Adhemar da Silva

Adhemar Ferreira da Silva (September 29, 1927 – January 12, 2001) was a Brazilian triple jumper. He won two Olympic gold medals and set four world records in athletics, the last being 16.56 metres in 1955 Pan American Games. In his early career he also competed in the long jump, placing fourth at the 1951 Pan American Games.[3]

Adhemar da Silva
Adhemar da Silva 1956b
Adhemar da Silva at the 1956 Olympics
Personal information
Full nameAdhemar Ferreira da Silva[1]
BornSeptember 29, 1927[2]
São Paulo, Brazil[2]
DiedJanuary 12, 2001 (aged 73)[2]
São Paulo, Brazil[2]
Height178 cm (5 ft 10 in)[1]
Weight69 kg (152 lb)[1]
Event(s)Triple jump, long jump
ClubSão Paulo FC
Vasco da Gama, Rio de Janeiro
Achievements and titles
Personal best(s)TJ – 16.56 m (1955)
LJ – 6.93 m (1951)[3]
Updated on 13 June 2015.


Da Silva was born in São Paulo, in a poor family, and began competing in the triple jump in 1947. Under the coaching of German Dietrich Gerner, he soon showed his talent, breaking the national record and qualifying for the Brazilian team to 1948 Olympics, where he placed only 8th. However, at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki and the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, he became a two-time Olympic champion and world record holder and the only Brazilian athlete to have won gold in two consecutive Olympics until the 2012 Summer Olympics held in London. There, the Brazilian women's volleyball squad defended their title, obtained four years earlier in Beijing, making six of their members consecutive Olympic champions (Jaqueline Carvalho, Sheilla Castro, Fabiana Claudino, Thaísa Menezes, Fabiana Oliveira and Paula Pequeno).

He was a member of the São Paulo Futebol Clube, and because of him, the team coat has two gold stars above the emblem. He also competed for Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama from 1955 to 1959.

In 1959, da Silva acted in the film Orfeu Negro, portraying Death.[4] It won the Golden Palm of the Cannes Film Festival and an Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.

De Silva made his final Olympic appearance in Rome in 1960, finishing 14th.[2] In 2012 he was inducted into the IAAF Hall of Fame.[5]


  1. ^ a b c "Adhemar da Silva". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Adhemar Ferreira da Silva". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
  3. ^ a b Adhemar Ferreira da Silva.
  4. ^ "HALL OF FAME PROFILE – ADHEMAR DA SILVA (BRAZIL)". International Association of Athletics Federations. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
  5. ^ "IAAF Hall of Fame created – First 12 Members announced". IAAF. March 8, 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2012.

External links

Preceded by
Naoto Tajima
Leonid Shcherbakov
Men's triple jump world record holder
3 December 1950 – 19 July 1953
16 March 1955 – 19 July 1958
Succeeded by
Leonid Shcherbakov
Oleg Ryakhovskiy
1927 in Brazil

Events in the year 1927 in Brazil.

1949 South American Championships in Athletics

The 1949 South American Championships in Athletics were held in the Peruvian capital, Lima.

1960 Ibero-American Games

The 1960 Ibero-American Games (Spanish: I Juegos Iberoamericanos) were held at the Estadio Nacional in Santiago, Chile, between October 11–16, 1960.

A total of 31 events were contested, 22 by men and 9 by women.


Adhemar is both a given name and a surname. Notable people with the name include:

Given name:

Adhemar of Salerno (died 861), prince

Adhemar of Capua (died after 1000), prince

Adhémar de Chabannes (988-1034), French monk and historian

Adhemar of Le Puy (died 1098), bishop

Adhémar Jori/Jory (1375), lord of Domeyrat près Carlat,

François Adhémar de Monteil, Comte de Grignan (1632–1714), French aristocrat

Adhémar Jean Claude Barré de Saint-Venant (died 1886), mechanician

Adhemar de Barros (1901–1969), mayor of São Paulo and Governor of São Paulo

Adhémar Raynault (died 1984), politician

Adhemar da Silva (died 2001), athlete

Adhemar Pimenta (fl. 1942), sports manager

Adhemar de Chaunac (fl. 1961), vintner

Adhemar Ferreira de Camargo Neto (born 1972), athlete

Louis-Alfred-Adhémar Rivet (died 1951), politicianSurname:

Joseph Adhemar (died 1862), mathematicianFictional characters

Adhemar, Flemish comic book character in The Adventures of Nero by Marc Sleen.

