Adolph Tidemand

Adolph Tidemand (14 August 1814 – 8 August 1876) was a noted Norwegian romantic nationalism painter. Among his best known paintings are Haugianerne (The Haugeans; 1852) and Brudeferd i Hardanger (The Bridal Procession in Hardanger; 1848), painted in collaboration with Hans Gude.[1]

Adolph Tidemand
Adolph Tidemand Selvportrett
Self-portrait (1838)
Born14 August 1814
Died8 August 1876 (aged 61)
NationalityNorwegian
EducationKunstakademie Düsseldorf
Known forPainting
Notable work
Landscape paintings
MovementNorwegian romanticist

Biography

Adolph Tidemand was born in Mandal, Norway as the son of customs inspector and Storting representative Christen Tidemand (1779–1838) and Johanne Henriette Henrikke Haste (1779–1859). He received private art lessons in his home town and his talent was soon recognized. He then was enrolled in an art school in Christiania, moving on to Copenhagen in the period 1832-37. Upon arrival in Copenhagen, he was rejected by the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts and studied at a private school of art, but by 1833 he was a pupil at the Academy, earning Academy exhibitions in 1835 and 1836. He studied there for five years and then began a journey to Italy to study further. But when Tidemand came to Düsseldorf, Germany, he liked it so much that he settled down there.[2]

From 1837-41 he continued his studies at the art academy in Düsseldorf, which at the time enjoyed widespread international recognition. He studied with and was influenced by his teacher, Theodor Hildebrandt. Here he prepared the well known Hjemvendte fiskere ved den sjællandske kyst (1838). The painting Gustav Vasa taler til dalalmuen i Mora kirke (1841) was sold to a German museum, but was later returned to Christiania. He is associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting.

In the autumn of 1841 he studied in Italy along with his brother Emil. Few of his works from this period remain, except for the picture Napolitansk fisker (1842). Tidemand was preoccupied by Norwegian history, particularly after returning on a journey to Norway. During a journey to 1843 in Hardanger, he met the 18-year-old Hans Gude. This resulted in a close friendship, and eventually they collaborated on several landscape paintings in which Tidemand painted the figures.

Adolph Tidemand - Low Church Devotion - Google Art Project
Haugianerne Low Church Devotion (The Haugeans. 1852)

During 1842-45 he traveled extensively in Norway (to Østerdalen, Gudbrandsdalen, Sogn, Hardanger and Telemark). More of his works survive from this period, including Eventyrfortellersken (1844), Søndagskveld i en hardangersk røkstue (1843) and Gudstjeneste i en norsk landsens kirke (1845). In his later travels in southern Norway, the last in 1875, Tidemand studied folk costumes, domestic utensils and building and made himself familiar with oral traditions, folk tales and legends. His version of rusticity proved highly popular and in 1848 he was commissioned by Oscar I, King of Sweden and Norway, to paint a series of Norwegian peasant life for the royal palace of Oscarshall, near Christiania.

Today Adolph Tidemand is best known for this depiction of Norwegian farm and culture and is counted among the first Norwegian historic painters. In Tidemand’s paintings of the old Norwegian farm culture, he portrayed the peasant with a new dignity, humane and culturally. The National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design (Nasjonalgalleriet) in Oslo alone owns over 100 of his works.[3]

Personal life

He married in 1845 with his childhood sweetheart, Claudine Marie Bergitte Jæger (1817–1887). The couple settled in Düsseldorf in 1845. Their only child, a son, Adolph, died in 1874 at 28 years of age.

Tidemand was awarded the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav (Den Kongelige Norske St. Olavs Orden) in 1849, the French Legion of Honor (Légion d'honneur) in 1855 and the Swedish Order of the Polar Star (Nordstjärneorden) in 1866.[4]

