23, 2001 Sammy Sosa donated his Chicago Cubs Home Jersey to the HHBMHOF at AT&T Park, San Francisco, California. On June 20, 2001 Juan Marichal donated his home jersey on Juan Marichal day to the HHBMHOF at AT&T Park, San Francisco, California. On August 15, 2001 the Orlando Cepeda Lifetime achievement award was presented at the Delancey street Restaurant at the Embarcadero to Tony Perez, Marlins Manager of the Florida Marlins. On the same evening at Pacific Bell Park Mr. Rafael Felo Ramirez, Florida Marlins American Spanish Language Broadcaster and Mr. Tony Perez were both inducted into the HHBMHOF. On July 7, 2001 Rod Carew Donated his Minnesota Twins Road Jersey to the HHBMHOF at AT&T Park, San Francisco, California. On August 31, 2001 Andres Galaraga donated his San Francisco Giants Black jersey to the HHBMHOF at AT&T Park, San Francisco, California. On September 21, 2001 the HHBMHOF conducts it first exhibition at the Network Associates Coliseum, Oakland,California.
The initial HHBMHOF inductees were inducted at a banquet on February 23, 2002, at the Grand Hyatt Union Square Hotel, San Francisco, California were Orlando Cepeda, Tito 23 Fuentes and Ted Williams.On April 13, 2002 HHBM HOF President Tito Avila throws out first pitch ever at a Minor League baseball game between the Sacramento Rivercats and the Nashville Sounds at Raley Field, Sacramento, California. On June 23, 2002. The San Francisco Giants held Latin Pioneer Day at AT&T Park,San Francisco. HHBMHOF Founder and President Tito Avila presented the Pioneer Awards to Felipe Alou, Matty Alou, Orlando Cepeda, Tito 23 Fuentes, Jose Pagan, Valmy Thomas and Jose Uribe. On July 23, 2002 Luis Tiant was inducted into the HHBMHOF at Fenway Park, Boston, Massachusetts. On that evening the Award of Merit was present to the Boston Red Sox Hispanic players. On August 7 thru September 2, 2002 the HHBMHOF exhibited at the California Exposition (Cal Expo) in Sacramento, California the state capitol.
On August 11, 2002 Minnie Minoso was inducted into the HHBMHOF at Comisky Park, Chicago, Illinois. On September 13, 2002 Drayton McLane, Jr. Chairman and CEO of the Houston Astros assisted in the induction ceremony of Jose (Cheo) Cruz and Rene Cardenas American Spanish Language Broadcaster of the Houston Astros at Minute Maid Park, Houston, Texas.
On August 8–10, 2003 HHBMHOF launched their first ever National exhibition tour at Qualcom Stadium, San Diego, California as part of the "Fiesta Los Compadres" annual celebration. On August 23, 2003 the HHBMHOF Inducted Jaime Jarrin, Manny Mota and Fernando Valenzuela of the Los Angeles Dodgers at Dodger Stadium, Los Angeles, California. On September 9, 2003 Edgar Martinez was inducted into the HHBMHOF at Safeco Field, Seattle Washington and on that evening Edgar Martinez hit a Home Run and donated his bat to the HHBMHOF. On April 30, 2004 Tony Taylor of the Philadelphia Phillies was inducted into the HHBMHOF at the Delancey Street Restaurant, San Francisco, California. On May 22, 2004 Alfredo Griffin and Orlando Mercado of the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim were inducted into the HHBMHOF at Angels Park, Anaheim, California. On September 25, 2004 Amaury PI-Gonzalez, American Spanish Language Broadcaster (Bay Area) for the San Francisco Giants was inducted into the HHBMHOF at AT&T Park, San Francisco, California as an Oakland Athletics HHBMHOF Hall of Famer trailblazer in Major League Baseball and in the United States.
On May 21, 2005 The HHBMHOF was invited to participate at the Juan Marichal Statue unveiling at King Street, San Francisco, California. In 2005, the World Series-winning manager, then of the Chicago White Sox, Ozzie Guillén, was honored at US Cellular Field, Chicago with the HHBMHOF Pioneer Award for being the first Hispanic foreign-born to win the World Series that year, against the Houston Astros in (4) straight games. The Latino Legends Team was an All-time All-star baseball team selected in 2005 to honor the history of Latin American players in Major League Baseball. On August 5, 2005 Sandy Alomar, Sr., and Billy Berroa, American Spanish Language Broadcaster was inducted into the HHBMHOF at Shea Stadium, Flushing, New York. On that Evening Omar Minaya New York Mets, General Manager was presented the Executive of the Year award. On September 5, 2005 the HHBMHOF participates in its first Fiesta Gigantes Celebration at SBC Park San Francisco, California.
