Alan West, Baron West of Spithead

Alan William John West, Baron West of Spithead, GCB, DSC, PC (born 21 April 1948) is a retired admiral of the Royal Navy and formerly, from June 2007 to May 2010, a Labour Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the British Home Office with responsibility for security and a security advisor to Prime Minister Gordon Brown. Prior to his ministerial appointment, he was First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff from 2002 to 2006.


The Lord West of Spithead

1SL Alan West (cropped)
West in September 2013
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Security and Counter-Terrorism
In office
28 June 2007 – 11 May 2010
Prime MinisterGordon Brown
Preceded byTony McNulty
Succeeded byThe Baroness Neville-Jones
First Sea Lord
Chief of Naval Staff
In office
September 2002 – February 2006
Prime MinisterTony Blair
Preceded bySir Nigel Essenhigh
Succeeded bySir Jonathon Band
Chancellor of Solent University
In office
28 June 2006 – 1 October 2018
DeputyProfessor Graham Baldwin
Succeeded byTheo Paphitis
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
Assumed office
9 July 2007
Life Peerage
Personal details
Born21 April 1948 (age 71)
London, United Kingdom
Political partyLabour
Spouse(s)
Rosemary Anne Linington Childs (m. 1973)
Military service
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Branch/serviceRoyal Navy
Years of service1965–2006
RankAdmiral
CommandsFirst Sea Lord
Commander-in-Chief Fleet
Chief of Defence Intelligence
Commander United Kingdom Task Group
Director of Naval Staff Duties
HMS Bristol
HMS Ardent
HMS Yarnton
Battles/warsFalklands War
Iraq War
AwardsKnight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Cross

Early career in the Royal Navy

West was born on 21 April 1948 in Lambeth, London, and was educated at Windsor Grammar School (now known as The Windsor Boys' School) and Clydebank High School.[1] He joined Britannia Royal Naval College in 1965 and served in HMS Albion during her standby duty for the Nigerian Civil War and circumnavigated the globe in HMS Whitby, taking part in the Beira Patrol. He was confirmed as a sub-lieutenant on 1 September 1969,[2] and promoted to lieutenant on 1 May 1970.[3] After his command of the Ton-class minesweeper HMS Yarnton in Hong Kong in 1973, he qualified as a principal warfare officer in 1975 and then served as operations officer in the frigate HMS Juno in 1976 and then the frigate HMS Ambuscade in 1977.[1] Promoted to lieutenant commander on 1 April 1978,[4] he attended the Royal Navy Staff College that year and then qualified as an advanced warfare officer before being posted to the destroyer HMS Norfolk in 1979.[1]

In 1980 he was promoted to commander and took command of the frigate HMS Ardent,[1] and deployed to the Indian Ocean taking part in the first Armilla Patrol. In 1982 he laid a wreath off Norway, on the spot inside the Arctic Circle where the previous Ardent had been sunk in 1940 by the German battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau. Shortly after, the ship deployed to the South Atlantic for the Falklands War,[5] where she was sunk in Falkland Sound on 21 May during the successful retaking of the islands.[6] West was the last to leave the sinking ship and was subsequently awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for his leadership.[7] West led the victory parade through the City of London on return from the Falkland Islands. He remains the President of the HMS Ardent Association.[8]

In 1986, while working on the Naval Staff at the Ministry of Defence, West left documents detailing large cuts to the Navy on a canal towpath. These documents were recovered and then published by a journalist from The Mail on Sunday. At a subsequent court martial West pleaded guilty to charges of negligence and breaching security.[9] He explained that they had fallen from his coat pocket whilst walking a friend's dog. West was issued with a severe reprimand, the second lightest sentence available. The reprimand was time expired before he became eligible for promotion to flag rank.[10]

Senior Royal Navy career

Warsash Deck 2011
The Former First Sea Lord in his capacity as Chancellor of Southampton Solent University with graduating British Merchant Navy officers in 2011

Promoted to captain in 1987, he was given command of HMS Bristol[1] and the Dartmouth training squadron in March of that year and led the study into employment of women at sea before spending three years as head of naval intelligence[1] rewriting the NATO intelligence manual after the collapse of the Soviet Union. In 1992 he attended the Royal College of Defence Studies,[1] where he produced a Seaford House Paper on why the UK needed a ‘Grand Strategy’. He attended the Higher Command and Staff Course at the Staff College, Camberley in 1993 before being promoted to commodore and becoming Director of Naval Staff Duties at the Ministry of Defence later that year.[1]

