Al-Yamama

Al-Yamamah (Arabic: اليمامة‎, romanizedal-Yamāmah) is an ancient historical region lying to the east of the plateau of Najd in modern-day Saudi Arabia, or sometimes more specifically, the now-extinct ancient village of Jaww Al-Yamamah, near Al-Kharj, after which the rest of the region was named. Only a handful of centralized states ever arose in Yamamah, but it figured prominently in early Islamic history due to it becoming a central theater in the Ridda Wars immediately following Muhammad's death. The region was gradually subsumed in recent centuries under the term "Najd", which encompasses a larger area. However, the term "Al-Yamamah" still lives on as a nostalgic historical term that is invoked to emphasize the region's ties with its ancient past. The current headquarters of the Saudi government in Riyadh, for example, is known as the Palace of Yamamah.

Salit bin Amri was sent by Muhammad with a letter to Hozah bin Ali to the king of Yamama to invite him to Islam during the Expedition of Zaid ibn Haritha that took place in 628 AD.[1][2]

Yamama english
The historical region of Al-Yamamah at its greatest extent, as described by Yaqut (13th century) and Al-Hamadani (10th century), along with some of the region's prominent settlements in pre-Islamic and early Islamic times.

See also

References

  1. ^ Safiur-Rahman Mubarakpuri, The Sealed Nectar, p. 227
  2. ^ [Akbar Shāh Ḵẖān Najībābādī, History of Islam, Volume 1, p. 194. Quote: "Again, the Holy Prophet «P sent Dihyah bin Khalifa Kalbi to the Byzantine king Heraclius, Hatib bin Abi Baltaeh to the king of Egypt and Alexandria; Allabn Al-Hazermi to Munzer bin Sawa the king of Bahrain; Amer bin Aas to the king of Oman. Salit bin Amri to Hozah bin Ali— the king of Yamama; Shiya bin Wahab to Haris bin Ghasanni to the king of Damascus"

Coordinates: 24°08′54″N 47°18′18″E / 24.1483°N 47.3050°E

Abu Hafsa Yazid

Abu Hafsa Yazid (Arabic: ابو حفصة يزيد‎, romanized: Abū Ḥafṣah Yazīd) was a mawla, or servant, of the Umayyad Caliph Marwan ibn al-Hakkam (r. 684–685). Yazid's full name is not known; Abu Hafsa means "father of Hafsa" (see Arabic name).

Marwan freed Yazid and assigned him posts including taxation in Medina. He married the daughter of the amir of al-Yamama, and among their descendants were several prominent poets of the early Islamic period, including Marwan ibn Abi Hafsa and Marwan ibn Abi al-Janub.Abu Hafsa Yazid's origins are unclear; he may have been either Persian or Jewish. He may have been taken prisoner as a youth in the capture of Istakhr in ca 650 CE, and later sold to the Caliph. He was freed on the day of the assassination of Uthman ibn Affan. Sources vary as to whether Abu Hafsa Yazid converted to Islam or retained his Jewish faith.Abu Hafsa Yazid is sometimes described as court physician to the Caliph Umar I around the year 643 CE, however this may be an error based on writings by later Arab historians, as he is not called a physician in the earliest texts.

Al-Yamamah arms deal

Al Yamamah (Arabic: اليمامة‎, lit. 'The Dove') is the name of a series of record arms sales by the United Kingdom to Saudi Arabia, paid for by the delivery of up to 600,000 barrels (95,000 m3) of crude oil per day to the UK government. The prime contractor has been BAE Systems and its predecessor British Aerospace. The first sales occurred in September 1985 and the most recent contract for 72 Eurofighter Typhoon multirole fighters was signed in August 2006.

Mike Turner, then CEO of BAE Systems, said in August 2005 that BAE and its predecessor had earned £43 billion in twenty years from the contracts and that it could earn £40 billion more. It is Britain's largest ever export agreement, and employs at least 5,000 people in Saudi Arabia.In 2010, BAE Systems pleaded guilty to a United States court, to charges of false accounting and making misleading statements in connection with the sales. An investigation by the British Serious Fraud Office into the deal was discontinued after political pressure from the Saudi and British governments.

Al Yamamah University

Al Yamamah University (YU) (Arabic: جامعة اليمامة) is a university based in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia and recognized by the Ministry of Higher Education. It was founded by Khalid bin Mohammed Al-Khudair from Al-Khudair Family, who in 1957 established Al-Tarbiyah Al-Namouthajiyah Schools (Arabic: مدارس التربية النموذجية), the first private schools in Riyadh.

