Aftenposten (Urban East Norwegian: [²ɑftn̩ˌpɔstn̩]; Norwegian for "The Evening Post") is Norway's largest printed newspaper by circulation. It is based in Oslo. It had a circulation of 211,769 in 2015 (172,029 printed copies according to University of Bergen[2]) and estimated 1.2 million readers.[3] It converted from broadsheet to compact format in March 2005.[4][5] Aftenposten's online edition is at

Aftenposten is a private company wholly owned by the public company Schibsted ASA.[6] Norway's second largest newspaper, VG, is also owned by Schibsted. Norwegian owners held a mere 42% of the shares in Schibsted at the end of 2015;[7] Aftenposten is thus foreign-owned.

The paper has around 740 employees. Espen Egil Hansen is editor-in-chief and CEO as of 2016.

Aftenposten 2. januar 1879- framside
The front page, 2 January 1879
TypeDaily newspaper
Owner(s)Schibsted (99.99%)
Stiftelsen Tinius (0.01%)[1]
EditorEspen Egil Hansen
Founded14 May 1860
Political alignmentLiberal conservative
HeadquartersOslo, Norway

History and profile

Aftenposten was founded by Christian Schibsted on 14 May 1860[8] under the name Christiania Adresseblad. The following year, it was renamed Aftenposten. Since 1885, the paper has printed two daily editions. A Sunday edition was published until 1919, and was reintroduced in 1990. The Friday-morning edition carries the A-magasinet supplement, featuring articles on science, politics, and the arts. In 1886, Aftenposten bought a rotary press, being the first Norwegian newspaper in this regard.[9]

Historically, Aftenposten labelled itself as "independent, conservative",[8] most closely aligning their editorial platform with the Norwegian Conservative Party. This manifested itself in blunt anticommunism during the interwar era. During World War II, Aftenposten, due to its large circulation, was put under the directives of the German occupational authorities, and a Nazi editorial management was imposed.

Aftenposten is based in Oslo.[8][10] In the late 1980s, Egil Sundar served as the editor-in-chief and attempted to transform the paper into a nationally distributed newspaper.[11] However, he was forced to resign from his post due to his attempt.[11]


In addition to the morning edition, Aftenposten publishes a separate evening edition called Aften (previously Aftenposten Aften). This edition was published on weekdays and Saturdays until the Sunday morning edition was reintroduced in 1990. The evening edition is only circulated in the central eastern part of Norway, i.e. Oslo and Akershus counties. Thus, it focuses on news related to this area, in contrast with the morning edition, which focuses on national and international news. The evening edition was converted to tabloid format in 1997. From April 2006, the Thursday edition of Aften also includes a special edition with news specific to a part of Oslo or Akershus, called Lokal Aften ("Local Evening"). This edition has eight versions, with each subscriber receives the version which is most relevant to the area in which he or she lives. In areas not covered by any of the eight versions (for example Romerike and Follo), the version for central Oslo is distributed. From May 2009, Aften is only printed and distributed Tuesday through Thursday. The publication of Aften ended on 20 December 2012.

Aftenposten started its online edition in 1995.[12]


Aftenposten opposed the award of the Nobel Peace Prize to German pacifist Carl von Ossietzky in 1935.

In 1945, Aftenposten published an obituary of Adolf Hitler in which the 86-year-old Nobel-laureate novelist Knut Hamsun referred to Hitler as “a warrior for humankind and a preacher of the gospel of justice for all nations”.[13] However, Aftenposten was at the time under the censorship of the German occupying forces.

Historically, Aftenposten has not received the same number of lawsuits or as much attention from the Norwegian Press Complaints Commission as some of the larger tabloids. However, there are exceptions. In 2007, Aftenposten alleged that Julia Svetlichnaya, the last person to interview the murdered Russian national Alexander Litvinenko, was a Kremlin agent. London correspondent Hilde Harbo admitted having allowed herself to be fed disinformation emanating from the Russian emigrant community without investigating the matter properly.[14] Aftenposten eventually had to apologize and pay Svetlichnaya's legal costs.

Editorial line

Aftenposten has a conservative stance and supported the political party Høyre[15] until the breakdown of party press system in the country.[6] Following this, the paper redefined itself as an independent centre-left.[6]

Right-leaning critics have often pointed out that the paper has become mainstream social-democratic since the end of the Cold War and thus in essence politically aligned with a large majority of Norway's press.


