Adra, Purulia

Adra is an important census town and a railway colony which was originally known for its 90% of Anglo Indian population in Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal.This town is well known as a cultural hub in Purulia district and also a populated area. Adra town is mainly divided into two parts by railway track, which are North settlement side area and South settlement side area. As per administration, Northern part falls under Raghunathpur block area of Bankura Lok Sabha constituency and Southern part falls under Kashipur block area of Purulia Lok Sabha constituency.

Adra railway station
Adra railway station
Adra is located in West Bengal
Location in West Bengal, India
Adra is located in India
Adra (India)
Coordinates: 23°30′N 86°40′E / 23.5°N 86.67°ECoordinates: 23°30′N 86°40′E / 23.5°N 86.67°E
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictPurulia district
Named forBNR railway settlement, Adra(Arra)
185 m (607 ft)
 • Total41,633
 • OfficialBengali, English, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code03251
ISO 3166 codeIN-WB
Vehicle registrationWB-37/WB-38/WB-44(44A,44B,44C,44D)
Lok Sabha constituencyBankura, Purulia
Vidhan Sabha constituencyRaghunathpur, Kashipur


The major sub-divisions of Adra are Agradoot, Subhasnagar, Beniasole, Palashkola, Jhariadih, Panchudanga, Mission para, Laldanga, Daulatpur, Arabinda Pally and SER colonies (North and South).

The area forms the lowest step of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. The landscape is undulating land with scattered hills.[1]

Railway centre

Adra is the divisional headquarters of the Adra division of South Eastern Railway. The economy of the town is driven by the presence of the railways there. It is one of the three important coal loading divisions (the other two being Bilaspur and Chakradharpur) which supply coal to power plants across India.

An important railway junction, Adra railway station connects to Asansol on the Howrah-Delhi Main Line, Tatanagar on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line, Kharagpur on the Kolkata-Chennai and Kolkata-Mumbai lines, and Gomoh on the Kolkata-Delhi line. The present station building was built in 1903.


As per 2011 Census of India the population of Adra township area was 41,633 combining the total of Adra, Kantaranguri and Arra (in Raghunathpur I block) area. Population below 6 years was 1,187. The total number of literates in Adra was 11,565 (83.99% of the population over 6 years).[2]

In 2001, Adra had a population of 22,118 Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Adra has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 56% of the males and 44% of females literate. 10% of the population was under 6 years of age.[3]


Places of tourist interest are Joychandi Pahar, which is 4 km north from the town. There is also a nature park called "Swarn Jayanti Park" with a natural water reservoir called "Saheb Bandh" and a forest called "Monpura reserve forest" is also situated here. Adra is known for Sacred Heart Church, which is one of the oldest churches built by the British in 1819. Sacred Heart Church is the largest church under the Jamshedpur Diocese.

Beautiful Adra
Beautiful Adra By Sailen Mondal


There is Kendriya Vidyalaya, which is a part of the Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS), under the Ministry of HRD. The South Eastern Railway Boys' School, South Eastern Railway Girls' High School, South Eastern Railway Primary School, Sacred Heart School, Ashram School, Vidyasagar Vidyapith. Two colleges, Michael Madhusudan College and Raghunathpur College reside there.

A Part of S.E.Rly. Boys' H.S. School, Adra
A part of S.E.Rly. Boys' H.S. School, Adra


Indians from the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Orissa, Tamil Nadu and Gujarat have been found to reside in Adra.


Adra is the state centre for training for the Bharat Scouts and Guides, and holds the Presidents' Award selection camps occasionally. It has the SERSA Stadium and Engineering Ground where annual Football and Cricket events are held.


  1. ^ Houlton, Sir John, Bihar, the Heart of India, 1949, p. 170, Orient Longmans Ltd.
  2. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  3. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Puruliya District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
Adra Junction railway station

Adra railway station serves Adra town, and also serves the industrial city of Raghunathpur and Kashipur in Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Adra Junction is the main terminal station of Raghunathpur industrial area of the Purulia district. Adra Junction is a gateway to the famous tourist spots of Purulia district like Joychandi Pahar (Famous tourist spot and well known as shooting spot of Satyajit Ray's 'Hirok Rajar Deshe'), Kashipur Raj Palace, Swarn Jayanti Park(Saheb Bandh Adra), Panchkot, Baranti, Telkupi, and Chota Nagpur Hill's range.

It is an important junction station, with railway tracks from different directions meeting at Adra. It is also the station serving one of the divisional headquarters of SER that is Adra. It is one of the busiest station in the entire division and handle a huge passenger and freight train traffic in a day.

Adra railway division

Adra railway division is one of the four railway divisions under South Eastern Railway zone of Indian Railways. This railway division was formed on 14 April 1913 and its headquarters are located at Adra, Purulia, in the state of West Bengal of India.

Kharagpur railway division, Chakradharpur railway division and Ranchi railway division are the other three railway divisions under SER Zone headquartered at Howrah, Kolkata.

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Bero railway station

Bero railway station serves Bero and surrounding villages in Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal.


Bheduasole is a medium sized Gram Panchayat and village in Indpur Block in Bankura District of the Indian state of West Bengal. It is located in Burdwan Division . It is located 23 KM towards west from District head quarters Bankura and 187 KM from State capital Kolkata.

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Burnpur railway station

Burnpur railway station is a railway station at Burnpur in Asansol, Paschim Bardhaman district, West Bengal. Its code is BURN. It serves Burnpur township, a neighborhood in Asansol. The station consists of three platforms. The platforms are not well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including water and sanitation.

Damodar railway station

Damodar is a railway station on the Asansol-Tatanagar-Kharagpur line, just east of the Damodar River. It is located in Asansol, Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.


Gobag is a city in Neturia CD Block in Raghunathpur subdivision of Purulia district in the state of West Bengal, India.

Joychandi Pahar railway station

Joychandi Pahar railway station serves Adra town and Raghunathpur in Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It was named after the hill called Joychandi Pahar which is located between these two towns.

Joychandipahar rail station is situated on the Adra - Asansol main line section. In the year of 2014 it was redeveloped and made as an alternative station of Adra Junction to decongest Adra station from a huge passenger and freight traffic.

Kashipur (community development block)

Kashipur is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Raghunathpur subdivision of Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Kharagpur Junction railway station

Kharagpur Junction railway station is a railway station in Kharagpur subdivision of Paschim Medinipur district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Madhukunda railway station

Madhukunda railway station serves Madhukunda, Tiluri village and surrounding areas in Purulia and Bankura districts in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is located on the southern bank of the Damodar and a railway bridge connects it to Damodar railway station.


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Muraddi (also spelled as Murardi) is a village in Santuri CD Block in Raghunathpur subdivision of Purulia district in the state of West Bengal, India. Muradi Dam is a tourist spot.

Muradi railway station

Muradi railway station serves Muraddi, Ramchandrapur and the surrounding areas in Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

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Railways in Jharia Coalfield

Jharia Coalfield has a series of railway lines covering the region lying between the Grand Chord line on the north and the Damodar in the south.

Ramkanali Junction railway station

Ramkanali railway station serves Ramkanali and surrounding areas in Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal. There is a freight line link to Par Beliya colliery.

Cities, towns and locations in Purulia District
Cities, municipal
and census towns
other than cities and towns
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