Aitona is a town in the comarca of Segrià in Catalonia, Spain. Its population is 2,523 by 2016. Its main industry is the agriculture.
Aitona parish church
Location in Catalonia
|• Mayor||Maria Rosa Pujol Esteve (2015)|
|• Total||66.9 km2 (25.8 sq mi)|
|Elevation||110 m (360 ft)|
|• Density||38/km2 (98/sq mi)|
The 2001-02 LEB 2 season was the first season of the LEB 2, second league of the Liga Española de Baloncesto and third division in Spain.2011–12 Liga EBA season
The 2011–2012 Liga EBA season is the 18th edition of the Liga EBA. This is the fourth division of Spanish basketball. Four teams will be promoted to LEB Plata. The regular season (and all games before the final playoffs) will start on September 18, 2011, and will finish on April 28, 2012.2012–13 LEB Plata season
The 2012–13 LEB Plata season is the 13th season of the LEB Plata, second league of the Liga Española de Baloncesto and third division of Spanish basketball. It is also known as Adecco Plata in its sponsored identity.Elisenda of Montcada
Elisenda de Montcada (c. 1292 – 19 June 1364) was queen consort of Aragon as the fourth and last spouse of James II of Aragon. She served as Regent or "Queen-Lieutenant" of Aragon during the absence of her spouse from 1324 until 1327.
She was a daughter of Pere II Ramon de Montcada and Elisenda de Pinos. She and James II founded the Monastery of Pedralbes, a Franciscan convent of the Poor Clares. After James II's death in 1327, Elisenda lived adjacent to the monastery for the remaining 37 years of her life.Fortún Sánchez
Fortún Sánchez (c. 992 – 1 September 1054), called Bono Patre ("the godfather"), was a Navarrese nobleman and courtier (curialis). He had the same wet nurse as King Sancho Garcés III, and was a regular presence at his court from the start of his majority in 1011 until his death in 1035. He frequently signed first among the lords (seniores) of the realm, and occasionally before the king's sons (infantes) as well. He acted as aitona or tutor to the future García Sánchez III, and remained at his side throughout his reign, dying with him in the Battle of Atapuerca.On 21 April 1030, Fortún was present at Sancho's court in Leire, on the rare occasion of a dual visit of Duke Sancho VI of Gascony and Count Berengar Raymond I of Barcelona. In 1035 Sancho III granted Fortún rule over the tenencia (fief) of Nájera, where his brother Íñigo (Énneco) Sánchez had governed in 1011–20. The tenente of Nájera in 1024–25, a certain Aznar Sánchez, may have also been a brother; he ruled Grañón, in the County of Castile, in 1031. Fortún ruled in Nájera throughout García III's reign. Two charters of García for the monastery of Santa María de Valbanera are dated to not only his rule but Fortún's also, as Fortún's fief lay on the river Valbanera that divided the old reino de Nájera from Castile: "King García reigning in Pamplona and in Oca; and under his [rule] Lord Fortún Sánchez ruling in Nájera."Francisco de Moncada, 3rd Marquis of Aitona
Francisco de Moncada (in Catalan: Francesc de Montcada i Montcada), 3rd Marquis of Aytona, (1586–1635) was a Spanish diplomat, soldier and writer of the early 17th century. He was also interim Governor of the Spanish Netherlands.Francisco de Moncada y Cardona
Francisco de Moncada y Cardona (Mequinenza, 9 October 1532 – Valencia, 12 November 1594) was a Spanish noble from the 16th century.
He was the son of Juan de Moncada y de Tolça, 1st Count of Aitona and Ana de Cardona, daughter of Fernando Ramon Folch, 2nd Duke of Cardona
In 1574 he became IX Count of Osona and Grandee of Spain.
In October 1581, his County of Aitona was promoted to the Marquisate of Aitona by King Philip II of Spain.
He became Viceroy of Catalonia between 1580–81 and Viceroy of Valencia from 1581 until his death.
He married Lucrecia Gralla, señora de Subirat y de Esponella, and had 17 children, including
Gastón, his successor.
Juan de Moncada, Archbishop of Tarragona.Gastón de Moncada, 2nd Marquis of Aitona
Gastón de Moncada y Gralla-Despla, 2nd Marquis of Aitona (1554–1626) was a member of Spanish nobility who was the Viceroy of Sardinia (1590–1595) and the Viceroy of Aragon (1604-1610).
He was one of the 17 children of the 2nd Count of Aitona Francisco de Moncada y Folch de Cardona, 1st Marquis of Aitona. His grandfather was Juan de Moncada y de Tolça, 11th Baronet.