From its establishment in 1860 until 1923, Aftenposten was published in the common Dano-Norwegian written language used in both Norway and Denmark, which was generally known as Danish in Denmark and as Norwegian in Norway, and which only occasionally included minor differences from each other in vocabulary or idiom. In 1923 Aftenposten adopted the Norwegian spelling standard of 1907, which mainly replaced the "soft" consonants (e.g. d, b) characteristic of Danish pronunciation (but also used in some Norwegian dialects) with "hard" consonants (e.g. t, p) characteristic of Eastern Central Norwegian pronunciation, but which was otherwise mostly identical with Danish. In 1928 Aftenposten adopted the most conservative variant of the spelling standard of 1917, which is largely similar to the "moderate Bokmål" or "Riksmål" standard used today.

During the Norwegian language struggle from the early 1950s, Aftenposten was the main newspaper of the Riksmål variety of Norwegian, and maintained close ties to the Riksmål movement's institutions, recognising the Norwegian Academy for Language and Literature as the sole authoritative body for regulating the Norwegian language as used by the newspaper. Due to its status as the country's largest and most influential newspaper, Aftenposten therefore had a significant influence on the developments that took place during the Norwegian language struggle. The "moderate" or "conservative" Riksmål language used by Aftenposten was mainly associated with a conservative stance in Norwegian politics, and was contrasted with the "radical" Samnorsk language, an attempt to merge Bokmål with Nynorsk which was promoted by socialist governments in the 1950s. By 1960 it had become apparent that the Samnorsk attempt had failed, and as a result, Aftenposten's Riksmål standard and the government-promoted Bokmål standard have in the following decades become almost identical as the Bokmål standard has incorporated nearly all of Riksmål. As a consequence, Aftenposten decided to describe its language as "Moderate Bokmål" from 2006, and published its own dictionary, based on Riksmål and Moderate Bokmål, but excluding "radical" (i.e. similar to Nynorsk) variants of Bokmål.

The online version of the paper for some years during the early 2000s had an English section. To cut costs, Aftenposten stopped publishing English-language articles in early November 2008. Archives of past material are still available online.[16]


Aftenposten (morning paper)

Numbers from the Norwegian Media Businesses' Association, Mediebedriftenes Landsforening 1980–2009:

  • 1980: 223,925
  • 1981: 227,122
  • 1982: 230,205
  • 1983: 232,459
  • 1984: 233,998
  • 1985: 240,600
  • 1986: 252,093
  • 1987: 260,915
  • 1988: 264,469
  • 1989: 267,278
  • 1990: 265,558
  • 1991: 269,278
  • 1992: 274,870
  • 1993: 278,669
  • 1994: 279,965
  • 1995: 282,018
  • 1996: 283,915
  • 1997: 286,163
  • 1998: 288,078
  • 1999: 284,251
  • 2000: 276,429
  • 2001: 262,632
  • 2002: 263,026
  • 2003: 256,639
  • 2004: 249,861
  • 2005: 252,716
  • 2006: 248,503
  • 2007: 250,179
  • 2008: 247,556
  • 2009: 243,188
  • 2010: 239,831
  • 2011: 235,795
  • 2012: 225,981
  • 2013: 214,026
  • 2014: 221,659
  • 2015: 211,769

Aften (evening paper) - now defunct

Numbers from the Norwegian Media Businesses' Association, Mediebedriftenes Landsforening: 1989–2009:

  • 1939: 78,700
  • 1989: 193,932
  • 1990: 192,896
  • 1991: 195,022
  • 1992: 197,738
  • 1993: 198,647
  • 1994: 188,544
  • 1995: 186,003
  • 1996: 188,635
  • 1997: 191,269
  • 1998: 186,417
  • 1999: 180,497
  • 2000: 175,783
  • 2001: 167,671
  • 2002: 163,924
  • 2003: 155,366
  • 2004: 148,067
  • 2005: 141,612
  • 2006: 137,141
  • 2007: 131,089
  • 2008: 124,807
  • 2009: 111,566, online newspaper

The online newspaper had an average of 827,000 daily readers in 2015, an increase from 620.000 in 2010.[17]

