Albin Stenroos

Oskar Albinus "Albin" Stenroos (25 February 1889 – 30 April 1971) was a Finnish runner, who won the marathon at the 1924 Olympics.[1]

Stenroos ran his first marathon in 1909, placing third at the national championships, but then moved to shorter distances, down to 1500 m.[2] His would run his next marathon 1924. In 1910 he won the 10,000 m race at the Finnish nationals. In absence of Hannes Kolehmainen, Stenroos won the national titles over 5000 m and 10,000 m from 1912 to 1916 and the cross country title in 1915–1917.

At the 1912 Summer Olympics, Stenroos won the bronze medal over 10,000 m behind Kolehmainen. He also finished sixth in the cross country and aided his team to a second place. In 1915, he ran his first world record over 30 km (1:48:06.2), which he improved in 1924 (1:46:11.6). He also held the 20 km world record in 1923 (1:07:11.2). He skipped the 1920 Summer Olympics, but decided to run the marathon in 1924. He won the race in hot conditions, beating second-placed Romeo Bertini by almost six minutes. He placed second at the 1926 Boston Marathon, and retired after failing to finish in 1927.[1]

Albin Stenroos
Albin Stenroos
Personal information
Born24 February 1889
Vehmaa, Finland
Died30 April 1971 (aged 82)
Helsinki, Finland
Height173 cm (5 ft 8 in)
Weight64 kg (141 lb)
Sport
SportAthletics
Event(s)1500 m – marathon
ClubHelsingin Reipas
HKV, Helsinki
Achievements and titles
Personal best(s)1500 m – 4:10.5 (1912)
3000 m – 8:54.1 (1912)
5000 m – 15:24.0 (1915)
10000 m – 32:21.8 (1912)
Marathon – 2:41:23 (1924)[1][2]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Albin Stenroos Olympic Results". sports-reference.com. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  2. ^ a b Albin Stenroos. trackfield.brinkster.net
10,000 metres

The 10,000 metres or the 10,000-metre run is a common long-distance track running event. The event is part of the athletics programme at the Olympic Games and the World Championships in Athletics and is common at championship level events. The race consists of 25 laps around an Olympic-sized track. It is less commonly held at track and field meetings, due to its duration. The 10,000-metre track race is usually distinguished from its road running counterpart, the 10K run, by its reference to the distance in metres rather than kilometres.

The 10,000 metres is the longest standard track event. The international distance is equal to approximately 6.2137 miles (or approximately 32,808.4 feet). Most of those running such races also compete in road races and cross country events.

Added to the Olympic programme in 1912, athletes from Finland, nicknamed the "Flying Finns", dominated the event until the late 1940s. In the 1960s, African runners began to come to the fore. In 1988, the women's competition debuted in the Olympic Games.

Official records are kept for outdoor 10,000-metre track events. The world record for men is held by Kenenisa Bekele of Ethiopia in 26:17.53, posted at Brussels, Belgium on August 26, 2005. For women, the world track 10,000-metre record is held by Almaz Ayana of Ethiopia in 29:17.45 to win gold at the 2016 Rio Olympics on August 12, 2016.

The 10,000 metres demands exceptional levels of aerobic endurance, and elite athletes typically train in excess of 160 km (100 miles) a week.

1924 Summer Olympics

The 1924 Summer Olympics (French: Les Jeux olympiques d'été de 1924), officially known as the Games of the VIII Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was celebrated in 1924 in Paris, France.

It was the second time Paris hosted the games, after 1900. The selection process for the 1924 Summer Olympics consisted of six bids, and Paris was selected ahead of Amsterdam, Barcelona, Los Angeles, Prague, and Rome. The selection was made at the 20th IOC Session in Lausanne in 1921.The cost of the Games of the VIII Olympiad was estimated to be 10,000,000₣. With total receipts at 5,496,610₣, the Olympics resulted in a hefty loss despite crowds that reached 60,000 people at a time.

