Ajmer

Ajmer pronounced [ədʒmeːr] (listen) is one of the major and oldest cities in the Indian state of Rajasthan and the centre of the eponymous Ajmer District. It is located at the centre of Rajasthan.

The city was established as "Ajayameru"(Translated as 'Invincible Hills') by a Shakambhari Chahamana (Chauhan) ruler, either Ajayaraja I or Ajayaraja II, and served as the Chahamana capital until the 12th century CE.[3][4]

Ajmer is surrounded by the Aravalli Mountains. It is the base for visiting Pushkar (11 km), an ancient Hindu pilgrimage city, famous for the temple of Lord Brahma. Ajmer had been a municipality since 1869.[5]

Ajmer has been selected as one of the heritage cities for the HRIDAY - Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana [6] and Smart City Mission schemes of Government of India.[7]

Ajmer

Ajayameru[1]
Metropolis
Dargah of moinuddin chishti
Mayo college in a sunny day
Ajmer is located in India
Ajmer
Ajmer
Ajmer is located in Rajasthan
Ajmer
Ajmer
Coordinates: 26°27′00″N 74°38′24″E / 26.4499°N 74.6399°ECoordinates: 26°27′00″N 74°38′24″E / 26.4499°N 74.6399°E
CountryIndia
StateRajasthan
DistrictAjmer
Founded byAjayaraja I or Ajayaraja II
Named forAjayaraja I or Ajayaraja II
Government
 • BodyAjmer Development Authority (ADA), Ajmer Municipal corporation (AMC)
Elevation
1574.8
480 m (1,570 ft)
Population
(2011)[2]
 • Metropolis542,321
 • Urban
5,51,101
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
 • RegionalMarwari, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
305001 to 305023
Telephone code0145, +91145
Vehicle registrationRJ-01(Ajmer)

RJ-36 (Beawar) RJ-42 (Kishangarh)

RJ-48 (Kekri)
Nearest cityJaipur, Udaipur, Jodhpur
Websitewww.ajmer.rajasthan.gov.in

History

Jahangir Receives Prince Khurram at Ajmer on His Return from the Mewar Campaign
Jahangir receives Prince Khurram at Ajmer on his return from the Mewar campaign

Ajmer was originally known as Ajayameru.[8] The 12th century text Prithviraja Vijaya states that the Shakambhari Chahamana (Chauhan) king Ajayaraja II (ruled c. 1110 – 1135 CE) established the city of Ajayameru.[4] Historian Dasharatha Sharma notes that the earliest mention of the city's name occurs in Palha's Pattavali, which was copied in 1113 CE (1170 VS) at Dhara. This suggests that Ajmer was founded sometime before 1113 CE.[9] A prashasti (eulogistic inscription), issued by Vigraharaja IV and found at Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra, states Ajayadeva (that is, Ajayaraja II) moved his residence to Ajmer.[3]

The later text Prabandha-Kosha states that it was the 8th century king Ajayaraja I who commissioned the Ajayameru fort, which later came to be known as the Taragarh fort of Ajmer.[4] According to historian R. B. Singh, this claim appears to be true, as inscriptions dated to the 8th century CE have been found at Ajmer.[10] Singh theorizes that Ajayaraja II later expanded the town area, constructed palaces, and moved the Chahamana capital from Shakambhari to Ajmer.[11]

Mughal prince Dara Shikoh was born here in 1615. Jahanara Begum powerful mughal princess also born here.

During Colonial times Ajmer city served as the headquarters of Ajmer - Merwara Province and possessed a Central jail, a large General Hospital, and two smaller hospitals according to Gazetteer, 1908 .It was the head-quarters of a native regiment and of a Railway Volunteer corps.From 1900s ,The United Free Church of Scotland, the church of England, the Roman Catholics, and the American Episcopal Methodists have mission establishments here.[12] At that time there were twelve printing presses in the city, from which eight weekly newspapers were published.[13]

At the time of Independence Ajmer Continued as a separate state with its own legislature until its merger with erstwhile Rajputana province then called Rajasthan.The Legislature of Ajmer State was housed in the building which now houses T.T. College .It had 30 MLAs. and Haribhau Upadhaya was the first Chief Minister of the erstwhile state and Bhagirath Chaudhary as the first Vidhan Sabha Speaker.In 1956, After acceptance of the proposal by Fazil Ali , Ajmer was merged into Rajasthan to form Ajmer District with addition of Kishangarh sub-division of Jaipur district.[14]

