Adra is a important census town and a railway colony which was originally known for its 90% of Anglo Indian population in Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal.It is also an important and populated town in Purulia district.
Adra railway station
Location in West Bengal, India
|Elevation||185 m (607 ft)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-WB|
|Sex ratio||1.2:1 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Bankura|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Raghunathpur & Kashipur|
The major sub-divisions of Adra are Subhasnagar, Beniasole, Palashkola, Jhariadih, Panchudanga, Mission para, Laldanga, Daulatpur, Arabinda Pally and SER colonies (North and South).
Adra is the divisional headquarters of the Adra division of South Eastern Railway. The economy of the town is driven by the presence of the railways there. It is one of the three important coal loading divisions (the other two being Bilaspur and Chakradharpur) which supply coal to power plants across India.
An important railway junction, Adra railway station connects to Asansol on the Howrah-Delhi Main Line, Tatanagar on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line, Kharagpur on the Kolkata-Chennai and Kolkata-Mumbai lines, and Gomoh on the Kolkata-Delhi line. The present station building was built in 1903.
As per 2011 Census of India Adra had a total population of 38,032 of which 19,596 (51%) were males and 18,436 (49%) were females. Population below 6 years was 1,187. The total number of literates in Adra was 11,565 (83.99% of the population over 6 years).
In 2001, Adra had a population of 22,118 Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Adra has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 56% of the males and 44% of females literate. 10% of the population was under 6 years of age.
Places of tourist interest are Joychandi Pahar, which is 4 km north from the town. There is also a nature park called "satabdi park" with a natural water reservoir called "shaheb bandh" and a forest called "monpura reserve forest" is also situated here. Adra is known for Sacred Heart Church, which is one of the oldest churches built by the British in 1819. Sacred Heart Church is the largest church under the Jamshedpur Diocese.
There is Kendriya Vidyalaya, which is a part of the Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS), under the Ministry of HRD. The South Eastern Railway Boys' School, South Eastern Railway Girls' High School, South Eastern Railway Primary School, Sacred Heart School, Ashram School, Vidyasagar Vidyapith. Two colleges, Michael Madhusudan College and Raghunathpur College reside there.
Adra is the state centre for training for the Bharat Scouts and Guides, and holds the Presidents' Award selection camps occasionally. It has the SERSA Stadium and Engineering Ground where annual Football and Cricket events are held.