Adil Abdul-Mahdi

Adil Abdul-Mahdi al-Muntafiki (Arabic: عادل عبد المهدي المنتفكي‎, born 1 January 1942) is an Iraqi Shi'a politician who is the Prime Minister of Iraq since October 2018, an economist and was one of the Vice Presidents of Iraq from 2005 to 2011. He formerly served as the Finance Minister in the Interim government and Oil Minister from 2014 to 2016.[4]

Abdel-Mahdi is a former member of the powerful Shi'a party the Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council, or SIIC.[1] Long based in neighboring Iran, the group opposed a United States administration while holding close ties with the other U.S.-backed groups that opposed Saddam Hussein, including the Kurds and the Iraqi National Congress.

Adil Abdul-Mahdi
عادل عبد المهدي
Adil Abdul-Mahdi portrait
49th Prime Minister of Iraq
Assumed office
25 October 2018
PresidentBarham Salih
DeputyThamir Ghadhban
Fuad Hussein
Preceded byHaider al-Abadi
Minister of Interior
Assumed office
25 October 2018
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded byQasim al-Araji
Minister of Defense
Assumed office
25 October 2018
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded byErfan al-Hiyali
Minister of Oil
In office
8 September 2014 – 19 July 2016
Prime MinisterHaider al-Abadi
Preceded byAbdul Karim Luaibi
Succeeded byJabbar Alluaibi
Vice President of Iraq
In office
7 April 2005 – 11 July 2011
PresidentJalal Talabani
Preceded byRowsch Shaways
Succeeded byTariq al-Hashimi
Minister of Finance
In office
2 June 2004 – 6 April 2005
Prime MinisterAyad Allawi
Preceded byKamel al-Kilani
Succeeded byAli Allawi
Personal details
Born
Adil Abdul-Mahdi al-Muntafiki

1 January 1942 (age 77)
Bagdad, Iraq
Political partyIndependent (since 2017)[1]
SIIC (1982–2017)[2]
Iraqi Communist (1970s)[3]
Spouse(s)Rajah
Alma materUniversity of Baghdad

Background

He is a trained economist who left Iraq in 1969 for exile in France. He worked for French think tanks and edited magazines in French and Arabic. He was educated in France, and is the son of a respected Shiite cleric who was a minister in Iraq's monarchy. He attended high school at Baghdad College, an elite American Jesuit secondary school.

Political career

In the 1970s, Abdul-Mahdi was a leading member of the Iraqi Communist Party.[5] The party split into two separate factions, the ICP-Central Committee, which was more accommodating of the military governments that had ruled Iraq since 1958, and the ICP-Central Leadership, which rejected all forms of cooperation of what it regarded as anti-progressive regimes, in 1967. Abdul-Mahdi joined the ICP-Central Leadership, and continued being active until it gradually disappeared by the early 1980s. By that time, Abdul-Mahdi adopted Iranian Islamic ideas, eventually merging with the Islamists when Ayatollah Khomeini eradicated the communists and other liberal oppositions groups in Iran. Abdul-Mahdi continued his association with Iran and gradually amalgamated his group within the ICP-Central Leadership with the Iranians, rejecting his Marxist past and devoting all his group's time to propagating Khomeini's ideas in France, where he lived at the time. He eventually was made a member of the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq, an exiled opposition party and militia that was formed by Iran in Tehran in 1982 but composed exclusively of Iraqi exiles.[6]

In 2006, Abdul-Mahdi, outgoing Vice President in the transitional government, unsuccessfully ran for the United Iraqi Alliance's nomination for Prime Minister against incumbent Ibrahim al-Jaafari. He lost by one vote. He was reportedly considered to be a possibility for Prime Minister once again until Nouri al-Maliki became the UIA nominee. Subsequently, Abdul-Mahdi was re-elected as Vice President of Iraq. He exerted his limited authority in that role by delaying the first meeting of the National Assembly in March. He resigned from his position as vice-president on 31 May 2011.[7]

