Ahmednagar

Ahmednagar (pronunciation ) is a city in Ahmednagar district in the state of Maharashtra, India, about 120 km northeast of Pune and 114 km from Aurangabad. Ahmednagar takes its name from Ahmad Nizam Shah I, who founded the town in 1494 on the site of a battlefield where he won a battle against superior Bahamani forces.[4] It was close to the site of the village of Bhingar.[4] With the breakup of the Bahmani Sultanate, Ahmad established a new sultanate in Ahmednagar, also known as Nizam Shahi dynasty.[5]

Ahmednagar has several dozen buildings and sites from the Nizam Shahi period.[6] Ahmednagar Fort, once considered almost impregnable, was used by the British to house Jawaharlal Nehru (the first prime minister of India) and other Indian Nationalists before Indian independence. A few rooms there have been converted to a museum. During his confinement by the British at Ahmednagar Fort in 1944, Nehru wrote the famous book The Discovery of India.[7] Ahmednagar is home to the Indian Armoured Corps Centre & School (ACC&S), the Mechanised Infantry Regimental Centre (MIRC), the Vehicle Research and Development Establishment (VRDE) and the Controllerate of Quality Assurance Vehicles (CQAV). Training and recruitment for the Indian Army Armoured Corps takes place at the ACC&S.[8]

Ahmednagar is a relatively small town and shows less development than the nearby western Maharashtra cities of Mumbai and Pune. Ahmednagar is home to 19 sugar factories and is also the birthplace of the cooperative movement. Due to scarce rainfall, Ahmednagar often suffers from drought. Marathi is the primary language for daily-life communication. Ahmednagar has recently published a plan of developing the city by year 2031.[9]

Ahmednagar
City
Tomb of Salabat Khan
Tomb of Salabat Khan
Ahmednagar is located in Maharashtra
Ahmednagar
Ahmednagar
Ahmednagar is located in India
Ahmednagar
Ahmednagar
Ahmednagar is located in Asia
Ahmednagar
Ahmednagar
Coordinates: 19°05′N 74°44′E / 19.08°N 74.73°ECoordinates: 19°05′N 74°44′E / 19.08°N 74.73°E
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DistrictAhmednagar
Founded byAhmad Nizam Shah I in 1490.
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • MayorBabasaheb Wakale (BJP) [1]
Area
 • Total39.30 km2 (15.17 sq mi)
Elevation
649 m (2,129 ft)
Population
(2011)[2]
 • Total350,905
 • Rank124th
 • Density8,900/km2 (23,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Nagarkar / Nagari (Marathi)
Languages
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
414001, 414003
Telephone code0241
Vehicle registrationMH 16,17
Websiteahmednagar.gov.in

History

The town Ahmednagar was founded in 1490 by Ahmad Nizam Shah I on the site of a more ancient city, Bhingar. With the breakup of the Bahmani Sultanate, Ahmad established a new sultanate in Ahmednagar, also known as Nizam Shahi dynasty.

It was one of the Deccan sultanates, which lasted until its conquest by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in 1636. Aurangzeb, the last Mughal emperor, who spent the latter years of his reign, 1681–1707, in the Deccan, died in Ahmednagar and his burial at (khultabad) near Aurangabad in 1707, and a small monument marks the site.

In 1759, the Peshwa of the Marathas obtained possession of the place from Nizam of Hyderabad and in 1795 it was ceded by the Peshwa to the Maratha chief Daulat Rao Sindhia. Ahmednagar was invaded by a British force under General Wellesley and captured. It was afterwards restored to the Marathas, but again came into the possession of the British in 1817, according to the terms of the Treaty of Poona.

Military base

Ahmednagar is home to the Indian Armoured Corps Centre & School (ACC&S), the Mechanised Infantry Regimental Centre (MIRC), the Vehicle Research and Development Establishment (VRDE) and the Controllerate of Quality Assurance Vehicles (CQAV). Training and recruitment for the Indian Army Armoured Corps takes place at the ACC&S. Formerly, the city was the Indian base of the British Army's Royal Tank Corps / Indian Armoured Corps, amongst other units. The town houses the second-largest display of military tanks in the world and largest in Asia.[10]

Geography

Climate

Situated in the rain-shadow region of the Western Ghats, Ahmednagar experiences primarily hot and dry climate through November to mid June.

