Akola district

Akola is a district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The city of Akola is the district headquarters. Akola district forms the central part of Amravati Division, which was the former British Raj Berar Province.

Area of the district is 5,431 km². It is bounded on the north by Amravati District, to the east by Amravati District and by Washim District, to the south by Washim District, and to the west by Buldhana District. Washim was earlier a part of Akola till 1999.

Akola district
Location of Akola district in Maharashtra
Location of Akola district in Maharashtra
CountryIndia
StateMaharashtra
Administrative divisionAmravati Division
HeadquartersAkola
Tehsils7
Government
 • District collectorShri. Astik Kumar Pandey
 • Lok Sabha constituencies1
 • Assembly seats5
Area
 • Total5,431 km2 (2,097 sq mi)
Population
 • Total1,818,617
 • Density330/km2 (870/sq mi)
 • Urban
44.04%
Demographics
 • Literacy88.5%
 • Sex ratio938
Major highwaysAH-46, NH-6, NH-161, NH-161A, NH-161E, NH-361C, NH-548C, MSH-24, SH-197, SH-204, SH-200, SH-194, SH-195, SH-198, SH-199, SH-201, SH-212
Average annual precipitation750 mm
WebsiteOfficial website

History

The Battle of Argaon, (Adgaon near Akot), took place on 28 November 1803, between the British under the command of Governor Arthur Wellesley and the forces of Maratha under Bhonsle of Nagpur during Second Anglo-Maratha War.

Many old forts are located in Akola District viz.

Geography

The district boundary latitude are : 20.7000° N and longitude are : 77.0142° E

The climate is tropical and people mostly uses cotton clothes.

Rivers and lakes

The Purna River forms the part of north boundary of the district, and the top north portion of the district lies within its watershed along with Aas River and Shahnur River. The Vaan River forms the part of northwest boundary of the district after entering from the Amravati district.

The Mun River drains the southwestern portion of the district, Morna River drains the midsouth portion of the district, while the southeast is drained by the Katepurna River and Uma River.

Here are some of the rivers in Akola, with their tributaries

Prominent persons

Climate

Akola district shows a little variation in its climate along the North-South direction. Akola district mainly features Tropical Savannah Climate. But the Northern parts of the district consisting of hills and mountains that are raised to about 950 to 1000 meters shows a subtropical climate featuring heavily cold winters. The summers are extremely hot while the winters are dry and very cold the temperature may drop to or below 2 °C. The district has recorded a minimum temperature of 2 °C while a maximum of 47.7 °C. Akola has recorded a minimum temperature of 11.9 °C in the month of May which is considered to be the hottest month in the state of Maharashtra.

Climate data for Akola
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.9
(85.8)
33.2
(91.8)
37.2
(99.0)
40.7
(105.3)
46.7
(116.1)
37.4
(99.3)
32.0
(89.6)
30.5
(86.9)
32.1
(89.8)
38.8
(101.8)
31.5
(88.7)
29.4
(84.9)
34.2
(93.6)
Average low °C (°F) 13.5
(56.3)
15.7
(60.3)
20.0
(68.0)
24.8
(76.6)
28.0
(82.4)
26.1
(79.0)
24.1
(75.4)
23.4
(74.1)
23.0
(73.4)
20.1
(68.2)
15.9
(60.6)
13.2
(55.8)
20.7
(69.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7.8
(0.31)
4.5
(0.18)
11.0
(0.43)
5.1
(0.20)
6.6
(0.26)
146.3
(5.76)
210.7
(8.30)
199.7
(7.86)
122.0
(4.80)
45.4
(1.79)
19.5
(0.77)
14.2
(0.56)
792.8
(31.21)
Source: IMD

Demographics

Religion in City (2011)[1]

  Hinduism (61.07%)
  Islam (19.70%)
  Christianity (0.24%)
  Sikhism (0.08%)
  Buddhism (18.10%)
  Jainism (0.56%)
  Other Religions (0.02%)
  Atheist (0.23%)

According to the 2011 census Akola district has a population of 1,818,617,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Kosovo[3] or the US state of Nebraska.[4] This gives it a ranking of 262nd in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 321 inhabitants per square kilometre (830/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.6%.[2] Akola has a sex ratio of 942 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 87.55%.[2]

Talukwise Religious Population Percentage [1]

Taluka Name Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Other Atheist
Telhara 66.14 17.72 0.17 0.03 15.60 0.10 0.008 0.20
Akot 67.27 19.18 0.14 0.02 13.00 0.15 0.03 0.17
Balapur 50.45 26.46 0.29 0.04 21.70 0.31 0.02 0.69
Akola 58.51 21.32 0.31 0.13 18.50 1.01 0.02 0.15
Murtijapur 59.90 15.59 0.30 0.12 23.50 0.43 0.03 0.17
Patur 65.10 16.38 0.14 0.02 17.80 0.26 0.007 0.26
Barshitakli 68.34 14.20 0.11 0.03 16.80 0.32 0.01 0.22

Languages

Marathi Language is the main language spoken in the district. Varhadi, Hindi and Urdu are also spoken. [5] [6]

Subdivisions

Akola District consists of talukas namely Akot, Telhara, Akola, Balapur, Patur, Barshitakli and Murtajapur.