The university comprises the Colleges of Business Administration and Computing and Information Systems as well as the Deanship of Continuing Education and Community Service, and admits male and female students. It maintains a number of collaborative relationships with other academic institutions for the purpose of designing its curricula, enriching its programs, and providing its students and faculty members with opportunities for exchanging information and experience.

Students at the university are eligible for financial support from the Ministry of Higher Education in Saudi Arabia.

Al Zulfi

Az Zulfi (also Zulfi, Zulfy City or Al Zulfi or Az Zilfi) is a city in Riyadh Province in central Saudi Arabia, about 260 kilometres northwest of Riyadh. It is connected by Roads 418 and 535 which both link with the main Highway 65 which connects Riyadh to Buraidah which is about 101 kilometres by road to west of Al Zulfi. Zulfi also forms a governorate of Riyadh Province. The Al-Yamama/Tuwaiq mountain range begins in the desert to the north of Al Zulfi.

Arab carpet

An Arab carpet (Arabic:سجاد, Sijjad) is an oriental carpet made in the Arab world using traditional Arab carpet-making techniques.

Arabian Peninsula

The Arabian peninsula, simplified Arabia (; Arabic: شِبْهُ الْجَزِيرَةِ الْعَرَبِيَّة‎ shibhu l-jazīrati l-ʿarabiyyah, 'Arabian island' or جَزِيرَةُ الْعَرَب jazīratu l-ʿarab, 'Island of the Arabs'), is a peninsula of Western Asia situated northeast of Africa on the Arabian plate. From a geographical perspective, it is considered a subcontinent of Asia.It is the largest peninsula in the world, at 3,237,500 km2 (1,250,000 sq mi). The peninsula consists of the countries Yemen, Oman, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. The peninsula formed as a result of the rifting of the Red Sea between 56 and 23 million years ago, and is bordered by the Red Sea to the west and southwest, the Persian Gulf to the northeast, the Levant to the north and the Indian Ocean to the southeast. The peninsula plays a critical geopolitical role in the Arab world due to its vast reserves of oil and natural gas.

Before the modern era, it was divided into four distinct regions: Hejaz (Tihamah), Najd (Al-Yamama), Southern Arabia (Hadhramaut) and Eastern Arabia. Hejaz and Najd make up most of Saudi Arabia. Southern Arabia consists of Yemen and some parts of Saudi Arabia (Najran, Jizan, Asir) and Oman (Dhofar). Eastern Arabia consists of the entire coastal strip of the Persian Gulf.

Badryah El-Bishr

Badriah Al-Beshr (Arabic: بدرية البشر‎) is a Saudi Arabian writer and novelist. She was born in Riyadh and obtained a bachelor's degree and master's degree from King Saud University and a PhD from the Lebanese University in 2005. She has taught at Al Jazeera University in Dubai. A weekly columnist at Al Yamama magazine since 1997, she won the prize for "best newspaper column" at the Arabic Press Awards in 2011, becoming the first woman to do so. She also writes regularly for Al Hayat newspaper.

El-Bishr has published three collections of short stories and three novels to date. The novels are

Hind and the Soldiers (2005)

The Seesaw (2010)

Love Stories on al-Asha Street (2013)Her latest novel Love Stories on al-Asha Street was longlisted for the 2014 Arabic Booker Prize.

Banu Bakr

The Banu Bakr bin Wa'il or simply Banu Bakr (Arabic: بنو بكر بن وائل‎ banū bakr bin wā'il) were an Arabian tribe belonging to the large Rabi'ah branch of Adnanite tribes, which also included Abdul Qays, Anazzah, Taghlib, Banu Shayban and Bani Hanifa. The tribe is reputed to have engaged in a 40-year war before Islam with its cousins from Taghlib, known as the War of Basous. The pre-Islamic poet, Tarafah was a member of Bakr.

Bakr's original lands were in Nejd, in central Arabia, but most of the tribe's bedouin sections migrated northwards immediately before Islam, and settled in the area of Al-Jazirah, on the upper Euphrates. The region of Diyar Bakr, and later the city of Diyarbakır in southern Turkey, take their names from this tribe.

The tribe is distinct from the tribe of Bani Bakr ibn Abd Manat, who lived in the Hejaz and had important interactions with Muhammad.