Climate data for Ahmednagar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
32
(90)
36
(97)
38
(100)
38
(100)
33
(91)
29
(84)
28
(82)
29
(84)
32
(90)
30
(86)
28
(82)
32
(89)
Average low °C (°F) 10
(50)
12
(54)
16
(61)
21
(70)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
20
(68)
18
(64)
14
(57)
10
(50)
18
(64)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5
(0.2)
3
(0.1)
5
(0.2)
10
(0.4)
23
(0.9)
132
(5.2)
97
(3.8)
69
(2.7)
165
(6.5)
56
(2.2)
28
(1.1)
8
(0.3)
601
(23.6)
Source: Ahmednagar Weather

Demographics

As of 2011 Indian census,[11] Ahmednagar had a population of 347,549. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Ahmednagar has an average literacy rate of 84%, higher than the national urban average of 79.9%.[12] 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

People

Main sights

Salabat Khan's Dome
Salabat Khan's tomb.
Ahmednagar fort entrance
Ahmednagar fort entrance.
  • Chand Bibi Palace - Actually the tomb of Salabat Khan,[13] this is a solid three-storey stone structure situated on the crest of a hill 13 km from Ahmednagar city.
  • Meherabad, where the samadhi (tomb) of the spiritual master Meher Baba is a place of pilgrimage, visited by thousands each year, particularly on the anniversary of his death, Amartithi. His later residence was at Meherazad (near Pimpalgaon village), approximately nine miles north of Ahmednagar.
  • Ahmednagar Fort (Bhuekot Killa) - Built by Ahmed Nizam Shah in 1490, this is one of the best-designed and most impregnable forts in India. As of 2013, it is under the control of the military command of India. Oval in shape, with 18-metre-high walls and 24 citadels, its defence system includes a moat 30 metres wide and 4 to 6 metres deep. Two entrances to the fort are accessed by drawbridges. A target of countless invasions, the Ahmednagar Fort has taken many blows and come out relatively unscathed. It has changed hands many times over from the time of Mughal rule, and was used as a royal prison a number of times. The entire Congress Working Committee was detained there during the Quit India Movement of 1942. Jawaharlal Nehru, later to be India's first prime minister, wrote his book The Discovery of India during his imprisonment from 1942-1945. Some rooms in the fort have been converted into a museum in commemoration of Nehru and other freedom fighters.[14]
  • Cavalry Tank Museum - The Armoured Corps Centre and School has created a museum with an extensive collection of 20th-century armoured fighting vehicles.[15]
  • Vishal Ganpati Mandir - Ganeshji Big temple in the Maliwada area of Ahmednagar City.
  • Renuka/Durga Goddess Temple - This temple is located in Kedgaon (around 3 km from Ahmednagar Railway Station, 5 km from Ahmednagar ST bus-stand) which is near Nagar-Pune highway. The Navaratri (nine nights) festival is a celebration of nine nights of battle between the Goddess Durga and demon-king Mahishasura. Eventually Goddess Durga killed Mahishasura on the ninth night and thus the festival signifies the triumph of good over evil.
  • Kalbhairvnath Temple Agadgaon: Temple of Kalbhairvnath located 17km from ahmednagar. Trust of temple provides meal as prasad every Sunday from 2008. Thousands of Pilgrims visit here every Sunday.
  • Rehekuri Blackbuck Sanctuary: This is situated in Karjat taluka in Ahmednagar district. The area of the sanctuary is 2.17 km2.[16]
  • Siddhatek Siddhivinayak - Temple of God Ganesh.
  • Shirdi - The hamlet blessed by the revered Saint Sai Baba, revered by Hindus and Muslims alike, about 83 km from Ahmednagar City.
    Meher Baba Samadhi2
    Samadhi of Meher Baba
  • Ralegan Siddhi - a village which is a model for environmental conservation. Social activist Anna Hazare is from Ralegan Siddhi.
  • Pimpri Gawali- is a village in Parner taluka in Ahmednagar district. It is located about 25 km away from Ahmednagar and it is well known for the watershed development and agribusiness activities. This village has done very basic work in the rain water harvesting through Deep CCT structures and groundwater regulation and management. Farmers self Help groups of the villages formed Producer Company for the value addition of their agricultural commodity. This village has conserved environment through participatory approach.
    Pimpari Gavali Deep CCT 1
    Deep Continuous Contour Trenches (CCT)
  • Shingnapur - A village containing a Shani (planet Saturn) temple and where all the houses are doorless—probably the only village in the world where locks are unnecessary.
  • Harishchandragarh - a hill fort.
  • Avhane, Shevgaon - Temple of Ganesh (Nidrista/Sleeping).
  • Shri Munjaba Tample, Ukkadgaon- In Shrigonda Taluka about 60 km from Ahmednagar main city Its very beautiful Temple with four big statue of ganapati, mahadev (shankar), vinshnu and hanuman on Temple and thousands of devotees visit this place.
  • Jamgaon- Place in Parner taluka with a historic 18th-century palace built by Mahadaji Shinde.
  • Shree Kshetra Korthan Khandoba Devastan Temple of Lord Khandoba.
  • Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth is an agricultural university at Rahuri, named after an activist and social reformer of 19th century—one of four agricultural universities in the state.[17]
  • The Shrine Of Famous Sufi Saints Are Spiritual Places Where The People Visit's. One Of Them Is Famous Sufi Saint Of Quadri Order Hazrat Sayyad Meera Ishaq Shah Jilani, Quadri (Ra.) Here Popularly Known As (Meera Wali Baba).
  • There Are Many Other Sufi Saints In Ahmednagar City Itself. Like In Mukundnagar Backside The Ahmednagar District Court In Fakirwada Village There Is Shrine Of Famous Sufi Saint Of Chishti Order. His Name Is Hazrat Sayyad Abdul-Rehman Shah Chishti (Dum Bara Hazaari Ra.) His Miracle Is Famous In Ahmednagar. That He Gaved Food To Twelve Thousand Soldiers Of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb At On Time.
  • In The Army Records Centre There Is The Holy Shrine Of A Sufi Saint Popularly Known as Hazrat Fasipeer (Rahmatullahi Alaih). It Is Situated Opposite The Ahmednagar Fort In Army Area. It Is Very Good Place To Visit.
  • Like This Only In Ahmednagar There Are Many Holy Shrines Of Sufi Saints Like, Hazrat Sayyad Shah Sharif (Dargah Daira), Hazrat Shah Arab (On A Hill NearKamargao), Hazrat Sayyad Haji Hasan Shah Quadri, Al-Jilani (Near MSCEB Office Backside Of Ahmednagar College), Hazrat Sayyad Jalal Shah Bukhari (Laal Taaki, sarjepura), Hazrat Sayyad Bapu Fazil Shah Wali (Mangal Gate).
Meher Baba Samadhi2
Samadhi of Meher Baba
Pimpari Gavali Deep CCT 1
Deep Continuous Contour Trenches (CCT)

