The Albera Massif (Catalan: Serra de l'Albera) (French: Massif des Albères) is a mountain range located in the south of Pyrénées-Orientales and the north of Catalonia, between France and Spain. It is the main easternmost prolongation of the Pyrenees. Its highest peak is the Puig Neulós, with an elevation of 1,256 metres.
Most of the southern side of the range is part of the Paratge Natural d'Interès Nacional de l'Albera natural reserve. There are some ancient megaliths in the range. The Col du Perthus marks the western boundary of the massif.
The northern side of the Albera Massif seen from Sant Genís de Fontanes
|Elevation||1,256 m (4,121 ft)|
Location in the Pre-Pyrenees area
|Parent range||Foothills of the Pyrenees|
|Easiest route||From La Jonquera or Sureda|
The Albera Range became the border between France and Spain following the Treaty of the Pyrenees, when Philip IV of Spain ceded a part of the Spanish kingdom to Louis XIV of France, dividing Northern Catalonia from Historical Catalonia.
Albera may refer to:
Albera (leafhopper), an insect genus in the tribe Alebrini
Albera Massif, a mountain range in the north of Catalonia, between France and Spain
Albera (cattle), indigenous to the massif
Albera Ligure, a comune in Piedmont, Italy
Aldo Albera (b. 1923), an Italian sprint canoerAlbera (cattle)
The Albera is an endangered breed of small cattle indigenous to the Albera Massif, which divides Catalonia from France and lies partly in the comarca of Alt Empordà in the Catalan province of Girona, and partly in the comarca of Vallespir in the French département of Pyrénées-Orientales. The cattle are highly resistant to cold, though susceptible to heat, and are well adapted to the steep terrain of the massif.:28Argelès-sur-Mer
Argelès-sur-Mer (French pronunciation: [aʁʒlɛs syʁ mɛʁ]; Catalan: Argelers de la Marenda or Argelers [əɾʒəˈles]) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Orientales department in southern France.
It is about 25 km from Perpignan.Camp de concentration d'Argelès-sur-Mer
The Camp de concentration d'Argelès-sur-Mer was a concentration camp established in early February 1939 on the territory of the French commune of Argelès-sur-Mer for Spanish Republican refugees. Some of the refugees were retreating members of the Spanish Republican Army (Ejército Popular Republicano) in the Northeast of Spain in the last months of the Spanish Civil War.Col du Perthus
The Col du Perthus (in Catalan: Coll de Pertús) is a mountain pass of the Pyrenees on the France–Spain border, between the Pyrénées-Orientales in Languedoc-Roussillon, Midi-Pyrénées and the Province of Girona in Catalonia.
Rising to an altitude of 290 metres (950 ft), it is one of the lowest border passes in the Pyrenees. It marks the western boundary of the Albera Massif. The village of Le Perthus was founded at the col in 1836.Costa Brava
The Costa Brava (Catalan: [ˈkɔstə ˈβɾaβə], Spanish: [ˈkosta ˈβɾaβa]; "Wild Coast" or "Rough Coast") is a coastal region of Catalonia in northeastern Spain, consisting of the comarques (counties) of Alt Empordà, Baix Empordà and Selva in the province of Girona. Costa Brava stretches from the town of Blanes, 60 km (37 mi) northeast of Barcelona, to the French border.
In the 1950s, the Costa Brava was identified by the Spanish government and local entrepreneurs as being suitable for substantial development as a holiday destination, mainly for package holiday tourists from Northern Europe and especially, the United Kingdom and France. The combination of a very good summer climate, nature, excellent beaches and a favourable foreign exchange rate before the creation of the single European currency, which made Costa Brava an attractive tourist destination, was exploited by the construction of large numbers of hotels and apartments in such seaside resorts as Blanes, Tossa de Mar and Lloret de Mar. Tourism rapidly took over from fishing as the principal business of the area.Fort Saint-Elme (France)
The Fort Saint-Elme is a military fort built between 1538 and 1552 by Charles V. It is located in the district of Collioure, 30 km south-east of Perpignan, in the department of Pyrénées-Orientales. It is designated as a monument historique of the Côte Vermeille. Since 2008, the fort has been a museum with medieval and Renaissance arms collections, exhibitions and a panorama over the area from the terrace.Força Réal
Força Réal is a rocky peak overlooking the region of Roussillon in Southern France. From the height of 507 metres, it has a view that stretches from the peak of the Canigou to the cape of Port-Vendres. From here, one can see the geographically contrasting valleys of the Agly and the Têt. It has been used historically as a lighthouse, on account of its unique shape and proximity to the ports of Roussillon.L'Albère
L'Albère (Catalan: L'Albera) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Orientales department in southern France.Latour-Bas-Elne
Latour-Bas-Elne (Catalan: La Torre d'Elna) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Orientales department in southern France.Northern Catalonia
Northern Catalonia (Catalan: Catalunya del Nord [kətəˈluɲə ðəl ˈnɔɾt], also known as Catalunya Nord French: Catalogne Nord [katalɔɲ nɔʁ]), French Catalonia or Roussillon refers to the Catalan-speaking and Catalan-culture territory ceded to France by Spain through the signing of the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659 in exchange of France's effective renunciation on the formal protection given to the recent founded Catalan Republic. The area corresponds exactly to the modern French département of the Pyrénées-Orientales which were historically part of Catalonia since the old County of Barcelona, and lasted during the times of the Crown of Aragon and the Principality of Catalonia until they were given to France by Spain.
The equivalent term in French, Catalogne Nord, is used nowadays, although less often than the more politically neutral Roussillon (the French word for Catalan: Rosselló). Sometimes the term French Catalonia can also be used.