West became rear admiral on appointment as Naval Secretary in March 1994,[11] responsible for officer appointing and also naval manning and moved its organisation from London to Portsmouth. In February 1996 he became Commander United Kingdom Task Group[1] deploying to the Gulf for the first UK fighter patrols over Iraq (conducted by Sea Harrier FA2) and to the South China Sea to cover the withdrawal from Hong Kong (Operation OceanWave).[12]

In October 1997 he was promoted to vice admiral and Chief of Defence Intelligence.[1] He was responsible for the move of the Intelligence school from Ashford to Chicksands, and provision of intelligence to the Chiefs of Staff on operations in Sierra Leone, East Timor, Operation Desert Fox in Iraq, and the Kosovo War. West was created a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in the 2000 New Year Honours.[13] He became a full admiral in November 2000 when he took up the post of Commander-in-Chief Fleet, NATO Commander-in-Chief East Atlantic and NATO Commander Allied Naval Forces North.[1] West co-ordinated the naval response to the September 11 attacks in the North Arabian Sea and Afghanistan.[14]

First Sea Lord

Admiral Sir Alan West
Admiral Sir Alan West, then First Sea Lord, is pictured with the official chart of anchorages for the International Fleet Review

West was appointed as First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff in September 2002.[1] He was also a member of the Defence Council and Admiralty Board as well as First and Principal Naval Aide-de-Camp to the Queen.[1] In his role he had overall responsibility for fighting effectiveness and morale of the Naval Service (Royal Navy, Royal Marines, Royal Fleet Auxiliary and medical services) for the successful operations on the US right flank in the invasion of Iraq.[15]

During his time as First Sea Lord, West implemented the defence white paper entitled Delivering Security in a Changing World which proposed cutting three Type 23 frigates, three Type 42 destroyers, four nuclear submarines, six minehunters and reducing the planned purchase of Type 45 destroyers from twelve to eight.[16] In a message to the Royal Navy, West said "We must continue the shift in emphasis away from measuring strength in terms of hull numbers and towards the delivery of military effects... I am confident that these changes will leave the Navy better organised and equipped to face the challenges of the future."[17]

In 2004, he appeared on BBC Radio 4 and spoke about Trafalgar 200.[18] Trafalgar 200 was a celebration of the 200th anniversary of the Battle of Trafalgar. It saw an international fleet in the Solent led by Queen Elizabeth II and by the First Sea Lord. West led the demand by the Royal Navy for a major ceremony. He is credited with persuading the government to make the event include a large scale fleet review.[6] In 2005 he served as the chief mourner at a reenactment of Horatio Nelson's funeral.[19] In the 2004 New Year Honours, he was advanced to a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath.[20] He completed his term as First Sea Lord on 6 February 2006 and was succeeded by Admiral Sir Jonathon Band.[21]

Post-naval career

West was installed as the first Chancellor for Solent University (formerly Southampton Institute and Southampton Solent) on 28 June 2006,[22][23] appointed to the board of the Imperial War Museum on 6 July 2006[24] and made chairman of the advisory board of defence contractor QinetiQ in October 2006.[25] West will leave his role at Southampton Solent University in summer 2018 after the graduation ceremonies.[26]

In April 2010 West also became patron of the Docklands Sinfonia symphony orchestra.[27] In 2014 he presented the 15-part BBC Radio 4 series "Britain at Sea".[28] He has been, since at least November 2014, a member of the Henry Jackson Society's Political Council.[29] He is also a non-executive chairman of Spearfish Maritime Security.[30]