On August 30, 2006 Bert Campaneris was inducted into the HHBMHOF at the McAfee Coliseum, Oakland, California. On April 10, 2006 Al Lopez was inducted into the HHBMHOF at Tropicana Field, Tampa, Florida. On April 11, 2007 Tony Larussa, Manager of the St. Louis Cardinals, was inducted into the HHBMHOF at AT&T Park, San Francisco, California. In April 2007, the HHBMHOF was given a Citation by the New York State Senate in Albany, New York. On Saturday, June 23, 2007, former Giant Omar Vizquel, former Giant Matty Alou, and former New York Yankee Héctor López were inducted into the HHBMHOF during the second game of the inter-league series at a home-plate ceremony at AT&T Park, San Francisco, California before a crowd of 43,000 fans. On that Evening the HHBMHOF attended a reunion dinner of the (1962) New York Yankees and San Francisco Giants at the Joe DiMaggio Restaurant located at North Beach, San Francisco, California. The HHBMHOF was invited to showcase the "Latino Legends" team and their memorabilia at the MLB 78th Annual 2007 All-Star Game Fan Fest on July 6, 2007 at the Moscone Center in San Francisco, California. On July 9, 2007 Luis Aparicio of the Chicago White Sox was inducted into the HHBMHOF at the Moscone Center, San Francisco, California. HHBMHOF Recognition award New York State Citation, June 8, 2007 HHBMHOF Recognition by US. House of Representatives, June 8, 2007 Recognition by New York State Senate, June 8, 2007 Recognition Proclamation City of New York, June 8, 2007 Recognition by the New York City Council.
On July 11, 2008 the HHBMHOF exhibited at the MLB 79th Annual 2008 All-Star Game Fan Fest located at the Javits Center in New York City, the Museum Hall of Fame was again invited by Major League Baseball to showcase their memorabilia along with the Chevy "Latino Legends" team. On August 30, 2008 HHBMHOF and the Arizona Diamondbacks honor Orlando Cepeda with a recognition Day at Chase Field followed by an exhibition. On September 6, 2008 HHBMHOF was present as guests of the San Francisco Giants at the unveiling of the Orlando Cepeda San Francisco Giants Statue at AT&T Park San Francisco, California in celebration of the 50th anniversary of the San Francisco Giants in San Francisco. On August 28, 2008 the Arizona Diamondbacks honored Orlando Cepeda with a recognition award at Chase Field, Phoenix, Arizona. On September 19, 2008 HHBMHOF presented the Pioneer award to Mr. Rudy Jaramillo batting coach of the Texas Rangers followed by an exhibition at the Ball Park at Arlington, Texas. On September 13, 2008 HHBMHOF inducts Alex Fernandez to its Hall of Fame at Dolphin Stadium, Miami, Florida. On September 23, 2008 HHBMHOF presented the Pioneer award to Jesus Alou, Houston Astros followed by an exhibition at Minute Maid Park, Houston, Texas. The HHBMHOF partnered with Johnny Walker and Eventus Marketing Services to showcase exhibitions in Chicago,Phoenix, Miami, Arlington, and Houston during the last couple of months of the 2008 baseball season.
June 13, 2009 HHBMHOF presents the first Annual Jose Uribe Sportsmanship award to San Francisco Giants Catcher Benji Molina. On June 13, 2009 HHBMHOF presented the Pioneer award to Mr. Dave Garcia, San Diego Padres at Petco Park, San Diego, California. On July 7, 2009 the HHBM HOF exhibits at the MLB 80th Annual All Star Game Fan Fest located at the America's Convention Center, St. Louis, Missouri. On September 27, 2009 the HHBMHOF exhibited at the opening of the new Lou Gehrig Plaza at 161st Street and River Avenue, Bronx, New York. HHBMHOF Orlando Cepeda was present to help open the Lou Gehrig Plaza and the HHBMHOF Exhibition to the community. On January 21, 2010 the HHBMHOF is endorsed by the New York Yankees. On July 9, 2010 the HHBMHOF exhibits at the MLB 81st Annual All Star Game Fan Fest located at the Anaheim Convention Center, Anaheim, California.