Transport

Air

Ahmednagar city have air connectivity by Seaplane service. The port for Seaplane is located at Mula Dam water reservoir, 30 min away from Ahmednagar City. The service offered by Maritime Energy Heli Air Services Pvt. Ltd. (MEHAIR) from 22 September 2014. On going Flight is available from Juhu, Mumbai to Mula Dam. The service will now enable the large number of pilgrims traveling to the holy sites of Meherabad, Shirdi and Shani Shingnapur to travel quickly and conveniently to their destinations. Now new airport have started at Shirdi which is 80 km from Ahmednagar and the only airport in the district. Regular flights from Mumbai, Delhi and Hyderabad fly to Shirdi. Currently, it is served by Air India and SpiceJet.

Rail

Ahmednagar railway station (station code:ANG) belongs to Solapur Division of Central Railway zone of the Indian Railways. Ahmednagar has rail connectivity with Pune, Manmad, Kopargaon, Shirdi, Daund, Goa, Nasik and other metro-cities like New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Ahmedabad. 41 express trains stop at this station. There is still a demand for direct rail connectivity to other major cities of India.

Road

Ahmednagar is well connected by roads with major cities of Maharashtra and other states. Ahmednagar has 4 lane road connectivity to Aurangabad, Parbhani, Pune, Nashik, Beed, Solapur, Osmanabad.National Highway 222 from Kalyan to Nirmal near Adilabad in Telangana passes through the city. The Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation (MSRTC) and different private transport operators provides bus service connecting the city to all parts of the state.

Ahmednagar has 3 main bus stands:

  • MSRTC Tarakpur Bus Stand - All the buses going via Ahmednagar, do stop here.[18]
  • Maliwada Bus Stand - The buses going to Aurangabad/ Jalgaon/ Akola take a halt here.[19]
  • Pune Bus Stand - Buses going to Pune/Mumbai take a halt here.

