Adolphus Slade

Sir Adolphus Slade CB (1804 – 13 November 1877) was a British admiral who became an admiral in the Ottoman Navy.[1]

He was the fifth son of General Sir John Slade.


  • 1815: Entered Navy[2]
  • 1827: Lieutenant
  • 1841: Commander
  • 1849: Captain
  • 1849–1866: Admiral in the Turkish navy, with the title of Mushaver (consulting) Pasha. This included the Crimean War. In 1854, his flagship was a 72-gun frigate.[3]
  • 1858: KCB
  • 1866: Rear-Admiral
  • 1867: Retired Rear-Admiral
  • 1873: Retired Vice-Admiral


Slade, who has been described as "one of the best nineteenth-century writers on the Middle East",[4] wrote a number of books:[5]

See also

  • O'Byrne, William Richard (1849). "Slade, Adolphus" . A Naval Biographical Dictionary . John Murray – via Wikisource.

Notes and references

  1. ^ Archives, The National. "The Discovery Service". Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  2. ^ "Biography of Adolphus Slade R.N." Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  3. ^ Zealand, National Library of New. "Papers Past - HOSTILITIES ON THE BLACK SEA. (Daily Southern Cross, 1854-03-24)". Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  4. ^ Freedom and Justice in the Modern Middle East Archived 6 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine Bernard Lewis Foreign Affairs, May/June 2005
  5. ^ Adolphus Slade in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
Carlo Gimach

Carlo Gimach (2 March 1651 – 31 December 1730) was a Maltese architect, engineer and poet who was active in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. Throughout his career, he worked in Malta, Portugal and Rome, and he is mostly known for designing Palazzo Carneiro (now Auberge de Bavière) in Valletta, renovating the Monastery of Arouca in Portugal, and restoring the Basilica of St. Anastasia in Rome. He is known to have written a number of poems and other literary works, but these are all lost with the exception of one cantata which he wrote in 1714.

Crimean War

The Crimean War (French: Guerre de Crimée; Russian: Кры́мская война́, translit. Krymskaya voyna or Russian: Восто́чная война́, translit. Vostochnaya voyna, lit. 'Eastern War'; Turkish: Kırım Savaşı; Italian: Guerra di Crimea) was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which the Russian Empire lost to an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain and Sardinia. The immediate cause involved the rights of Christian minorities in the Holy Land, which was a part of the Ottoman Empire. The French promoted the rights of Roman Catholics, while Russia promoted those of the Eastern Orthodox Church. The longer-term causes involved the decline of the Ottoman Empire and the unwillingness of Britain and France to allow Russia to gain territory and power at Ottoman expense. It has widely been noted that the causes, in one case involving an argument over a key, have never revealed a "greater confusion of purpose", yet led to a war noted for its "notoriously incompetent international butchery".While the churches worked out their differences and came to an agreement, Nicholas I of Russia and the French Emperor Napoleon III refused to back down. Nicholas issued an ultimatum that the Orthodox subjects of the Ottoman Empire be placed under his protection. Britain attempted to mediate and arranged a compromise that Nicholas agreed to. When the Ottomans demanded changes, Nicholas refused and prepared for war. Having obtained promises of support from France and Britain, the Ottomans declared war on Russia in October 1853.

The war started in the Balkans in July 1853, when Russian troops occupied the Danubian Principalities (part of modern Romania), which were under Ottoman suzerainty, then began to cross the Danube. Led by Omar Pasha, the Ottomans fought a strong defensive campaign and stopped the advance at Silistra. A separate action on the fort town of Kars in eastern Anatolia led to a siege, and a Turkish attempt to reinforce the garrison was destroyed by a Russian fleet at Sinop. Fearing an Ottoman collapse, France and Britain rushed forces to Gallipoli. They then moved north to Varna in June 1854, arriving just in time for the Russians to abandon Silistra. Aside from a minor skirmish at Köstence (today Constanța), there was little for the allies to do. Karl Marx quipped, "there they are, the French doing nothing and the British helping them as fast as possible".Frustrated by the wasted effort, and with demands for action from their citizens, the allied force decided to attack Russia's main naval base in the Black Sea at Sevastopol on the Crimean peninsula. After extended preparations, the forces landed on the peninsula in September 1854 and marched their way to a point south of Sevastopol after the successful Battle of the Alma. The Russians counterattacked on 25 October in what became the Battle of Balaclava and were repulsed, but at the cost of seriously depleting the British Army forces. A second counterattack, at Inkerman, ended in stalemate. The front settled into a siege and led to brutal conditions for troops on both sides. Smaller actions were carried out in the Baltic, the Caucasus, the White Sea, and in the North Pacific.

Sevastopol fell after eleven months, and neutral countries began to join the Allied cause. Isolated and facing a bleak prospect of invasion from the west if the war continued, Russia sued for peace in March 1856. This was welcomed by France and Britain, as the conflict was growing unpopular at home. The war was ended by the Treaty of Paris, signed on 30 March 1856. Russia was forbidden to host warships in the Black Sea. The Ottoman vassal states of Wallachia and Moldavia became largely independent. Christians there were granted a degree of official equality, and the Orthodox Church regained control of the Christian churches in dispute.The Crimean War was one of the first conflicts to use modern technologies such as explosive naval shells, railways, and telegraphs. The war was one of the first to be documented extensively in written reports and photographs. As the legend of the "Charge of the Light Brigade" demonstrates, the war quickly became an iconic symbol of logistical, medical and tactical failures and mismanagement. The reaction in the UK was a demand for professionalisation, most famously achieved by Florence Nightingale, who gained worldwide attention for pioneering modern nursing while treating the wounded.

