Albanian Lictor Youth

Albanian Lictor Youth (Albanian: Djelmnia e Liktorit Shqiptar, Italian: Gioventù del Littorio Albanese, abbreviated G.L.A.) was a youth organization, the youth wing of the Albanian Fascist Party.[1] The Albanian Youth of the Lictor was one of the associated organizations of the Albanian Fascist Party, as stipulated in its statute, which was formulated in a decree of the Italian vicegerent issued on June 2, 1939.[2]

Giovanni Giro, an Italian fascist official, had been sent to Albania to organize a fascist youth movement there prior to the Italian annexation of the country.[3] However, these efforts had been largely unsuccessful.[4] On the contrary, his activities created various diplomatic incidents.[1]

Following the Italian invasion of Albania in April 1939, Achille Starace, a leading fascist organizer, was sent to Albania to set up the Albanian Fascist Party and the Albanian Fascist Youth.[5] ENGA, an Albanian youth organization modelled after the Italian Opera Nazionale Balilla organization merged into GLA. After the founding of the GLA, Giro remained the main organizer of the movement.[6] The GLA was modelled after the Italian Youth of the Lictor, and was politically under the command of its Italian counterpart.[7] The uniforms of GLA were similar to those used in Italy.[8] Girls were organized in Female Youth of the Lictor (Gioventù Femminile del Littorio) and boys under fourteen years of age were organized in Balilla groups.[9] Parallel to the Youth of the Lictor there were also groups of university fascists, but these groups were rather marginal as Albania had few universities.[1]

The Italian authorities built a marble palace for the GLA in Tirana, in the same complex as the Casa del Fascio, one of a series of lavish façades that popped up in the city during Italian rule.[10][11]

The organization's press organ was Liktori (Lictor) newspaper, with Ligor Buzi as editor.[12]

Ramiz Alia, who served as head of state of Albania in 1985-1992, had been a member of the fascist youth movement, but later left it and in 1943 he joined the Communist resistance movement.[13]

GLA-Albanian Lictor Youth symbol
GLA symbol

References

  1. ^ a b c Fischer, Bernd Jürgen. Albania at War: 1939-1945. London: Hurst, 1999. pp. 45
  2. ^ Lemkin, Raphael. Axis Rule in Occupied Europe: Laws of Occupation, Analysis of Government, Proposals for Redress. Clark, N.J.: Lawbook Exchange, Ltd, 2008. p. 275
  3. ^ Fischer, Bernd Jürgen. Albania at War: 1939-1945. London: Hurst, 1999. p. 11
  4. ^ Fischer, Bernd Jürgen. Albania at War: 1939-1945. London: Hurst, 1999. p. 13
  5. ^ Roselli, Alessandro. Italy and Albania: Financial Relations in the Fascist Period. London [u.a.]: Tauris, 2006. pp. 99-100
  6. ^ Fischer, Bernd Jürgen. Albania at War: 1939-1945. London: Hurst, 1999. p. 90
  7. ^ Trani, Silvia. L'Unione fra l'Albania e l'Italia Archived 2011-10-02 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Gioventù Albanese del Littorio Archived 2010-02-17 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Fischer, Bernd Jürgen. Albania at War: 1939-1945. London: Hurst, 1999. p. 51
  10. ^ Fischer, Bernd Jürgen. Albania at War: 1939-1945. London: Hurst, 1999. p. 68
  11. ^ Consociazione Turistica Italiana. Albania. Milan, 1940. p. 153
  12. ^ Trace Results on Alleged Nazi War Criminals (PDF), CIA, 1985, p. 2
  13. ^ Jacques, Edwin E. The Albanians: An Ethnic History from Prehistoric Times to the Present. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co, 1995. p. 584
Arab Lictor Youth

Arab Lictor Youth (Arabic: شباب الليتوريو العرب‎ Shabāb Al-Līttūriw Al-ʿArab, Italian: Gioventù Araba del Littorio, abbreviated G.A.L.) was a fascist youth organization for Arab youth in Italian Libya.

Glossary of Fascist Italy

This is a list of words, terms, concepts, and slogans in the Italian language and Latin language which were specifically used in Fascist Italian monarchy and Italian Social Republic.

Some words were coined by Benito Mussolini and other Italian Fascists. Other words and concepts were borrowed and appropriated, and other terms were already in use in Italy. Finally, some are taken from Italy's cultural tradition.

Ligor Buzi

Ligor Buzi (1915–1994) was an Albanian-American journalist. Buzi is remembered as one of the early pro-Fascists in Albania. After World War II, he settled in US and played an active role as member of the Albanian-American community.

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