Transport

Important railway stations with their codes are Paras, Gaigaon, Akola Junction (AK), Murtijapur Junction (MZR) and are under Bhusawal-Badnera Section of Bhusawal Railway Division of Central Railway.

The other stations under meter gauge are Hiwarkhed, Adgaon Buzurg (ABZ), Akot (AKOT), Patsul (PTZ), Ugwe (UGWE), Akola Junction, Shivani Shivpur (SVW), Barshitakli (BSQ), Lohogad (LHD), Amna Vadi (AMW), Jaulka (JUK) are under Purna - Khandwa Section of South Central Railway.

The stations under narrow gauge are Lakhpuri, Murtajapur Junction, Karanja under two Narrow Gauge Branch lines viz Murtajapur-Achalpur and Murtajapur-Yavatmal of Bhusawal Railway Division of Central Railway.

Economy

Cotton and Jawar are the predominant crops grown in the district. Oil and Dal mills are also rampant. The economy is mostly agriculture based. Nowadays, soybean crop is an important crop as major soybean plants have come up in the area.

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ a b "Population by religion community - 2011". Census of India, 2011. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 25 August 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Kosovo 1,825,632 July 2011 est. I
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2010-12-25. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Nebraska 1,826,341
  5. ^ http://www.bharatonline.com/maharashtra/travel-tips/languages.html
  6. ^ https://www.maharashtratourism.net/languages.html

Coordinates: 20°30′N 77°10′E / 20.500°N 77.167°E

Akola

Akola is a city in Vidarbha region in the state of Maharashtra in central India. It is the 3rd largest city in Vidarbha, situated about 290 miles (580 km) east of the state capital, Mumbai, and 140 miles (250 km) west of the second capital, Nagpur. Akola is the administrative headquarters of Akola District located in Amravati Division. Akola city is governed by the Akola Municipal Corporation.

Akola is known as “the Cotton City”; it is one of the largest cotton-producing districts in central India. The city is also known for the vibrant Varhadi language. The city of Akola is located in the north central part of Maharashtra state, western India, on the banks of Morna River and it is an important district in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra State. Although not much of a tourist destination, it still is an important historical, cultural, political, agricultural city. The place is a prominent road and rail junction in the Tapti River valley; which is a commercial trading center chiefly in cotton.

Akola is an important educational center as well, with several colleges affiliated with the Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University. The place is gradually developing into a great market center. The main language spoken by the people of Akola is Marathi; some communities also speak Urdu and Hindi.

Akola District has an area of about 5,431 square kilometres and had a population of 1,818,617 at the 2011 census). Akola district includes seven talukas which are Akola, Akot, Telhara, Balapur, Barshitakli, Murtijapur and Patur. Akola is the third largest city in Vidarbha region after Nagpur and Amravati. Marathi is the most spoken and dominant language. Akola District is bordered on the north and east by Amravati District, on the south by Washim District, and on the west by Buldhana District.

Akola (Lok Sabha constituency)

Akola Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 48 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Maharashtra state in central India.

Akola Fort

Akola fort (also called Asadgad) along with the Narnala and Akot forts forms the major fortifications of the Akola district, Maharashtra, India.

Akola Junction railway station

Akola Junction serves Akola in Akola district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is an important junction station on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line. There is a broad gauge line to Secunderabad railway station and the metre gauge Akola-Ratlam line is under gauge conversion.

Akot

Template:Needed

Akot is a town in the Vidarbha Region and a municipal council in Akola district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It was ruled by the Sapkal royal family of Akot until it gained its independence.

Atmaram Ravaji Deshpande

Atmaram Raoji Deshpande (Marathi: आत्माराम रावजी देशपांडे) (1901–1982) was a Marathi poet from Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, India. He wrote poems under the pen name Anil (अनिल). He was born on 11 September 1901 at Murtijapur in Akola district of Central India. He was married to Kusum Jayawant in 1929; she took the name Kusumavati Deshpande and was also a Marathi writer.Deshpande introduced free style --Muktachhand (मुक्तछंद)-- poetry to Marathi literature. He also introduced in Marathi Dashapadi (दशपदी), a new genre of sonnets comprising ten lines. His collection of poems with the same name Dashapadi (दशपदी) received a Sahitya Akademi Award in 1977. He was elected for Sahitya Akademi Fellowship in 1979.

He presided over Marathi Sahitya Sammelan (मराठी साहित्य सम्मेलन) at Malvan in 1958.

