Al-Mawrid

Al-Mawrid is an Islamic research institute in Lahore, Pakistan founded in 1983 and then re-established in 1991.[1]

Al-Mawrid
Al Mawrid Logo
MottoA Foundation for Islamic Research and Education
FormationJune 1983
TypeResearch Institute
HeadquartersLahore
Official language
Urdu/English
Director
Javed Ahmad Ghamidi
Websitehttp://www.al-mawrid.org

Description

The institute was established by Javed Ahmad Ghamidi, a well-known Pakistani Islamic scholar, who has been inspired by Amin Ahsan Islahi and Hamiduddin Farahi. The organization describes its existence as a reaction to the problem in current Islamic learning, which focuses on "the foundational principles and the emanating discourses of a particular school of thought as well as the polemics to establish their superiority over those of others."[2]

The institution as a research and educational center aims to facilitate and perpetuate the explanatory and research work on the so-called "true understanding of Islam."[2] One of its main positions articulated by its founder involved the centralization of Islamic ministry in Pakistan to address the way mosques in the country are currently run privately and that anyone can preach without permission or accountability.[3] Ghamidi maintained that this condition promotes extremism and hatred.

Projects

The administration of Al-Mawrid Global is in the hands of its Board of Governors. The administrative system is founded on democratic principles. The President of the institution serves as the academic and intellectual patron, and the Secretary General is entrusted with its administrative affairs. Al-Mawrid Global is a charity registered in Scotland (no. SC044505), and the institution accepts contributions from all those who agree with its objectives.

The institution has its worldwide presence through its country chapters.

  • Australia Chapter[4]
  • Canada Chapter[5]
  • Hind Chapter
  • UK Chapter[6]
  • US Chapter[7]
  • Norway Chapter[8]

Criticism

Al-Mawrid is criticized for their progressive stand on various religious issues. Sometimes they are charged with fueling controversial topics, like calling for reform in the infamous Hudood laws. Javed Ghamidi is also referred by some as having involvement in the controversial movie 'Khuda kay liye', which brought the issue of radicalization into the limelight in Pakistan. Local and orthodox scholars often reject this school of thought and their liberal understanding of Islam. Some also refer to them as 'clean shave mullas'.[9]

Ghamidi and Al-Mawrid's moderate stance on Islam led to a conflict with the Taliban, which forced Ghamidi to flee his country in 2010. Ghamidi's staff was murdered by the extremist group and Al-Mawrid is now being run through a website and its branches located in Australia, Canada, India, United Kingdom, and the United States.[3]

Journals

Renaissance
DisciplineIslamic studies
LanguageEnglish
Publication details
Publication history
1995–present
Publisher
Danish Sara (Pakistan)
Standard abbreviations
Renaissance
Indexing
ISSN1605-0045
Links

The institution publishes two monthly journals. These journals carry advertisements from small merchants, but also from larger businesses.[10]

References

  1. ^ Javed Ahmad Ghamidi's Profile Archived 2009-08-01 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b "Almawrid Institute of Islamic Sciences | Javed Ahmad Ghamidi - Javed Ahmad Ghamidi". www.javedahmadghamidi.com. Retrieved 2018-07-06.
  3. ^ a b "Pakistani scholar praises UAE's preaching codes". The National. Retrieved 2018-07-06.
  4. ^ "Al Mawrid Australia - Al-Mawrid Australia". www.al-mawrid.org.au. Retrieved 2016-01-16.
  5. ^ "Log into Facebook | Facebook". Facebook. Retrieved 2016-01-16.
  6. ^ "Al-Mawrid UK". Al-Mawrid UK. Retrieved 2016-01-16.
  7. ^ "Al-Mawrid United States - Home". almawridus.org. Retrieved 2016-01-16.
  8. ^ "Facebook". Facebook. Retrieved 2016-01-16.
  9. ^ "Is Javed Ghamidi a True Scholar?". Hanging Odes.
  10. ^ Zaman, Muhammad (1998). "Sectarianism in Pakistan: The Radicalization of Shi'i and Sunni Identities". 32 (3): 689–716. JSTOR 313163.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-12-02. Retrieved 2009-09-26.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ http://www.monthly-renaissance.com/
  13. ^ Ciolek, T. Matthew. The first Islamic e-periodical, Renaissance: A Monthly Islamic Journal, Asian Studies Online - a Timeline of Major Developments, Australian National University