He married Catalina de Moncada y Bou, baronesa de Callosa, and had several children, including :
Francisco de Moncada, 3rd Marquis of Aitona, (1586–1635) interim Governor of the Spanish Netherlands.
Pedro, Bishop of Gerona.Gernika (opera)
Gernika is Francisco Escudero's second opera, written in 1985. The libretto was written by Escudero himself and based on an idea for a plot by Luis Iriondo.
The opera consists of four acts, and is about 2 hours long. Gernika was first presented in concert version in the Arriaga Theatre in Bilbao on the 25th of April, 1987, with several other works as part of a commemoration on the 50th anniversary of the bombing of Guernica.
In January 1938, he was paid 1000 Francs to compose a Basque stage production entitled Guernica, which had been requested by the Basque cultural organization "Eresoinka". Unfortunately the score was lost. The Eresoinka documents which have been preserved expressly indicate that the work never made it to the stage. After the tragedy of 1937, the name Guernica had become associated with the horror of the war and fascism; the opera may not have been staged at this time because of its political sensitivity.
In essence, Gernika is a song of the Basque Country. Escudero put all his beliefs about history and nature of the community to which he belongs into this work. He presented the Basque Country as a free country with its own personality, peaceful, continuing the traditions of ancestors, who have always remained united.Giovanni II Ventimiglia, 6th Marquis of Geraci
Giovanni II Ventimiglia y Moncada , 6th Marquis of Geraci, 6th Marquis since 1545, deceased 1553, was the grandfather of another Giovanni Ventimiglia, erroneously described till now in the lists of Viceroys of Sicily as Giovanni II, but who perhaps should be better described as Giovanni III Ventimiglia e Ventimiglia, (1559–1619), who was President of Sicily Kingdom, 1595, 1598 and 1608, from the noble Sicilian House of Ventimiglia family.House of Montcada
The House of Montcada (in Catalan; Moncada in Spanish) is an aristocratic and noble Spanish Catalan House.Hugo of Moncada i Gralla
Hugo of Montcada i Gralla was a Barcelona military man who commanded the Galleasses of Naples in the so-called Invincible Armada. He was the second son of Francesc I de Montcada, first Marquess of Aitona and Count of Osona, and his wife, Lucrècia Gralla.
Belonging to the noble family of Montcada, his brother Gastó of Montcada i Gralla (first-born of 17 children) inherited the immense family fortune. His other brother was Joan of Montcada i Gralla, Archbishop of Tarragona ( 1613 - 1622 ) and Bishop of Barcelona ( 1610-1612 ).Joxantonio Ormazabal
Joxantonio Ormazabal Berasategi (July 21, 1948 – May 2, 2010), also known as José Antonio Ormazabal Berasategi or Joxan, was a Spanish author best known for his work in children's literature.
Writing primarily in the Northern Spanish Basque language, Ormazabal also worked as a translator and literary editor.Juan de Moncada
Juan de Moncada (Catalan: Joan de Montcada i Gralla) (Valencia, ? – Barcelona, 1622) was a Roman Catholic clergyman in Spain in the 17th century.
He was born in Valencia as 11th child of Francisco de Moncada y Folch de Cardona, 1st Marquis of Aitona. His brother was Gastón de Moncada, 2nd Marquis of Aitona.
For some time prior to May, 1612 de Moncada served as Bishop of Barcelona. In that month he was appointed Archbishop of Tarragona and primate of northeast Spain. His nephew Francisco de Moncada dedicated his Catalan Chronicle to his uncle the archbishop.
Juan de Moncada died in 1622.Juan de Moncada y de Tolça
Juan de Moncada y de Tolça (deceased after 1536) was a Spanish noble from the 16th century.
He was 3rd count di Marmilla, 11th Sieur of Aitona and 1st count of Aitona since 1532, baron of Serós, Mequinenza and Soses, Sieur of Vallobar, Palma, Ador and Beniarche, 3rd baron of Llagostera.
He became Great Seneschal and "Maestre Racional" of Catalunya, "Maestro Giustiziere" of the kingdom of Naples 1529, del Regno de Sicilia 1529, "Presidente del Regno" on 20 December 1535, and Captain General of the kingdom of Sicily since 12 January 1536, under viceroy Ferrante Gonzaga.List of viceroys of Aragon
This is a list of viceroys (or lieutenants) of the Kingdom of Aragon.