In December 2006, the Associated Press reported that Abdul-Mahdi could be the next Prime Minister of Iraq if a new multi-sectarian coalition succeeded in toppling the government of Nouri al-Maliki.[8]

On 26 February 2007, he survived an assassination attempt that killed ten people. He had been targeted two times prior to this latest attack.[9]

In 2009, his bodyguards were the perpetrators of a bloody bank robbery in Baghdad.[10]

In July 2013, Abdul Mahdi announced his decision to give up his retirement pensions as a former vice president.[11]

On 2 October 2018, Iraqi president Barham Salih selected Abdul Mahdi to be the Prime Minister of Iraq. Mahdi had 30 days to form a new government.[1] On 25 October 2018, Abdul Mahdi was sworn into office five months after the 2018 elections.[12]

References

  1. ^ a b c Salaheddin, Sinah (3 October 2018). "Iraq tasks Shiite independent with forming new government". Associated Press. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  2. ^ "عادل عبد المهدي". Al Jazeera.
  3. ^ Doug Struck (14 February 2015). "Prospective Iraqi Premier a Man of Many Labels". Washington Post. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  4. ^ "Iraqi prime minister accepts another minister's resignation". Press TV.
  5. ^ "Abdul-Mahdi: The man tasked with forming Iraq's new government". Rudaw. 3 October 2018. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  6. ^ Ismail, Tariq (2008). The Rise and Fall of the Communist Party of Iraq. Cambridge University Press. p. 239. ISBN 978-0-521-87394-9.
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ Hamza Hendawi; Qassim Abdul Zahra (10 December 2006). "Talks Under Way to Replace Iraq PM". The Washington Post. Baghdad. AP. Retrieved 27 December 2012.
  9. ^ Sly, Liz (27 February 2007). "VP survives assassination try in Iraq". Chicago Tribune. Baghdad. Retrieved 27 December 2012.
  10. ^ Rod Nordland; Riyadh Mohammed (2 September 2009). "In Bank Killings, Highs and Lows of Iraq Justice". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  11. ^ Hussein, Ahmed (30 July 2013). "Adil Abdul Mahdi gives up his pensions". Iraqi News. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  12. ^ "Prime Minister Abdul-Mahdi sworn in with 14 ministers, so far".

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Coalition Provisional Authority
Finance Minister of Iraq
2004–2005
Succeeded by
Ali Allawi
Preceded by
Ibrahim Jaafari and Rowsch Shaways
Interim
Vice President of Iraq
Served alongside Ghazi al-Yawer, Tariq al-Hashimi and Khodair al-Khozaei

2005–2011
Succeeded by
Tariq al-Hashimi and Khodair al-Khozaei
Preceded by
Abdul Karim Luaibi
Energy Minister of Iraq
2014–2016
Succeeded by
Jabbar al-Luaibi
Preceded by
Haider al-Abadi
Prime Minister of Iraq
2018–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Abdul Mahdi Government

The Abdul Mahdi government is the current government of Iraq, headed by Prime Minister Adil Abdul-Mahdi. It was approved by the Council of Representatives on 24 October 2018 and followed a general election in May 2018. The United Nations described the formation as an "exemplary peaceful transfer of power".

Abdullah Luaibi

Abdullah Luaibi is an Iraqi independent politician who is the current Transport Minister in the Government of Adil Abdul-Mahdi.He was approved by the Council of Representatives on 24 October 2018.

Abdullah al-Jubouri

Saleh Abdullah al-Jubouri is an Iraqi independent politician who is the current Industry Minister in the Government of Adil Abdul-Mahdi.He was approved by the Council of Representatives on 24 October 2018.

Ahmed Obeidi

Ahmed Riad Obeidi is an Iraqi independent politician who is the current Youth & Sport Minister in the Government of Adil Abdul-Mahdi.

