Albany /ˈælbəni/ is a port city in the Great Southern region of Western Australia, 418 km SE of Perth, the state capital. Albany is the oldest colonial settlement in Western Australia, predating Perth and Fremantle by over two years.
The city centre is at the northern edge of Princess Royal Harbour, which is a part of King George Sound. The central business district is bounded by Mount Clarence to the east and Mount Melville to the west. The city is in the local government area of the City of Albany.
The Albany settlement was founded on 26 December 1826, as a military outpost of New South Wales as part of a plan to forestall French ambitions in the region. To that end, on 21 January 1827, the commander of the outpost, Major Edmund Lockyer, formally took possession of the western third of the continent for the British Crown.
The settlement was initially named Frederick Town in honour of Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany. In 1831, the settlement was transferred to the control of the Swan River Colony and renamed Albany by Lieutenant-Governor James Stirling.
During the last decade of the 19th century the town served as a gateway to the Eastern Goldfields. For many years, it was the colony's only deep-water port, having a place of eminence on shipping services between Britain and its Australian colonies. The opening of the Fremantle Inner Harbour in 1897, however, saw its importance as a port decline, after which the town's industries turned primarily to agriculture, timber and later, whaling.
Today as a city it is the southern terminus for tourism in the region, and the state's South West, which is known for its natural environment and preservation of heritage. The town has a role in the ANZAC legend, being the last port of call for troopships departing Australia in the First World War. Also an auxiliary submarine base for the US Navy's 7th Fleet was developed during the Second World War in the event the submarine base at Fremantle was lost. Also in the harbour was an RAN Naval Installation which provided for alongside refuelling from four 5000 ton fuel tanks.
York Street in Albany
|Population||33,145 (2016 census) (43rd)|
|• Density||111.524/km2 (288.85/sq mi)|
|Established||26 December 1826|
|Area||297.2 km2 (114.7 sq mi) (2011 urban)|
|Time zone||AWST (UTC+8)|
|LGA(s)||City of Albany|
Kinjarling (Albany) was home to Menang Noongar indigenous tribes during the summer season. They called the area Kinjarling which means "the place of rain". Many town names in South-Western Australia end in "up" or "ing", which means "place of" in the Noongar language. They would sometimes camp near "Boondie Yokine" – roughly translated as Dog Rock. Early European explorers discovered evidence of fish traps located on Emu Point and on the French, now the Kalgan, River. Vancouver made attempts to find the inhabitants of the area but only found bark dwellings that were unoccupied. Later explorers made contact and were told to leave, but were accepted when they didn't. Most of the exploration was made to survey the land and sea and assess the resources for further exploitation. The explorers only occasionally noted the Noongars they encountered. Native treatment laws and programs have affected the tribes since settlement.
The following Information is derived from the State Heritage Register where these places are registered. The assessment criteria contain more details.
The city centre of Albany is located between the hills of Mount Melville and Mount Clarence, which look down into Princess Royal Harbour. Many beaches surround Albany, with Middleton Beach being the closest to the town centre. Other popular beaches include Frenchman Bay and Muttonbird Island.
The Albany coastline is notorious for deaths due to king waves washing people off rocks. The Torndirrup National Park features some of the more rugged coastline in the area. However, there are many beaches that are safe and usable:
Albany has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csb) with dry, warm summers, mild, wet winters, and pleasant springs and autumns. Summers have short spells of very hot weather, but cool ocean breeze brings relief, especially during evenings and nights. The city is situated on what is promoted as the "Rainbow Coast", an appropriate title given the frequency of days with both sun and drizzle or showers. Albany has 44.8 clear days annually.
July is the wettest month, with a long-term average of 144.0 mm (5.67 in). Rain in excess of 0.2 mm (0.01 in) occurs on two days out of every three during an average winter. The driest month is February with a mean of 22.9 mm (0.90 in).