Political life

On 29 June 2007, West was appointed Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the British Home Office, with responsibility for security in the administration of Gordon Brown, and that same day Brown announced that West was to be created a life peer. On 9 July 2007, he was created Baron West of Spithead, of Seaview in the County of Isle of Wight,[31] and took his seat in the House of Lords. In November 2007 he told the BBC Radio 4 Today programme that he was not "totally convinced" of the need for 42-day detention (without trial) of terrorist suspects. But less than two hours later, following a meeting with the Prime Minister, he said he was "convinced" of the need for the new legislation. The incident was an embarrassment for the government, particularly as West was the minister charged with navigating the controversial legislation through the House of Lords.[32] During his time with the Home Office, he produced the United Kingdom's first ever National Security Strategy (as trailed in his Seaford House paper of 1992) and Cyber Security strategy as well as formulating a series of other new strategies: the counter-terrorist policy, cyber security, chemical, biological radiological and nuclear security, science and technology for countering international terrorism and guidance for local government in enhancing the security of crowded places.[23] In May 2010, Lord West departed the Home Office.[33]

Post-Home Office

In September 2011, he contributed to a book entitled What Next for Labour? Ideas for a New Generation; in his piece he highlights his view that defence spending under Tony Blair was insufficient.[34] In August 2014, West was one of 200 public figures who were signatories to a letter to The Guardian opposing Scottish independence in the run-up to September's referendum on that issue.[35]

In 2014, he challenged Michael Gove to a boxing match after Gove's reported comments ahead of the centenary commemorations that left-wing academics were spreading unpatriotic myths about the First World War via programmes like Blackadder.[36]

In the wake of the June 2015 Sousse attack, he said Britain must step up the "propaganda war" against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). "They are running rings around us in terms of the social media they are putting out." He also suggested the West should consider working with Syrian president Bashar al-Assad, whom he qualified as a "loathsome man", while he called for Britain to consider joining the US in conducting air strikes against ISIL targets in Syria.[37]

In January 2016, following news emerging about serious power and propulsion problems with the Royal Navy Type 45 destroyer, West argued it was a "national disgrace" that the Navy only had 19 destroyers and frigates.[38] In August 2016, he described the issues facing the MoD post-Brexit as a "perfect storm", insisting that there were great difficulties for the British military as a result of Britain's exit from the European Union.[39]

In April 2018, he expressed doubts as to whether Assad's government perpetrated the alleged Douma chemical attack and dismissed the White Helmets as having "a history of doing propaganda for the opposition forces in Syria".[40]

Personal life

In 1973, West married Rosemary Anne Linington Childs; they have two sons and one daughter.[1] West said that during one overseas posting in a foreign country, the bugging of communications and accommodation was so widespread that Rosemary would say "Goodnight everybody" before turning off the light to sleep.[41]

West has admitted during security vetting to an extramarital affair,[42] and was forced to respond to rumours in 2007 about his friendship with Anni-Frid Lyngstad of ABBA with "I'm not having an affair with her".[42] Newspaper reports at the time said "He always had an eye for beautiful women"[42] and that he was "a bon viveur, fond of good wine, good food and good chat".[43]

Honours and awards


Order of the Bath UK ribbon
UK Distinguished Service Cross BAR

South Atlantic Medal w rosette BAR
Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal ribbon
QEII Diamond Jubilee Medal ribbon
Spange des König-Abdulaziz-Ordens

Order of the Bath UK ribbon
UK Distinguished Service Cross BAR
South Atlantic Medal w rosette BAR
Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal ribbon
QEII Diamond Jubilee Medal ribbon
Spange des König-Abdulaziz-Ordens
Ribbon Description Notes
Order of the Bath UK ribbon.svg Order of the Bath (GCB)
  • Military Division
  • 2004 Knight Grand Cross [20]
  • 2000 Knight Commander [13]
UK Distinguished Service Cross BAR.svg Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)
South Atlantic Medal w rosette BAR.svg South Atlantic Medal
Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal ribbon.png Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal
  • 2002
  • UK version of this medal
QEII Diamond Jubilee Medal ribbon.png Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal
  • 2012
  • UK version of this medal
Spange des König-Abdulaziz-Ordens.png Order of King Abdulaziz