Adhemar da Silva Rocha

Adhemar da Silva de Oliveira Rocha (2 July 1908, Valença, Rio de Janeiro – 14 November 1975, Rio de Janeiro) was a Brazilian chess player.

He tied for 6-10th at Buenos Aires 1934/35 (the 5th South American Chess Championship, Torneo Sudamericano, Luis Piazzini won), took 4th in the Montevideo 1938 chess tournament (the 8th Torneio Sulamericano, Alexander Alekhine won), and was awarded the Brazilian Champion title for 1941.Da Silva Rocha represented Brazil in the 3rd unofficial Chess Olympiad at Munich 1936 and in the 8th Chess Olympiad at Buenos Aires 1939.Adhemar da Silva Rocha won the Rio de Janeiro State chess tournament in the years 1934, 1935 and 1937. He died on 14 November 1975 of cardiac arrest, while walking around downtown Rio de Janeiro.

Asnoldo Devonish

Asnoldo Vicente Devonish Romero (June 15, 1932 – January 1, 1997) was a track and field athlete from Venezuela, who won the first Olympic medal for his native country.

At the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, he finished third in the Men's Triple Jump Final, with a distance of 15 metres and 52 centimetres, behind Adhemar da Silva (Brazil) and Leonid Shcherbakov (Soviet Union).In 1990, he was awarded the Olympic Order.

Athletics at the 1948 Summer Olympics – Men's triple jump

The men's triple jump event was part of the track and field athletics programme at the 1948 Summer Olympics. The competition was held on August 3, 1948. The final was won by Arne Åhman of Sweden.

Athletics at the 1952 Summer Olympics

At the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, 33 athletics events were contested, 24 for men and 9 for women. There were a total number of 963 participating athletes from 57 countries.

Athletics at the 1952 Summer Olympics – Men's triple jump

The Men's triple jump at the 1952 Olympic Games took place on 23 July at the Helsinki Olympic Stadium. Brazilian athlete Adhemar da Silva won the gold medal.

Athletics at the 1956 Summer Olympics – Men's triple jump

These are the official results of the men's triple jump at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, Australia. The qualification round mark was set at 14.80 metres. Eleven athletes didn't surpass that distance in the morning session.

During the afternoon final, Bill Sharpe took the early lead with an American record 15.88m. In the second round, the surprise of the Olympics Vilhjálmur Einarsson jumped a wind aided 16.26m to take the lead. Defending champion and world record holder Adhemar da Silva jumped 16.04m. In the third round, Vitold Kreyer moved into bronze medal position with a 16.02m, while Sharpe injured himself on his attempt and was unable to continue the battle. In the fourth round, da Silva popped an Olympic record 16.35 m (53 ft 7 1⁄2 in) to take the lead. da Silva backed up his jump by equalling Einarsson's best jump in the fifth round and adding a 16.21m in the final round. da Silva became Brazil's first back to back winner, while Einarsson won Iceland's first medal.

