Aizawl district is one of the eight districts of Mizoram state in India. The district is bounded on the north by Kolasib district, on the west by Mamit district, on the south by Serchhip district, on the southwest by Lunglei district and on the east by Champhai district. The district occupies an area of 3,577 square kilometres (1,381 sq mi). The headquarters of the district is Aizawl city, the capital of Mizoram. As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Mizoram (out of 8).
Location of Aizawl district in Mizoram
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Mizoram|
|• Assembly seats||40|
|• Total||3,577 km2 (1,381 sq mi)|
|• Density||110/km2 (290/sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||1009 |
The district is named after its headquarters, Aizawl city. In the Mizo language, ai, also known as aidu, refers to a species of turmeric while zawl means plain or field. The name of the city was probably derived from the abundance of the aidu in the area during previous years.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
The district has 5 R.D. Blocks, Aibawk, Darlawn, Phullen, Thingsulthliah and Tlangnuam.
The district has 14 legislative assembly constituencies. These are Tuivawl, Chalfilh, Tawi, Aizawl North-I, Aizawl North-II, Aizawl North-III, Aizawl East-I, Aizawl East-II, Aizawl West-I, Aizawl West-II, Aizawl West-III, Aizawl South I, Aizawl South II and Aizawl South III.
According to the 2011 census Aizawl district has a population of 404,054, roughly equal to the nation of Brunei. This gives it a ranking of 557th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 113 inhabitants per square kilometre (290/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 24.07%. Aizawl has a sex ratio of 1009 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 98.5%.
Mizo languages spoken in Aizawl district include:
The major population speaks Mizo, the official language of the state, which is also known as 'Lusei/Lushai' or 'Duhlian'.
Brunei 401,890 July 2011 est.