According to Alexa Internet, the global traffic ranking of the site was 3,000 in April 2015. By April 2016, however, the ranking had dropped below 6,000.[18]

See also


  1. ^ "Aftenposten AS - Oslo - Roller og kunngjøringer". Archived from the original on 2016-04-08. Retrieved 2016-03-30.
  2. ^ "medienorge". medienorge. Retrieved 2016-12-13.
  3. ^ "Aftenposten har det høyeste avisopplaget i Norge". Aftenposten. 3 March 2016. Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 2016-12-13.
  4. ^ Brekke, Ingrid (May 4, 2013). "Tabloid i form, men ikke i sjel" (in Norwegian). Aftenposten. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  5. ^ "Norway: leading daily's successful switch to compact". Editors Weblog. 22 March 2005. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  6. ^ a b c Stig A. Nohrstedt et. al. (2000). "From the Persian Gulf to Kosovo — War Journalism and Propaganda" (PDF). European Journal of Communication. 15 (3). Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  7. ^ "Aksjonærer - Schibsted". Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  8. ^ a b c Bernard A. Cook (2001). Europe Since 1945: An Encyclopedia. Taylor & Francis. p. 935. ISBN 978-0-8153-4058-4. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  9. ^ Svennik Hoyer. "The Political Economy of the Norwegian Press" (PDF). Tidsskrift. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
  10. ^ "Annual report 2012" (PDF). Schibsted Media Group. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
  11. ^ a b Sigurd Allern (2002). "Journalistic and Commercial News Values. News Organizations as Patrons of an Institution and Market Actors" (PDF). Nordicom Review. 2 (2). Retrieved 30 December 2014.
  12. ^ "Online Journalism Atlas: Norway". Online Journalism. 25 January 2008. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
  13. ^ Gibbs, Walter (27 February 2009). "Norwegian Nobel Laureate, Once Shunned, Is Now Celebrated". The New York Times. p. C1. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 8 December 2014. [I]n Oslo last week . . . at the National Library was the 7 May 1945, edition of a . . . newspaper whose lead article on Hitler’s death was by Knut Hamsun. As most collaborators lay low, preparing alibis, Hamsun wrote, ‘He was a warrior, a warrior for mankind, and a prophet of the gospel of justice for all nations’.
  14. ^ "Svetlichnaja and Litvinenko: Clarifications". Aftenposten. 9 December 2006. Archived from the original on 14 February 2008. Retrieved 1 February 2009.
  15. ^ Rolf Werenskjold (2008). "The Dailies in Revolt". Scandinavian Journal of History. 33 (4): 417. doi:10.1080/03468750802423094. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
  16. ^ "So long, farewell ..." Aftenposten. 5 November 2008. Archived from the original on 8 December 2008. Retrieved 20 November 2008.
  17. ^ "medienorge". Archived from the original on 2016-04-06.
  18. ^ " Site Overview". Archived from the original on 2016-04-01.

Further reading

  • Merrill, John C. and Harold A. Fisher. The world's great dailies: profiles of fifty newspapers (1980) pp 37–43

External links

1990–91 Biathlon World Cup

The 1990–91 Biathlon World Cup was a multi-race tournament over a season of biathlon, organised by the UIPMB (Union Internationale de Pentathlon Moderne et Biathlon). The season started on 13 December 1990 in Albertville, France, and ended on 17 March 1991 in Canmore, Canada. It was the 14th season of the Biathlon World Cup.

1991–92 Biathlon World Cup

The 1991–92 Biathlon World Cup was a multi-race tournament over a season of biathlon, organised by the UIPMB (Union Internationale de Pentathlon Moderne et Biathlon). The season started on 19 December 1991 in Hochfilzen, Austria, and ended on 22 March 1992 in Novosibirsk, Russia. It was the fifteenth season of the Biathlon World Cup.

The men's individual and women's sprint were moved from Holmenkollen, Norway to Skrautvål, Norway, due to rain and fog, with the planned relays being cancelled. The fifth round of the World Cup was originally going to be held in Kokkola, Finland, but were moved to Skrautvål due to a lack of snow.

