Adventure (magazine)

Adventure was an American pulp magazine that was first published in November 1910[3] by the Ridgway company, an offshoot of the Butterick Publishing Company. Adventure went on to become one of the most profitable and critically acclaimed of all the American pulp magazines.[4] The magazine had 881 issues. The magazine's first editor was Trumbull White, he was succeeded in 1912 by Arthur Sullivant Hoffman (1876–1966), who would edit the magazine until 1927.[5][6]

Adventure
Adventure v01 n01
Cover of the first issue, November 1910
Former editorsTrumbull White (1910–1912)
Arthur Sullivant Hoffman (1912–1927)
Joseph Cox (1927)
Anthony Rud (1927–1930)
Albert A. Proctor (1930–1934)
William Corcoran (1934)
Howard V. L. Bloomfield (1934–1940)
Kenneth S. White (1941–1948)
Kendall Goodwyn (1949–1951)
Ejler Jakobsson (1951–1953)
Alden Norton (1954–1964)
Peter Gannett (1965–1970)
Carson Bingham (1970–1971)[1]
CategoriesPulp magazine
Circulation300,000[2]
First issueNovember 1910
Final issue
Number
1971
881 issues

The Hoffman Era

In its first decade, Adventure carried fiction from such notable writers as Rider Haggard, Rafael Sabatini, Baroness Orczy, Damon Runyon and William Hope Hodgson.[7] Subsequently, the magazine cultivated its own group of authors (who Hoffman dubbed his "Writers' Brigade") including Talbot Mundy, T.S. Stribling, Arthur O. Friel, brothers Patrick and Terence Casey, J. Allan Dunn, Harold Lamb, Hapsburg Liebe, Gordon Young,[8] Arthur D. Howden Smith, H. Bedford-Jones, W.C. Tuttle, Gordon MacCreagh,[9] Henry S. Whitehead, Hugh Pendexter, Robert J. Pearsall, and L. Patrick Greene.

In 1912, Hoffman and his assistant,the novelist Sinclair Lewis created a popular identity card with a serial number for readers. If the bearer were killed, someone finding the card would notify the magazine who would in turn notify the next of kin of the hapless adventurer. The popularity of the card amongst travelers led to the formation of the Adventurers Club of New York.[3] The original New York Adventurers Club led to similar clubs in Chicago (1913), Los Angeles (1921), Copenhagen (1937) and Honolulu (1955).[10]

Hoffman also was secretary of an organization named the "Legion" that had Theodore Roosevelt Jr. as one of its vice presidents. Membership cards of the organization included member's skills and specialties that were forwarded to the War Department when the United States entered World War I, the information being eventually used to create two regiments of aviation mechanics.[3] Hoffman's group would later provide a model for the organisation of the American Legion after the war.[11]

Adventure's letters page, The Camp-Fire featured Hoffman's editorials,background by the authors to their stories and discussions by the readers. At Hoffman's suggestion, a number of Camp-Fire Stations – locations where other readers of Adventure could meet up – were established. Robert Kenneth Jones notes that Adventure readers "..often wrote in to report on meeting new friends through these stations." By 1924, there were Camp-Fire Stations established across the US and in several other countries, including Britain, Australia, Egypt and Cuba. Adventure also offered Camp-Fire buttons which readers wore. [12] Adventure featured several other notable columns, including:

Hoffman encouraged the details of his writers' fiction to be as factually accurate as possible-mistakes would frequently be pointed out and criticised by the magazine's readers.[14]

In 1915 the publishers attempted to reach women readers with a new title (Stories of Life, Love, and Adventure), but it went back to its male readership and original title in 1917.[15]

In addition, Adventure under Hoffman also showcased the work of several famous artists, including Rockwell Kent, John R. Neill (who illustrated several Harold Lamb stories), Charles Livingston Bull, H.C. Murphy and Edgar Franklin Wittmack.[16] By 1924, Adventure was regarded, in the words of Richard Bleiler, as " without question the most important "pulp" magazine in the world."[5]