Arms

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Who's Who 2010, A & C Black, 2010, ISBN 978-1-408-11414-8
  2. ^ "No. 44987". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 December 1969. p. 12549.
  3. ^ "No. 45092". The London Gazette (Supplement). 1 May 1970. p. 5038.
  4. ^ "No. 47527". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 May 1978. p. 5464.
  5. ^ "No. 49194". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 December 1982. p. 16121.
  6. ^ a b "First Sea Lord Admiral Sir Alan West On Nelson And Trafalgar 2005". Culture 24. 21 December 2005. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  7. ^ "No. 49134". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 October 1982. p. 12836.
  8. ^ "Admiral the Lord West of Spithead GCB DSC". HMS Ardent Association. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  9. ^ "Officer who lost plans made First Sea Lord". The Telegraph. 18 April 2002. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
  10. ^ "Admiral Lord West's change of tack". The Telegraph. 16 November 2007. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
  11. ^ "Senior Royal Navy Appointments" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 March 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  12. ^ "Naval deployment". UK Defence Forum. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  13. ^ a b "No. 55710". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1999. p. 2.
  14. ^ "Lord West". Home Office. Archived from the original on 27 July 2008. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  15. ^ "Sir Alan West". London Speaker Bureau. Archived from the original on 17 September 2016. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
  16. ^ "Security: Future Capabilities HL Deb vol 664 cc227-45". UK Parliament. 21 July 2004.
  17. ^ "MESSAGE FROM THE CHIEF OF THE NAVAL STAFF". Royal Navy News Service. 21 July 2004. Archived from the original on 12 August 2004.
  18. ^ "Sir Alan West". BBC Radio 4 – Midweek. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  19. ^ "First Sea Lord is chief mourner at Nelson's funeral re-enactment on Friday 16 September". Government News. Archived from the original on 10 November 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  20. ^ a b "No. 57155". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 2003. p. 2.
  21. ^ "Senior Royal Navy appointment". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  22. ^ "Solent University 2018". Solent University. 2018. ISBN 978-1-408-11414-8.
  23. ^ a b "Chancellor Lord West of Spithead". Southampton Solent University. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  24. ^ "Sir Alan appointed to the Imperial War Museum". 6 July 2006. Archived from the original on 10 November 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  25. ^ Private Eye No.1188, 6–19 July 2007, p.9, "Tales of the Riverbank"
  26. ^ "We are bidding a fond farewell to Lord West". Southampton Solent University. 10 May 2018. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  27. ^ "About us". Docklands Sinfonia. Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  28. ^ "Britain at Sea". BBC. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
  29. ^ "Advisory Council – Political Council members". Henry Jackson Society. Archived from the original on 23 September 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  30. ^ "Home". Spear-fish.com. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
  31. ^ "No. 58391". The London Gazette. 13 July 2007. p. 10139.
  32. ^ "Pienaar's view: Terror issue not plain sailing". BBC. 16 November 2007. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
  33. ^ "UK Parliament - Biography". Retrieved 11 August 2016.
  34. ^ "Admiral Lord West: Defence". Tom Scholes-Fogg. 7 October 2011. Archived from the original on 9 July 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  35. ^ "Celebrities' open letter to Scotland – full text and list of signatories". 7 August 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  36. ^ "Lord West challenges Michael Gove to a fight". Daily telegraph. 25 June 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  37. ^ "Tunisia attack: chilling new video shows gunman firing shots as he is chased by hotel staff". The Telegraph. 29 June 2015. Retrieved 1 July 2015.
  38. ^ Jessica Elgot (29 January 2016). "British warships need multimillion-pound refit to stop power failures". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  39. ^ "Ministry of Defence 'facing extra £700m costs post Brexit'". BBC. 11 August 2016. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
  40. ^ "Former Naval chief: Syria chemical attack 'could be propaganda'". talkRADIO. 13 April 2018. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  41. ^ Watts, Joseph (25 October 2013). "US warned that spying on allies could harm fight against terror". London Evening Standard. p. 8. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  42. ^ a b c "Abba star and I are just friends insists Brown's security chief". Evening Standard. 16 December 2007.
  43. ^ Carter, Lewis; Edwards, Richard (17 December 2007). "Admiral West denies affair with Abba singer". Daily Telegraph.
  44. ^ "No. 49134". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 October 1982. p. 12836.
  45. ^ "Photograph of the Coat of Arms". Retrieved 6 April 2019.

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Malcolm Rutherford
Naval Secretary
1994–1996
Succeeded by
Fabian Malbon
Preceded by
Sir John Foley
Chief of Defence Intelligence
1997–2000
Succeeded by
Sir Joe French
Preceded by
Sir Nigel Essenhigh
Commander-in-Chief Fleet
2000–2002
Succeeded by
Sir Jonathon Band
First Sea Lord
2002–2006
Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Lord Malloch-Brown
Gentlemen
Baron West of Spithead
Followed by
The Lord Jones of Birmingham
1948 in the United Kingdom

Events from the year 1948 in the United Kingdom. The Olympics are held in London and some of the government's key social legislation takes effect.

