Aizawl district

Aizawl district is one of the eight districts of Mizoram state in India. The district is bounded on the north by Kolasib district, on the west by Mamit district, on the south by Serchhip district, on the southwest by Lunglei district and on the east by Champhai district. The district occupies an area of 3,577 square kilometres (1,381 sq mi). The headquarters of the district is Aizawl city, the capital of Mizoram. As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Mizoram (out of 8).[2]

Aizawl district
Location of Aizawl district in Mizoram
Location of Aizawl district in Mizoram
CountryIndia
StateMizoram
HeadquartersAizawl
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesMizoram
 • Assembly seats40
Area
 • Total3,577 km2 (1,381 sq mi)
Population
(2011[1])
 • Total404,054
 • Density110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy96.64%
 • Sex ratio1009 [1]
WebsiteOfficial website

Etymology

The district is named after its headquarters, Aizawl city. In the Mizo language, ai, also known as aidu, refers to a species of turmeric while zawl means plain or field. The name of the city was probably derived from the abundance of the aidu in the area during previous years.

Geography

Climate

Aizawl
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
5.9
 
 
21
11
 
 
27
 
 
22
14
 
 
78
 
 
25
16
 
 
158
 
 
27
18
 
 
247
 
 
27
19
 
 
477
 
 
25
19
 
 
276
 
 
25
19
 
 
305
 
 
26
19
 
 
285
 
 
26
20
 
 
240
 
 
25
18
 
 
40
 
 
23
15
 
 
7
 
 
21
13
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: IMD
Imperial conversion
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
0.2
 
 
69
53
 
 
1
 
 
72
56
 
 
3.1
 
 
78
60
 
 
6.2
 
 
81
64
 
 
9.7
 
 
80
65
 
 
19
 
 
78
67
 
 
11
 
 
78
67
 
 
12
 
 
78
67
 
 
11
 
 
78
67
 
 
9.5
 
 
76
65
 
 
1.6
 
 
73
59
 
 
0.3
 
 
70
55
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

Divisions

The district has 5 R.D. Blocks, Aibawk, Darlawn, Phullen, Thingsulthliah and Tlangnuam.

The district has 14 legislative assembly constituencies. These are Tuivawl, Chalfilh, Tawi, Aizawl North-I, Aizawl North-II, Aizawl North-III, Aizawl East-I, Aizawl East-II, Aizawl West-I, Aizawl West-II, Aizawl West-III, Aizawl South I, Aizawl South II and Aizawl South III.

Transport

Lengpui Airport, located at a distance of 32 km from Aizawl city provides connection with Kolkata and Guwahati by daily flights and with Imphal by three flights a week.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Aizawl district has a population of 404,054,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Brunei.[3] This gives it a ranking of 557th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 113 inhabitants per square kilometre (290/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 24.07%.[2] Aizawl has a sex ratio of 1009 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 98.5%.[2]

Languages

Mizo languages spoken in Aizawl district include:

The major population speaks Mizo, the official language of the state, which is also known as 'Lusei/Lushai' or 'Duhlian'.

References

  1. ^ a b http://www.census2011.co.in/census/district/388-aizawl.html
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Brunei 401,890 July 2011 est.

External links

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