Deshpande won several international honors. He was a member of the committee of literacy experts of UNESCO. He was leader of Indian delegation of literary experts to USSR. He was awarded UNESCO fellowship for studying social education schemes in various countries.A collection of letters between Deshpande and his wife was published under the title Kusumanil (कुसुमानिल) in 1976.

Balapur, Akola district

Balapur is a city and a municipal council in Akola district in the state of Maharashtra, India.

Balapur Fort

Balapur Fort is a Mughal fortress in the town of Balapur in the Akola district of India. Construction on the fort was started by Mirza Azam Shah, the son of Emperor Aurangzeb and it was completed by Ismaeel Khan, the Nawab of Elichpur in 1757. The chhatri of Raja Man Singh I, a canopy constructed by Mirza Raja Jaisingh, has an area of 25 square feet and a height of 33 feet. Its foundations were heavily damaged in a great flood called the 'dhvdya pur' which occurred more than 100 years ago, but after some years the damage was repaired at a cost of Rs 3,000 received from Jaipur.

Khamgaon (Lok Sabha constituency)

Khamgaon Lok Sabha constituency was a Lok Sabha (Parliamentary) constituency of Maharashtra state in western India. This constituency was in existence during Lok Sabha elections of 1962, 1967 and 1971 for the 3rd to 5th Lok Sabha. It was abolished for 1977 Lok Sabha elections, with creation of new Washim (Lok Sabha constituency) in neighbouring Akola district. It was reserved for Scheduled Caste candidate.

Murtajapur

Murtizapur is a municipal council and one of the taluka of district of Akola of Amravati division of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra.

Murtizapur Junction railway station

Murtizapur railway station serves Murtizapur in Akola district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The Achalpur–Yavatmal narrow-gauge line, popular as Shakuntala Railway, meets the electrified broad-gauge Howrah–Nagpur–Mumbai line at Murtizapur.

Narnala

Narnala, also known as "Shahnur Fort", is a hill fortress in Maharashtra, India, named after the Rajput Ruler Narnala Singh. The fort was first established in 10 century A.D. by Gond Kings. In the 15th Century it was occupied and rebuilt by the Mughals, becoming one of Berar Subah's thirteen sarkar. It consists of three small forts: Zafarabad (or Jafarabad) fort on the east, Narnala in the centre and Teliagarh to the west. The lake within the centre of the complex is said to possess healing properties and according to legend contained the philosopher's stone, though no stone was found when the lake dried up in the drought and Indian famine of 1899-1900.

Occupied since at least the Khalji dynasty, the fort is well known for the Muslim saint Hazrat Burhanuddin "Bagh Sawar Wali", and it is said that many white tigers were seen with him at that time. Adli Beg or Atalu Beg carved many Arabic inscriptions into the fort and the Kadak Bijli cannon. It is also the birthplace of the Mughal Aurangzeb's great grandson.

Paras Thermal Power Station

Paras Thermal Power Plant is oldest power plant of Maharashtra State Power Generation Company (Mahagenco) located at Paras, Akola district of Maharashtra. The power plant is one of the coal based power plants of Mahagenco.

Patur

Patur is a town and a municipal council in Akola district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.

Sanjay Shamrao Dhotre

Sanjay Shamrao Dhotre (born 26 February 1959) is a member of the 16th Lok Sabha of India. He represents the Akola constituency of Maharashtra and is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) political party.

He was also a member of the 14th Lok Sabha and 15th Lok Sabha between 2004-2014 from Akola.

Telhara

Telhara is a Town and a municipal council in Akola district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Telhara is called the Cotton City; it is one of the largest cotton-producing subdistrict in Vidarbha Region. The town is also known for the vibrant Varhadi language.

Ujaleshwar

Ujaleshwar is a small village in the Akola district of Maharashtra State, India.

Ujaleshwar is located in the Barshitakli Tehsil administrative division. Its neighboring villages include Kajaleshwar and Nimbhara. Ujaleshwar's nearest rail station is in Barshitakli, and its nearest airport is Akola Airport.

Vasantrao Deshpande

Dr. Vasantrao Deshpande (May 2, 1920 – July 30, 1983) was a Hindustani classical vocalist renowned for his contribution to natya sangeet (musical dramas), particularly his role as "Khansaheb" in Katyar Kaljat Ghusli.

Vijay P. Bhatkar

Vijay Pandurang Bhatkar (born 11 October 1946) is an Indian computer scientist, IT leader and educationalist. He is best known as the architect of India's national initiative in supercomputing where he led the development of Param supercomputers. He is a Padma Bhushan, Padma Shri and Maharashtra Bhushan awardee. Indian computer magazine Dataquest placed him among the pioneers of India's IT industry. He was the founder executive director of C-DAC and is currently working on the developing Exascale supercomputing mission for India.Bhatkar has been chancellor of Nalanda University, India since January 2017. Prior to that, he served as the Chairman of Board of Governors of IIT Delhi from 2012 to 2017.Currently he is serving as the Chairman of Vijyana Bharti, a non profit organization of Indian scientists.

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