Albany received a record amount of rain on 20 November 2008 when violent storms swept across the Great Southern region. The town was flooded after 113.8 mm (4.48 in) of rain fell in a 24-hour period, the highest amount recorded since rainfall records began in 1877. The wettest month on record was June 1920 when 292.8 mm (11.5 in) fell, while February 1877 and February 1879 remain the only rainless months.
Albany's main industries are tourism, fishing, timber (wood chips) and agriculture. From 1952 to 1978 whaling was a major source of income and employment for the local population.
The Whaling Station, which closed operations in 1978, has been converted to a museum of whaling, and features one of the 'Cheynes' whale chasers that were used for whaling in Albany. The station was the last operating whaling station in the southern hemisphere and the English-speaking world at the time of closure.
The Western Power Wind Farm is located at Sand Patch, to the west of Albany. The wind farm, originally commissioned in 2001 with 12 turbines, now has 18 turbines, driven by strong southerly winds, and can generate up to 80% of the city's electricity usage.
Albany has a number of historical sites including the Museum, Albany Convict Gaol, The Princess Royal Fortress (commonly known as The Forts) and Patrick Taylor Cottage, one of the oldest dwellings in Western Australia, c1832. Albany has a great deal of historical significance to Western Australia.
Natural sights along the rugged coastline include the 'Natural Bridge' and the 'Gap'. The beaches have pristine white sand. The destroyer HMAS Perth was sunk in King George Sound in 2001 as a dive wreck. Albany is also close to two low mountain ranges, the Porongurups and Stirling Ranges.
Albany has a city bus service run by Love's Bus Service with five town routes. Albany is connected to Perth with road-coach services via Walpole and Bunbury; via Katanning and Northam; via Kojonup and Williams. Transwa coaches also serve Jerramungup, Ravensthorpe and Hopetoun.
Albany radio stations include 783 Triple M (formerly 6VA and RadioWest), GOLD MX, Rete Italia, Vision FM, Fly FM Albany, HitFM (formerly HOT FM), ABC South Coast, ABC News, ABC Radio National, ABC Classic FM, Triple J, Racing Radio & Albany Community Radio.
Below is a table showing the broadcast frequencies on which these services can be received.
|ABC Local Radio||630 kHz AM|
|783 Triple M||783 kHz AM|
|GOLD MX||1611 kHz AM|
|Rete Italia||1629 kHz AM|
|Vision FM (Local)||87.6 MHz FM|
|Fly FM||88.0 MHz FM|
|ABC News||92.1 MHz FM|
|Triple J||92.9 MHz FM|
|Vision FM||93.7 MHz FM|
|ABC Classic FM||94.5 MHz FM|
|HitFM||95.3 MHz FM|
|ABC Radio National||96.9 MHz FM|
|Albany Community Radio||100.9 MHz FM|
|Racing Radio||104.9 MHz FM|
|HitFM (Local)||106.5 MHz FM|
Localised television stations available in Albany include GWN7, WIN Television Western Australia, West Digital Television, SBS and ABC Television Western Australia. GWN7 broadcasts a half-hour news program for regional WA, GWN7 News, at 5:30pm on weeknights with a district newsroom covering Albany and surrounding areas based in the city.
Below is a table showing the full suite of digital television services available in Albany. These services are broadcast from Mount Clarence and cover the majority of the geographic area with some areas requiring signal to be received from the Southern Agricultural site at Mount Barker. Both these transmission sites employ vertical polarity. Furthermore, a number of residents rely on receiving these services via satellite using the Viewer Access Satellite Television (VAST) system.
