Ain Sifni

Ain Sifni (also Shekhan, Kurmanji: Şêxan) is the capital of the Shekhan District and de facto annexed by Kurdistan Region.[1][2] Its inhabitants are primarily Yazidis with a significant minority of Assyrians. It is one of the primary holy cities of the ethno-religious group of the Yazidis and functions as a capital for them as it is the residence of the current hereditary leader (Mīr, or prince) of the Yazidi people, with the current holder being Tahseen Said. The town is also the seat of the Shekhan District in the Mosul Governorate in northern Iraq.[3]

Dihok governorate 2012
Districts of the Dohuk Governorate in Kurdistan Region[4]

The town is mainly populated by Yazidis, with a minority of Assyrian Christians.[5][6] The churches are Mar Yusuf (Saint Joseph) Chaldean Catholic and Mar Kyriakos, which belongs to the Assyrian Church of the East. The languages spoken in the town are Kurmanji Kurdish, Arabic and Assyrian Neo-Aramaic.[7]

Yezidi cemetery in Shexan 6
Yazidi cemetery in Ain Sifni (Shekhan)
Views around the Ezidi shrine of Nishingaha Peroz (مزار نیشنگه‌ها پیروز) near Shekhan 23
Yazidi temple (Nishingaha Peroz) near Ain Sifni (Shekhan)
Ain Sifni

Shekhan

Şêxan
City
Ainsifni
Ain Sifni is located in Iraq
Ain Sifni
Ain Sifni
Location in Iraq
Coordinates: 36°41′30″N 43°21′00″E / 36.69167°N 43.35000°ECoordinates: 36°41′30″N 43°21′00″E / 36.69167°N 43.35000°EIQ
Country Iraq
GovernorateNineveh Governorate
DistrictShekhan District
De facto control Kurdistan Region
as part of Dohuk Governorate

History

Beginning on 10 August 2014, Yazidi refugees have been fleeing to Ain Sifni and Lalish from Sinjar through Syria after the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant placed that city under siege.[8][9][10]

Climate

Ain Sifni has a mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa).

References

  1. ^ Denise Natali (2010). The Kurdish Quasi-State: Development and Dependency in Post-Gulf War Iraq. Syracuse University Press. p. 82.
  2. ^ Nasir Elî. "Sheikhan: Where Kurdish men go for a second wife". Rûdaw. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Basic information about Shekhan District" (PDF). Christian Aid Program in Iraq. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 25, 2012. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
  4. ^ "The map of Districts of Kurdistan Region". Kurdistan Region Statistics Office, Kurdistan Regional Government.
  5. ^ First Church- http://www.ishtartv.com/en/viewarticle,35628.html
  6. ^ Second Church- http://www.ishtartv.com/en/viewarticle,35598.html
  7. ^ "What you did not know about Iraq's Yazidi minority". Al Arabiya News. Al Arabiya Network. Al Arabiya Institute for Studies. August 11, 2014. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
  8. ^ "Iraq crisis: the last stand of the Yazidis against Islamic State". The Telegraph. August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
  9. ^ Soguel, Dominique (August 12, 2014). "World Middle East A sanctuary for Iraqi Yazidis – and a plea for Obama's intervention". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
  10. ^ Spencer, Richard (August 13, 2014). "Iraq dispatch: terrified Yazidi people seek refuge inside holy temple". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group Limited. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
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Nineveh Plains

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Tahseen Said (born: August 15, 1933 in Ba'adra – died: January 28, 2019 in Hanover) (or Tahsin Beg Saied; Kurmanji: Mîr Tehsîn Seîd Beg) was the hereditary leader (Mīr, or prince) of the Yazidi people. He was also the head of the Yazidi Supreme Spiritual Council and represented the Yazidis in all matters in respect of states and tribes. Although the historic base of the family is Ba'adra, Tahseen Said lived in the district capital, Ain Sifni.He has a son named Hazim Tahsin Said.

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Climate data for Ain Sifni
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.8
(51.4)
12.7
(54.9)
16.6
(61.9)
22.3
(72.1)
29.8
(85.6)
36.7
(98.1)
40.9
(105.6)
40.7
(105.3)
36.4
(97.5)
28.7
(83.7)
19.8
(67.6)
12.7
(54.9)
25.7
(78.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
7.5
(45.5)
10.9
(51.6)
15.9
(60.6)
22.3
(72.1)
28.0
(82.4)
32.1
(89.8)
31.6
(88.9)
27.2
(81.0)
20.5
(68.9)
13.6
(56.5)
7.7
(45.9)
18.6
(65.5)
Average low °C (°F) 1.0
(33.8)
2.3
(36.1)
5.3
(41.5)
9.6
(49.3)
14.9
(58.8)
19.4
(66.9)
22.3
(72.1)
22.5
(72.5)
18.0
(64.4)
12.4
(54.3)
7.5
(45.5)
2.7
(36.9)
11.5
(52.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 126
(5.0)
149
(5.9)
138
(5.4)
97
(3.8)
35
(1.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.0)
18
(0.7)
74
(2.9)
110
(4.3)
748
(29.4)
Source: https://en.climate-data.org/location/934732/

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