On July 8, 2011, the HHBNHOF exhibited at the MLB 82nd Annual All-Star Game Fan Fest, located at the Civic Plaza in Phoenix, Arizona. During the Fan Fest, on July 9, 2011, the HHBMHOF inducted Luis Gonzalez as its 47th inductee presented by Mrs. Vera Clemente. The former Arizona Diamondbacks player is now a special assistant to the President of the Arizona Diamondbacks. On July 28, 2011, the HHBMHOF had an exhibition at the New Yankee Stadium honoring the six living Hispanic Hall of Famers: Roberto Alomar, Luis Aparico, Rod Carew, Orlando Cepeda, Juan Marichal, and Tony Pérez at the New York Yankees Museum from July 27, 2011, to the entire 2013 season. On July 6, 2012 the HHBMHOF exhibited at the MLB 83rd Annual All Star Game Fan Fest at the Bartle Hall Kansas City Convention Center in Kansas City, Missouri. At the Fanfest, Joe Azcue was inducted into the HHBMHOF as its 55th inductee by Mrs. Vera Clemente. Diego Seguí HHBMHOF was presented with the Pioneer Award by Mrs. Vera Clemente. On August 21, 2011, the Museum Hall of Fame inducted former Texas Rangers star player Rubén Sierra at the Ball Park in Arlington, Texas, as its 48th inductee. Currently, the HHBMHOF provides traveling exhibits to both National Major League baseball parks and Minor League baseball parks as well as a way to honor Hispanic players, coaches, managers, pioneer executives, and umpires.
The HHBMHOF since 2009, has had the honor and privilege to present the Jose Uribe Sportsmanship Award to a San Francisco Giants Hispanic player who best exemplifies the character and sportsmanship of the late Jose Uribe, a former San Francisco Giants shortstop from the Dominican Republic who was a member of the 1989 National League Champion San Francisco Giants who went on to play the Oakland Athletics during the earthquake-stricken 1989 World Series. The award is presented in September at the annual Fiesta Gigantes at AT&T Park, San Francisco, California at the beginning of that evening's game. The first recipient of the award was former Giants catcher Benji Molina in 2009. In 2010, the award was presented to Third Baseman, Pablo Sandoval. In 2011 the award was presented to Center Fielder Andres Torres. In 2012 the award was presented to Relief Pitcher Javier López. In 2013 the award was presented to Center Fielder, Angel Pagan. In 2014 the award was presented to Third Baseman Pablo Sandoval.
In 2014 the award was presented to Third Baseman, Pablo Sandoval. In 2015 the award was presented to Gregor Blanco. In 2016 the award was presented to Pitcher, Johnny Cueto. On July 12, 2013 the HHBMHOF exhibited at the MLB 84th Annual All Star Game Fan Fest at the Jacob Javits Convention Center, New York, N.Y. At the Fan Fest Edgardo Alfonso was inducted into the HHBMHOF by Mrs. Vera Clemente. On July 11, 2014 the HHBMHOF exhibited at the MLB 85th Annual All Star Game Fan Fest at the Minneapolis Convention Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota. At the Fan Fest Tony Oliva was inducted into the HHBMHOF by Mrs. Vera Clemente and Rod Carew. On July 10, 2015 the HHBMHOF exhibited at the 86th Annual All Star Game Fan Fest Cincinnati Convention Center, Cincinnati Ohio.
On May 14, 2016 Pedro Guerrero, of the Los Angeles Dodgers was inducted at the old Yankee Stadium site now known as Legends Field, Bronx, New York. June 27, 2016 Eduardo Ortega, American Spanish Language Broadcaster for the San Diego Padres was inducted into the HHBMHOF at the New Americans Museum, San Diego, California. On July 8, 2016 the HHBMHOF exhibited at the MLB 87th Annual All Star Game Fan Fest at the San Diego Convention Center, San Diego, California. At All Star Game Fan Fest Lisa Fernandez with presented the HHBMHOF award of recognition as the first Pioneer Hispanic Women Olympian Champion by Mrs. Vera Clemente and HHBMHOF Tony Oliva. On October 1, 2016 Leo Cardenas of the Cincinnati Reds was inducted at the Great American Ball Park, Cincinnati, Ohio. On July 7, 2017 the HHBMHOF will be exhibiting at the 88th Annual MLB ALL Star Game Fan Fest at the Miami Convention Center, Miami, Florida. At the All Star Game Fan Fest Bernie Williams was inducted into the HHBMHOF as its 65th inductee. The HHBMHOF will be announcing the names of the 2017 HHBMHOF inductees in September 2017 by the HHBMHOF Inductions committee. The HHBMHOF will be participating in the 13th Annual KNBR Fiesta Gigantes at the Lefty O'Doul Plaza, San Francisco, California on September 16, 2017. On July 6, 2018 the HHBMHOF will be exhibiting at the 89th Annual MLB All Star Fan Fest at the Washington Convention Center, Washington, D.C. At the convention Center on July 7,2018 Mr. Jackie Robinson was Inducted in Memoriam into The Hispanic Heritage Baseball Museum Hall of Fame at the Major League Baseball Annual All Star Game Fan Fest at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center MLB Clubhouse. On August 3, 2017 Luis Cancel becomes CEO of the HHBMHOF.
