Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate

Al-Qadisiyah Governorate (Arabic: القادسية‎, romanizedAl Qādisiyah) is one of the governorates of Iraq. It is in the center-south of the country. The estimated population of the province is about a million and a half million people, according to the census of 2014. Its capital is Al Diwaniyah. Before 1976, it was part of the ad-Diwāniyah Governorate, along with al-Muthannā and Najaf. The province is named after the historical city of Al-Qādisiyah, the site of the Battle of al-Qādisiyah, where in 636 CE the Islamic Rashidun forces defeated the forces of the Sassanid Empire. The governorate is predominantly Shia Arab. It includes the Mesopotamian marsh of Hor Aldelmj.

Al-Qadisiyah Governorate

Location of Al-Qadisiyah Governorate
Coordinates: 31°51′N 45°3′E / 31.850°N 45.050°ECoordinates: 31°51′N 45°3′E / 31.850°N 45.050°E
Country Iraq
CapitalAl Diwaniyah
 • Total8,153 km2 (3,148 sq mi)
 • Total1,320,000 (10% of total)
HDI (2017)0.661[1]


There is one public university known as the University of Qadisiyah, which was founded in the late eighties of the last century and includes colleges such as nursing, pharmacy, law, literature, education, agriculture, medicine and others. The students coming from neighboring provinces and districts and areas of the province. The university located on the old road leading to the city of Hilla. There also are in the province away from the city center is about 6 km technical institute of Al-Qadisiyah.

Provincial Government

  • Governor: Sami Al Hasnawi
  • Deputy Governor: Hussain Al Mosawi
  • Provincial Council Chairman (PCC): Jubayyir Al Jubouri


External links


  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
2009 Al-Qādisiyyah governorate election

The Al-Qādisiyyah governorate election of 2009 was held on 31 January 2009 alongside elections for all other governorates outside Iraqi Kurdistan and Kirkuk.

2013 Al-Qādisiyyah governorate election

The Al-Qādisiyyah governorate election of 2013 was held on 20 April 2013 alongside elections for all other governorates outside Iraqi Kurdistan, Kirkuk, Anbar, and Nineveh.

Abu Salabikh

The low tells at Abu Salabikh, around 20 km (12 mi) northwest of the site of ancient Nippur in Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate, Iraq mark the site of a small Sumerian city state of the mid third millennium BCE, with cultural connections to the cities of Kish, Mari and Ebla. Its contemporary name is uncertain: perhaps this was Eresh. Kesh was suggested by Thorkild Jacobsen before

excavations began. The Euphrates was the city's highway and lifeline; when it shifted its old bed, in the middle third millennium BCE, the city dwindled away. Only eroded traces remain on the site's surface of habitation after the Early Dynastic Period.


Afak (Arabic: عفك‎) is a town in Al Diwaniyah Governorate, Iraq. It is 25 km northeast of Al Diwaniyah and 170 km south of Baghdad.

Al-Diwaniya FC

Al-Diwaniya is a football club based in Al Diwaniyah, Al-Qādisiyyah, Iraq, the club was formed in 1965 and has played at its home ground, it currently play in the Iraqi Premier League.


Al-Meshkhab is an Iraqi city and capital of the Al-Meshkhab district situated in the Najaf Governorate, 35 km south of Najaf and 230 km south west of Baghdad. The city is located on the Al-Meshkhab Channel. The majority of the local population consists of Shia Islam belonging to Arabic tribes such as Alzurfy, Muhany and Al-Ghazali. The city was first established as a village in 1916 during the Ottoman Iraq era, promoted to subdistrict then finally upgraded to district capital in 2014.

Al-Meshkhab District

Al-Meshkhab is a district located in Najaf Governorate. Its seat is the city of Al-Meshkhab. Soil of Al-Meshkhab is fertile, alluvial, and a good irrigated by Meshkhab Channel (derived from Euphrates River). Agricultural is main source of income in Al-Meshkhab .crops such as rice, Date palm, and wheat planted there densely.

total inhabitants are Arab Shia Islam .

Al-Shamiya (Iraq)

Al-Shamiya (Arabic: الشامية‎) is a city in Al-Shamiya District, Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate, Iraq. It is roughly 147 km south of Baghdad on the Al-Shamiya branch of the Euphrates. Settlement dates back to Sumerian times, but the modern city was established in 1822 during the Ottoman era, named "Hamidya" after Abdul Hamid II. It was renamed Al-Shamiya (meaning Levantine) after the establishment of the Kingdom of Iraq.