Alan West

Alan West may refer to:

Alan West (footballer) (born 1951), English midfielder

Alan West, Baron West of Spithead (born 1948), British politician and admiral in the Royal Navy

Alan West, former vocalist of English death metal band Bolt Thrower

Baron West

Baron West is a title created in the Peerage of England in 1402. The title has been in abeyance since 1554, although it is possible to argue that it has been merged.

The 1st Baron West was Sir Thomas West, of Oakhanger, Northampton. He married the heiress Joan De la Warr, through whom his second son eventually became Baron De La Warr. The two titles descended together until the death of Thomas West, 6th Baron West and 9th Baron De la Warr.

At this point, the precise legal situation becomes debatable. As Cokayne points out, abeyance is merely a modern rule that approximates medieval practice. However, in applying the modern rule, both titles descend to heirs general, which left them in abeyance between the daughters of Sir Owen West, and this situation persists to the present day with their respective heirs.

In 1572 William West, the heir male and nephew of the co-heirs general, was created Baron De la Warr, but not Baron West, by letters patent. Depending on one's view of the law, this can be interpreted as either a settlement of the ancient Barony of De la Warr or a new creation that extinguished the old barony. Cokayne argues that there is no reason to assume that this changed the status of the title Baron West, but given the irregular practice used, it is just conceivable that a modern claimant to the Barony of West would be refused on the basis that the title was merged into the Barony of De la Warr, along with the estates.

Some genealogical sources claim that Sir Thomas West (1251–1344) of Hempston Cantilupe, in Devon, was summoned to Parliament and became Baron West in 1342, but this is not supported by Cokayne.

Cadet

A cadet () is a trainee. The term is frequently used to refer to those training to become an officer in the military, often a person who is a junior trainee. Its meaning may vary between countries. The term is also used in civilian contexts and as a general attributive, for example in its original sense of a branch of a ruling house which is not currently in the direct line of succession.

Clydebank High School

Clydebank High School is a non-denominational secondary school in Clydebank, Scotland. It is one of three non-denominational secondary schools in West Dunbartonshire.

Docklands Sinfonia

Docklands Sinfonia is a symphony orchestra in London's Docklands. Since January 2009, the orchestra has been based at St Anne's Limehouse near Canary Wharf.

Draft Communications Data Bill

The Draft Communications Data Bill (nicknamed the Snoopers' Charter or Snooper's Charter) was draft legislation proposed by then Home Secretary Theresa May in the United Kingdom which would require Internet service providers and mobile phone companies to maintain records of each user's internet browsing activity (including social media), email correspondence, voice calls, internet gaming, and mobile phone messaging services and store the records for 12 months. Retention of email and telephone contact data for this time is already required by the Data Retention Regulations 2014. The anticipated cost was £1.8 billion.

May originally expected the bill to be introduced in the 2012–13 legislative session, carried over to the following session, and enacted as law in 2014. However, the former Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg withdrew his support for this bill in April 2013, saying "a law which means there would be a record kept of every website you visit, who you communicate with on social media sites ... it is certainly not going to happen with Liberal Democrats in government", and his Liberal Democrat party blocked it from being reintroduced during the 2010-2015 Parliament. Shortly after the Conservative victory in May 2015, May vowed to introduce the Communications Data Bill in the next parliament. In November 2015, May announced a new Investigatory Powers Bill similar to the Draft Communications Data Bill, although with more limited powers and additional oversight.

List of barons in the peerages of Britain and Ireland

This is a list of the 1187 present and extant Barons (Lords of Parliament, in Scottish terms) in the Peerages of England, Scotland, Great Britain, Ireland, and the United Kingdom. Note that it does not include those extant baronies which have become merged (either through marriage or elevation) with higher peerage dignities and are today only seen as subsidiary titles. For a more complete list, which adds these "hidden" baronies as well as extinct, dormant, abeyant, and forfeit ones, see List of Baronies.

This page includes all life barons, including the Law Lords created under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876. However hereditary peers with the rank of viscount or higher holding also a life peerage are not included.