Albin (given name)

Albin (EL-bin) is a masculine Polish, Scandinavian, and Slovenian given name, from the Roman cognate Albinus, derived from the Latin albus, meaning "white" or "bright". This name may also be a last name. In Estonia, France, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, and Sweden March 1 is Albin's Name day. There are variant spellings, including Albinas, a male given name in Lithuania; Aubin, a French masculine given name; and Albina, an Ancient Roman, Czech, Galician, Italian, Polish, Slovak, and Slovenian feminine given name. Albin is uncommon as a surname. People with the given name Albin include:

Albin of Brechin (d. 1269), Scottish bishop

Albín Brunovský (1935–1997), Slovak painter, graphic artist, lithographer, illustrator and pedagogue

Albin Dunajewski (1817–1894), Polish political activist and Bishop of Kraków

Albin Ebondo (b. 1984), French footballer

Albin Egger-Lienz (1868–1926), Austrian painter

Albin Ekdal (b. 1989), Swedish attacking midfielder

Albin Eser (b. 1935), German jurist and an ad litem judge

Albin Granlund (b. 1989), Finnish footballer

Albin Grau (d. 1942), artist, architect and occultist, and the producer and production designer for F.W. Murnau's "Nosferatu"

Albin Gutman (b. 1947), Slovenian general, who is currently Chief of the Generalstaff of the Slovenian Armed Forces

Albin Haller (1849–1925), French chemist

Albin Julius (b. 1967), Austrian martial music and industrial artist

Albin Killat (b. 1961), German diver

Albin Kitzinger (1912–1970), German footballer

Albin Köbis (1892–1917), German sailor

Albin Kurti (b. 1975), Kosovo activist

Albin Lermusiaux (1874–1940), French, Olympic shooter

Albin Polasek (b. 1965), Czech-American sculptor and educator

Albin Provosty (1865-1932), American politician

Albin W. Norblad (1939–2014), American judge

Albin Nyamoya (1924–2001), Prime Minister of Burundi

Albin Roussin (1781–1854), French admiral and statesman

Albin F. Schoepf (1822–1886), Polish-born military officer who became a Union brigadier general during the American Civil War

Albin Schram (1926–2005) Czech, one of the greatest collectors of autograph letters by shapers of world history

Albin Starc (b. 1916), Croatian World War II pilot

Albin Stenroos (1889–1971), Finnish, Olympic winner of the marathon race

Albin Ström (1892–1962), Swedish socialist politician

Albin Sandqvist, Swedish electronic and dance pop singer known by mononym Albin. Also part of Swedish pop band Star Pilots

Albin Vidović (b. 1943), Croatian, Olympic handballer

Albin Zollinger (1895–1941), Swiss writer

Athletics at the 1912 Summer Olympics

These are the results of athletics competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics. 30 events were contested, all for men only.

The athletics programme grew by 4 events since the 1908 Summer Olympics. The 5000 and 10000 metre races were introduced, as the 5 mile event was eliminated. The 400 metre hurdle event made a brief disappearance, making the 1912 Olympics the only time that event was not held since its introduction in 1900. The 4x100 and 4x400 relays replaced the medley relay while the team race was shortened from 3 miles to 3000 metres. The decathlon, which had been held in 1904 but not in 1908, returned to the programme. Steeplechasing was eliminated, while racewalking was cut from 2 events to 1 with the 10 kilometre replacing the 10 mile and the 3500 metre eliminated. The pentathlon was introduced (as well as the separate sport modern pentathlon). The 1908 experiments of the Greek-style discus and the restricted javelin were replaced with two-handed throwing, for the shot put, discus, and javelin. Cross-country events, both for the individual and the team, were introduced. The competitions were held from Saturday, July 6, 1912 to Monday, July 15, 1912.

Athletics at the 1912 Summer Olympics – Men's 10,000 metres

The men's 10,000 metres was a track and field athletics event held as part of the Athletics at the 1912 Summer Olympics programme. It was the debut of the event, which along with the 5000 metres replaced the 5 mile race held at the 1908 Summer Olympics. The competition was held on Sunday, July 7, 1912 and on Monday, July 8, 1912. Thirty runners from 13 nations competed.

Athletics at the 1912 Summer Olympics – Men's 3000 metres team race

The men's 3000 metres team race was a track and field athletics event held as part of the athletics at the 1912 Summer Olympics programme. It was the fourth appearance of a team race style event, though the first to be held at the distance of 3000 metres, which became the standard until the event was eliminated following the 1924 Summer Olympics. The competition was held on Friday, July 12, 1912 and on Saturday, July 13, 1912.

Twenty-four runners from five nations competed.

According to the International Olympic Committee medal database all five runners were awarded medals.

Athletics at the 1912 Summer Olympics – Men's individual cross country

At the 1912 Summer Olympics, the men's individual cross country race was held as part of the athletics programme. It was the first appearance of the event. The competition was held on Monday, July 15, 1912. Forty-five runners from nine nations competed.

Athletics at the 1912 Summer Olympics – Men's team cross country

The men's team cross country was a track and field athletics event held as part of the Athletics at the 1912 Summer Olympics programme. It was the first appearance of the event. The competition was held on Monday, July 15, 1912.