He was proposed by the al-Hal movement and approved by the Council of Representatives on 24 October 2018.Just two weeks after his approval, the Accountability and Justice Commission, which vets officials, wrote to parliament to notify them that they had concerns about Obedi. There were claims that he was a senior leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.

Bangin Rekani

Bangen Abdullah Hadrash Rekani (Kurdish: Bengîn Rêkanî) is an Iraqi politician from the Kurdistan Democratic Party Born in 02/APR/1966 in Mosul.Bangen Rekani is the current Housing and Reconstruction Minister in the Government of Adil Abdul-Mahdi.He was approved by the Council of Representatives on 24 October 2018, despite facing accusations of involvement in large scale corruption. Bangen Abdullah Hadrash Rekani is also the representative of “Kurdistan Democratic Party” and The Representative of “Masoud Barzani” the former president of kurdistan,As well as he is the head of relations between the kurdish and Iraqi political party's and government in baghdad the capital city of Iraq.He was previously the deputy minister of Transport during 2009 to 2014, under the second government of Nouri al-Maliki.

Bassem al-Rubaye

Bassem al-Rubaye is an Iraqi independent politician who is the current Labour & Social Affairs Minister in the Government of Adil Abdul-Mahdi.He was approved by the Council of Representatives on 24 October 2018.

Fuad Hussein

Dr. Fuad Mohammed Hussein (born 1946) is an Iraqi politician from the Kurdistan Democratic Party who is the current Finance Minister in the Government of Adil Abdul-Mahdi. He was approved by the Council of Representatives on 24 October 2018.

Iraqi Transitional Government

The Iraqi Transitional Government was the government of Iraq from May 3, 2005, when it replaced the Iraqi Interim Government, until May 20, 2006, when it was replaced by the first permanent government.

On April 28 it was approved by the transitional Iraqi National Assembly, which had been elected in January 2005. It operated under the Law of Administration for the State of Iraq for the Transitional Period, and its main functions were to draft a permanent Constitution of Iraq and to form a transitional government.

Jamal al-Adil

Jamal Abbas al-Adli is an Iraqi independent politician who is the current Water Resources Minister in the Government of Adil Abdul-Mahdi.He was approved by the Council of Representatives on 24 October 2018.

Luay al-Khatteeb

Dr. Luay al-Khatteeb is an Iraqi independent politician who is the current Electricity Minister in the Government of Adil Abdul-Mahdi.He graduated in 1993 with a degree in business information technology from Kingston University, in London, England and later received a doctorate from Exeter University in political economy. He advised Shell development of the oil major's exploration and production strategy for Iraq between 2004 and 2008. He also worked as Iraq country director for Crescent Petroleum. A non-resident Fellow at Columbia University and a foreign policy fellow at the Brookings Institution, he was a founding director of the Iraq Energy Institute in 2008.He was approved by the Council of Representatives on 24 October 2018.One of his first actions was to sack two directors-general of the ministry; he was accused of sectarianism by a Sunni Arab MP, as they were both Sunni Arabs and one of the replacements was a Christian. The minister responded by saying the decision was based "purely on professional criteria".

Mohammad Hashim

Mohammad Hashim is an Iraqi independent politician who is the current Trade Minister in the Government of Adil Abdul-Mahdi.He was approved by the Council of Representatives on 24 October 2018.

Naim al-Rubaye

Naeem Thjeel Yousir Al-Rubaie (born 1970) is an Iraqi independent politician who is the current Communications Minister in the Government of Adil Abdul-Mahdi. He was approved by the Council of Representatives on 24 October 2018.He earned a PhD degree in Computer engineering from Hacettepe University 2014.

Just two weeks after his approval, the Accountability and Justice Commission, which vets officials, wrote to parliament to notify them that Al-Rubaye had been a mid-level Ba'ath Party official and had been the Director of the Directorate of Information and Communication Technology - Iraqi National Intelligence Service (2015-2018).