Politics

Ahmednagar Municipal Council was upgraded to Municipal Corporation status in 2003. As of Dec 2018, Babasaheb Wakale of BJP was the incumbent mayor. Ahmednagar city is represented in the central and state legislatures by the Ahmednagar Lok Sabha and Ahmednagar City Vidhan Sabha seats respectively. The Sitting MP is Dilipkumar Gandhi, while Sangram Jagtap is Ahmednagar MLA.

Media and communication

  • Newspapers: Lokmat, Sakaal,Sarvamat,Deshdoot,Punyanagri, Samana, Loksatta, Nava Maratha, Nagar Times, Divya Marathi, Maharashtra Times, Samachar, Savedi Mitra
  • TV Channel: CMN Channel
  • Radio: 104 MY FM, AIR Nagar FM, Radio City, Dhamaal 24, Radio Nagar FM
  • Internet: Internet facilities are provided by several suppliers

References

  1. ^ "सेनेचा 'गनिमी कावा'; नगरचे महापौरपद जिंकले".
  2. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). censusindia. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
  3. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Censusindia. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
  4. ^ a b The Kingdom of Ahmadnagar. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. 1966. p. 38. ISBN 978-81-208-2651-9.
  5. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 118–119. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  6. ^ Sohoni, Pushkar (2015). Aurangabad with Daulatabad, Khuldabad, and Ahmadnagar. London; Mumbai: Deccan Heritage Foundation; Jaico. ISBN 9788184957020.
  7. ^ Moraes, Frank (1 January 2007). Jawaharlal Nehru. Jaico Publishing House. p. 319. ISBN 978-81-7992-695-6.
  8. ^ Sainik Samachar: The Pictorial Weekly of the Armed Forces. 1988. p. 14.
  9. ^ Nagarick (6 June 2007). "Ahmednagar by year 2031". Nagarick.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2011-11-23.
  10. ^ "The History of Ahmednagar". Ahmednagar.nic.in. 15 August 1947. Archived from the original on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
  11. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  12. ^ Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, "2001 Literacy Rates", Census of India 2001, Ministry of Home Affairs, India
  13. ^ Ahmednagar City at ahmednagar.nic.in
  14. ^ Rajendra Rajan Fort that held Nehru The Tribune, 12 July 2009
  15. ^ Tank Museum at ahmednagar.nic.in
  16. ^ Maharashtra Forest Department Official website
  17. ^ Maharashtra Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri Archived 6 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine Official website
  18. ^ "ahmednagar bus stand - Google Search". www.google.co.in. Retrieved 2017-10-26.
  19. ^ "Bus Stands & Traffic Control Centers Ahmednagar".

External links

Ahmadnagar Sultanate

The Ahmadnagar Sultanate was a late medieval Indian kingdom, located in the northwestern Deccan, between the sultanates of Gujarat and Bijapur. Malik Ahmad, the Bahmani governor of Junnar after defeating the Bahmani army led by general Jahangir Khan on 28 May 1490 declared independence and established the Nizam Shahi dynasty rule over the sultanate of Ahmednagar. Initially his capital was in the town of Junnar with its fort, later renamed Shivneri. In 1494, the foundation was laid for the new capital Ahmadnagar. In 1636 Aurangzeb, then Mugal viceroy of Deccan finally annexed the sultanate to the Mughal empire.

Ahmednagar (Lok Sabha constituency)

Ahmednagar Lok Sabha constituency (Marathi: अहमदनगर लोकसभा मतदारसंघ) is one of the 48 parliamentary constituencies of the Lok Sabha in the state of Maharashtra.

Ahmednagar Fort

The Ahmednagar Fort (Marathi: अहमदनगर चा किल्ला, Hindi: अहमदनगर क़िला, transliteration: Ahmadnagar Qilа̄)is located beside on Bhingar River near Bhingar and Ahmednagar in Maharashtra. It was the headquarters of the Ahmednagar Sultanate. In 1803, it was taken by the British during the Second Anglo-Maratha War. It was used as a prison during the British Raj. Currently, the fort is under the administration of the Armoured Corps of the Indian Army.