Gabriel Tito Avila, Jr. On December 4, 2018 resumes being the President and CEO of the Hispanic Heritage Baseball Museum Hall of Fame.
The Hispanic Heritage Baseball Museum Hall of Fame will be exhibiting at the 90th Annual MLB All Star Game Fan Fest on July 5, 2019 at the
Huntington Convention Center, Cleveland, Ohio.
The Hispanic Heritage Baseball Museum Hall of Fame (66) Inductees 1999-2019List of members of the Baseball Hall of Fame
The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in Cooperstown, New York honors individuals who have excelled in playing, managing, and serving the sport, and is the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, displaying baseball-related artifacts and exhibits. Elections of worthy individuals to be honored by induction into the Hall of Fame commenced in 1936, although the first induction ceremonies were not held until the hall opened in 1939. Through the elections for 2019, a total of 323 people have been inducted, including 230 former major league players, 32 executives, 35 Negro League players and executives, 22 managers, and 10 umpires. Each is listed showing his primary position; that is, the position or role in which the player made his greatest contribution to baseball according to the Hall of Fame.
According to the current rules, players must have at least 10 years of major league experience to be eligible for induction. In addition, they must be retired for at least five years if living, or deceased for at least six months. Players meeting these qualifications must pass through a screening committee, and are then voted on by the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA). Each writer may vote for up to 10 players; to be admitted into the Hall of Fame, a player must be approved by 75% of those casting ballots. Players receiving less than 5% approval are removed from future BBWAA ballots. The rules, as revised in July 2016, allow that all individuals eligible for induction but not for the BBWAA ballot—players who have not been approved by the BBWAA election process within 15 years of their retirement, umpires, managers, pioneers, and executives—may be considered by one of four voting bodies that have taken over the role of the former Veterans Committee, based on the era in which each individual candidate made his greatest contribution to the sport. On a few occasions, exceptions have been made to the guidelines in place at the time: Lou Gehrig was elected in 1939 following his diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; Roberto Clemente was elected shortly after his death in 1972; and Addie Joss was elected in 1978 even though he completed only nine seasons before his death.Between 1971 and 1977, nine players from the Negro Leagues were inducted by a special Negro Leagues Committee, which was given the task of identifying worthy players who played in the Negro Leagues prior to the breaking of baseball's color line. Since 1977, players from the Negro Leagues have been considered by the Veterans Committee, and nine more individuals have been approved by that body. In 2005, the Hall announced the formation of a Committee on African-American Baseball, which held a 2006 election for eligible figures from the Negro Leagues and earlier 19th-century teams; 17 additional Negro League figures were chosen in that election, including executive Effa Manley, the first woman inducted.Millito Navarro
Emilio Navarro (September 26, 1905 – April 30, 2011), better known as "Millito Navarro", was the first Puerto Rican to play baseball in the American Negro Leagues. At the time of his death, at age 105, Navarro was the oldest former professional baseball player and the last surviving player from the American Negro League.Negro league baseball
The Negro leagues were United States professional baseball leagues comprising teams predominantly made up of African Americans and, to a lesser extent, Latin Americans. The term may be used broadly to include professional black teams outside the leagues and it may be used narrowly for the seven relatively successful leagues beginning in 1920 that are sometimes termed "Negro Major Leagues".
