Adra, Purulia

Adra is a important census town and a railway colony which was originally known for its 90% of Anglo Indian population in Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal.It is also an important and populated town in Purulia district.

Adra railway station
Adra railway station
Adra is located in West Bengal
Location in West Bengal, India
Adra is located in India
Adra (India)
Coordinates: 23°30′N 86°40′E / 23.5°N 86.67°ECoordinates: 23°30′N 86°40′E / 23.5°N 86.67°E
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictPurulia district
Elevation185 m (607 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total38,032
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code91-03251
ISO 3166 codeIN-WB
Sex ratio1.2:1 /
Lok Sabha constituencyBankura
Vidhan Sabha constituencyRaghunathpur & Kashipur


The major sub-divisions of Adra are Subhasnagar, Beniasole, Palashkola, Jhariadih, Panchudanga, Mission para, Laldanga, Daulatpur, Arabinda Pally and SER colonies (North and South).

The area forms the lowest step of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. The landscape is undulating land with scattered hills.[1]

Railway centre

Adra is the divisional headquarters of the Adra division of South Eastern Railway. The economy of the town is driven by the presence of the railways there. It is one of the three important coal loading divisions (the other two being Bilaspur and Chakradharpur) which supply coal to power plants across India.

An important railway junction, Adra railway station connects to Asansol on the Howrah-Delhi Main Line, Tatanagar on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line, Kharagpur on the Kolkata-Chennai and Kolkata-Mumbai lines, and Gomoh on the Kolkata-Delhi line. The present station building was built in 1903.


As per 2011 Census of India Adra had a total population of 38,032 of which 19,596 (51%) were males and 18,436 (49%) were females. Population below 6 years was 1,187. The total number of literates in Adra was 11,565 (83.99% of the population over 6 years).[2]

In 2001, Adra had a population of 22,118 Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Adra has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 56% of the males and 44% of females literate. 10% of the population was under 6 years of age.[3]


Places of tourist interest are Joychandi Pahar, which is 4 km north from the town. There is also a nature park called "satabdi park" with a natural water reservoir called "shaheb bandh" and a forest called "monpura reserve forest" is also situated here. Adra is known for Sacred Heart Church, which is one of the oldest churches built by the British in 1819. Sacred Heart Church is the largest church under the Jamshedpur Diocese.

Beautiful Adra
Beautiful Adra By Sailen Mondal


There is Kendriya Vidyalaya, which is a part of the Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS), under the Ministry of HRD. The South Eastern Railway Boys' School, South Eastern Railway Girls' High School, South Eastern Railway Primary School, Sacred Heart School, Ashram School, Vidyasagar Vidyapith. Two colleges, Michael Madhusudan College and Raghunathpur College reside there.

A Part of S.E.Rly. Boys%27 H.S. School, Adra
A part of S.E.Rly. Boys' H.S. School, Adra


Indians from the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Orissa, Tamil Nadu and Gujarat have been found to reside in Adra.


Adra is the state centre for training for the Bharat Scouts and Guides, and holds the Presidents' Award selection camps occasionally. It has the SERSA Stadium and Engineering Ground where annual Football and Cricket events are held.


  1. ^ Houlton, Sir John, Bihar, the Heart of India, 1949, p. 170, Orient Longmans Ltd.
  2. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  3. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Puruliya District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2016.

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