2009 Norwegian parliamentary election

The 2009 parliamentary election was held in Norway on 13 and 14 September 2009. Elections in Norway are held on a Monday in September, usually the second or third Monday, as determined by the king. Early voting was possible between 10 August and 11 September 2009, while some municipalities also held open voting on 13 September. Voters elected 169 members for the Storting, each for a four-year term. Voter turn-out in the 2009 general elections was 76.4%.Candidates were elected on party lists in each of the 19 counties. The political parties nominated candidates for these lists during late 2008 and early 2009. The party lists had to be registered by 31 March 2009.Although the opposition received more votes, the governing Red-Green Coalition obtained more seats in parliament. This allowed Jens Stoltenberg to continue as prime minister. Further to the right, both the Conservative Party and Progress Party increased their number of seats in parliament. The centrist Liberal Party failed to meet the electoral threshold of 4.0%, and were reduced to two representatives in Parliament.

2010 in Norway

Events in the year 2010 in Norway.

2011 in Norway

Events in the year 2011 in Norway.

2012 in Norway

Events in the year 2012 in Norway.

2013 in Norway

Events in the year 2013 in Norway.

2014 in Norway

Events in the year 2014 in Norway.

2015 in Norway

Events in the year 2015 in Norway.

2016 in Norway

In 2016 in Norway, the reigning monarch is King Harald V of Norway. The Prime Minister of Norway is Erna Solberg, who has been Prime Minister since October 2013. The president of the Storting is Olemic Thommessen, who has also been in power since October 2013. Norway will be hosting the 2016 Winter Youth Olympics in Lillehammer in 2016. Lillehammer was previously the host of the 1994 Winter Olympics. Norway will be hosting local or international music festivals for various genres of music including metal, opera, jazz and Church music.

2017 in Norway

Events in the year 2017 in Norway.

2018 in Norway

Events in the year 2018 in Norway.

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BIBSYS are collaborating with all Norwegian universities and university colleges as well as research institutions

and the National Library of Norway. Bibsys is formally organized as a unit at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), located in Trondheim, Norway. The board of directors is appointed by Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research.

BIBSYS offer researchers, students and others an easy access to library resources by providing the unified search service and other library services.

They also deliver integrated products for the internal operation for research and special libraries as well as open educational resources.

As a DataCite member BIBSYS act as a national DataCite representative in Norway and thereby allow all of Norway's higher education and research institutions to use DOI on their research data.

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In 2005, the party became a governing party for the first time, participating in the Red-Green Coalition with the Labour Party and the Centre Party; before that, SV was frequently turned down by the Labour Party. Following the 2013 election, the party was reduced to seventh-largest party in its worst election on record, and became a part of the opposition.

The party was founded in 1973 as the Socialist Electoral League, an electoral coalition with the Communist Party, Socialist People's Party, Democratic Socialists - AIK, and independent socialists. In 1975, the coalition was turned into a unified political party. The party was largely founded as a result of the foreign policies prevalent at the time, with the socialists being opposed to Norwegian membership of the European Union (then known as the European Economic Community) and NATO. While currently having the official ideology of democratic socialism, the party also increasingly profiles itself as a supporter of feminism and environmentalism. It calls for a stronger public sector, more government involvement in the economy, and a strengthening of the social welfare net.

As of 2017, the party has over 10,000 members; the number has steadily increased since a low point in 2015. The current leader of the Socialist Left is Audun Lysbakken, who was elected on 11 March 2012.

Ullevaal Stadion

Ullevaal Stadion (Norwegian pronunciation: [ˈʉlːəvɔl]) is an all-seater football stadium located in Oslo, Norway. It is the home ground of the Norway national football team, and the site of the Norwegian Cup Final. From its opening in 1926 to 2009 it was the home ground of FK Lyn and from 1999 to 2017 was a home ground of Vålerenga IF. With a capacity of approximately 28,000, it is the largest football stadium in Norway. The national stadium is fully owned by the Football Association of Norway (NFF).

The stadium opened on 26 September 1926 as the home ground for Lyn and several other local teams. The first international match was played in 1927, and NFF started gradually purchasing part of the stadium company. The peak attendance dates from 1935, when 35,495 people saw Norway play Sweden. Since 1948, Ullevaal has hosted the finals of the Norwegian Football Cup, and in 1967 the Japp Stand was completed. A new renovation started with the completion of the single-tier West Stand in 1985, and continued with the two-tier North and East Stands in 1990 and the South Stand in 1998. Ullevaal hosted the finals of the UEFA Women's Euro in 1987 and 1997.

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Vika Line

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