External links

'A'isha al-Ba'uniyya

ʿĀ’ishah bint Yūsuf al-Bāʿūniyyah (عائشة بنت يوسف الباعونية, died the sixteenth day of Dhū al-Qa‘dah 922/December 1517) was a Sufi master and poet. She is almost the only medieval female Islamic mystic to have recorded her own views in writing, and she "probably composed more works in Arabic than any other woman prior to the twentieth century". 'In her the literary talents and Ṣūfi tendencies of her family reached full fruition'. She was born and died in Damascus.

Abdul Monem

Abdul Monem (Arabic: عبد المنعم) is a masculine given theophoric Arabic name that means "servant of the Most Benefactor or Granter (God)". The name is also transliterated as 'Abdulmon'em, Abdulmonim, Abdulmunim, Abd al-Monem, Abdul Monem and others.

Ahruf

According to hadith حَدِيث‬ literature, the Quran is revealed in seven Ahruf أَحْرُف‬ (the plural of harf حَرْف‬). Ahruf are distinct from Qira'at قِرَاءَات‬.

Malik Ibn Anas reported that the second Rashidun Caliph Umar Ibn al-Khattab said: "I heard Hisham Ibn Hakim Ibn Hizam reading Surat Al-Furqan in a different way from the one I used to read it, and the Prophet himself had read out this surah to me. Consequently, as soon as I heard him, I wanted to get hold of him. However, I gave him respite until he had finished the prayer. Then I got hold of his cloak and dragged him to the Prophet. I said to him: “I have heard this person [Hisham Ibn Hakim Ibn Hizam] reading Surah Al Furqan in a different way from the one you had read it out to me.” The Prophet said: “Leave him alone [O ‘Umar].” Then he said to Hisham: “Read [it].” [Umar said:] “He read it out in the same way as he had done before me.” [At this,] the Prophet said: “It was revealed thus.” Then the Prophet asked me to read it out. So I read it out. [At this], he said: “It was revealed thus; this Quran has been revealed in seven Ahruf. You can read it in any of them you find easy from among them."

Al-Fil

Sūrat al-Fīl (Arabic: سورة الفيل‎, "Chapter of the Elephant") is the 105th chapter (surah) of the Quran. It is a Meccan sura consisting of 5 verses. The surah is written in the interrogative form.

Al-Qalam

Sūrat al-Qalam (Arabic: سورة القلم‎, “The Pen”) is the sixty-eighth sura of the Qur'an with 52 ayat. The Surat describes Allah's justice and the judgment day. Three important themes of this Surah are response to the opponents objections, warning and admonition to the disbelievers, and exhortation of patience to the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Chronologically, this is the first appearance of any of the "disjointed" [i.e., single] letters (muqattaat) which precede a number of the surahs of the Qur'an while in Quranic Order this is the last surah to have the appearance of (muqattaat).

Al-Qaria

Sūrat al-Qāriʻah (Arabic: سورة القارعة‎) is the 101st chapter (sura) of the Quran with 11 verses. This chapter takes its name from its first word "qariah", referring to the Quranic view of the end time and eschatology. "Qariah" has been translated to calamity, striking, catastrophe, clatterer, etc. According to Ibn Kathir, a traditional exegete, Al-Qariah is one of the names of the Day of Judgement, like Al-Haaqqa, At-Tammah, As-Sakhkhah and others. After a picturesque depiction of judgement day in first 5 ayaat, next 4 ayat describe that Allah's Court will be established and the people will be called upon to account for their deeds. The people whose good deeds will be heavier, will be blessed with bliss and happiness, and the people whose good deeds will be lighter, will be cast into the burning fire of hell. The last 2 ayaat describe Háwíyah in similar emphatic way as Al-Qariah was emphasized in the beginning.