Later years

After Hoffman's departure, his successors usually followed the template for the magazine that he had set down. In 1934, Adventure was bought by Popular Publications.[5] Throughout the 1930s, Adventure included fiction by Erle Stanley Gardner, Donald Barr Chidsey,[16] Raymond S. Spears, Major Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson, Luke Short, and Major George Fielding Eliot. Adventure continued to publish factual pieces by noted figures, including future film producer Val Lewton[17] and Venezuelan military writer Rafael de Nogales. [18] During Adventure's 25th anniversary in 1935, TIME Magazine praised Adventure as being "the No. 1 "pulp"".[4] and Newsweek lauded Adventure as "Dean of the pulps".[19]

During the 1940s, the magazine carried numerous fiction and articles concerned with the ongoing Second World War; writers who contributed to Adventure in this period included E. Hoffmann Price, De Witt Newbury,[20] Jim Kjelgaard and Fredric Brown. Artists on the publication during the 1930s and 1940s included Walter M. Baumhofer, Hubert Rogers, Rafael De Soto, Lawrence Sterne Stevens and Norman Saunders.[16] The magazine's main editor in the 1940s was Kenneth S. White, the son of the magazine's first editor Trumbull White.[5] In April 1953, the pulp changed its format to that of a men's adventure magazine that lasted until the magazine folded in 1971.[21] This final incarnation of Adventure tends not to be highly regarded among magazine historians, with Robert Weinberg referring to it as "a rather mundane slick magazine"[22] and Richard Bleiler stating that by 1960 Adventure had become ''...a dying embarrassment, printing grainy black and white photos of semi-nude women".[5] Nevertheless, this version of Adventure did sometimes publish fiction by noted authors, including a story by Norman Mailer, "The Paper House" in the December 1958 issue.

Anthologies

General anthologies from Adventure:

Single author/team collections from Adventure:

References

  1. ^ Sampson,Robert. Yesterday's Faces:Dangerous Horizons. Popular Press, 1991, (p.182).
  2. ^ http://www.philsp.com/articles/magazines/adventure.html
  3. ^ a b c d Robinson, Frank M. & Davidson, Lawrence Pulp Culture – The Art of Fiction Magazines Collectors Press Inc 2007 (p.33-48).
  4. ^ a b c No. 1 Pulp – Time
  5. ^ a b c d e Bleiler, Richard. "A History of Adventure Magazine", in The Index to Adventure Magazine,Borgo Press, 1990 (p. 1-38).
  6. ^ "Hoffman, Arthur Sullivant" in Who Was Who In America: VI. Maquis, 1968 (p. 195).
  7. ^ Ellis, Peter Beresford. The Last Adventurer: the Life of Talbot Mundy, 1879–1940. Donald M. Grant, 1984 (p.75).
  8. ^ Sampson, Robert. Yesterday's Faces:Dangerous Horizons Popular Press, 1991, (p. 18).
  9. ^ Server,Lee. Danger is My Business: an illustrated history of the Fabulous Pulp Magazines. Chronicle Books, 1993.
  10. ^ Fielding's DangerFinder – Adventure Clubs
  11. ^ Moley, Raymond. The American Legion Story, Greenwood Press, 1975. ISBN 978-0-8371-7194-4 (p.58).
  12. ^ a b Jones, Robert Kenneth. The Lure of Adventure. Starmont House,1989 (p.9-11)
  13. ^ Brunvand, Jan Harold. American Folklore: An Encyclopedia. Taylor & Francis, 1998 (p.337).
  14. ^ Sampson, 1991 (p. 27-8)
  15. ^ Adventure Magazine Profile
  16. ^ a b c Ashley,Mike "Adventure", in Cult Magazines: A to Z edited by Earl Kemp and Luis Ortiz. NonStop Press, 2009 (pp. 9–12).
  17. ^ Ashley lists Lewton's Adventure articles as "Kavkar, Grandaddy of Polo", (February 1st, 1930), and "Gauntlet Swords" (June 1st, 1931).
  18. ^ FictionMags Index:"Adventure"
  19. ^ "Adventure: Dean of the pulps celebrates its Silver Jubilee". Newsweek, October 26, 1935.
  20. ^ REHupa Blog
  21. ^ Adventure Magazine Profile
  22. ^ Weinberg, Robert. "Introduction" to Swords from the West by Harold Lamb.Bison Books, 2009. (p. xiii).