Alonso de Aragón, bishop of Zaragoza 1517-1520
Juan de Lanuza y Torrellas 1520-1535
Beltrán de la Cueva, 3rd Duke of Alburquerque 1535-1539
Pedro Manrique de Luna y de Urrea, count of Morata de Jalón 1539-1554
Diego Hurtado de Mendoza y de la Cerda, prince of Melito 1554-1564
Ferran d'Aragón i de Gurrea, Bishop of Zaragoza 1566-1575
Artal de Alagón y Luna, count of Sástago 1575-1588
Iñigo de Mendoza y de la Cerda y Manrique de Luna, marquis of Almenara 1588
Miguel Martinez de Luna y Mendoza, count of Morata de Jalón 1592-1593
Diego Fernández de Cabrera Bobadilla y Mendoza, count of Chincón 1593-1601
Beltrán de la Cueva y Castilla, duke of Alburquerque 1601-1602
Ascanio Colonna, cardinal 1602-1604
Gastón de Moncada, 2nd Marquis of Aitona 1604-1610
Diego Carrillo de Mendoza, 1st Marquis of Gelves 1617-1620
Fernando de Borja y Aragón, count of Mayalde 1621-1632
Girolamo Carraffa e Carrascciolo, marquis de Montenegro 1632-1636
Pedro Fajardo de Requesens de Zuñiga y Pimentel, marquis of Los Velez 1635-1638
Francesco Maria Carafa, Duke of Nocera 1639-1640
Enrique de Pimentel y Moscoso, marquis of Tavara 1641
Gian Giacomo Teodoro Trivulzio, prince of Trivulzio, cardinal 1642-1645
Bernardino Fernández de Velasco, 6th Duke of Frías 1645-1647
Francisco de Melo, count of Assmar 1647-1649
Francisco Fernández de Castro Andrade de Portugal e Legnano de Gattinara, count of Lemos and count of Andrade 1649-1653
Fabrizzio Pignatelli, prince of Nòia, duke (married with the duchess) of Monteleone 1654-1657
Niccolò Ludovisi, prince of Piombino and Venosa 1659-1662
Ferran de Borja d'Aragón i Barreto, count of Mayalde 1662-1664
Francisco de Idiáquez de Butrón Mogica y de Álava, duke of Ciudad Real 1664-1667
Ettore Pignatelli d'Aragona e Cortés, duke (married with the duchess) of Terranova, prince of Noia, duke of Moteleone 1668
Pedro Pablo Ximénez de Urrea Fernández de Heredia y Zapata, count of Aranda 1668-1669
Juan Jose de Austria 1669-1676
Lorenzo Onofrio Colonna e Gioeni-Cardona, Prince of Paliano 1678-1681
Jaime Fernández de Hixar-Silva Sarmiento de la Cerda, duke of Hixar 1681-1687
Carlo Antonio Spinelli, prince of Cariati, duke of Seminara 1688-1691
Baltasar de los Cobos Luna Sarmiento de Mendoza Zúñiga y Manrique, marquis of Camarasa 1692-1693
Juan Manuel Fernández Pacheco Cabrera y Bobadilla, marquis of Villena and duke of Escalona 1693-1695
Domenico del Giudice e Palagno, duke of Giovenazzo, prince of Cellamare 1695
Baltasar de los Cobos Luna Sarmiento de Mendoza Zúñiga y Manrique, marquis of Camarasa 1696-1699 (second time)Mequinenza
Mequinenza (Aragonese and Spanish: [mekiˈnenθa]) or Mequinensa (Catalan: [məkiˈnɛnsə]) is a town and municipality of the province of Zaragoza, in the autonomous community of Aragon, Spain. It is located beside the river Segre, close to its confluence with the river Ebro.Princess Victoria of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, 20th Duchess of Medinaceli
Princess Victoria Elisabeth of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, 20th Duchess of Medinaceli, GE (Málaga, 17 March 1997) is a Spanish-German noblewoman. Princess of the House of Hohenlohe-Langenburg since birth, and styled Serene Highness in Germany and The Most Excellent in Spain, she is the head of the ducal House of Medinaceli, and, with 43 titles, she is the most titled person in the world.Victoria is the eldest child of Prince Marco of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, 19th Duke of Medinaceli. Her younger brother, Prince Alexander Gonzalo, is the 14th Duke of Ciudad Real, 13th Marquis of Navahermosa and a dynast of the House of Hohenlohe.Segrià
Segrià is a comarca (county) in the west of Catalonia, Spain, bordering Aragon. As of 2001, over two thirds of its population live in the capital city of Lleida, which is also Catalonia's largest municipality, and remains the most populated comarca in the Lleida province. It takes its name from the river Segre.