List of current members of the British Privy Council

This is a list of current members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, along with the roles they fulfil and the date when they were sworn of the Council. Throughout this article, the prefix The Rt Hon. is omitted, because every Counsellor bears it, as is the postnominal PC, as every Counsellor who is also a peer uses it.

The Council is composed mostly of politicians (be they from the British government, other parties, or Commonwealth governments) and civil servants, both current and retired (since membership is for life). Among those politicians generally sworn of the council are Ministers of the Crown, the few most senior figures of the Loyal Opposition, the Parliamentary leader of the third-largest party (currently SNP Westminster Leader Ian Blackford), and a couple of the most senior figures in the devolved British governments, including the First Ministers. Besides these, the Council includes a very few members of the Royal Family (usually the consort and heir apparent only), a few dozen judges (the Supreme Court Justices, the Senior Judges of England and Wales, and the Senators of the College of Justice of the Inner House in Scotland) and a few clergy (the three most senior Church of England bishops).

List of military veterans in British politics

This is a list of currently serving (2016) members House of Commons, House of Lords, Scottish Parliament, National Assembly for Wales, Northern Ireland Assembly, Police and Crime Commissioner and UK members of the European Parliament who are Military veterans.

Merchant Navy (United Kingdom)

The Merchant Navy is the maritime register of the United Kingdom, and comprises the seagoing commercial interests of UK-registered ships and their crews. Merchant Navy vessels fly the Red Ensign and are regulated by the Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA). King George V bestowed the title of "Merchant Navy" on the British merchant shipping fleets following their service in the First World War; a number of other nations have since adopted the title.

Merchant navy

A merchant navy or merchant marine or mercantile marine is the fleet of merchant vessels that are registered in a specific country. On merchant vessels, seafarers of various ranks and sometimes members of maritime trade unions are required by the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW) to carry Merchant Mariner's Documents.

King George V bestowed the title of the "Merchant Navy" on the British merchant shipping fleets following their service in the First World War; since then a number of other nations have also adopted use of that title or the similar "Merchant Marine." The following is a partial list of the merchant navies or merchant marines of various countries. In many countries the fleet's proper name is simply the capitalized version of the common noun ("Merchant Navy").

Society of Knights of the Round Table

The Honourable Society of Knights of the Round Table, also known as The Knights of the Round Table Club, is a British society which exists to perpetuate the name and fame of King Arthur and the ideals for which he stood. It meets at the Lansdowne Club, Mayfair.

The Museum of Curiosity

The Museum of Curiosity, formerly titled The Professor of Curiosity, is a comedy panel game on BBC Radio 4 that was first broadcast on 20 February 2008. It is hosted by John Lloyd (Professor of Ignorance at the University of Buckingham, and later at Southampton Solent University). He acts as the head of the (fictional) titular museum, while a panel of three guests – typically a comedian, an author and an academic – each donate to the museum an ‘object’ that fascinates them. The radio medium ensures that the suggested exhibits can be absolutely anything, limited only by the guests’ imaginations.

Bill Bailey acted as co-host of the programme in the first series, under the title of curator of the museum. Bailey left the show after he initially decided to "retire" from panel games, and was replaced by Sean Lock in the second series. Each subsequent series has seen a different comedian take over as the sidekick/curator, with Jon Richardson, Dave Gorman, Jimmy Carr, Humphrey Ker, Phill Jupitus, Sarah Millican, Noel Fielding, Jo Brand, Romesh Ranganathan, Sally Phillips, Lee Mack and Bridget Christie assuming the role in the third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth, eleventh, twelfth, thirteenth and fourteenth series respectively. Gorman also stood in for Richardson for one episode of the third series, after Richardson was stranded due to the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull. Ker also functioned as a stand-in, this time for Jimmy Carr, when Carr was unable to attend one episode in series 5.

The programme has often been compared to the television panel game QI. Both were co-created by Lloyd, several of the Museum's 'curators' and comic guests have appeared regularly on QI, and the QI Elves (QI's research team, who provide hosts Stephen Fry and Sandi Toksvig with live information as required during the programme) provide the research. As a result, some critics consider the radio show to be a spin-off of the TV programme, and some have further ventured that The Museum of Curiosity is not as good as its forerunner. Most reviews of The Museum of Curiosity, however, are positive.