Other Name in Literature

Gujarati Historic Novel named Gujaratno Jay written by Zaverchand Meghani based on various Jain Prabandhas describes city as Sapadlakshan(સપાદલક્ષણ).[15]

Geography

Ajmer is in the northwest of India and is surrounded by the Aravali Mountains. It is situated on the lower slopes of the Taragarh Hill of that range. To the northwest is the Nagapathar Range of the Aravali Mountain Ranges which protects it from desertification from the Thar Desert.

Climate

Ajmer has a hot, semi-arid climate with over 55 centimetres (22 inches) of rain every year, but most of the rain occurs in the monsoon months, between June and September. Temperatures remain relatively high throughout the year, with the summer months of April to early July having an average daily temperature of about 30 °C (86 °F). During the monsoon there is frequent heavy rain and thunderstorms, but flooding is not a common occurrence. The winter months of November to February are mild and temperate with average temperatures ranging from 15–18 °C (59–64 °F) with little or no humidity. There are, however, occasional cold weather fronts that cause temperatures to fall to near freezing levels.

Climate data for Ajmer
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 22.9
(73.2)
25.7
(78.3)
31.3
(88.3)
36.5
(97.7)
39.7
(103.5)
38.4
(101.1)
33.6
(92.5)
31.3
(88.3)
32.6
(90.7)
33.5
(92.3)
29.2
(84.6)
24.7
(76.5)
31.6
(88.9)
Average low °C (°F) 7.6
(45.7)
10.5
(50.9)
16.0
(60.8)
22.2
(72.0)
26.8
(80.2)
27.5
(81.5)
25.6
(78.1)
24.4
(75.9)
23.7
(74.7)
18.0
(64.4)
12.3
(54.1)
8.4
(47.1)
18.6
(65.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 7.3
(0.29)
6.0
(0.24)
5.0
(0.20)
4.0
(0.16)
15.7
(0.62)
58.1
(2.29)
181.5
(7.15)
157.5
(6.20)
73.0
(2.87)
13.1
(0.52)
4.0
(0.16)
3.8
(0.15)
529
(20.85)
Source: IMD[16]

Transportation

Pushkar ghati (LongShot)
Pushkar Valley that connects Pushkar and Ajmer in the Aravalli Mountains

Air

Work on the Kishangarh Airport near Ajmer was inaugurated by Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in September 2013.[17] The airport was inaugurated by Union Minister of State for Civil Aviation Jayant Sinha and Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje on 11 October 2017.[18] From 8 Oct. 2018 daily flights commenced from Ajmer to Delhi.

Rail

The Ajmer Junction is the main railway station situated in the city.[19] and was built during colonial times.

