Aleksandre Mirtskhulava

Aleksandre Mirtskhulava or Aleksandr Iordanovich Mirtskhulava (Georgian: ალექსანდრე იორდანეს ძე მირცხულავა; Russian: Александр Иорданович Мирцхулава) (May 12, 1911 – June 9, 2009[1]) was a Georgian politician who was the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Georgian SSR from 14 April to 20 September 1953.

Mirtskhulava was born in the village of Khorga in the Khobi District of Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti. In 1930, he graduated from the Pedagogical Technical School of Zugdidi. By 1931 he was a raikom secretary; he became First Secretary of the Communist Union of Mtskheta in 1933 and of Khoni in 1935.[2] From 1941 to 1943 he was the second secretary of the Communist Party of Abkhazia, and from 1943 to 1947 Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Abkhazia, in effect head of the government of Abkhazia.[3]

Mirtskhulava was Lavrenty Beria's Komsomol boss[4] and a strong supporter of Beria,[5] and when Beria briefly took power after the death of Joseph Stalin, he restored his clients who suffered during the Mingrelian Affair and appointed Mirtskhulava as First Secretary of the Georgian Party. Mirtskhulava was removed from the Central Committee bureau and expelled from the CC by a CC plenum held on September 20, 1953.[6]

From 1953 until 1980 he held various responsible posts in the agricultural sector in Georgia.

References

  1. ^ http://www.opentext.org.ge/index.php?m=12&y=2009&art=7375
  2. ^ ხსოვნა: ალექსანდრე მირცხულავა (obituary in Georgian).
  3. ^ Sergo Beria, Beria—My Father: Life Inside Stalin's Kremlin (Duckworth, 2003: ISBN 0-7156-3205-1), p. 337, n. 40.
  4. ^ Simon Sebag Montefiore, Stalin: The Court of the Red Tsar (Vintage, 2003: ISBN 1-4000-7678-1), p. 276, fn.
  5. ^ Sergo Beria, Beria—My Father, p. 308, n. 48.
  6. ^ Amy Knight, Beria: Stalin's First Lieutenant (Princeton University Press, 1995: ISBN 0-691-01093-5), p. 214.
Party political offices
Preceded by
Akaki Mgeladze
First Secretary of the Georgian Communist Party
1953
Succeeded by
Vasil Mzhavanadze
Akaki Mgeladze

Akaki Mgeladze (Georgian: აკაკი მგელაძე; Russian: Ака́кий Ива́нович Мгела́дзе; 1910–1980) was a Soviet politician. He served as First Secretary of the Georgian Communist Party from 1952 to 1953, and before that was First Secretary of the Abkhazian Communist Party from 1943 until 1951, as well as previously leading both the Georgian and Abkhazian Komsomol and Gruzneft.

Communist Party of Georgia (Soviet Union)

Georgian Communist Party (Georgian: საქართველოს კომუნისტური პარტია; Russian: Коммунистическая партия Грузии) was a political party in Georgia.

Georgia was incorporated into the Soviet Union as the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic after 25 February 1921 when the Red Army entered its capital Tbilisi and installed a communist government led by Georgian Bolshevik Filipp Makharadze. After the 1924 August Uprising in Georgia the country was incorporated into the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic until 1936. During its period as a Soviet Socialist Republic it was ruled by the First Secretary of the Georgian Communist Party including; Samson Mamulia, Lavrentiy Beria, Candide Charkviani, Vasil Mzhavanadze and Eduard Shevardnadze.

Its political descendant is the Communist Party of Georgia which was formed in 1992 after Georgia declared independence in April 1991.

First Secretary of the Georgian Communist Party

The First Secretary of the Georgian Communist Party was the leading position in the Communist Party of Georgia during the Soviet era. Its leaders were responsible for many of the affairs in Georgia and were considered the leader of the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic. Many of its leaders were prominent outside of the country and were noted Soviet leaders, including Lavrentiy Beria and Eduard Shevardnadze.

List of leaders of Georgia

This is the list of the rulers of Georgia from 1918 to the present. It includes leaders of the short-lived Democratic Republic of Georgia (1918–1921), of Soviet Georgia (1921–1991), and of the post-Soviet era.

Vasil Mzhavanadze

Vasil Pavlovich Mzhavanadze (also Vasily; Georgian: ვასილ მჟავანაძე; 20 September [O.S. 7 September] 1902 – 31 August 1988) was the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Georgian SSR from September 1953 to September 28, 1972 and a member of the CPSU's Politburo from June 29, 1957 to December 18, 1972. Dismissed after a corruption scandal, he was replaced by Eduard Shevardnadze.

Mzhavanadze served in the Red Army as a political commissar during World War II. After the war, he became deputy commander for political affairs in the Kiev military district in the Ukrainian SSR, under the administration of Ukrainian Communist Party leader (and later Soviet leader) Nikita Khrushchev.

Georgia was at this time ruled by supporters of Lavrentiy Beria, who had been the First Secretary of the Georgian Communist Party from 1931 to 1938. In July 1953, following the death of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin and the arrest of Beria, the leadership of the Georgian Communist Party was purged by Khrushchev's supporters. Mzhavanadze was promoted to lead the Party in Georgia, replacing Beria's protégé Aleksandre Mirtskhulava as First Secretary in September 1953. In an unprecedented display of military presence on the political arena, Mzhavanadze was joined in the Georgian Central Committee by the generals Alexi Inauri and Aleksei Antonov. When Khrushchev became the leader of the USSR in 1957, Mzhavanadze was appointed to become a candidate (non-voting) member of the Soviet Politburo. He became a full member in 1966.

Georgia prospered during Mzhavanadze's term of office against a background of corruption. Mzhavanadze himself became a symbol of corrupt, inefficient governance. He was accused of auctioning jobs, pocketing state funds and running illegal factories for his own enrichment;

In mid-1972, Mzhavanadze was publicly accused of corruption and was denounced by the state-controlled media. He resigned from his post as First Secretary on September 28, 1972, and was replaced by his ambitious Interior Minister, Eduard Shevardnadze. It has widely been speculated that Shevardnadze had a hand in his boss's downfall; he was certainly the obvious candidate to replace Mzhavanadze. On December 18, Mzhavanadze was sacked from his Politburo position and retired to Georgia in disgrace. He died in Moscow in 1988. He was honoured with a state funeral in Tbilisi.

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