The city's population has grown quickly, from 189,000 in 1997 to 230,974 in 2007 to an estimated 300,000 in 2014. The population has been homogeneously Shia for centuries, and many descend from the Arab tribe of Nukha. It is located in the fertile, irrigated, drained, and alluvial plain of the middle Euphrates region. The area surrounding the city is notable for its crops, especially rice, dates, and wheat.

Al-Shamiya District

Al-Shamiya District is a district of Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate, Iraq. Its seat is the city of Shamiya. It has 4 subdistricts: Al-Shamiya (الشامية), Ghammas (غماس), Al-Aslahea (الصلاحية), and Almhnanwip (المهناوية). The Al-Shamiya branch of the Euphrates river runs through the district.

Al Diwaniyah

Al Diwaniyah (Arabic: الديوانية‎ Ad Dīwānīyah), also spelt Diwaniya, is the capital city of Iraq's Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate. In 2002 the population was estimated at 440,927.


Dilbat (modern Tell ed-Duleim or Tell al-Deylam, Iraq) was an ancient Sumerian minor tell (hill city) located southeast from Babylon on the eastern bank of the Western Euphrates in modern-day Al-Qādisiyyah, Iraq. The ziggurat E-ibe-Anu, dedicated to the goddess Urash, was located in the center of the city and was mentioned in the Epic of Gilgamesh.

Hamza, Iraq

Hamza (Arabic: الحمزة‎) is a city in Hamza District, Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate, Iraq. It is located about 25 km south of Al Diwaniyah and 175 km south of Baghdad on the Diwaniya Channel branch of the Euphrates). Its name is attributed to Bahraini Shia cleric "Ahmad Ibn Hashim Al-Ghurifi" (a.k.a. Hamza), who was killed and buried in the region, whose shrine resides in the city. It is predominantly Shia Arab. The main tribes are Jubur, Khazali, Salameh, Aerdh, and Alakra.


Isin (Sumerian: 𒉌𒋛𒅔𒆠, romanized: I3-si-inki, modern Arabic: Ishan al-Bahriyat) is an archaeological site in Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate, Iraq. Excavations have shown that it was an important city-state in the past.

Khalil Jalil Hamza

Khalil Jalil Hamza (died August 11, 2007) was the governor of Al-Qādisiyyah province, Iraq. He was assassinated on August 11, 2007, along with the province's police chief Major General Khaled Hassan. He was a member of the Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council (SIIC), the biggest Shia party in Iraq. Al Muthanna governor Mohammed Ali al-Hasani, who was also a member of SIIC, was killed later in the month on August 20, 2007.


Kisurra (modern Tell Abu Hatab, Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate, Iraq) was an ancient Sumerian tell (hill city) situated on the west bank of the Euphrates, 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) north of Shuruppak.


Mashkan-shapir (modern Tell Abu Duwari, Al Qadisyah Governorate, Iraq) was an ancient tell (hill city) in the Ancient Near East roughly 30 kilometres (19 mi) north

of Nippur and around 90 miles (140 km) southeast of Baghdad.

The city god of Mashkan-shapir was Nergal and a temple named Meslam dedicated to him was built there.

Muthanna Governorate

Muthanna Governorate (Arabic: المثنى‎ Al Muthannā) or Al Muthanna Province, is a province in Iraq, named after the 7th-century Arab general al-Muthanna ibn Haritha. It is in the south of the country, bordering Saudi Arabia And Kuwait. Its capital is the city of Samawah.

Before 1976 it was part of the Diwaniya Province, which included present-day Najaf Governorate and Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate.

Samawah is very close to the ancient Sumerian-Babylonian city of Uruk (Aramaic: Erech), which is possibly the source of the name Iraq. After the decline of Babylon following the Seleucid founding of Seleucia, Uruk became the largest city in southern Babylonia, and its name (Erech) came to replace Babili (Babylonia), as the city long outlived the former capital, surviving into the 7th century AD.


Nippur (Sumerian: Nibru, often logographically recorded as 𒂗𒆤𒆠, EN.LÍLKI, "Enlil City;" Akkadian: Nibbur) was among the most ancient of Sumerian cities. It was the special seat of the worship of the Sumerian god Enlil, the "Lord Wind", ruler of the cosmos, subject to An alone. Nippur was located in modern Nuffar in Afak, Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate, Iraq.


Shuruppak (Sumerian: 𒋢𒆳𒊒𒆠 ŠuruppagKI, "the healing place"), modern Tell Fara, was an ancient Sumerian city situated about 55 kilometres (35 mi) south of Nippur on the banks of the Euphrates in Iraq's Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate. Shuruppak was dedicated to Ninlil, also called Sud, the goddess of grain and the air.

Places adjacent to Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate


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