Landmarks and monuments

A view of ajmer city
View of Ajmer From Taragarh Fort.
  • Pushkar : Located few kilometres from Ajmer, is an important tourist and pilgrimage destination and a satellite town of Ajmer city. It is famous for Pushkar Lake and the 14th century Brahma Temple at Pushkar, dedicated to Brahmā, according to the Padma Purāņa, Pushkar is important pilgrimage site for Lord Brahmā.[20]
  • Taragarh Fort : It is reputed to be the oldest hill fort in India . It stands, with precipitous surroundings, at a height of 2,855 ft. above sea-level, and between 1,300 and 1,400 ft. above the valley at its base; and it is partially enclosed by a wall some 20 feet thick and as many high, built of huge blocks of stone, cut and squared and are about two miles (3 km) in circumference.This hill fort guarding Ajmer, was the seat of the Chauhan rulers. I. It was built by King Ajaypal Chauhan on the summit of Taragarh Hill and overlooks Ajmer. The battlements run along the top of the hill. and the fort can only be approached by way of a very steep slope. When it fell to the British Raj, the fort was dismantled on the orders of Lord William Bentinck in 1832 and was converted into a sanatorium for the British troops stationed at the garrison town of Nasirabad.and Mhow[21] Within it stands the shrine of a Muhammadan saint, Saiyid Husain, known as the Ganj Shahldan.In the older city, lying in the valley beneath the Taragarh hill and now abandoned, the Nur-chashma, a garden-house used by the Mughals, still remains, as also a water-lift commenced by Maldeo Rathor, to raise water to the Taragarh citadel.[5]
Dargah of moinuddin chishti
Dargah Sharif Ajmer
  • Ajmer Sharif Dargah : It is a shrine of Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti which is situated at the foot of the Taragarh hill, and consists of several white marble buildings arranged around two courtyards, including a massive gate donated by the Nizam of Hyderabad, and the Akbari Mosque, built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan and containing the domed tomb of the saint. Akbar and his queen used to come here by foot every year on pilgrimage from Agra in observance of a vow when he prayed for a son. The large pillars called "Kose ('Mile') Minars", erected at intervals of about two miles (3 km) along the entire way between Agra and Ajmer mark the places where the royal pilgrims halted every day , they are also seen today , one such is near private bus stand in Ajmer City.[21] About 125,000 pilgrims visit the site every day. The Urs of Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti is celebrated every year on the 6th and 7th of Rajab.
  • Soni Ji Ki Nasiyaan : It is architecturally rich Jain temple built in the late nineteenth century whose main chamber Swarna Nagari "City of Gold", has prominent depiction of Ayodhya made from 1000 kg of gold.[22]
Ayodhya Nagri
Swarna Nagari in Soniji Ki Nasiyan
  • Mayo College: The college was founded in 1875 at the suggestion of Lord Mayo as a college where the sons of chiefs and nobles might receive an education to fit them for their high positions and important duties.[23] It was known as "Indian Eton", as a number of Indian princes studied in this college. The main building, in white marble, is a classic example of Indo-Saracenic architecture. In front of the college is memorial marble statue of Lord Mayo. The boarding-houses are arranged in the form of a horseshoe, with the college in the centre of the base. . Some of the Native States built boarding-houses, while the Government of India presented the college park, comprising 167 acres and formerly the site of the old Residency, and erected the main building, the residences of the principal and vice-principal, and the Ajmer boarding- house. It provided the salaries of the English staff. The foundation-stone of the college was laid in 1878, and the building was opened by the Marquis of Dufferin in 1885.[23] John Lockwood Kipling, father of Nobel Laureate, Rudyard Kipling, had been principal of Mayo College.
Akbar Fort
  • Akbari Fort & Museum: The city's museum was once the residence of Prince Salīm, the son of the Emperor Akbar, and presently houses a collection of Mughal and Rajput armour and sculpture. This is a magnificent example of Mughal architecture, construction of which was commissioned by Akbar in 1570. This is where Salim, as the Emperor Jahangir, read out the firman permitting the British East India Company to trade with India.[24] It is a massive square building, with lofty octagonal bastions at each corner. It was the head-quarters of the administration in their time and in that of the Marathas. It was here that the emperors appeared in state, and that, as recorded by Sir Thomas Roe, criminals were publicly executed. The interior was used as a magazine during the British occupation until 1857; and the central building, used as a tahsil office. With the fort the outer city walls, of the same period, are connected.These surround the city and are pierced by the Delhi, Madar, Usri, Agra, and Tirpolia gates.[25]
Jain Temple-Ajmer
Nareli Jain Temple is a recent addition to Ajmer
  • Nareli Jain Temple: is a Jain temple complex of fourteen temples recently built. It is known for its architecture and intricate stone carvings which gives it both a traditional and contemporary look.[26]
    Anasagar Lake, Ajmer
    Baradari on Lake Anasagar
  • Anasagar Lake: This is an historic man-made lake built by Maharaja Anaji (1135–1150 AD).[27] By the lake is the Daulat Bagh, a garden laid out by Emperor Jahangir. Emperor Shah Jahan later added five pavilions, known as the Baradari, between the garden and the lake embankment of the Anasagar supports the beautiful marble pavilions erected as pleasure-houses by Shah Jahan. The embankment, moreover, contains the- site of the former hammam (bath-room).Three of the five pavilions were at one time formed into residences for British officials, while the embankment was covered with office buildings and enclosed by gardens. The houses and enclosures were finally removed in 1900-1902, when the two south pavilions were re-erected, the marble parapet completed, and the embankment restored, as far as practicable, to its early condition.
  • Lake Foy Sagar : It is a picturesque artificial lake that was created as a famine relief project in 1892 some 3 miles to the west of the city. It offers excellent views of Aravali mountains range as well migrating birds.[28] The city used to derive its water-supply from it during colonial times .The water was conveyed into the city and suburbs through pipes which were laid underground.The capacity of the lake is 150,000,000 cubic feet.
  • Prithviraj Smark : Prithviraj Smark is dedicated to Maharaja Prithviraj of Rajput Chauhan dynasty of Ajmer. It is located on the way to Taragarh Fort. This place has a life size statue of King Prithviraj Chauhan mounted on a horse.[29]
Anasagar Lake, Ajmer
Baradari on Lake Anasagar