Banu Hanifa

Banu Hanifa (Arabic: بنو حنيفة‎) were an ancient Arab tribe inhabiting the area of al-Yamama in the central region of modern-day Saudi Arabia. The tribe belonged to the great Rabi'ah branch of North Arabian tribes, which also included Abdul Qays, Bakr, and Taghlib. Though counted by the classical Arab genealogists as a Christian branch of Bani Bakr, they led an independent existence prior to Islam.

Banu Lam

Banu Lam (Arabic: بنو لام‎) is an Arab tribe of central Arabia and southern Iraq. The tribe claims descent from the ancient Arab tribe of Tayy. It has dominated western Nejd (the region between Medina and al-Yamama) before the 15th century. The tribe split into three main bedouin (nomadic) groups: the Fudhool, the Al Kathir, and the Al Mughira , and Al-Dhafeer. The Bani Lam tribes gradually left Nejd, settling mostly in southern Iraq, where they converted from Sunni to Shi'a Islam largely just before or during the 19th century. Many clans from Bani Lam, however, remained in Nejd as settled townspeople. The Fudhool were the last of Bani Lam to leave Nejd, in the 18th century.

Battle of Yamama

The Battle of Yamama was fought in December 632 as part as the Ridda Wars against a rebellion within the Rashidun Caliphate in the region of Al-Yamama (in present-day Saudi Arabia) between the forces of Abu Bakr and Musaylimah, a self-proclaimed prophet.

Bir Maona

Bir Maona also known as Bir Ma'una is a location in Saudi Arabia. The Expedition of Bir Maona took place here where 70 Muslim were killed. It used to be a well at the time Bir Maona is mentioned in the Sunni hadith collection Sahih Bukhari, as follows:

According to Mubarakpuri, Quran 3:169-173 is also related to the Bir Maona, and the verse was later abrogated.

Mashq

Mashq is one of the oldest calligraphic forms of the Arabic script. At the time of the emergence of Islam, this type of writing was likely already in use in various parts of the Arabian Peninsula. It is first attested during the reign of caliph Umar, making it one of the earliest forms of Arabic script, along with Hijazi and Kufic. It was used in most texts produced during the first and second centuries after the Hijra.

Muhammad ibn Abi Hudhayfa

Muhammad ibn Abi Hudhayfa (Arabic: محمد بن أبي حذيفة ) was the son of Abu Hudhayfa ibn 'Utba and Sahla bint Suhail. Since his father adopted Salim Mawla Abu Hudhayfa as his son, Muhammad ibn Abi Hudhayfa and Salim Mawla Abu Hudhayfa may be considered as adopted brothers. In 656, he became the Governor of Egypt by ousting Abdallah ibn Sa'ad. He was born in Abyssinia during Muhammad's life. His father and adopted brother were both martyred in al-Yamama, after which he was raised by 'Uthman ibn 'Affan. He played part in the revolt against 'Uthman when the latter refused to appoint him as ruler for any province.

New Al Hitmi

New Al Hitmi (Arabic: الهتمي الجديد‎; also known as Al-Hitmi Al-Jadeed) is a district in Qatar, located in the municipality of Ad Dawhah. The name is derived from the Al-Hitmi family, which is a branch of the main Al Bin Ali tribe. Together with Fereej Bin Omran and Hamad Medical City, it forms Zone 37, which has a population of 26,121.

Rabīʿa

Rabīʿa ibn Nizar (Arabic: ربيعة‎) is the patriarch of one of two main branches of the "North Arabian" (Adnanite) tribes, the other branch being founded by Mudhar.

Yamama

for the ancient region of Saudi Arabia see al-Yamama.Yamama is a northern neighborhood of Marrakesh in the Marrakech-Tensift-Al Haouz region of Morocco. It belongs to the arrondissement of Gueliz.

Zarqa al Yamama

In pre-Islamic Arabian tradition, Zarqa’ al-Yamama (Arabic: زرقاء اليمامة‎) was a blue-eyed woman with exceptional intuition, keen sight, and ability to predict events before they happened. Some Arab historians argue that al-Yamama was named after her.

Zizi Adel

Zizi Adel (also transliterated as Zizi and Zeze, Arabic: زيزي عادل‎ pronounced [ˈziːzi ˈʕæːdel]; born 26 October 1987, Kuwait) is an Egyptian singer. Adel first came to attention when she entered the second series of Star Academy in 2005, coming third to Hisham Abdulrahman and Amani Swissi after reaching the semi-final.

History
Geography
Politics
Economy
Society

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.