Better known works

Adolph Tidemand & Hans Gude - Bridal Procession on the Hardangerfjord - Google Art Project
Brudeferden i Hardanger (Bridal party, with Hans Gude. 1848)
  • 1838– Hjemvendte fiskere ved den sjællandske kyst
  • 1841 – Gustav Vasa taler til dalkarlene i Mora kirke
  • 1843 – Søndagskveld i en hardangersk røkstue
  • 1844 – Eventyrfortellersken
  • 1845 – Søndagskveld i en røykstue i Hardanger
  • 1846 – Norsk juleskikk
  • 1848 – Brudeferden i Hardanger (painted together with Hans Gude)
  • 1848 – Signe Halvorsdatter Valle i Sætersdalen
  • 1848 – Haugianerne (painted again in 1852)
  • 1849 – De ensomme gamle (Also known as Husandakt)
  • 1849 – Ingeborg Andersdatter Gulsvik, Flå, som brud
  • 1851 – Aften på Krøderen (painted together with Hans Gude)
  • 1852 – series Bondeliv i Oscarshall
  • 1852 – Haugianerne
  • 1853 – Likferd på Sognefjorden (painted together with Hans Gude)
  • 1854 – Den foreldreløse
  • 1859 – Fiskere i havsnød (painted together with Hans Gude)
  • 1865 – Bestemors brudekrone
  • 1865 – Fanatikerne
  • 1874 – Syneve
  • 1874 – Nød

Gallery

Adolph Tidemand Norsk juleskik

Norsk juleskik (Norwegian Christmas customs. 1846)

Hans Gude - Lystring på Krøderen - Google Art Project

Lystringen, Hans Gude and Adolph Tidemand (Fishing with a harpoon. 1851)

A Tidemand-Parti fra Oslo Strandgate

Parti fra Oslo Strandgate (View from Oslo Beach Street. 1852)

Hans Gude--Likferd Pa Sognefjorden--1853

Likferd Pa Sognefjorden (Burial at Sognefjord, with Hans Gude. 1853)

Folkelivsbilleder Titel

Norske Folkelivsbilleder (Norwegian folk pictures. 1854)

Norske Folkelivsbilleder 06 - Kortspillerne (Adolph Tidemand)

The player at cards, before 1858

Bestefaderens Erindringer (Adolph Tidemand)

Bestefaderens Erindringer (Grandfather's Memories. 1865)

Adolph Tidemand - Skovinteriör (1869)

Skovinteriör (Forest interior. 1869)

Adolph Tidemand Sinclairs landing

Sinclairs landing i Romsdal (Sinclair's landing. 1876 - see George Sinclair (mercenary))

References

  1. ^ "Adolph Tidemand". Store norske leksikon.
  2. ^ "Adolph Tidemand". Store norske leksikon.
  3. ^ "Online 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica".
  4. ^ "Famous People Adolph Tiedemand".

Other sources

  • Askeland, Jan. Adolph Tidemand og hans tid (Oslo: Aschehoug. 1991). ISBN 978-82-03-16670-9
  • Askeland, Jan. Norsk Malerkunst, Hovedlinjen gjennom 200år – uten stedsangivelse (Oslo: Aschehoug. 1981). ISBN 82-02-04898-2.
  • Dietrichson, Lorentz. Adolph Tidemand, Hans Liv Og Hans Værker, Volumes 1-2 (Nabu Press. 1923). ISBN 978-1-145-67978-8
  • Noss, Aagot. Adolph Tidemand og folk han møtte, studiar frå reisene i norske dalføre, akvarellar, målarstykke og teikningar (Universitetsforlaget. 1981). ISBN 82-00-05712-7
  • Haverkamp, Frode. Adolph Tidemand 1814-1876, Hans Fredrik Gude 1825-1903 (Blaafarveværket, 1984). ISBN 82-990568-6-1
Bragernes

Bragernes is one of the central areas of the city of Drammen in Buskerud, Norway.

Bragernes Church

Bragernes Church (Bragernes Kirke) is a parish church at Drammen in Buskerud County, Norway. It was designed by Ernst Norgrenn (1839-1880) in Neo Gothic style and built of brick. It was consecrated in 1871. The old Bragernes church (Gamle Bragernes kirke) was west of Bragernes square. Built in 1708, it burned down in 1866.Bragernes church is located at the end of Church Street north of Bragernes square in the center of Drammen. Bragernes Cemetery is west of the church. The tower is 64 metres (210 ft) tall. The pulpit was designed by Ernst Norgrenn, while the baptismal font was by Christian Borch. The altarpiece, Resurrection was painted by Adolph Tidemand. It was copied in many Norwegian churches. The church organ has 38 voices and was built in the romantic style of organ builder Carsten Lund Organ Builders of Copenhagen (Carsten Lund Orgelbyggeri).