The Crimean War proved to be the moment of truth for Nikolaevan Russia. Its humiliating outcome forced Russia’s educated elites to identify the Empire’s problems and recognize the need for fundamental transformations aimed at modernizing and restoring Russia’s position in the ranks of European powers. Historians have studied the role of the Crimean War as a catalyst for the reforms of Russia’s social institutions: serfdom, justice, local self-government, education, and military service. More recently, scholars have also turned their attention to the impact of the Crimean War on the development of Russian nationalistic discourse.

Giovanni Attard

Giovanni Attard (c. 1570–1636) was a Maltese architect, military engineer and stone carver from the town of Lija. He is mostly known for his role in the construction of the Wignacourt Aqueduct between 1610 and 1615.

In 1609–10, he worked as a stone carver at the church of the Madonna tal-Għar and the adjoining Dominican priory at Rabat, along with stonemason Giuseppe Barbara.Attard was one of the capimastri (master builders) involved in the construction of the Wignacourt Aqueduct. In 1612, Bolognese engineer Bontadino de Bontadini was appointed to take over the project after the Sicilian engineer Natale Tomasucci left Malta after being unable to solve the problem of how water would flow at points where the ground level dropped. Meanwhile, Attard proposed to construct stone arches along the depressions, and running the aqueduct through pipes in the arches. Bontadini adopted this idea, and the aqueduct was built within three years, being inaugurated on 21 April 1615.Attard worked as a stone carver on the Parish Church of St. Mary at Attard with Tommaso Dingli in 1615. The following year, he was involved in the reconstruction of the church of the Madonna tal-Għar with Domenico Azzopardi.Attard died in 1636 and was buried at the Lija parish church.

Ottoman frigate Mubir-i Sürur

Mubir-i Sürur was a steam frigate of the Ottoman Navy built in the 1840s. Originally ordered by the Eyalet of Egypt as Sarkiye, upon completion she was presented as a gift to Sultan Abdulmejid I and was renamed on entering service in the Ottoman fleet in 1850. She had a relatively uneventful career, avoiding any active service during the Crimean War in 1853–1855. She was used to patrol for Greek blockade runners during the Cretan Revolt in 1866, and was reduced to a training ship in 1873. She returned to active service in 1877 following the outbreak of the Russo-Turkish War, during which she was used to ferry Ottoman troops around the Black Sea. The ship remained in service until 1885, when she was reduced to a storage hulk; she was ultimately broken up in 1904.

Sir John Slade, 1st Baronet

General Sir John "Black Jack" Slade, 1st Baronet, (31 December 1762 – 13 August 1859) served as a general officer in the British Army during the Peninsular War. He lacked talent as a combat leader. Though Slade was praised in official reports, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington criticized his actions privately and finally replaced him with a more efficient officer. Despite this, he attained high rank after the war. His descendants include two admirals.

Slade (surname)

Slade is a surname of Saxon origin, meaning, variously at different times in different dialects, "a valley, dell, or dingle; an open space between banks or woods; a forest glade; a strip of greensward or of boggy land; the side or slope of a hill." Earliest known references in England as a surname are found in the south west, especially in Devon.Notable people bearing the surname include:

Acey Slade, American musician

Adolphus Slade, a British admiral who became an admiral in the Ottoman Navy

Adrian Slade, British politician

Ambrose Slade, the 1969 name of the glam rock band Slade.

Arthur Slade, Canadian writer

Benjamin Slade (disambiguation)

Bill Slade English football manager

Colin Slade, New Zealand rugby union player

Chris Slade, Welsh drummer

Christopher Slade, British judge

David Slade, British director

Donald Slade (1888–1980), English footballer, with various clubs, including Southampton, Arsenal and Fulham

Dougie Slade, fictional character

Dustin Slade, Canadian ice hockey goaltender

Edmond Slade, rear-admiral

Edwin Slade, American politician

Felix Slade, British philanthropist

Frank Slade, lieutenant colonel in film Scent of a Woman

Frederick Slade, fictional character

Gordon Slade, American baseball player

Gordon Douglas Slade, Canadian mathematician

Henry Slade, British psychic

Henry Slade, England rugby union player

Isaac Slade, American musician

John Slade, Several individuals of the same name

Joseph Alfred Slade, Western gunslinger

Julian Slade, English writer

Madeleine Slade (Mirabehn), Indian activist

Mark Slade, American actor

Max Elliott Slade, American actor

Michael Slade, author of the Special X series of mystery/horror novels

Priscilla Slade, American academic

Russell Slade, English football manager

Thomas Slade, English naval architect

Tom Slade, Jr., American politician

Tim Slade, Australian racing driver

William Slade, American politician

Slade baronets

The Slade Baronetcy, of Maunsel House in the County of Somerset, is a title in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. It was created on 30 September 1831 for General Sir John Slade, a Peninsular War veteran. The second Baronet was a lawyer. The third Baronet served as Receiver-General of Inland Revenue.

Madeleine Slade (Mirabehn), a disciple of Mahatma Gandhi, was the granddaughter of the first Baronet.

Taunton (UK Parliament constituency)

Taunton was a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom and its predecessors from 1295 to 2010, taking its name from the town of Taunton in Somerset. Until 1918, it was a parliamentary borough, electing two Member of Parliaments (MPs) between 1295 and 1885 and one from 1885 to 1918; the name was then transferred to a county constituency, electing one MP.

In the boundary changes that came into effect at the general election of 2010, the Boundary Commission for England replaced Taunton with a modified constituency called Taunton Deane, to reflect the district name. The new constituency's boundaries are coterminous with the local government district of the same name.

Walter Slade

Walter Goodall George (1854 – 13 June 1919) was a nineteenth-century British runner who set a number of world records for the mile as an amateur, but never became a professional athlete.

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