Categories of Hadith

Different categories of hadith (sayings attributed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad) have been used by various scholars. Experts in the Hadith studies generally use two terms - taqrīr for tacit approvals, and khabar for sayings and acts ascribed to Muhammad.

The term taqrīr implies that, in the presence of Muhammad, a believer did something, which Muhammad noticed but did not disapprove or condemn. Thus, the act done by a believer acquired tacit approval from Muhammad. It is commonly acknowledged that a khabar can be true or false. The scholars of the science of hadith criticism hold that a khabar and, therefore, a hadith can be a true report or a concoction. It is on the basis of this premise that the Muslim scholars hold that a hadith offers a ẓannī (inconclusive/probably true) evidence. It is as though a hadith may have many possibilities on the plane of reliability.

Islam and abortion

Muslim views on abortion are shaped by the Hadith as well as by the opinions of legal and religious scholars and commentators. The Quran does not directly address intentional abortion, leaving greater discretion to the laws of individual countries. In Islam, the fetus is believed to become a living soul after four months of gestation, and abortion after that point is generally viewed as impermissible. Many Islamic thinkers recognize exceptions to this rule for certain circumstances. American academic, Azizah Y. al-Hibri, notes that "the majority of Muslim scholars permit abortion, although they differ on the stage of fetal development beyond which it becomes prohibited." According to Sherman Jackson, "while abortion, even during the first trimester, is forbidden according to a minority of jurists, it is not held to be an offense for which there are criminal or even civil sanctions." There are four different Sunni school of thoughts – Hanafites, Shafites, Hanbalites, and Malikites – and they have their own reservations on when abortions can happen in Islam.

In practice, access to abortion varies greatly between different Muslim-majority countries. In countries like Turkey and Tunisia, abortions are unconditionally legal on request. On the other hand, in 18 out of 47 Muslim-majority countries, including Iraq, Egypt, and Indonesia, abortion is only legally permitted if the life of the mother is threatened by the pregnancy. No Muslim-majority country bans abortion in the case of the mother's life being at risk. Other reasons that are permitted by certain Muslim-majority countries include preserving a woman's physical or mental health, foetal impairment, cases of incest or rape, and social or economic reasons. There is great variation within Muslim-majority countries as to which are legally accepted reasons for abortion.

Islamic terrorism

Islamic terrorism, Islamist terrorism or radical Islamic terrorism is defined as any terrorist act, set of acts or campaign committed by groups or individuals who profess Islamic or Islamist motivations or goals. Islamic terrorists justify their violent tactics through the interpretation of Quran and Hadith according to their own goals and intentions. The motivation for Islamic terrorism in part comes from the idea of Islamic supremacy which is encapsulated in the formula, "Islam is exalted and nothing is exalted above it."The highest numbers of incidents and fatalities caused by Islamic terrorism occur in Iraq, Afghanistan, Nigeria, Pakistan and Syria. In 2015 four Islamic extremist groups were responsible for 74% of all deaths from terrorism: ISIS, Boko Haram, the Taliban and Al-Qaeda, according to the Global Terrorism Index 2016. In recent decades, such incidents have occurred on a global scale, affecting not only Muslim-majority states in Africa and Asia, but also several other countries, including those within the European Union, Russia, Australia, Canada, Israel, India, the United Kingdom and the United States. Such attacks have targeted Muslims and non-Muslims. In a number of the worst-affected Muslim-majority regions, these terrorists have been met by armed, independent resistance groups, state actors and their proxies, and elsewhere by condemnation coming from prominent Islamic figures.