|LCN||Channel name||Broadcast ch. no.||Broadcast frequency|
|2||ABC||UHF 43||634.5 MHz|
|3||SBS||UHF 41||620.625 MHz|
|5||NINE||UHF 44||641.5 MHz|
|6||GWN7||UHF 45||648.5 MHz|
|8||WIN||UHF 42||627.5 MHz|
|20||ABC HD||UHF 43||634.5 MHz|
|21||ABC||UHF 43||634.5 MHz|
|22||ABC COMEDY/KIDS||UHF 43||634.5 MHz|
|23||ABC ME||UHF 43||634.5 MHz|
|24||ABC NEWS||UHF 43||634.5 MHz|
|30||SBS HD||UHF 41||620.625 MHz|
|31||SBS VICELAND HD||UHF 41||620.625 MHz|
|32||SBS VICELAND||UHF 41||620.625 MHz|
|33||SBS Food||UHF 41||620.625 MHz|
|34||NITV||UHF 41||620.625 MHz|
|50||9Gem||UHF 44||641.5 MHz|
|55||9Go!||UHF 44||641.5 MHz|
|62||7TWO||UHF 45||648.5 MHz|
|63||7mate||UHF 45||648.5 MHz|
|65||ishop tv||UHF 45||648.5 MHz|
|68||RACING.COM||UHF 45||648.5 MHz|
|80||WIN HD||UHF 42||627.5 MHz|
|81||10 BOLD||UHF 42||627.5 MHz|
|82||10 Peach||UHF 42||627.5 MHz|
|83||Sky News on WIN||UHF 42||627.5 MHz|
|84||TVSN||UHF 42||627.5 MHz|
Local newspapers are the Albany Advertiser (established 1888) and The Extra, (owned by Seven West Media Limited, publishers of The West Australian), and The Great Southern Weekender, independently owned by Beaconwood Holdings Pty. Ltd. The Great Southern Weekender also owns local radio stations GOLD MX and Fly FM.
There are currently several primary schools, eight high schools and one university campus in the Albany area.
ABC South Coast is an ABC Local Radio station based in Albany. The station broadcasts to the coastal parts of the Great Southern region of Western Australia. This includes the towns of Denmark and Mount Barker.
Although planned in 1951 the station began broadcasting as 6AL in 1956. There are a number of low power FM transmitters as well. Local programs are also broadcast through ABC Great Southern.
When local programs are not being broadcast, the station is a relay of 720 ABC Perth.Alan Carpenter
Alan John Carpenter (born 4 January 1957) is a former Australian politician who served as the 28th Premier of Western Australia, from 2006 to 2008. From Albany, Carpenter graduated from the University of Western Australia, and worked as a journalist before entering politics. A member of the Labor Party, he was first elected to the Legislative Assembly at the 1996 state election, representing the seat of Willagee. In the Gallop ministry, which took office following the 2001 election, Carpenter was Minister for Education (later Education and Training), as well as holding several other portfolios. He replaced Geoff Gallop as premier in January 2006, following Gallop's resignation, but Labor lost office following a hung parliament at the 2008 election, with Colin Barnett becoming premier as the leader of a minority Liberal Party government. Carpenter resigned from parliament in 2009, and currently holds a senior management position with Wesfarmers Limited.Albany Airport (Western Australia)
Albany Regional Airport (IATA: ALH, ICAO: YABA) is an airport serving Albany, Western Australia. It is located 6 nautical miles (11 km; 6.9 mi) northwest of Albany just off Albany Highway and operated by the City of Albany.Also known as Harry Riggs Albany Regional Airport, it is the largest airport in the Great Southern Region. The IATA airport code is sometimes listed as ABA and the ICAO airport code was previously YPAL.
The Royal Flying Doctors Service, general charter flights and Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) flights are also serviced by the airport.Beau Maister
Beau Maister (born 20 March 1986 as Beau Wilkes) is an Australian rules footballer who played with St Kilda and the West Coast Eagles in the Australian Football League (AFL) and for the Claremont Football Club in the West Australian Football League (WAFL).Brian Sarre
Brian James Sarre (born 27 December 1942) is a former Australian rules footballer who played for Subiaco in the WANFL during the 1960s. He is the full-back in Subiaco's official 'Team of the Century'.