Education

Ajmer is called as the Education City of Rajasthan.[30] The Mayo College and the Government Arts college were the principal educational institutions in the Ajmer - Merwara during late 19 th century. Ajmer is also home to the Sophia Girls' School, Sophia College, and the Ajmer Music College, founded in 1942, the first accredited institution in Rajputana for teaching classical Hindustani music.

Demographics

Population growth of Ajmer 
CensusPop.
189168,800
190173,8007.3%
191186,20016.8%
1921113,20031.3%
1931119,5005.6%
1941147,30023.3%
1951196,30033.3%
1961231,20017.8%
1971264,30014.3%
1981374,40041.7%
1991402,7007.6%
2001485,19720.5%
2011542,32111.8%
source:[31][32][2]


[31][32][2]

According to the 2011 census, Ajmer had a population of 542,321 in the city, 551,101 including its suburbs.[2]

The female to male ratio in the city was 947/1,000. The literacy rate in the city was 86.52%, male literacy being 92.08% and female literacy being 80.69%.[2] Ajmer's population growth in the decade was 18.48%; this compares to a growth figure of 20.93% in the previous decade. [32]

Population growth through the years
Year Population
1891
68,800
1901
73,800
1911
86,200
1921
113,200
1931
119,500
1941
147,300
1951
196,300
1961
231,200
1968
265,200
1971
264,300
1981
374,400
1991
402,700
2001
485,197
2011
542,321

See also

  • Portal-puzzle.svg Ajmer portal

References

  1. ^ Majumdar, R.C. Volume 5: The Struggle for Empire. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. p. 107.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Ajmer City Population Census 2011 | Rajasthan". www.census2011.co.in.
  3. ^ a b Har Bilas Sarda 1911, pp. 68-74.
  4. ^ a b c R. B. Singh 1964, p. 87.
  5. ^ a b "Ajmer City - Indpaedia". indpaedia.com. Retrieved 2018-09-28.
  6. ^ "Hriday Cities | Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY)". www.hridayindia.in. Retrieved 2018-09-28.
  7. ^ "Introduction". Hriday official website.
  8. ^ "Ajmer Tourism: Places to Visit in Ajmer - Rajasthan Tourism". tourism.rajasthan.gov.in. Retrieved 2017-03-10.
  9. ^ Dasharatha Sharma 1959, p. 40.
  10. ^ R. B. Singh 1964, p. 88.
  11. ^ R. B. Singh 1964, pp. 131-132.
  12. ^ "#World Tourism Day 2018:सूफियत की महक और तीर्थनगरी पुष्कर की सनातन संस्कृति". www.patrika.com (in Hindi). Retrieved 2018-09-28.
  13. ^ THE IMPERIAL GAZETTEER OF INDIA , 1908. OUP. pp. Extract.
  14. ^ "Clipping of Patrika Group - Ajmer". Retrieved 2018-09-28.
  15. ^ Meghani, Zaverchand (April 2011). Gujaratno Jay. Ahmdabad: Gurjar Sahitya Bhavan. p. 62. ISBN 978-81-8461-481-7.
  16. ^ "Monthly mean maximum and minimum temperature and total rainfall of important cities (PDF)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-04-13. Retrieved 2013-07-28.
  17. ^ "Focus on connecting small cities by air: Manmohan". The Hindu. 21 September 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-02.
  18. ^ "Kishangarh airport inauguration ends decade long wait of Ajmer residents: CM Raje". Deccan Chronicle. 12 October 2017. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  19. ^ "Rajasthan finds favour in railway budget". The Hindu. 26 February 2010. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  20. ^ PADMA PURANA - Significance of Pushkara Tirtha
  21. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ajmere" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 452–453.
  22. ^ "This Temple In Rajasthan Has A Golden Chamber Where 1000kg Of Gold Was Used To Carve Out Depictions Of Ayodhya. It's Truly Mesmerizing!". Daily Bhaskar. 24 Jul 2017. Retrieved 29 Jul 2017.
  23. ^ a b Mayo College, Ajmere - British Library
  24. ^ "Akbar Ka Kila, AJMER".
  25. ^ "Ajmer - Indpaedia". indpaedia.com. Retrieved 2018-09-28.
  26. ^ "Enlightenment completed the pilgrimage area - www.bhaskar.com". dainikbhaskar. 2016-04-04. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
  27. ^ Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam, ed. India through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 173.
  28. ^ The Future of Power - summary report, Ajmer - February 2014
  29. ^ Prithviraj Memorial Ajmer
  30. ^ "Ajmer Tourism: Places to Visit in Ajmer, Tour Package - Rajasthan Tourism". www.tourism.rajasthan.gov.in. Retrieved 2018-09-28.
  31. ^ a b "Historical Census of India".
  32. ^ a b c "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.