The Windsor Boys' School

The Windsor Boys' School is an all-boys upper school on Maidenhead Road in Windsor, Berkshire, within the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead Local Authority. The school specialises in the arts.

Welsh peers and baronets

This is an index of Welsh peers and baronets whose primary peerage, life peerage, and baronetcy titles include a Welsh place-name origin or its territorial qualification is within the historic counties of Wales.

Welsh-titled peers derive their titles from a variety of sources. After Llywelyn ap Gruffudd of the House of Aberffraw, the last Welsh Prince of Wales, was killed during the Edwardian Conquest in 1282, the Principality of Wales was divided into English-style counties. Many of the former native titles were abolished, but some of the native Welsh lords were given English titles in exchange for their loyalty. Welsh Law remained in force in the Principality for civil cases, including for inheritance. However, Edward I did reform Welsh succession to introduce male preference primogeniture, a reform which facilitated the inheritance by English marcher lords of Welsh lands.

With the Laws in Wales Acts 1535-1542, Wales was formally annexed by England, with the full implementation of English Common Law for civil cases. Both native Welsh and Marcher lordships were fully incorporated into the English Peerage. Eventually, succeeding peerage divisions emerged. Wales does not have a separate peerage, but Welsh peers are included in the English, Great Britain, and finally the United Kingdom peerages. In 1793 the title "Earl of the Town and County of Carnarvon in the Principality of Wales" was created, the only mention of the "Principality of Wales" in a title. After the deposition by the English parliament in February 1689 of King James II and VII from the thrones of England and Ireland (the Scottish Estates followed suit on 11 April 1689), he and his successors continued to create peers and baronets, which became known as the Jacobite Peerage.

Some lords, the Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor, and the Marquess of Anglesey, make their principal seat within Wales, while others, such as the Marquess of Abergavenny have their seat outside Wales.

West (name)

West is a surname shared by several notable people:

Absolom M. West, Southern United States politician, soldier, railroad president and labor organizer

Adam West, actor who played the title character in the television series Batman

Alan West, Baron West of Spithead, a Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the British Home Office

Allen West (disambiguation), multiple people

Andrew West (disambiguation), multiple people

Andy West, American bass guitarist

Anita West, British actress and former television presenter

Anthony West (author), British author

Anthony West (motorcycle racer), an Australian Grand Prix motorcycle road racer

Belf West, NFL player

Benjamin West, Anglo-American painter

Billy West, American voice actor

Billy West (silent film actor), an American film actor and director of the silent film era

Bob West, the voice of Barney T. Dinosaur

Brian West (disambiguation), multiple people

Catherine West (born 1966), English Labour Party politician, Member of Parliament (MP) for Hornsey and Wood Green since 2015

Chandra West, actress

Charles West (disambiguation), multiple people

Chester H. West, American Medal of Honor recipient

Colin West (born 1962), English football player and coach

Colin West (author), English children book writer and illustrator

Colin West (footballer, born 1967), English football player

Corinne West, American singer-songwriter

Cornel West, religious studies and African-American studies scholar

David West (basketball), basketball player

David West, RSW, watercolourist

Debi Mae West, American voice actor

Delonte West, basketball player for the Cleveland Cavaliers

Dominic West, English actor

Don West (educator), an American educator

Don West (sportscaster), American professional wrestling commentator

Dorian West, former English rugby footballer

Dorothy West, novelist

Dottie West, American country music singer

Earl Irvin West, American church historian

Edward West, British economist

Florence Duval West (1840–1881), American poet

Fred West, serial killer

George West (disambiguation), multiple people

Gilbert West, British author

Gordon West, former English footballer

Graeme West, New Zealand rugby league footballer and coach

Harry West, Irish politician

Henry West (disambiguation), multiple people

Herbert West, fictional character of H. P. Lovecraft

Honey West, fictional character

H. O. West, Louisiana businessman

James Edward Maceo West, US inventor

James West (football manager), British Manchester United manager

James E. West (politician), former mayor of Spokane, Washington

James E. West (Scouting), first Chief Scout Executive of the Boy Scouts of America (BSA)

James R. West, American trumpet player and teacher

James T. West, (Captain James West, Jim West), fictional character of Wild Wild West

Jane West, British writer and poet

Jerry West, professional basketball player for the Los Angeles Lakers

Jerry West (author), author of The Happy Hollisters series of children books

Jessamyn West (writer), American writer

Jim West (guitarist), guitarist for "Weird Al" Yankovic, film and TV composer, slack-key guitar performer (under the name Kimo West).