Sarre, originally from Albany, was eighteen when he made his Subiaco debut in 1960. He spent the rest of the decade as the club's full-back, although occasionally he would venture forward or play in the ruck. Sarre finished his career with 172 games but never once got to appear in a Grand Final. His brother John also played at Subiaco while their father had been a ruckman with Sturt.
He made twelve interstate appearances for Western Australia, the first of which came in 1963 when he won a Simpson Medal for his effort against the VFL's star forward Doug Wade. In 1966, at the Hobart Carnival, Sarre again performed well and was selected in the All-Australian team.Centennial Park, Western Australia
Centennial Park is an inner suburb of Albany, Western Australia, immediately north of the CBD within the local government area of the City of Albany. It contains a light industrial area and numerous sporting facilities which serve the entire Albany catchment area.
It was gazetted as a suburb in 1979.City of Albany
The City of Albany is a local government area in the Great Southern region of Western Australia, about 410 kilometres (255 mi) south-southeast of Perth, the capital of Western Australia. It covers an area of 4,312.3 square kilometres (1,665 sq mi), including the Greater Albany metropolitan area and the Port of Albany, as well as the surrounding agricultural district and some national parks. The City of Albany had a population of over 36,000 at the 2016 census.Darcy Cameron
Darcy Cameron (born 18 July 1995) is a professional Australian rules footballer playing for the Sydney Swans in the Australian Football League (AFL).
Originally from Albany, Western Australia, Cameron grew up as a West Coast Eagles fan. He was a cricketer and swimmer in his youth and played football for North Albany. Cameron played for Claremont in the West Australian Football League, averaging one goal, 11 disposals and 16 hitouts over 40 league matches. He wore number 18. Cameron was expected to be drafted by West Coast in the 2016 AFL draft, but was taken by Sydney with pick 48. He made a positive start, impressing coach John Longmire in his first pre-season. Cameron lacerated his finger during training in March. It was later infected in a North East Australian Football League (NEAFL) match against Sydney University, rendering him unavailable for one week. Shoulder surgery halfway through the year restricted him to nine NEAFL games. In April, Cameron signed a contract extension, tying him to Sydney until 2019.In 2018, Sam Naismith's season-ending anterior cruciate ligament injury, Kurt Tippett's retirement and a quadriceps injury to Sam Reid opened up senior opportunities for Cameron. He played both JLT Community Series matches and showed good form in the NEAFL, averaging 34 hitouts, 19 possessions and one goal over 13 matches. However, he did not make his AFL debut until round 18 against the Gold Coast Suns at the Sydney Cricket Ground.David Beard
David Beard (born 23 October 1973) is an Australian volleyball player, who twice competed for the Men's National Team at the Summer Olympics: Sydney 2000 and Athens 2004.Born in Albany, Western Australia, Beard started his volleyball career at Monbulk College in 1983. Beard played as a passer or power hitter. He was the captain of the national squad for several years and competed professionally in Germany and Italy.Electoral district of Albany
Albany is a Legislative Assembly electorate in the state of Western Australia. Albany is named for the port and regional city of Western Australia which falls within its borders. It is one of the oldest electorates in Western Australia, with its first member having been elected in the inaugural 1890 elections of the Legislative Assembly. It is regarded as a swinging seat, and has been held by the Labor Party since the 2001 election, at which the present Member, Peter Watson, was first elected.Joel Jackson
Joel Jackson is an Australian actor and occasional musician. He is best known for his role as Charles Bean in Deadline Gallipoli and Peter Allen in Peter Allen: Not the Boy Next Door. For both roles he was nominated for and won the 2015 AACTA Award for Best Lead Actor in a Television Drama.Josh Bootsma
Josh Bootsma (born 22 February 1993) is an Australian rules footballer currently listed with Peel Thunder in the West Australian Football League (WAFL). He previously played for the Carlton Football Club in the Australian Football League (AFL), but had his contract terminated midway through the 2014 season, for breaching the club's and the AFL's codes of conduct.Kalgan River
The Kalgan River is a river in the Great Southern region of Western Australia.King River (Great Southern, Western Australia)
The King River is a river in the Great Southern region of Western Australia.List of Albany suburbs
This is a list of the suburbs and localities of Albany, Western Australia.Little Grove, Western Australia
Little Grove is a suburb of Albany, Western Australia.