Bridal Procession on the Hardangerfjord

Bridal Procession on the Hardanger (Norwegian: Brudeferd i Hardanger) is an 1848 painting by Hans Gude and Adolph Tidemand. It is one of the best known Norwegian paintings.

Gude painted the landscapes and Tidemand the bridal party. The painting is 93 x 130 cm, and is in the National Gallery in Oslo. It is considered to be an excellent example of romantic nationalism in Norway.In the painting, a bridal procession crosses a fjord in boats, after the wedding. The groom, tipping his hat, and the bride, in her bridal crown, can be seen in the first boat. The boat crew are dressed in typical Bunad costumes. In the distance, other boats with guests of the wedding can be seen.

The scene, Gude later wrote, was not as viewed from a particular location, but was deliberately composed from his overall observations.The painting was first presented in a tableau vivant at the Christiania Theater in 1849. The soirée, in March 1849, included a theatrical group dressed in traditional costumes aboard a boat who performed a song by Andreas Munch with music by Halfdan Kjerulf, with the painting itself serving as scenery.

Carl Lorck

Carl Lorck (18 May 1829 – 28 October 1882) was a Norwegian painter.

Carl Julius Lorck was born in Trondheim, Norway. He spent one year at a military academy in Christiania (now Oslo). In 1852 he moved to Düsseldorf where he studied under Karl Ferdinand Sohn and Adolph Tidemand between 1853 and 1858. He is represented with two works in the National Gallery of Norway Skipsgutten (1861) and Handelsjøden i loshytten (1863).

Christian Tønsberg

Nils Christian Tønsberg (7 December 1813 – 6 February 1897) was a Norwegian publisher and author. Christian Tønsberg became one of the larger Norwegian publishers and was best known for illustrated books about Norway.

Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland

Nord-Hålogaland (Norwegian: Nord-Hålogaland bispedømme) is a diocese in the Church of Norway. It covers the Church of Norway churches in Troms and Finnmark counties as well as in the territory of Svalbard. The diocese is seated in the city of Tromsø at the Tromsø Cathedral, the seat of the presiding bishop, Olav Øygard (bishop since 2014).

Hallingby

Hallingby is a village in Ringerike municipality in the county of Buskerud, Norway.

Hallingby is located north of Hønefoss, along the European route E16 towards Valdres and Western Norway. Hallingby was the administrative centre in the former municipality Ådal, which became a part of Ringerike in 1964. Hallingby was also one of five stations on the now defunct Sperillbanen, an abandoned railway which ran through Ringerike between the village of Hen and the port at Finstad on Lake Sperillen.Hval Church (Hval kirke), an octagonal church built in 1862, is the main church in the parish. The church is an octagonal central nave church of timber from 1862 and has 250 seats. The church was built from the same drawings originally designed by architect Christian Heinrich Grosch for the Nes Church. The church was restored during 1902, 1924, and 1962. In 1924, a new chapel in the timber was built and inaugurated in 1925. The altarpiece is a copy of The Resurrection painted by Adolph Tidemand from 1871, the original of which is in Bragernes Church in Drammen. The church has two bells, both cast by J. Warner & Sons in London, respectively in 1857 and 1861. The organ was built by Filthvett orgelbyggeri in Oslo in 1882.

Hans Gude

Hans Fredrik Gude (13 March 1825 – 17 August 1903) was a Norwegian romanticist painter and is considered along with Johan Christian Dahl to be one of Norway's foremost landscape painters. He has been called a mainstay of Norwegian National Romanticism. He is associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting.