In 1885 the Cuban Giants formed the first black professional baseball team. The first league, the National Colored Base Ball League, was organized strictly as a minor league but failed in 1887 after only two weeks owing to low attendance. The Negro American League of 1951 is considered the last major league season and the last professional club, the Indianapolis Clowns, operated as a humorous sideshow rather than competitively from the mid-1960s to the 1980s.New York Cubans
The New York Cubans were a Negro league baseball team that played during the 1930s and from 1939 to 1950. Despite playing in the Negro leagues, the team occasionally employed white-skinned Hispanic baseball players as well, because Hispanics in general were largely ignored by the major league baseball teams before Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier in Major League Baseball.Pedro Cepeda
Pedro Cepeda, a.k.a. "Perucho" and "The Bull" (January 31, 1905 – April 16, 1955) was a Puerto Rican baseball player who was considered one of the best players of his generation. Called "The Babe Ruth of Puerto Rico" and "Babe Cobb" (referring to his dominance as a hitter and his legendary hustle evocative of both Babe Ruth and Ty Cobb), Cepeda was a Latin American baseball superstar. He was denied the chance to play in the major leagues because he was of African descent and played the bulk of his pro career (which spanned the years 1928 to 1950) before the color line was broken by Jackie Robinson in 1947. Known as "Perucho" and "The Bull", Cepeda refused offers to play in the Negro Leagues in the mainland United States as he abhorred the racism endemic to American society at the time. He is now best known as the father of Baseball Hall of Famer Orlando Cepeda.Veterans Committee
The Veterans Committee is the popular name of various committees of the National Baseball Hall of Fame that elect participants other than recently retired players.
Originally, it referenced the National Baseball Hall of Fame Committee to Consider Managers, Umpires, Executives and Long-Retired Players; a former voting committee of the U.S. Baseball Hall of Fame that provided an opportunity for Hall of Fame enshrinement to all individuals who are eligible for induction but ineligible for consideration by the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA). The term "Veterans Committee" (was composed of four committees of baseball veterans) is taken from the body's former official name: National Baseball Hall of Fame Committee on Baseball Veterans (1953).
In July 2010, the Veterans Committee name was changed by the Hall of Fame Board of Directors and its name was no longer officially used by the Hall of Fame, which called three new 16-member voting committees by era: the Expansion Era Committee (1973–present), the Golden Era Committee (1947–1972), and the Pre-Integration Era Committee (1876–1946) – each, "The Committee" (the term "Veterans Committee" is still being used by some sports media). The three committees met on a rotating cycle once every three years to elect candidates from each era to the Hall of Fame that have been "identified" by a BBWAA-appointed "Screening Committee" named the "Historical Overview Committee" (10-12 representatives; BBWAA members).
Beginning in 2010, 2011, and 2012, the three separate era committees had been responsible for considering a total of thirty-two candidates from three eras in the following categories: Managers, umpires, executives (includes team owners, general managers, and major league officials), and long-retired players.
In July 2016, however, the Hall of Fame announced a restructuring of the timeframes to be considered, with a much greater emphasis on modern eras: Today's Game (1988–present), Modern Baseball (1970–1987), Golden Days (1950–1969), and Early Baseball (1871–1949). Those major league players, managers, umpires and executives who excelled before 1950, as well Negro Leagues stars, will still have an opportunity to have their careers reviewed, but with less frequency.Willie McCovey
Willie Lee McCovey (January 10, 1938 – October 31, 2018) was an American Major League Baseball first baseman. Known as "Stretch" during his playing days, and later also nicknamed "Mac" and "Willie Mac," he is best known for his long tenure as one of the sport's greatest stars with the San Francisco Giants.
Over a 22-year career between 1959 and 1980 he played 19 seasons with the Giants and three more for the San Diego Padres and Oakland Athletics. A fearsome left-handed hitter, he was a six-time All-Star, three-time home run champion, MVP, and was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1986 in his first year of eligibility, only the 16th man so honored.
McCovey was known as a dead-pull line drive hitter, causing some teams to employ a shift against him. Seventh on baseball's all-time home run list when he retired, McCovey was called "the scariest hitter in baseball" by pitcher Bob Gibson, seconded by similarly feared slugger Reggie Jackson. McCovey lashed 521 home runs, 231 launched in Candlestick Park, the most there by any player. One on September 16, 1966, was described as the longest ever hit in that stadium.Woodlawn Cemetery (Bronx, New York)
Woodlawn Cemetery is one of the largest cemeteries in New York City and a designated National Historic Landmark. Located in Woodlawn, Bronx, New York City, it has the character of a rural cemetery. Woodlawn Cemetery opened during the Civil War in 1863, in what was then southern Westchester County, in an area that was annexed to New York City in 1874. It is notable in part as the final resting place of some great American figures, such as authors Countee Cullen, Nellie Bly, and Herman Melville, musicians Irving Berlin, Miles Davis, Duke Ellington, W. C. Handy, and Max Roach, husband and wife magicians Alexander Herrmann and Adelaide Herrmann, and businessmen such as shipping magnate Archibald Gracie. Holly Woodlawn, after changing her name to such, falsely told people she was the heiress to Woodlawn Cemetery.
|J. G. Taylor Spink Award|
|Ford C. Frick Award|
Italics denotes players who have been voted in but not yet inducted.