External links

Asimov's SF Adventure Magazine

Asimov's SF Adventure Magazine was a science fiction magazine which lasted from late 1978 to late 1979. It was published by Davis Publications out of New York City and was edited by George H. Scithers. After releasing only four issues, Asimov's SF Adventure Magazine ceased publication.

Blue Book (magazine)

Blue Book was a popular 20th-century American magazine with a lengthy 70-year run under various titles from 1905 to 1975. It was a sibling magazine to Redbook and The Green Book Magazine.

Launched as The Monthly Story Magazine, it was published under that title from May 1905 to August 1906 with a change to The Monthly Story Blue Book Magazine for issues from September 1906 to April 1907. In its early days, Blue Book also carried a supplement on theatre actors called "Stageland". The magazine was aimed at both male and female readers.For the next 45 years (May 1907 to January 1952), it was known as The Blue Book Magazine, Blue Book Magazine, Blue Book, and Blue Book of Fiction and Adventure. The title was shortened with the February 1952 issue to simply Bluebook, continuing until May 1956. With a more exploitative angle, the magazine was revived with an October 1960 issue as Bluebook for Men, and the title again became Bluebook for the final run from 1967 to 1975. In its post-1960 final incarnation, Bluebook became a men's adventure magazine, publishing purportedly true stories.In its 1920s heyday, Blue Book was regarded as one of the "Big Four" pulp magazines (the best-selling, highest-paying and most critically acclaimed pulps), along with Adventure, Argosy and Short Stories. The magazine was nicknamed "King of the Pulps" in the 1930s. Pulp historian Ed Hulse has stated that between the 1910s and the 1950s Blue Book "achieved and sustained a level of excellence reached by few other magazines".

Captain Blood (novel)

Captain Blood: His Odyssey is an adventure novel by Rafael Sabatini, originally published in 1922.

Flash Gordon Strange Adventure Magazine

Flash Gordon Strange Adventure Magazine was a pulp magazine which was launched in December 1936. It was published by Harold Hersey, and was an attempt to cash in on the growing comics boom, and the popularity of the Flash Gordon comic strip in particular. The magazine contained a novel about Flash Gordon and three unrelated stories; there were also eight full-page color illustrations. The quality of both the artwork and the fiction was low, and the magazine only saw a single issue. It is now extremely rare.

Gustave (crocodile)

Gustave is a large male Nile crocodile from Burundi. He is notorious for being a man-eater, and is rumored to have killed as many as 300 people from the banks of the Ruzizi River and the northern shores of Lake Tanganyika. Though the actual number is difficult to verify, he has obtained near-mythical status and is greatly feared by people in the region.Gustave was named by Patrice Faye, a herpetologist who has been studying and investigating him since the late 1990s. Much of what is known about Gustave stems from the film Capturing the Killer Croc, which aired in 2004 on PBS. The film documents a capture attempt and study on Gustave.

Keweenaw Waterway

The Keweenaw Waterway is a partly natural, partly artificial waterway which cuts across the Keweenaw Peninsula of Michigan; it separates Copper Island from the mainland. Parts of the waterway are variously known as the Keweenaw Waterway, Portage Canal, Portage Lake Canal, Portage River, Lily Pond, Torch Lake, and Portage Lake. The waterway connects to Lake Superior at its north and south entries (upper and lower portage entry lighthouses), with sections known as Portage Lake and Torch Lake in between. The primary tributary to Portage Lake is the Sturgeon River.

