Adur Estuary

Adur Estuary is a 60.3-hectare (149-acre) biological Site of Special Scientific Interest on the western outskirts of Shoreham-by-Sea in West Sussex.[1][2] Part of it is a Royal Society for the Protection of Birds nature reserve.[3]

The estuary has large areas of saltmarsh. Sea purslane is dominant above the mean high water mark and glasswort below. There are also intertidal mudflats which are nationally important for ringed plovers and other wading birds include redshanks and dunlin.[4]

There is no public access to the RSPB reserve.

Adur Estuary
Site of Special Scientific Interest
River Adur - - 1073634
Area of SearchWest Sussex
Grid referenceTQ 208 055[1]
Area60.3 hectares (149 acres)[1]
Location mapMagic Map


  1. ^ a b c d "Designated Sites View: Adur Estuary". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Map of Adur Estuary". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  3. ^ "Adur Estuary". Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  4. ^ "Adur Estuary citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 12 April 2019.

Coordinates: 50°50′10″N 0°17′10″W / 50.836°N 0.286°W

Arthur Erskine Ellis

Arthur Erskine Ellis (1 October 1902 – 28 February 1983), often known as A.E. Ellis, was a British scientist, biologist and naturalist. Ellis is best known for his large number of malacological publications, including some which became essential texts on the subject of British non-marine malacology. To a lesser extent, Ellis published papers about other land invertebrates and various aspects of the fauna and flora of Britain. In addition Ellis had five ghost stories published.Ellis was also a plant collector. From 1919-1961 he contributed specimens of spermatophytes to a number of different herbariums in Britain.Stella Turk, the British naturalist said about Ellis, "It is difficult to categorise people. Should one even try? We are all multiple in a singular way!"; she also commented, "As might have been expected, he wrote his own obituary in which he gives a broad outline of his life and very lengthy bibliography", (J. Conch. 31 1983).

History of local government in Sussex

The history of local government in Sussex is unique and complex. Founded as a kingdom in the 5th century, Sussex was annexed by the kingdom of Wessex in the 9th century, which after further developments became the Kingdom of England. It currently corresponds to two counties, East Sussex and West Sussex.

After the Reform Act 1832 Sussex was divided for purposes of administration into an eastern and a western division, these divisions were coterminous with the two archdeaconries of Chichester and Lewes and also the three eastern and three western county subdivisions respectively. In 1889, following the Local Government Act 1888, using those same boundaries, Sussex was divided into two administrative counties, East Sussex and West Sussex together with two self-governing county boroughs, Brighton and Hastings, later joined by Eastbourne. In 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, the county boundaries were revised with the mid-Sussex area of East Grinstead, Haywards Heath, Burgess Hill and Hassocks being transferred from the administrative area of East Sussex into that of West Sussex, along with the Gatwick area that historically has been part of Surrey. The county boroughs were returned to the control of the two county councils but in 1997 the towns of Brighton and Hove were amalgamated as a unitary local authority and in 2000, Brighton and Hove was given City status.There continue to be a range of organisations that operate across the entirety of Sussex, even though it is administered as two non-metropolitan counties of East and West Sussex. Organisations operating across all Sussex include the Diocese of Chichester, Sussex Police, the Sussex Archaeological Society the Sussex History Society and the Sussex Wildlife Trust. In 2010 the Sussex Association was established as a branch of the Association of British Counties, which is a society dedicated to promoting awareness of the continuing importance of the 86 historic (or traditional) counties of Great Britain.

List of RSPB reserves

The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) is Europe's largest wildlife conservation charity.

This is a list of RSPB reserves.

List of Sites of Special Scientific Interest in West Sussex

In England, Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) are designated by Natural England, which is responsible for protecting England's natural environment. Designation as an SSSI gives legal protection to the most important wildlife and geological sites. As of March 2019 there are 77 SSSIs in West Sussex, of which 53 are biological, 18 are geological and 6 are both biological and geological.

List of estuaries of England

The following is a list of estuaries in England:

Adur Estuary

Alnmouth Estuary

Alt Estuary

Arun Estuary

Avon Estuary

Axe Estuary

Beaulieu River

Blackwater Estuary

Blue Anchor Bay

Blyth Estuary

Breydon Water

Bridgwater Bay

Camel Estuary

Chichester Harbour

Christchurch Harbour

Colne Estuary

Coquet Estuary

Crouch-Roach Estuary

Cuckmere Estuary

Dart Estuary

Deben Estuary

Dee Estuary

Dengie Flats

Duddon Estuary

Eastern Yar

Erme Estuary

Esk Estuary

Exe Estuary

Fal Estuary

Fowey Estuary

Gannel Estuary

Hamford Water

Hayle Estuary

Helford Estuary

Humber Estuary

Inner Solway Estuary

Inner Thames Estuary

Langstone Harbour

Lindisfarne & Budle Bay

Looe Estuary

Lymington Estuary

Maplin Sands

Medina River

Medway Estuary

Mersey Estuary

Morecambe Bay

Newtown River

North Norfolk Estuary

Ore / Alde / Butley Estuary

Orwell Estuary

Otter Estuary

Oulton Broad

Ouse Estuary

Pagham Harbour

Pegwell Bay

Plymouth Sound

Poole Harbour

Portsmouth Harbour

Ribble Estuary

Rother Estuary

Salcombe and Kingsbridge Estuary

Severn Estuary

Southampton Water

Stour Estuary

Taw-Torridge Estuary

Tees Estuary

Teign Estuary

Thames Estuary

The Fleet and Portland Harbour

The Swale

The Wash

Tweed Estuary

Tyne Estuary

Wansbeck Estuary

Wear Estuary

Western Yar

Wootton Creek

Yealm Estuary

Listed buildings in Adur

The district of Adur, one of seven local government districts in the English county of West Sussex, has 119 buildings with listed status. The urbanised southern part of the district forms part of the Brighton/Worthing/Littlehampton conurbation, and most listed structures are in the three main centres of population: Southwick, Shoreham-by-Sea and Lancing. The towns have grown residentially and industrially in the 20th century, but all three have ancient origins as villages and manors on the banks of the River Adur and the English Channel coast. The rest of Adur district's territory is remote downland countryside with scattered farms and hamlets; some of their buildings also have listed status.

In England, a building or structure is defined as "listed" when it is placed on a statutory register of buildings of "special architectural or historic interest" by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport, a Government department, in accordance with the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 (a successor to the 1947 act). English Heritage, a non-departmental public body, acts as an agency of this department to administer the process and advise the department on relevant issues. There are three grades of listing status. Grade I, the highest, is defined as being of "exceptional interest"; Grade II* is used for "particularly important buildings of more than special interest"; and Grade II, the lowest, is used for buildings of "special interest".

Rape (county subdivision)

A rape is a traditional territorial sub-division of the county of Sussex in England, formerly used for various administrative purposes. Their origin is unknown, but they appear to predate the Norman Conquest. Historically the rapes formed the basis of local government in Sussex.

There are various theories about their origin. Possibly surviving from the Romano-British era or perhaps representing the shires of the kingdom of Sussex, the Sussex rapes, like the Kentish lathes, go back to the dawn of English history when their main function would have been to provide food rents and military manpower to the king. The rapes may also derive from the system of fortifications devised by Alfred the Great in the late ninth century to defeat the Vikings.The Sussex rapes each had a headquarters in the developed south where the lord's hall, court, demesne lands, principal church and peasant holdings were located, whereas to the north there were smaller dependent settlements in the marsh, woodland and heath. Each rape was split into several hundreds.

Rape of Bramber

The Rape of Bramber is one of the rapes, the traditional sub-divisions unique to the historic county of Sussex in England. Bramber is a former barony whose original seat was the castle of Bramber and its village, overlooking the river Adur.


Shoreham-by-Sea (often shortened to Shoreham) is a seaside town and port in West Sussex, England.

The town is bordered to its north by the South Downs, to its west by the Adur Valley and to its south by the River Adur and Shoreham Beach on the English Channel. The town lies in the middle of the ribbon of urban development along the English south coast, approximately equidistant from the city of Brighton and Hove to the east and the town of Worthing to the west. Shoreham covers an area of 2,430 acres (980 ha) and has a population of 20,547 (2011 census).

Sussex in the High Middle Ages

Sussex in the High Middle Ages includes the history of Sussex from the Norman Conquest in 1066 until the death of King John, considered by some to be the last of the Angevin kings of England, in 1216. It was during the Norman period that Sussex achieved its greatest importance in comparison with other English counties. Throughout the High Middle Ages, Sussex was on the main route between England and Normandy, and the lands of the Anglo-Norman nobility in what is now western France. The growth in Sussex's population, the importance of its ports and the increased colonisation of the Weald were all part of changes as significant to Sussex as those brought by the neolithic period, by the Romans and the Saxons. Sussex was also experienced the most radical and thorough reorganisation of land in England, as the Normans divided the county into five (later six) tracts of lands called rapes. Although Sussex may have been divided into rapes earlier in its history, under the Normans they were clearly administrative and fiscal units. Before the Norman Conquest Sussex had the greatest concentration of lands belonging to the family of Earl Godwin. To protect against rebellion or invasion, the scattered Saxon estates in Sussex were consolidated into the rapes as part of William the Conqueror's 'Channel march'.


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