Gude's artistic career was not one marked with drastic change and revolution, but was instead a steady progression that slowly reacted to general trends in the artistic world. Gude's early works are of idyllic, sun-drenched Norwegian landscapes which present a romantic, yet still realistic view of his country. Around 1860 Gude began painting seascapes and other coastal subjects. Gude had difficulty with figure drawing initially and so collaborated with Adolph Tidemand in some of his painting, drawing the landscape himself and allowing Tidemand to paint the figures. Later Gude would work specifically on his figures while at Karlsruhe, and so began populating his paintings with them. Gude initially painted primarily with oils in a studio, basing his works on studies he had done earlier in the field. However, as Gude matured as a painter he began to paint en plein air and espoused the merits of doing so to his students. Gude would paint with watercolors later in life as well as gouache in an effort to keep his art constantly fresh and evolving, and although these were never as well received by the public as his oil paintings, his fellow artists greatly admired them.Gude spent forty-five years as an art professor and so he played an important role in the development of Norwegian art by acting as a mentor to three generations of Norwegian artists. Young Norwegian artists flocked to wherever Gude was teaching, first at the Academy of Art in Düsseldorf and later at the School of Art in Karlsruhe. Gude also served as a professor at the Berlin Academy of Art from 1880 to 1901, although he attracted few Norwegians to the Berlin Academy because by this time Berlin had been surpassed in prestige in the eyes of young Norwegian artists by Paris.Over the course of his lifetime Gude won numerous medals, was inducted as an honorary member into many art academies, and was awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of St. Olav. He was the father of painter Nils Gude. His daughter Sigrid married german sculptor Otto Lessing.

Haugean movement

The Haugean movement or Haugeanism (Norwegian: haugianere) was a Pietistic state church reform movement intended to bring new life and vitality into the Church of Norway which had been often characterized by formalism and lethargy. The movement emphasized personal diligence, enterprise and frugality.

Kilian Zoll

Kilian Christoffer Zoll ( 20 September 1818-November 9, 1860) was a Swedish painter, graphic artist and illustrator in the style of the Düsseldorf School. He created genre scenes, landscapes, altarpieces and portraits.

List of paintings by Hans Gude

The following is a list of artwork by Hans Fredrik Gude, a Norwegian romantic painter.

Mandal, Norway

Mandal is a municipality in Vest-Agder county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Sørlandet. Mandal is the southernmost municipality in all of Norway, with the tiny skerry of Pysen being the southernmost point of land in Norway.

The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Mandal. The town of Mandal is the second largest town by population in Vest-Agder county after the nearby town of Kristiansand and it is also the fourth largest city in all of the Sørlandet/Agder region. Besides the town of Mandal, the municipality also includes the villages of Bykjernen, Skjebstad, Sånum-Lundevik, Skogsfjord-Hesland, Krossen, Harkmark, Skinsnes-Ime, and Tregde-Skjernøy.

The 223-square-kilometre (86 sq mi) municipality is the 321st largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Mandal is the 77th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 15,600. The municipality's population density is 74.1 inhabitants per square kilometre (192/sq mi) and its population has increased by 9.9% over the last decade.The river Mandalselva is a salmon river that flows through the municipality with its river mouth just outside the town. Mandal has many small, white-painted wooden houses, which is typical of towns at the South Coast of Norway (Sørlandet). The European route E39 highway connecting Kristiansand and Stavanger is the main road through Mandal. There are connecting airplane flights and ferries to Europe from Kristiansand.

Mandal Church

Mandal Church (Norwegian: Mandal kirke) is the main parish church for Mandal municipality in Vest-Agder county, Norway. It is located in the town of Mandal. The church is part of the Mandal parish and the seat of the Mandal deanery in the Diocese of Agder og Telemark. The white, wooden church was built after the town was destroyed by fire in 1810 and was officially opened in 1821, although it had been in use since 1819.The architect was Jørgen Gerhard Løser who used engravings from 1728 by James Gibbs as inspiration. It was the first monumental building built in Norway after the Norway's independence from Denmark in 1814. The style is empire/neoclassical. With 1,800 seats, it is the largest wooden church in Norway.The painting Oppstandelsen (English: Resurrection) is in the church and it was painted by Adolph Tidemand who grew up in Mandal. The church has not undergone major changes since it was opened, but a major restoration project on the building was begun to remove extensive dry rot and make many structural repairs. The repairs are estimated to cost about 33 million kr.

Modum

Modum is a municipality in Buskerud county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Vikersund. The municipality of Modum was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt).