Bibliography

External links

Ajmer Dargah bombing

The Ajmer Dargah bombing (also called the Ajmer Sharif blast) occurred on 11 October 2007, in the courtyard of Sufi saint Moinuddin Chishti in Ajmer, Rajasthan, India, after the Iftar period had started.On March 22, 2017 the Special NIA Court awarded life imprisonments to Devendra Gupta and Bhavesh Patel.

Ajmer Jain temple

The Ajmer Jain temple, also known as Soniji Ki Nasiyan, is an architecturally rich Jain temple. It was built in the late nineteenth century. The main chamber, known as the Swarna Nagari "City of Gold", has several gold-plated wooden figures, depicting several figures in the Jain religion. This golden chamber of the temple uses 1000 kg of gold to carve out depiction of Ayodhya.Kurt Titze, in his book, "Jainism: A Pictorial Guide to the Religion of Non-Violence" (1998, p. 143), writes on Soniji Ki Nasiyan:

"Ajmer's main attraction is - for the Jainas - the prominently situated Nasiayan Digambara Temple, or rather the two-storied Svarana Nagara Hall behind the temple, better known as the Museum. Both the temple and the museum were built and are still owned by the Soni family of Ajmer. The temple, dedicated to Rishabha or Adinatha in 1865, was constructed of red sandstone in a matter of a few years, but it took twenty-five years, from 1870 to 1895, to fashion - by artisans at Jaipur - the thousands of individual parts required to assemble a three-dimensional replica of the story of Rishabha in accordance with an old manuscript by Acharya Jinasena.The thought to have such a three-dimensional model for educational purposes occurred to Seth Moolchand Soni, who was born in 1830, only after the completion of the temple. His death in 1891 prevented him from seeing his ambitious work in its finished state.In many Jaina temples one sees painted or figurative representations of the 'five auspicious events' (pancha-kalyanak) in the life of every Tirthankara: conception, birth, renunciation, enlightenment, and salvation (moksha or nirvana). The one at Ajmer, now over a hundred years old, is by far the largest and most artistic plastic representation of that much-loved mythological narrative. A specially designed hall of 24.3 m by 12.2 m had to be built to display it effectively. It is open to visitors of all religions every day all the year round for a very small entry fee."

Ajmer Junction railway station

Ajmer Junction railway station is located in Ajmer district in the Indian state of Rajasthan .

Ajmer Sharif Dargah

Ajmer Sharif Dargah, Ajmer Dargah, Ajmer Sharif or Dargah Sharif is a sufi shrine (Dargah) of sufi saint, Moinuddin Chishti located at Ajmer, Rajasthan, India. The shrine has the grave (Maqbara) of the revered saint, Moinuddin Chisti.

Ajmer district

Ajmer District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. The city of Ajmer is the district headquarters.

