Ain Sifni

Ain Sifni (also Shekhan, Kurmanji: Şêxan) is the capital of the Shekhan District and de facto annexed by Kurdistan Region.[1][2] Its inhabitants are primarily Yazidis with a significant minority of Assyrians. It is one of the primary holy cities of the ethno-religious group of the Yazidis and functions as a capital for them as it is the residence of the current hereditary leader (Mīr, or prince) of the Yazidi people, with the current holder being Tahseen Said. The town is also the seat of the Shekhan District in the Mosul Governorate in northern Iraq.[3]

Dihok governorate 2012
Districts of the Dohuk Governorate in Kurdistan Region[4]

The town is mainly populated by Yazidis, with a minority of Assyrian Christians.[5][6] The churches are Mar Yusuf (Saint Joseph) Chaldean Catholic and Mar Kyriakos, which belongs to the Assyrian Church of the East. The languages spoken in the town are Kurmanji Kurdish, Arabic and Assyrian Neo-Aramaic.[7]

Yezidi cemetery in Shexan 6
Yazidi cemetery in Ain Sifni (Shekhan)
Views around the Ezidi shrine of Nishingaha Peroz (مزار نیشنگه‌ها پیروز) near Shekhan 23
Yazidi temple (Nishingaha Peroz) near Ain Sifni (Shekhan)
Ain Sifni


Ain Sifni is located in Iraq
Ain Sifni
Ain Sifni
Location in Iraq
Coordinates: 36°41′30″N 43°21′00″E / 36.69167°N 43.35000°ECoordinates: 36°41′30″N 43°21′00″E / 36.69167°N 43.35000°EIQ
Country Iraq
GovernorateNineveh Governorate
DistrictShekhan District
De facto control Kurdistan Region
as part of Dohuk Governorate


Beginning on 10 August 2014, Yazidi refugees have been fleeing to Ain Sifni and Lalish from Sinjar through Syria after the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant placed that city under siege.[8][9][10]


Ain Sifni has a mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa).


  1. ^ Denise Natali (2010). The Kurdish Quasi-State: Development and Dependency in Post-Gulf War Iraq. Syracuse University Press. p. 82.
  2. ^ Nasir Elî. "Sheikhan: Where Kurdish men go for a second wife". Rûdaw. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Basic information about Shekhan District" (PDF). Christian Aid Program in Iraq. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 25, 2012. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
  4. ^ "The map of Districts of Kurdistan Region". Kurdistan Region Statistics Office, Kurdistan Regional Government.
  5. ^ First Church-,35628.html
  6. ^ Second Church-,35598.html
  7. ^ "What you did not know about Iraq's Yazidi minority". Al Arabiya News. Al Arabiya Network. Al Arabiya Institute for Studies. August 11, 2014. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
  8. ^ "Iraq crisis: the last stand of the Yazidis against Islamic State". The Telegraph. August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
  9. ^ Soguel, Dominique (August 12, 2014). "World Middle East A sanctuary for Iraqi Yazidis – and a plea for Obama's intervention". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
  10. ^ Spencer, Richard (August 13, 2014). "Iraq dispatch: terrified Yazidi people seek refuge inside holy temple". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group Limited. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
Al-Kahla District

Al-Kahla District is a district of the Maysan Governorate, Iraq.

Al-Maimouna District

Al-Maimouna District is a district of the Maysan Governorate, Iraq.

Al-Rumaitha District

Al-Rumaitha District is a district of the Al Muthanna Governorate, Iraq.

Al-Shatrah District

Al-Shatra District is a district of the Dhi Qar Governorate, Iraq.

Ali Al-Gharbi District

Ali Al-Gharbi is a district of the Maysan Governorate, Iraq.

Amara District

Amara District (Arabic: حي عمارة) is a district of the Maysan Governorate, Iraq.

The population of Amara District is currently around 1,250,000 people.

Amarah is located inside of Amara District and is the capital and largest city of the Maysan Governorate. The population of the city is

511,542 and is the 7th largest city in Iraq by population.

Baiji District

Baiji District is a district of Saladin Governorate, Iraq.