The area has a long tradition of skiing with several famous skiers. Modum is home to one of the largest ski jumping hills in the world, Vikersundbakken which is situated in Vikersund. The hill record, established in 2011 is a jump of 246.5 metres (809 ft).

Norwegian romantic nationalism

Norwegian romantic nationalism (Norwegian: Nasjonalromantikken) was a movement in Norway between 1840 and 1867 in art, literature, and popular culture that emphasized the aesthetics of Norwegian nature and the uniqueness of the Norwegian national identity. A subject of much study and debate in Norway, it was characterized by nostalgia.

Oscarshall

Oscarshall Palace is a maison de plaisance located in the small fjord Frognerkilen on Bygdøy in Oslo, Norway.

Trinity Church (Oslo)

Trinity Church (in Norwegian, Trefoldighetskirken), is a church in the Hammersborg neighborhood in central Oslo, Norway. Trinity Church is neighbor of the government buildings in Regjeringskvartalet. It is the parish church of the parish of Trinity, belonging to the Diocese of Oslo of the Church of Norway. It is one of the largest churches in Oslo (1000 seats). The church itself is in the raw red brick, while the vaults, arches and small columns have gray scale color. The nave is octagonal with a Greek cross superimposed, with the choir in the apse, shallow transept and rectangular entrance flanked by two slender, octagonal bell towers. A central dome rises above the church. Trinity Church is the largest church in Oslo and one of the largest of the many octagonal churches in Norway, but one of few octagonal churches constructed in red brick.

Tromsø Cathedral

Tromsø Cathedral (Norwegian: Tromsø domkirke) is a cathedral of the Church of Norway located in the city of Tromsø in Tromsø Municipality in Troms county, Norway. The cathedral is the church for the Tromsø Domkirkens parish and it is the headquarters for the Tromsø domprosti (arch-deanery) and the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland. This cathedral is notable since it is the only Norwegian cathedral made of wood.The yellow, wooden cathedral was built in a long church format and in the Gothic Revival style in 1861 by the architect Christian Heinrich Grosch. The church tower and main entrance are on the west front. It is probably the northernmost Protestant cathedral in the world. With over 600 seats, it is one of Norway's biggest wooden churches. It originally held about 984 seats, but many benches and seats have been removed over the years to make room for tables in the back of the church.

Winter Night in the Mountains

Winter Night in the Mountains (Norwegian: Vinternatt i fjellene), also known as Winter Night in Rondane (Norwegian: Vinternatt i Rondane), is the name of several versions of a composition created in several techniques by the Norwegian artist Harald Sohlberg (1869–1935). The most famous version is an oil painting completed in 1914 and held by the National Gallery in Oslo since 1918.

Sohlberg began to work on the subject in early 1900, after seeing the mountains of Rondane in bluish moonlight while skiing nearby in Easter 1899 or 1900. He moved in 1900 to a house on the Nesset at Atna in the Østerdalen valley in Eastern Norway. He was joined in 1901 by his wife Lilli Rachel Hennum; they remained at Atna until 1902, when they moved further north to Røros.

He made several studies in the period 1900-02 in a variety of media, including charcoal, crayon, oil and watercolor. One study is held by the Nationalmuseum in Stockholm. He began work on the oil painting held by the National Gallery in 1911, and completed the work in the winter of 1913-1914. It measures 160 cm × 180.5 cm (63.0 in × 71.1 in). Sohlberg later continued to use the image in other media, such as colour lithography.

The work depicts mountains covered by snow, under a deep blue-black cloudless evening sky. The foreground is framed by the silhouetted limbs of bare weathered trees, but the work is devoid of any sign of humans or animals. At the centre of the symmetrical balanced painting is a single bright star visible in a gap between two mountains. Picked out on the snow of a mountain peak to the right is a cross.

The painting was completed for the 1914 Jubilee Exhibition at Frogner Manor, where it was a critical and public success. It was acquired by ship owner and art collector Jørgen Breder Stang, who donated to the National Gallery in Oslo in 1918. It underwent major conservation work for its centenary in 2014, which revealed the artist's signature in the bottom right corner.

In 1995 it won a public vote organised by the Norwegian national broadcasting service, NRK, to select Norway's national painting, ahead of works by artists such as Adolph Tidemand and Hans Gude.

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