List of works about Billy the Kid

Hundreds of songs, books, motion pictures, radio and television programs, and plays have been inspired by the story of the outlaw Billy the Kid. Depictions of him in popular culture have fluctuated between a cold-blooded murderer without a heart and a sentimental hero fighting for justice. The Texas historian, J. Frank Dobie, wrote many years ago in A Vaquero of the Brush Country (1929): "...Billy the Kid will always be interesting, will always appeal to the popular imagination". While a plethora of writers and filmmakers have depicted Billy the Kid as the personification of either heroic youth or juvenile punk, a few have attempted to portray a more complex character. In any case, the dramatic aspects of his short life and violent death still appeal to popular taste, and he remains an icon of teenage rebellion and nonconformity. The mythologizing of his story continues with new works in various media.

Men's adventure

Men's adventure is a genre of magazine that was published in the United States from the 1940s until the early 1970s. Catering to a male audience, these magazines featured pin-up girls and lurid tales of adventure that typically featured wartime feats of daring, exotic travel or conflict with wild animals. These magazines were also colloquially called "armpit slicks", "men's sweat magazines" or "the sweats", especially by people in the magazine publishing or distribution trades.

National Geographic Adventure (magazine)

National Geographic Adventure was a magazine started in 1999 by the National Geographic Society in the United States. The first issue was published in Spring 1999. Regular publication of the magazine ended in December 2009, and the name was reused for a biannual newsstand publication. The last issue was December 2009/January 2010.

Rocketeer

The Rocketeer is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books originally published by Pacific Comics. Created by writer/artist Dave Stevens, the character first appeared in 1982 and is a homage to the Saturday matinee serial heroes from the 1930s through the 1950s.The Rocketeer's secret identity is Cliff Secord, a stunt pilot who discovers a mysterious jetpack that allows him to fly. His adventures are set in Los Angeles and New York in 1938, and Stevens gave them a retro, nostalgic feel influenced by the King of the Rocket Men and Commando Cody movie serials (both from Republic Pictures), and pinup diva Bettie Page.The character was adapted into the 1991 Walt Disney Pictures film The Rocketeer by director Joe Johnston.

Science fiction magazine

A science fiction magazine is a publication that offers primarily science fiction, either in a hard copy periodical format or on the Internet.

Science fiction magazines traditionally featured speculative fiction in short story, novelette, novella or (usually serialized) novel form, a format that continues into the present day. Many also contain editorials, book reviews or articles, and some also include stories in the fantasy and horror genres.

Tailspin Tommy

Tailspin Tommy was an air adventure comic strip about a youthful pilot, "Tailspin" Tommy Tomkins (sometimes spelled Tompkins). Originally illustrated by Hal Forrest and initially distributed by John Neville Wheeler's Bell Syndicate and then by United Feature Syndicate, the strip had a 14-year run from 1928 to 1942.In the wake of Charles Lindbergh's 1927 flight across the Atlantic, the public's fascination with aviation escalated. Tailspin Tommy was the first aviation-based comic strip to appear as a result of this heightened interest. The strip's 1928 launch was followed by others, notably Skyroads, Scorchy Smith, and Flyin' Jenny and The Adventures of Smilin' Jack.

The Homicide Squad

The Homicide Squad is a 1931 American Pre-Code crime film directed by George Melford and Edward L. Cahn and written by John Thomas Neville, Charles Logue and Tom Reed. It is based on a 1928 Henry La Cossitt short story that originally ran in Adventure magazine. The film stars Leo Carrillo, Noah Beery, Sr., Mary Brian, Russell Gleason, George Brent and Walter Percival. The film was released on September 29, 1931, by Universal Pictures.

The Last Defender of Camelot (short story)

"The Last Defender of Camelot" is a fantasy short story by American writer Roger Zelazny, first published in the Summer 1979 issue of Asimov's SF Adventure Magazine. It was subsequently published as a chapbook by Underwood/Miller for the May 23, 1980 V-Con 8 where Zelazny was guest of honor. The story was also the basis of a 1986 episode of the television series The Twilight Zone.

The Nine Unknown

The Nine Unknown is a 1923 novel by Talbot Mundy. Originally serialised in Adventure

magazine, it concerns the Nine Unknown Men, a secret society founded by the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka around 270 BC to preserve and develop knowledge that would be dangerous to humanity if it fell into the wrong hands. The nine unknown men were entrusted with guarding nine books of secret knowledge.