Bashiqah Mountain also known as Ba'ashiqah is a mountain North east of Mosul, Iraq, east of Khorsabad and nearby Bashiqah township and near Ain Sifni in Northern Iraq.The mountain is located behind Bashiqah township, is 359 km north of Baghdad in Ninawa Province, and located at 36,4531n and 43,3478e. It is 326 above sea level.

The mountain became a strategic point following the Fall of Mosul but was retaken with the recapture of Mosul in 2017. The hill was heavily fortified by ISIS. The mountain has since been taken by Kurdish forces.

Baz, Turkey

Baz (Syriac-Aramaic: ܒܙ) was a semi-autonomous Assyrian district within Hakkari.

It is currently a non-administrative region located in the Hakkâri Province of Turkey. To the north of Baz is located Kara Kuş, to the East is Jilu and to the south east is Dağ İçinde.

Daquq District

Daquq District (Arabic: قضاء داقوق‎, romanized: qaḍāʾ Daquq) is a district in eastern Kirkuk Governorate, northern Iraq. Administrative center is the city of Daquq.

Khurto Hajji Ismail

Khurto Hajji Ismail (Kurmanji: Xurto Hecî Îsmaîl) is the current Baba Sheikh or Axtîyarê Mergê Bavê Şêx—religious leader—of the Yazidi community of Iraq. He has held this position since 2007. He lives in Ain Sifni, Iraq.

Kut District

Kut District (Arabic: قضاء الكوت‎, romanized: Kaza Al-Kut)is a district of the Wasit Governorate, Iraq. Its seat is the city of Kut.

Mahad (Iraq)

Mahad (also written Mahat, Arabic: مهد‎) is a Yazidi village located in the Shekhan District of the Ninawa Governorate in northern Iraq. The village is located 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) southeast of Ain Sifni (Shekhan) in the Nineveh plains. It belongs to the disputed territories of Northern Iraq.Mahad has exclusively Yazidi population.

Nineveh Plains

Nineveh Plains (Classical Syriac: ܦܩܥܬܐ ܕܢܝܢܘܐ‎, romanized: Pqaʿtā ḏ-Nīnwē, Modern Syriac: ܕܫܬܐ ܕܢܝܢܘܐ‎, romanized: Daštā d-Ninwe; Arabic: سهل نينوى‎, romanized: Sahl Naynawā; Kurdish: Deşta Neynewa‎) is a region in Iraq's Nineveh Governorate to the north and east of the city Mosul. Some parts of the Nineveh Plains are under federal Iraqi control and some parts are under the control of the Kurdish Regional Government, including Lalish (since 1991) and Ain Sifni (since 2003).The plains have a very heterogenous population with significant Arabs, Assyrians, Kurds, Yazidis, Shabaks and Turkmens, and includes ruins of ancient Assyrian cities and religious sites, such as Nimrud, Dur-Sharrukin, Mar Mattai Monastery, Rabban Hormizd Monastery and the Tomb of Nahum.

Shekhan District

The Shekhan District is a district in the Nineveh Governorate with its capital at Ain Sifni.

It is bordered by the Amadiya and Dahuk Districts of the Dahuk Governorate to the north, the Akre district to the east, Al-Hamdaniya District to the south, and the Tel Kaif District to the west.

Tahseen Said

Tahseen Said (born: August 15, 1933 in Ba'adra – died: January 28, 2019 in Hanover) (or Tahsin Beg Saied; Kurmanji: Mîr Tehsîn Seîd Beg) was the hereditary leader (Mīr, or prince) of the Yazidi people. He was also the head of the Yazidi Supreme Spiritual Council and represented the Yazidis in all matters in respect of states and tribes. Although the historic base of the family is Ba'adra, Tahseen Said lived in the district capital, Ain Sifni.He has a son named Hazim Tahsin Said.

Tel Afar District

Tel Afar District (Turkish: Telafer) is a district in Nineveh Governorate, Iraq. Its administrative center is the city of Tal Afar. Other towns include Rabia, Zummar, and al-Ayadia. It has a mixed population of Iraqi Turkmens and Arabs.

Tooz District

Tooz District is a district in the north-eastern part of Saladin Governorate, Iraq. Its main settlement is the city of Tuz Khurmatu. Other towns include Sulaiman Bek, Yankjah, and Amirli.

Climate data for Ain Sifni
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.8
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.9
Average low °C (°F) 1.0
Average precipitation mm (inches) 126


This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.