Ajmer District has an area of 8,481 km², and a population of 2,180,526 (2001 census). Three main religions are; Hindu 1,869,044, Muslim 244,341, Jains 47,812. The district is situated in the center of Rajasthan, and is bounded by Nagaur District to the north, Jaipur and Tonk districts to the east, Bhilwara District to the south, and Pali District to the west.

Ajmer division

Ajmer Division is one of the administrative geographical unit, called a division, of Rajasthan state, India. The division comprises four districts: Ajmer, Bhilwara, Nagaur, Tonk.

Ajmer railway division

Ajmer railway division is one of the four railway divisions under North Western Railway zone of Indian Railways. This railway division was formed on 5 November 1951 and its headquarter is located at Ajmer in the state of Rajasthan of India.

Jaipur railway division, Bikaner railway division and Jodhpur railway division are the other three railway divisions under NWR Zone headquartered at Jaipur. This division is one of the key enabler of the Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project by virtue of running parts of the railways 1,500 km long network of Western Dedicated Freight Corridor.

Bhilwara district

Bhilwara District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. The town of Bhilwara is the district headquarters.

Board of Secondary Education, Rajasthan

Board of Secondary Education, Rajasthan (Hindi: माध्यमिक शिक्षा बोर्ड, राजस्थान) (abbreviated BSER) is a board of education for school level education in the Indian state Rajasthan. RBSE is a state agency of the Government of Rajasthan and has its headquarters in Ajmer.

Board is responsible for promotion and development of secondary education in Rajasthan state. BSER was set up in the year 1957 and constituted under the Rajasthan Secondary Education Act 1957. Results of examinations conducted by BSER can be accessed via website..

Central Board of Secondary Education

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is a national level board of education in India for public and private schools, controlled and managed by Union Government of India. CBSE has asked all schools affiliated to follow only NCERT curriculum. There are approximately 19,316 schools in India and 211 schools in 28 foreign countries affiliated to the CBSE.

Chahamanas of Shakambhari

The Chahamanas of Shakambhari (IAST: Cāhamāna), colloquially known as the Chauhans of Sambhar, were an Indian dynasty that ruled parts of the present-day Rajasthan and its neighbouring areas between 7th to 12th centuries. The territory ruled by them was known as Sapadalaksha. They were the most prominent ruling family of the Chahamana (Chauhan) clan, and were categorized among Agnivanshi Rajputs in the later medieval legends.

The Chahamanas originally had their capital at Shakambhari (present-day Sambhar). Until the 10th century, they ruled as Pratihara vassals. When the Pratihara power declined after the Tripartite Struggle, the Chahamana ruler Simharaja assumed the title Maharajadhiraja. In the early 12th century, Ajayaraja II moved the kingdom's capital to Ajayameru (modern Ajmer). For this reason, the Chahamana rulers are also known as the Chauhans of Ajmer.

The Chahamanas fought several wars with their neighbours, including the Chaulukyas of Gujarat, the Tomaras of Delhi, and the Paramaras of Malwa. From 11th century onwards, they started facing Muslim invasions, first by the Ghaznavids, and then by the Ghurids. The Chahamana kingdom reached its zenith under Vigraharaja IV in the mid-12th century. The dynasty's power effectively ended in 1192 CE, when the Ghurids defeated his nephew Prithviraja III.

Jaipur–Ahmedabad line

The Jaipur–Ahmedabad line connects Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan to Ahmedabad, the largest city of Gujarat in India. Swarna Jayanti Rajdhani Express is the fastest train in this route.

Kishangarh Airport

Kishangarh Airport, Ajmer (IATA: KQH, ICAO: VIKG) is situated at Kishangarh on National Highway 8, 27 km North-East of Ajmer in Rajasthan, India.. The airport was inaugurated on 11 October 2017. It is operated by the Airports Authority of India (AAI), covers an area of 742 acres and has a 2,000 metre long runway. It is also famous for Bani Thani painting.The airport is expected to facilitate transport to the pilgrim sites like the Dargah of Khwaja Garib Nawaz, Pushkar and fort of Prithvi raj Chouhan in the city of Ajmer.