Little Grove is situated on a peninsula south of Princess Royal Harbour. Directly across the harbour is Albany's central business district. Little Grove borders Torndirrup National Park in the east.It has been the location of sporting activities early in the history of Albany, with access by boats from across the harbour.Frenchman Bay Road passes through the suburb.Marley Williams
Marley Williams (born 22 July 1993) is a professional Australian rules footballer playing for the North Melbourne Football Club in the Australian Football League (AFL). He previously played for the Collingwood Football Club from 2012 to 2016. He was recruited by Collingwood in the 2012 Rookie Draft, with pick #35. Williams made his debut in Round 9, 2012, against Adelaide at Football Park.Following the retirement of Ben Johnson in 2013, at the beginning of 2014 Johnson presented Williams with his number 26 guernsey, reenacting Gavin Brown's presentation of the guernsey to Johnson in 2001. At the conclusion of the 2016 season, he was traded to North Melbourne. On July 5, Williams extended his contract with North Melbourne until the end of the 2019 season.Mount Clarence, Western Australia
Mount Clarence is an inner suburb of Albany, Western Australia, between the Albany city centre and Middleton Beach. Its local government area is the City of Albany, and over three-quarters of its land area is either parkland or forest, including Albany's Heritage Park.
Mount Clarence was gazetted as a suburb in 1979.Rechelle Hawkes
Rechelle Margaret Hawkes , (born 30 May 1967 in Albany, Western Australia) was the captain of the Australian Women’s Hockey Team, best known as the Hockeyroos, for eight years and became the second Australian woman after swimmer Dawn Fraser to win three Olympic gold medals at three separate Olympic Games: Seoul 1988, Atlanta 1996 and Sydney 2000.
Hawkes also competed at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, where Australia finished fifth. She made her debut in 1985, and reached a milestone in 1999, when the midfield player celebrated 250 games for the national team. She read the Athlete's Olympic Oath at the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games.
She received a Medal of the Order of Australia in 1989, an Australian Sports Medal in 2000, and a Centenary Medal in 2001. In 2001, she was inducted into the Australian Institute of Sport 'Best of the Best'. She was inducted into the Sport Australia Hall of Fame in 2002.Hawkes is currently Assistant Coach to the Victoria Park Xavier Hockey Club's women's first side (for season 2010).
In the 2018 Australia Day Honours Hawkes was made a Member of the Order of Australia "For significant service to hockey, particularly as national captain of multiple tournament-winning teams, and as a role model and commentator."
|Climate data for Albany|
|Record high °C (°F)||41.7
|Average high °C (°F)||22.8
|Average low °C (°F)||15.2
|Record low °C (°F)||7.8
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||23.7
|Average rainy days||7.9||7.6||11.0||14.1||18.1||20.0||21.5||21.0||18.3||16.3||12.2||9.5||177.5|
|Average afternoon relative humidity (%)||67||67||69||69||70||70||70||68||69||70||68||67||69|
|Source: Australian Bureau of Meteorology|
|Climate data for Albany Airport|
|Record high °C (°F)||45.6
|Average high °C (°F)||24.8
|Average low °C (°F)||13.7
|Record low °C (°F)||4.8
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||23.6
|Average precipitation days||8.2||8.0||10.9||13.9||17.0||19.0||20.3||20.8||18.3||15.8||13.0||9.6||174.8|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||251.1||209.1||204.6||186.0||167.4||153.0||170.5||189.1||189.0||210.8||222.0||244.9||2,397.5|
|Source: Bureau of Meteorology|
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