The Sea of the Ravens

The Sea of the Ravens is a novel of historical fiction by Harold Lamb and illustrators George Barr, and Alicia Austin. It was first published in stand-alone book form in 1983 by Donald M. Grant, Publisher, Inc. in an edition of 1,925 copies of which 200 were specially bound and signed by the artists. The novel originally appeared in Adventure in 1927. It was published with its prequel and sequel novels (which had also appeared in Adventure) with new linking sections by Doubleday in 1931.

Top-Notch Magazine

Top-Notch Magazine is an American pulp magazine of adventure fiction that existed between 1910 and 1937. It was published by Street & Smith.Top-Notch Magazine was first published in March 1910. Issued twice-monthly, it published 602 editions until it ceased in October 1937. For most of its history, the cover price was 10 cents. Began as a magazine for teenagers and even as a pulp concentrated mostly

on sports stories, switching to a men's adventure magazine in the 1930s. Notable contributors to Top-Notch Magazine included

Jack London, F. Britten Austin, William Wallace Cook, Bertram Atkey, and Johnston McCulley in the early days; and later Robert E. Howard,L. Ron Hubbard, Lester Dent, Carl Jacobi, Burt L. Standish, J. Allan Dunn, and Harry Stephen Keeler.

W. C. Tuttle

W. C. Tuttle (November 11, 1883 – June 6, 1969) was an American writer who sold more than 1000 magazine stories and dozens of novels, almost all of which were westerns.Tuttle wrote mainly for pulp magazines; his main market was Adventure magazine. In a 1930 poll of its readers, Tuttle was voted the most popular writer in the magazine. Tuttle also wrote for other publications such as Argosy, Short Stories, Street & Smith’s Western Story Magazine,

Field & Stream, West, New Western Magazine and Exciting Western. His best known character was Hashknife Hartley, who along with his friend Sleepy Stevens, served as unofficial detectives solving crimes on the ranches where they worked as cowboys. Critic Jeff Sadler stated Tuttle's writing is "at its best" in the Hashknife stories. Sadler also claims Tuttle's novel Vanishing Brands is his finest novel.."terse and dramatic, flecked with dry touches of wit, the novel is an excellent example of the Western form and a credit to its author".In 1950-1952, Tuttle was narrator of the old-time radio series Hashknife Hartley, which featured adaptations of his stories.He was also a screenwriter of the silent era. He wrote for 52 films between 1915 and 1945.

A semi-pro baseball player in his youth, Tuttle served as President of the Pacific Coast Baseball League 1935-1943.He was born in Montana and died in Los Angeles County, California.

Willie the Weeper

"Willie the Weeper" is a song about drug addiction. It is based on a standard vaudeville song, likely written in 1904. It is credited to

Walter Melrose, Grant Rymal, Marty Bloom, who published it with Morris Edwin H & Co Inc in 1908. The first recording was likely by Freddie Keppard between 1923 and 1926. Many artists recorded it in 1927, including Frankie "Half-Pint" Jaxon, Louis Armstrong and His Hot Seven, and King Oliver. Ernest Rodgers recorded a version, also in 1927, which shares several lines with Cab Calloway's "Minnie the Moocher".The song has many different versions, but all share a common theme: Willie, a chimney sweeper with a dope habit, is introduced. The rest of the song is a description of his drug-induced dream. As Carl Sandburg wrote in his book The American Songbag:

R. W. Gordon in his editorship of the Adventure magazine department "Old Songs That Men Have Sung" received thirty versions of Willy the Weeper, about one hundred verses different. Willy shoots craps with kings, plays poker with presidents, eats nightingale tongues a queen cooks for him; his Monte Carlo winnings come to a million, he lights his pipe with a hundred dollar bill, he has heart affairs with Cleopatra, the Queen of Sheba, and movie actresses.

In later years, various artists covered the song. Dave Van Ronk has covered this song. Bette Davis sings this song in the film The Cabin in the Cotton. The song should not be confused with Billy Walker's 1962 song "Willie the Weeper," which reached #5 on the country charts. Despite having the same title, the songs are unrelated.

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