Forty-one runners from six nations competed.

Athletics at the 1924 Summer Olympics

At the 1924 Summer Olympics held in Paris, 27 athletics events were contested, all for men only. The competitions were held from 6 to 13 July.

Cross country running at the Olympics

Cross country running at the Summer Olympics was held at the multi-sport event for men only from 1912 to 1924. During its brief tenure as an Olympic event, it featured on the Olympic athletics programme. Medals were awarded on an individual race basis as well as a national team points basis.

Traditionally a winter sport, the scheduling of cross country within a summer event caused organisational issues. The sport was dropped after 1924 Olympics, when most of the runners dropped out due to extreme heat and pollution from a nearby power station.Over its three appearances at the Olympics, Finnish runners dominated the event. Tying in with the emergence of the Flying Finns, Hannes Kolehmainen won the inaugural event then Paavo Nurmi won the following two editions, winning gold medals both individually and in the team race.

Haile Gebrselassie, Kenenisa Bekele and Paul Tergat, all highly successful African long-distance runners, jointly issued an open letter in 2008 to the International Olympic Committee (IOC) president Jacques Rogge, urging him to consider the re-instatement of cross country as an Olympic sport. The International Association of Athletics Federations and athletics media have supported the idea of including the sport at the Winter Olympic Games. The IOC defines winter sports as those requiring snow or ice, presenting a possible block on its inclusion. Although the sport does not require such conditions, major cross country events have been held on snow on numerous occasions.

Finland at the 1912 Summer Olympics

Finland competed at the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm, Sweden.

The Grand Duchy of Finland was part of the Russian Empire at the time, but Finland's results are kept separate from those of Russia. In the Opening Ceremony Finland's team paraded under the national insignia flag of a Swedish-speaking female gymnastics club in Helsinki. 164 competitors, 162 men and 2 women, took part in 49 events in 10 sports.

Finland at the 1924 Summer Olympics

Finland competed at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris, France. 121 competitors, all men, took part in 69 events in 12 sports.

Jalmari Eskola

Jalmari Johannes ("Lauri") Eskola (November 16, 1886, Pöytyä – January 7, 1958) was a Finnish male athlete who competed mainly in the Cross Country Team.

He competed for Finland in the 1912 Summer Olympics held in Stockholm, Sweden in the Cross Country Team where he won the silver medal with his team mates Hannes Kolehmainen and Albin Stenroos.

Johnny Miles

John "Johnny" C. Miles, (October 30, 1905 – June 15, 2003) was a Canadian marathon runner. He won the Boston Marathon in 1926 and 1929.

List of 1912 Summer Olympics medal winners

The 1912 Summer Olympics (Swedish: Olympiska sommarspelen 1912), officially known as the Games of the V Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held in Stockholm, Sweden, between 5 May and 22 July 1912. Twenty-eight nations and 2,408 competitors, including 48 women, competed in 102 events in 14 sports.

Marathons at the Olympics

The marathon at the Summer Olympics is the only road running event held at the multi-sport event. The men's marathon has been present on the Olympic athletics programme since 1896. Nearly ninety years later, the women's event was added to the programme at the 1984 Olympics.

Vehmaa

Vehmaa (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈʋehmɑː]; Swedish: Vemo) is a municipality of Finland.

It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Southwest Finland region. The municipality has a population of 2,294 (31 January 2019) and covers an area of 202.09 square kilometres (78.03 sq mi) of which 13.32 km2 (5.14 sq mi) is water. The population density is 12.15 inhabitants per square kilometre (31.5/sq mi).

The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

Vehmaa is known of their red Granite Balmoral red, as well as being the birthplace of Albin Stenroos who won the gold medal in the marathon at the 1924 Olympics.

Väinö Sipilä

Väinö Jeremias Sipilä (24 December 1897 – 12 September 1987) was a Finnish long-distance runner. Sipilä competed in the 1924 and 1928 Summer Olympics, placing fourth in the 10,000 metres and being part of Finland's winning cross-country team in the 1924 Games. He held world records at the unusual distances of 20,000 metres and 30,000 metres for several years.

William Kolehmainen

August William Kolehmainen (December 30, 1887 – June 26, 1967), known in Finland as Viljami Kolehmainen, was a Finnish-American long-distance runner and track and field coach. The brother of fellow runners Hannes and Tatu, William Kolehmainen moved to the United States in 1910 and became a professional runner there, setting a long-standing marathon world best in 1912.

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