Agios Efstratios

Agios Efstratios or Saint Eustratius (Greek: Άγιος Ευστράτιος), colloquially Ai Stratis (Greek: Άη Στράτης), anciently Halonnesus or Halonnesos (Ancient Greek: Ἁλόννησος),[3] is a small Greek island in the northern Aegean Sea about 30 kilometres (19 miles) southwest of Lemnos and 80 kilometres (50 miles) northwest of Lesbos. The municipality has an area of 43.325 km2.[4] Together with Lemnos and nearby islets it forms the regional unit of Lemnos, part of the Greek archipelagic region of the North Aegean.

Agios Efstratios

Άγιος Ευστράτιος
Agios Efstratios village
Agios Efstratios village
Agios Efstratios is located in Greece
Agios Efstratios
Agios Efstratios
Location within the region
2011 Dimos Agiou Efstratiou
Coordinates: 39°31′N 25°00′E / 39.517°N 25.000°ECoordinates: 39°31′N 25°00′E / 39.517°N 25.000°E
CountryGreece
Administrative regionNorth Aegean
Regional unitLemnos
Area
 • Municipality43.325 km2 (16.728 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Municipality
270
 • Municipality density6.2/km2 (16/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
815 00[2]
Area code(s)2254
Vehicle registrationΜΗ, ΜΥ

Name

Anciently the island was known as Halonnesus, and under this name was a bone of contention between ancient Athens and Macedon as was noted in On the Halonnesus, attributed to Demosthenes. The island was named after Saint Eustratius (Όσιος Ευστράτιος ο Θαυματουργός), who lived on the island in the 9th century as an exile, because he was opposed to the iconoclastic policies of the Byzantine Emperor Leo the Armenian. His grave is still being shown by the inhabitants. The island is mentioned in the Isolario by Cristoforo Buondelmonti in 1420 as Sanstrati. It was known as "Bozbaba" during Ottoman rule.

Geography

Agios Efstratios is quiet, isolated and dry, with a population of approximately 300 people. The climate is arid, with little rainfall during the winter months and long, hot summers. The landscape is mostly rocky, with scarce and low vegetation. Locust infestation is a recurring problem.[5] Crops are insignificant; the surrounding sea, however, is rich in fish which are fished by local fishermen. There are numerous beaches on the island such as Agios Antonios, Lemonies, Avlakia and others, most of which are reached by caique. Agios Efstratios Island is linked by boat with Limnos, Agios Konstantinos, Kymi and Kavala.

Recent political history

The island was used to house political prisoners in internal exile by the Metaxas Regime in the 1930s. On 19 February 1968, an earthquake (7.1 on the Richter scale) demolished most of the houses,[6] which were replaced by concrete prefabricated buildings laid out in a military-like camp formation. Nonetheless, the island retains a very attractive capital, also called Agios Efstratios, while preserving a rather unspoiled Mediterranean environment with pristine beaches. It is mostly a place for relaxation and meditation. During the Greek military junta of 1967–74, the island was again used as a prison for political dissidents. One of its most famous prisoners was Mikis Theodorakis, political activist and musical composer.

Greece's first green island

Athens News Agency [7] reported that, on 4 June 2009, at a two-day international conference in Athens on "Climate Change and Challenges for the Future Generations"[8] under the patronage of UNESCO, Greece's Development Minister Kostis Hatzidakis said that Agios Efstratios would soon become the country's first "green" island, entirely powered by renewable energy sources (RES), its residents relying on solar and wind generated energy and moving around the island on bicycles and in electric cars. Hatzidakis said a €10 million project would be implemented by 2010. At the same conference Professor Philippos Tsalidis, Development Ministry General Secretary for Research and Technology, said that although Greece's energy needs currently required strategic reliance on natural gas, Aghios Efstratios, could serve as a global model for 100% reliance on RES. Agios Efstratios is included in the European Union's Natura 2000 network of nature protected areas.

Transportation

Agios Efstratios has one port, which offers year-round ferry connections to the island of Lemnos, as well to mainland Greece, namely Lavrio. The ship operating these routes is owned by Hellenic Seaways. There is also a small heliport on the main village outskirts, but it is used mostly for emergency airlift, or coast guard and military helicopters' stopover.

Appearance in popular media

Agios Efstratios serves as the basis for the fictional island of Stratis in the 2013 video game Arma 3, along with its northern counterpart of Lemnos, fictionalized as "Altis", the governing body of the two islands. However, "Stratis" in Arma 3 has some critical differences from Agios Efstratios, including numerous additional military bases scattered around the island in-game, and a large airport built off artificial land into the sea south-west of the village of Agios Efstratios.