Politics of Iraq

The politics of Iraq place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic. It is a multi-party system whereby the executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister of the Council of Ministers as the head of government, as well as the President of Iraq, and legislative power is vested in the Council of Representatives and the Federation Council.

The current Prime Minister of Iraq is Adil Abdul-Mahdi, who holds most of the executive authority and appointed the Council of Ministers. which acts as a cabinet and/or government.The Economist Intelligence Unit has rated Iraq as "hybrid regime" in 2016.

Prime Minister of Iraq

The Prime Minister of Iraq is the head of government of Iraq. The Prime Minister was originally an appointed office, subsidiary to the head of state, and the nominal leader of the Iraqi parliament. Under the newly adopted constitution the Prime Minister is the country's active executive authority. Nouri al-Maliki (formerly Jawad al-Maliki) was selected to be Prime Minister on 21 April 2006. On 14 August 2014, al-Maliki agreed to step down as prime minister of Iraq to allow Haider al-Abadi to take his place. On 25 October 2018, Adil Abdul-Mahdi was sworn into office five months after the 2018 elections.

Qusay al-Suhail

Dr. Qusay Abdul Wahab al-Suhail is an Iraqi politician from the Sadrist Movement who is the current Minister of Higher Education in the Government of Adil Abdul-Mahdi.

Salih al-Hassani (politician)

Salih Hussein Jabr al-Hassani is an Iraqi independent politician who is the current Agriculture Minister in the Government of Adil Abdul-Mahdi.He was approved by the Council of Representatives on 24 October 2018.

Tariq al-Hashimi

Tariq al-Hashimi (Arabic: طارق الهاشمي‎ Țāriq al-Hāshamī; born 1942) is an Iraqi politician who served as the general secretary of the Iraqi Islamic Party (IIP) until May 2009. Along with Adil Abdul-Mahdi, he served as the Vice President of Iraq in the government formed after the December 2005 elections for five years. He has been serving as the Vice President (along with Khodair al-Khozaei) since 2011. As a Sunni, he took the place of fellow Sunni politician Ghazi al-Yawar. In December 2011, Hashimi fled to Iraqi Kurdistan to avoid arrest on murder charges. The Central Criminal Court of Iraq convicted him and sentenced him in absentia to death on 9 September 2012. As of April 2012, Hashimi is living in Ankara, Turkey, with the assurance that he will not be extradited.

Thamir Ghadhban

Thamir Abbas Ghadhban (Arabic: ثامر عباس غضبان‎) (born in Karbala, 16 April 1945) is an Iraqi civil servant and politician.

Thamir specialising in the oil industry since the early 1970s. After the war in 2003 he became Chief Executive Officer of the Ministry of Oil, and in mid of the following year he served as Interim Oil Minister in the interim government headed by interim prime minister Ayad Allawi. In 2005 he became a Parliament member and the head of one of the six committees, his committee was in charge of writing chapter four: Powers of the Federal Authorities in the permanent constitution Constitution of Iraq#Chapter Four: Powers of the Federal Authorities and one of three technocrats to draft Iraq's much debated oil and gas law, which is still waiting to be approved by the parliament. In late April 2006, there was strong speculation that he would again be appointed Minister of Oil, this time by the government of Nuri al-Maliki. In 2012 and 2016 he was nominated by Iraq to be secretary-general of OPEC. Up until early 2018 he served as the Chairman of the prime minister's advisory committee. In April 2016 he was awarded the Japanese Imperial Decorations the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Star and Silver Star from His Imperial Majesty Akihito of Japan, in recognition of his contribution to developing economic relations and promoting mutual understanding between Japan and Iraq. On 24 October 2018, Mr Ghadhban returned to serve as Deputy Prime Minister for Energy and Minister of Oil of Iraq, this time as part of the newly approved government of Prime Minister Adil Abdul Mahdi .

Visa policy of Iraq

In accordance with the law, citizens of all countries require a visa to visit Iraq.

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