Javed Ahmad Ghamidi

Jāvēd Ahmad Ghāmidī (Urdu: جاوید احمد غامدی‬‎) (born 1951) is a Pakistani Muslim theologian, Quran scholar, Islamic modernist, exegete and educationist. He is also the founding President of Al-Mawrid Institute of Islamic Sciences and its sister organisation Danish Sara. He became a member of the Council of Islamic Ideology (responsible for giving legal advice on Islamic issues to the Pakistani Government and the country's Parliament) on 28 January 2006, where he remained for a couple of years. He also taught Islamic studies at the Civil Services Academy for more than a decade from 1979 to 1991. He was also a student of the famous Islamic scholar and exegete, Amin Ahsan Islahi. He is running an intellectual movement similar to Wastiyya in Egypt on the popular electronic media of Pakistan.

Mahdi

The Mahdi (Arabic: ٱلْـمَـهْـدِي‎, ISO 233: al-mahdī, literally "the guided one") is an eschatological redeemer of Islam who will appear and rule for five, seven, nine or nineteen years (according to differing interpretations) before the Day of Judgment (yawm al-qiyamah, literally "the Day of Resurrection") and will rid the world of evil.There is no direct reference to the Mahdi in the Quran, only in the hadith (the reports and traditions of Muhammad's teachings collected after his death). In most traditions, the Mahdi will arrive with 'Isa (Jesus) to defeat Al-Masih ad-Dajjal (literally "the false Messiah", or Antichrist). Although the concept of a Mahdi is not an essential doctrine in Sunni Islam, it is popular among both Sunni and Shia Muslims. Both agree that he will rule over the Muslims and establish justice; however, they differ extensively on his attributes and status.

Throughout history, various individuals have claimed to be the Mahdi. These have included Muhammad Jaunpuri, founder of the Mahdavia sect; the Báb (Siyyid Ali Muhammad), founder of Bábism; Muhammad Ahmad, who established the Mahdist State in Sudan in the late 19th century; Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, founder of the Ahmadiyya religion; Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi.

Shi'ites have alternate views on which descendant of the Islamic Nabi (Prophet) Muhammad is the Mahdi. Twelvers, who form the majority of Shi'ites today, believe that Muhammad ibn Al-Hasan al-Askari is the current occulted Imam and Mahdi. Tayyibi Isma'ili Shi'ites, including the Dawoodi Bohrah, however believe that At-Tayyib Abu'l-Qasim is the current occulted Imam and Mahdi.

Mizan

Mizan (English: balance; scale, Urdu: ميزان‎) is a comprehensive treatise on the contents of Islam, written by Javed Ahmad Ghamidi, a Pakistani Islamic scholar. It is published in Urdu by Al-Mawrid Institute of Islamic Sciences. The book is also available in the form of different booklets. The book has also been published in English language in Renaissance Islamic Journal.

Moriah

Moriah (Hebrew: מוֹרִיָּה‬, Modern: Moriyya, Tiberian: Môriyyā, "ordained/considered by the LORD", Arabic: ﻣﺮﻭﻩ‎, translit. Marwah) is the name given to a mountainous region by the Book of Genesis, in which context it is the location of the sacrifice of Isaac. The Vulgate renders the location specified by God for the sacrifice as terram Visionis, traditionally rendered "land of Vision" in Catholic translations. Through association with the biblical Mount Moriah (the Temple Mount), Mount Moriah has traditionally been interpreted as the name of the specific mountain at which this occurred, although this identification is typically rejected by scholarship.

Muslims believe the historical mount is Marwah in Arabic, as mentioned in the Qur'an, located close to the Kaaba in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. There has been an historical account of rams' horns preserved in the Kaaba until the year 683, which are believed to be the remains of the sacrifice of Ishmael.

Shubha (Arabic)

Shubha (Arabic: شبهة doubt, obscurity, or mis-grounded conceit)in Islamic term it refers to the duty of the leaders/judges to seek the doubt (shubha) before implementing any verdict in case of a crime of any degree, therefore the Prophet Mohammad commanded to avoid implementing a serious punishment in case of uncertainty, his famous saying in this regard is : ادرؤوا الحدود بالشبهات seek doubts to avoid punishment.Qur'an or Islam.

Status of women's testimony in Islam

The status of women's testimony in Islam is disputed.