Jim West (footballer), Australian rules footballer

Joe West (umpire), baseball umpire

John West (disambiguation), multiple people

Josh West, British-American Olympic rower and Earth Sciences professor

Josh West (Home and Away), fictional character in Australian soap opera Home and Away

Julian West, stage name of editor and bon-vivant Nicolas de Gunzburg

Kanye West, American record producer and rapper

Kit West, special effects artist of Raiders of the Lost Ark and Return of the Jedi

Kimber West, former Playboy Playmate

Leslie West, founding member and front man for the rock band Mountain.

Lizzie West, an American singer/songwriter

Louis Jolyon West (b. 1924), American psychiatrist

Madeleine West, Australian actress

Mae West, actress and screenwriter

Mark West (basketball), American basketball player

Martin West (disambiguation), multiple people

Mary Allen West (1837-1892), American journalist, editor, educator

Matthew West, contemporary Christian musician

Matthew West (assemblyman), American state legislator

Maura West, an American actress

Michael West (disambiguation), multiple people

Michelle Sagara West, Japanese-Canadian author of fantasy literature

Mike West (swimmer), Canadian backstroke swimmer

Morris L. West, Australian writer

Nathanael West, pen name of Nathan Wallenstein Weinstein, American novelist and playwright

Nicholas West, an English bishop and diplomatist

Nigel West, pen-name of the British writer and former politician Rupert Allason

Oswald West, an American politician

Owen West, an American military officer and official

Owen B. West (1869–1948), an American politician, businessman, and farmer

Paul West (disambiguation), multiple people

Pennerton West, American artist

Peter West, British TV presenter and sports commentator

Peter West (footballer), Australian rules footballer

Randy West, television announcer

Randy West (porn star), pornographic actor and director

Randy West (photographer), photographer

Rebecca West, British-Irish writer

Red West, American actor, film stuntman and songwriter

Richard Gilbert West, British botanist and geologist

Richard Martin West, Danish astronomer

Robert West (disambiguation), multiple people

Rosemary West, British serial killer, wife of Fred West

Samuel West, British actor

Sandra Márjá West (b. 1990), Norwegian Sami politician and festival manager of Riddu Riđđu

Scott West, Australian rules footballer

Shane West, actor

Sherri West, fictional District Attorney, appearing on Law & Order: Special Victims Unit

Speedy West, American Rockabilly Hall of Fame

Stuart West, evolutionary biologist

Stu West, bassist

Taribo West, Nigerian football defender

Temple West, British admiral

Timothy West, British actor

Tom West (disambiguation), multiple people

Togo D. West Jr., African American attorney

Vita Sackville-West, English poet, novelist and gardener

Wallace West, American science fiction writer

Wally West, fictional superhero known for being the first Kid Flash and the third Flash

Walter West (politician), Australian politician

Walter Scott West, American Medal of Honor recipient

William West (disambiguation), multiple people

West (Berkshire cricketer), an English professional cricketer

Baron West:

Thomas West, 1st Baron West

Thomas West, 2nd Baron West

Reginald West, 6th Baron De La Warr

Richard West, 7th Baron De La Warr

Thomas West, 8th Baron De La Warr

Thomas West, 9th Baron De La Warr

Coat of arms of Alan West, Baron West of Spithead
Coronet
That of a Baron
Crest
Issuant from Naval Coronet Or a demi Chinese Dragon Azure supporting with the foreclaws an Anchor Or
Torse
Or and Azure
Escutcheon
Azure a Lymphad Or between the tops of four Towers issuant in saltire Argent
Supporters
On either side a Sea Lion Azure charged on the Chest with a Rose Or and resting upon a Naval Cannon the barrel to the centre also Or
Motto
Be Just And Kind
Orders
Order of the Bath
Other elements
Pendant of the Distinguished Service Cross[45]
Senior Naval Lords (1689–1771)
First Naval Lords (1771–1904)
First Sea Lords (1904–present)

Languages

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