Gallery

Harbour at Dawn at Agios Efstratios, Hellas

View of the harbour of Agios Efstratios

Another view of the harbour of Agios Efstratios

Another view of the harbour of Agios Efstratios

References

  1. ^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. ^ "Find a Postcode". Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  3. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.
  4. ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21.
  5. ^ [1] BBC News 20/05/2017
  6. ^ Επίτομο Γεωγραφικό Λεξικό της Ελλάδος (Geographical Dictionary of Greece), Μιχαήλ Σταματελάτος, Φωτεινή Βάμβα-Σταματελάτου, εκδ. Ερμής, ΑΘήνα 2001
  7. ^ [2]
  8. ^ [3] Archived June 8, 2009, at the Wayback Machine

External links

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Avgo

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Diapori

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Dimitrios Vergos

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Glaronisi

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Grandes (islands)

Grandes (Greek: Γκράντες) is a group of three small islands off the east coast of Crete. Administratively it comes within the Itanos municipality in Lasithi. Grandes can be seen from the Minoan site of Roussolakkos near Palekastro as can the island of Elasa.

Karavi

Karavi (Greek: Καράβι, "ship"), is an uninhabited Greek islet, in the Aegean Sea, close to the northeastern coast of eastern Crete. The small islet lies close to the island of Kyriamadi. Administratively it lies within the Itanos municipality of Lasithi.

Katergo

Katergo (Greek: Κάτεργο, "galley, hulk"), is an uninhabited Greek islet, in the Aegean Sea, close to the eastern coast of Crete. Administratively it lies within the Itanos municipality of Lasithi.

Lemnos (regional unit)

Lemnos (Greek: Περιφερειακή ενότητα Λήμνου) is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of North Aegean. The regional unit covers the islands of Lemnos, Agios Efstratios and a few smaller, uninhabited islands, in the Aegean Sea.

Lesbos Prefecture

Lesbos Prefecture (Greek: Νομός Λέσβου) was one of the prefectures of Greece. It comprised three main islands: Lesbos itself, Lemnos, and the smaller island of Agios Efstratios. Its capital was the town of Mytilene, on Lesbos. In 2011 the prefecture was abolished and the territory was divided between the regional units of Lesbos and Lemnos.

List of settlements in the Lemnos regional unit

This is a list of settlements in Lemnos regional unit in Greece:

Agios Dimitrios

Agios Efstratios

Angariones

Atsiki

Dafni

Fisini

Kalliopi

Kallithea

Kaminia

Karpasi

Kaspakas

Katalakko

Kontias

Kontopouli

Kornos

Livadochori

Lychna

Moudros

Myrina

Nea Koutali

Pedino

Panagia

Plaka

Platy

Portianou

Repanidi

Romanou

Roussopouli

Sardes

Skandali

Thanos

Tsimandria

Varos

Megatzedes

Megatzedes (Greek: Μεγατζέδες), is an uninhabited Greek islet, in the Aegean Sea, close to the eastern coast of Crete. Administratively it lies within the Itanos municipality of Lasithi.

Nikolos

Nikolos (Greek: Νικολός), also known as Nikolonisi, Nikolo Nisi, and Agios Antonios, is an island close to the northeastern coast of Crete. Administratively it comes within the Agios Nikolaos municipality in Lasithi.

North Aegean islands

The North Aegean islands are a number of disconnected islands in the north Aegean Sea, also known as the Northeast Aegean islands, belonging to Greece and Turkey. The islands do not form a physical chain or group, but are frequently grouped together for tourist or administrative purposes. To the south are the Dodecanese islands; and to the west are the Cyclades and Sporades islands.

Within this group, the main islands in the northeastern Aegean Sea and along the Turkish coast are the Greek islands of Samos, Ikaria, Chios, Lesbos, Lemnos, Agios Efstratios, Psara, Fournoi Korseon, Oinousses and the Turkish islands of Imbros (Gökçeada), Tenedos (Bozcaada) and the Rabbit or Tavşan Islands. The main islands in the Thracian Sea in the far north are the Greek islands of Samothrace and Thasos.

Palaiosouda

Palaiosouda (Greek: Παλαιόσουδα, "old Souda"), also known as Marathi (Greek: Μαράθι), is an islet located south of the town of Marathi, close to Souda Bay in Crete. The islet is a popular diving location.

Peristeri (island)

Peristeri (Greek: Περιστέρι, "pigeon") is an islet close to the northern coast of Crete, in the Perama district of the Geropotamos municipality, in Rethymno regional unit.

Peristerovrachoi

Peristerovrachoi (Greek: Περιστερόβραχοι, "pigeon rocks"), are uninhabited Greek islets/rocks, in the Aegean Sea, close to the eastern coast of Crete. Administratively they lie within the Itanos municipality of Lasithi.

Serifopoula

Serifopoula is a Greek island in the Cyclades. It is a part of the municipality of Serifos. Serifopoula was uninhabited at the 2001 Greek census.

Vryonisi

Vryonisi (Greek: Βρυονήσι, "moss island"), also known as Prasonisi (Greek: Πρασονήσι, "leek island"), is an uninhabited Greek islet, in the Aegean Sea, close to the northern coast of eastern Crete. Administratively it lies within the Agios Nikolaos municipality of Lasithi.

Regional unit of Chios
Regional unit of Ikaria
Regional unit of Lemnos
Regional unit of Lesbos
Regional unit of Samos

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