In Islamic law, testimony (shahada) is defined as attestation with regard to a right of a second party against a third. It exists alongside other forms of evidence (bayyina), such as the oath (yamin), acknowledgement (iqrar), and circumstantial evidence (qara'in al-ahwal). A testimony must involve certain knowledge of an affirmed event, and cannot be based on conjecture.

Sunnah

Sunnah (Arabic: سُنَّة‎, sunnah, plural Arabic: سُنَن‎ sunan [sunan]), also sunna or sunnat, is the body of traditional custom and practice of the Islamic community, both social and legal, based on the verbally transmitted record of the teachings, deeds and sayings, silent permissions (or disapprovals) of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, as well as various reports about Muhammad's companions. The Quran (the holy book of Islam) and the sunnah make up the two primary sources of Islamic theology and law. The sunnah is also defined as "a path, a way, a manner of life"; "all the traditions and practices" of the Islamic prophet that "have become models to be followed" by Muslims.In the pre-Islamic period, the word sunnah was used with the meaning "manner of acting", whether good or bad. During the early Islamic period, the term came to refer to any good precedent set by people of the past, including Muhammad. Under the influence of Al-Shafi‘i, who argued for priority of Muhammad's example as recorded in hadith over precedents set by other authorities, the term al-sunnah eventually came to be viewed as synonymous with the sunnah of Muhammad.The sunnah of Muhammad includes his specific words (Sunnah Qawliyyah), habits, practices (Sunnah Fiiliyyah), and silent approvals (Sunnah Taqririyyah). According to Muslim belief, Muhammad was the best exemplar for Muslims, and his practices are to be adhered to in fulfilling the divine injunctions, carrying out religious rites, and moulding life in accord with the will of God. Instituting these practices was, as the Quran states, a part of Muhammad's responsibility as a messenger of God. Recording the sunnah was an Arabian tradition and, once people converted to Islam, they brought this custom to their religion.The word "sunnah" is also used to refer to religious duties that are optional, such as Sunnah salat.

Sūrah

A Surah (; Arabic: سورة‎ sūrah, plural سور suwar) is the term for a chapter of the Quran. There are 114 surahs in the Quran, each divided into verses (āyāt). The chapters or surahs are of unequal length; the shortest chapter (Al-Kawthar) has only three verses while the longest (Al-Baqara) contains 286 verses. Of the 114 chapters in the Quran, 86 are classified as Meccan, while 28 are Medinan . This classification is only approximate in regard to location of revelation; any chapter revealed after migration of Muhammad to Medina (Hijrah) is termed Medinan and any revealed before that event is termed Meccan. The Meccan chapters generally deal with faith and scenes of the Hereafter while the Medinan chapters are more concerned with organizing the social life of the nascent Muslim community and leading Muslims to the goal of Dar al-Islam by showing strength. Except for sura At-Tawba, all chapters or suras commence with 'In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate'. This formula is known as the Bismillah and denotes the boundaries between chapters. The chapters are arranged roughly in order of descending size; therefore the arrangement of the Quran is neither chronological nor thematic. Suras (chapters) are recited during the standing portions (Qiyam) of Muslim prayers. Sura Al-Fatiha, the first chapter of the Quran, is recited in every unit of prayer and some units of prayer also involve recitation of all or part of any other sura.

The Incoherence of the Incoherence

The Incoherence of the Incoherence (Arabic: تهافت التهافت‎ Tahāfut al-Tahāfut) by Andalusian Muslim polymath and philosopher Averroes (Arabic, ibn Rushd, 1126–1198) is an important Islamic philosophical treatise in which the author defends the use of Aristotelian philosophy within Islamic thought.

It was written in the style of a dialogue against al-Ghazali's claims in The Incoherence of the Philosophers (Tahāfut al-Falasifa), which criticized Neoplatonic thought.

Originally written in Arabic, The Incoherence of the Incoherence was subsequently translated into many other languages. The book is considered Averroes' landmark; in it, he tries to create harmony between faith and philosophy.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.