Ahmednagar district

Ahmednagar district is the largest district of Maharashtra state in western India. The historical Ahmednagar city is the headquarters of the district. Ahmednagar was the seat of the Ahmednagar Sultanate of late medieval period (1496–1636 CE). This district is known for the towns of Shirdi associated with Sai Baba and Meherabad associated with Meher Baba, Shani shinganapur with Shanidev, Devgad with lord Dattatreya, Ahmednagar district is part of Nashik Division.Shrirampur is the biggest city by development, market, population after the city of Ahmednagar.

The neighbouring districts to Ahmednagar district are Solapur (South East- SE), Osmanabad (SE), Beed (SE), Aurangabad (NE), Nashik (NW), Thane (NW), and Pune (SW).

Ahmednagar railway station

Ahmednagar railway station serves Ahmednagar in Ahmednagar district in the Indian state of Maharashtra

Bhalwani

Bhalwani is a village in Parner taluka in Ahmednagar district of state of Maharashtra, India.

Hanga Dam

Hanga Dam (Marathi: हंगा धरण), is an earth-fill dam on Hanga river in Hanga village in Parner taluka of Ahmednagar district of state of Maharashtra in India.

Harishchandragad

Harishchandragad is a hill fort in the Ahmednagar district of India. Its history is linked with that of Malshej Ghat, kothale village and it has played a major role in guarding and controlling the

surrounding region.

Jategaon

Jategaon is a village in Parner taluka in Ahmednagar district of state of Maharashtra, India. Jategaon belongs to Khandesh and Northern Maharashtra region and Nashik Division. The village is located 116 KM towards East from District head quarters Ahmednagar.

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Ahmednagar

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Takli Dhokeshwar, Ahmednagar is a CBSE affiliated school located in Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra State in India. It is a part of the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya system of alternate schools for gifted students in India.It has many facilities like Jr. Science and Maths labs and all Physics lab,Chemistry lab and Biology.

Kalsubai

Kalsubai (Marathi: कळसूबाई शिखर) is a mountain in the Western Ghats, located in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Its summit situated at an elevation of 1646 metres (5400 feet) is the highest point in Maharashtra The mountain range lies within the Kalsubai Harishchandragad Wildlife Sanctuary. It is visited throughout the year by avid trekkers, Kalsubai temple devotees and wildlife enthusiasts alike.

Karjat taluka

Karjat taluka (Marathi: कर्जत तालुका), is a taluka in Karjat subdivision of Ahmednagar district in Maharashtra State of India.

Kharda

Kharda is a township in the Indian state of Maharashtranamed by The place named Kharda from Rajasthan .lies near Ahmednagar District’s south-eastern border with Osmanabad District and Beed District, and is 18 km south-east of Patoda. Rajuri is 17 km north-west, while Int is 13 km towards the south-east. Ahmednagar is around 100 km north-west. Kharda is well connected to the taluka headquarters of Jamkhed via road.

List of state highways in Maharashtra

The state highways are arterial routes of a state, linking district headquarters and important towns within the state and connecting them with national highways or highways of the neighbouring states.

Lonimavla Dam

Lonimavla Dam (Marathi: लोणीमावळा धरण), is an earth-fill dam in Lonimawala village in Parner taluka of Ahmednagar district of state of Maharashtra in India.

Parner taluka

Parner taluka (Marathi: पारनेर तालुका) is a taluka in Ahmednagar district in the state of Maharashtra, India.

Shirdi

Not to be confused with ShiradiShirdi pronunciation is a City in the jurisdiction of the municipal council popularly known as Shirdi Nagar Panchayat, located in Rahata Taluka in Ahmednagar District in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is accessible via the Ahmednagar – Malegaon State Highway No.10, approximately 83 km from Ahmednagar and 15 km from Kopargaon. It is located 185 km east of the Western Seashore line (the Ahmednagar – Manmad road), a very busy route.

Shirdi is famously known as the home of the late 19th century saint Sri Sai Baba. The Sri Saibaba Sansthan Trust also located in Shirdi is one of the richest temple organisations.

Shyam Jaju

Shyam Jaju is an Indian politician who is national vice president of the Bharatiya Janata Party. He hails from Maharashtra.

Wasunde

Wasunde, is the only village in the Vasunde gram panchayat in the Parner Taluka of the Ahmednagar District, state of Maharashtra, India. The village is 4.8 km by road north of Takli Dhokeshwar on State Highway 50.

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