Nareli Jain Temple

Nareli Jain Temple, is a new Jain temple located on the outskirts of Ajmer 7 kilometers from the city center and 128 kilometers west of Jaipur on the main national highway 8.Gavin Thomas, in his book, "The Rough Guide to Rajasthan, Delhi & Agra" (2010, p. 257), writes on Nareli Jain Temple:

"There's another striking monument to the Jain faith some 7km southeast of Ajmer on the Jaipur bypass, the angular modern Nareli Temple, a striking edifice mixing traditional and contemporary architectural styles to somewhat quirky effect, with 23 further miniature temples lined up on the hill above."The other Jain temple that the author talks about is the Ajmer Jain Temple.

North Western Railway zone

The North Western Railway (abbreviated NWR and उपरे) is one of the 17 railway zones in India. It is headquartered at Jaipur, with 59,075+ employees, 658+ stations and a route length of more than 5761 km across at least some parts of four states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Punjab and Haryana (c. 2009). NWR operates international rail service Thar Express from Jodhpur to Karachi. This zone is the key enabler of the Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project by virtue of running railways 1,500 km long Western Dedicated Freight Corridor.

Pushkar

Pushkar (Hindi: पुष्कर) is a town in the Ajmer district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is situated about 10 km (6.2 mi) northwest of Ajmer and about 150 kilometres (93 mi) southwest of Jaipur. It is a pilgrimage site for Hindus and Sikhs. Pushkar has many temples. Most of the temples and ghats in Pushkar are from the 18th century and later, because many temples were destroyed during Muslim conquests in the area. Subsequently, the destroyed temples were rebuilt. The most famous among Pushkar temples is the red spired Brahma Temple built during the 14th century CE. It is considered a sacred city by the Hindus particularly in Shaktism, and meat and eggs consumption are forbidden in the city. Pushkar is located on the shore of Pushkar Lake, which has many ghats where pilgrims bathe. Pushkar is also significant for its Gurdwaras for Guru Nanak and Guru Gobind Singh. One of the bathing ghats is called Gobind ghat built by the Marathas in the memory of Guru Gobind Singh.Pushkar is famous for its annual fair (Pushkar Camel Fair) featuring a trading fete of cattle, horses and camels. It is held over seven days in autumn marking Kartika Purnima according to the Hindu calendar (Kartik (month), October or November). It attracts nearly 200,000 people. In 1998, Pushkar hosted about 1 million domestic (95%) and international tourists over the year.

Rajputana–Malwa Railway

Rajputana–Malwa Railway was a 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) (metre gauge) railway line which ran from Delhi to Ajmer and from Ajmer to Indore and Ahmedabad. It was earlier known as Rajputana State Railway until 1882 when it was renamed.

Taragarh Fort, Ajmer

Taragarh Fort or Star Fort is the most impressive of structures of city of Ajmer in the Indian state of Rajasthan. A rather ramshackle fort, with its overgrown vegetation, It was constructed in 1354 upon a steep hillside and built under the reign of King Ajaypal Chauhan. There are three gateways to the fort, well known as Lakshmi Pol, Phuta Darwaza and Gagudi ki Phatak. Most parts of these impressive gateways are now in ruins. During its heyday, Taragarh Fort was renowned for its tunnels crisscrossing the entire hillside. However, these tunnels are now inaccessible for want of proper maps. The largest of its battlements is the 16th century bastion known as the Bhim Burj, on which was once mounted a particularly large cannon called Garbh Gunjam, or 'Thunder from the Womb'.

This erstwhile Chauhan bastion has some huge water reservoirs. These reservoirs were built to store water and supply it to the residents during time of crisis. The reservoirs have been carved out of the rocky base of the fort. Rani Mahal is a small palace within the fort complex, built for the wives and concubines of rulers. The Mahal has, however lost most of its charm as the shine of its spectacular murals and stained glass windows have completely faded away. The fort also has Miran Saheb ki Dargah. He was the governor of the fort and laid down his life in an encounter, in 1210.

The fort was captured by Dara Shikoh and ruled as mughal subah from 1633-1776.

Tonk district

Tonk District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. The city of Tonk is the administrative headquarters of the district. The district is bounded on the north by Jaipur district, on the east by Sawai Madhopur district, on the southeast by Kota district, on the south by Bundi district, on the southwest by Bhilwara district, and on the west by Ajmer district.

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