Athletics at the 1957 World Festival of Youth and Students

The 6th World Festival of Youth and Students featured an athletics competition among its programme of events. The events were contested in Moscow, Soviet Union in August 1957. Mainly contested among Eastern European athletes, it served as an alternative to the more Western European-oriented 1957 World University Games held in Paris the same year.Many top Soviet athletes were present and the event and the nation won the most titles. Pyotr Bolotnikov won the 10,000 metres – a feat which preceded a 1960 Olympic win at the distance. Semyon Rzhishchin, the steeplechase world record holder, won his specialist event, but Olympic walking champion Leonid Spirin settled for runner-up spot. In the triple jump, Leonid Shcherbakov failed an attempt to win a fifth straight title at the festival, being beaten by two-time and reigning Olympic champion Adhemar da Silva, who claimed Brazil's first gold in festival history. Javelin thrower Janusz Sidło won a fourth straight world student title and his throw of 80.12 m (262 ft 10 1⁄4 in) marked the only time an athlete surpassed eighty metres at the competition. Yugoslavia was prominently represented by Franjo Mihalić, the Olympic runner-up and marathon winner here.In women's events, former Olympic champion Galina Zybina won the shot put for a second time running, while in the discus her compatriot and fellow Olympic champion Nina Ponomaryova won her fourth straight gold at the festival. Also among the strong Soviet throwers were javelin specialist Inese Jaunzeme and Tamara Tyshkevich (both reigning Olympic champions). Iolanda Balaș had her third straight world student win in the high jump. She went on to win at the 1958 European Athletics Championships a year later, as did pentathlon winner Galina Bystrova and 800 m runner-up Yelizaveta Yermolayeva.

Athletics at the 1960 Summer Olympics – Men's triple jump

The men's triple jump field event at the 1960 Olympic Games took place on September 6. Józef Szmidt of Poland won the gold medal.

IAAF Hall of Fame

The IAAF Hall of Fame was established by the International Association of Athletics Federations in 2012. It is intended to honor individuals who have made valuable contributions in the sport of athletics both internationally and in their home countries that match certain criteria.The inaugural class, composed of 24 individuals, was introduced in November 2012.

João Gonçalves Filho

João Gonçalves Filho (7 December 1934 – 27 June 2010) was a Brazilian sportsman. He competed in five Olympic Games in both swimming and water polo. Born in Rio Claro, São Paulo, he represented Brazil in swimming at the 1952 and 1956 Olympics and in water polo at the 1960, 1964, and 1968 Olympics.Gonçalves swam for Fluminense Football Club, where he met future wife Wilma, part of the club's diving team. He studied Physical Education in the military academy alongside future Olympic track and field champion Adhemar da Silva, becoming a judo enthusiast and black belt.At the inaugural Pan American Games in 1951, in Buenos Aires, Argentina, he won a silver medal in the 4×200-metre freestyle, along with Aram Boghossian, Ricardo Capanema, and Tetsuo Okamoto. At the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, he swam the 100-metre backstroke and the 4×200-metre freestyle, not reaching the final.At the 1955 Pan American Games in Mexico City, he finished 4th in the 100-metre backstroke, and 4th in the 4 × 100-metre medley. The following year, at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, he swam the 100-metre backstroke, not reaching the final.Afterwards, Gonçalves moved to Esporte Clube Pinheiros in São Paulo, where he practiced water polo and attended law school at Mackenzie Presbyterian University. For extra earnings, he also became a trucker. He won the bronze medal at the 1959 Pan American Games in Chicago, a gold medal at the 1963 Pan American Games in São Paulo, and a silver at the 1967 Pan American Games in Winnipeg.At Rome 1960, Tokyo 1964 and Mexico City 1968, he finished 13th with the Brazilian Water Polo team, and was the flag bearer of the Brazilian delegation in the last one. Retired from practicing sports, Gonçalves Filho became a judo coach, first for Esporte Clube Pinheiros and eventually the Brazilian national team starting in 1978. He advocated weightlifting and extensive training to ensure the Brazilian got physiques matching the Eastern European ones. Gonçalves attended the Barcelona 1992 and Atlanta 1996, seeing Pinheiros judoka Aurélio Miguel win a bronze medal in the latter. Other three Brazilian medallists in Judo, Douglas Vieira, Tiago Camilo, and Leandro Guilheiro, also trained under Gonçalves. He died in June 2010, of liver failure during a femur surgery. His grandson, Gustavo Guimarães, follows his legacy and is part of the current Brazilian water polo team.

Leonid Shcherbakov

Leonid Mikhailovich Shcherbakov (Russian: Леонид Михайлович Щербаков, born 7 April 1927) is a retired Russian triple jumper who won a silver medal at the 1952 Olympics. He broke the world record in 1953 and won the European title in 1950 and 1954. Domestically he won eight consecutive Soviet titles in 1949–56.

After retiring from competitions, Shcherbakov worked at the Russian State University of Physical Education, Sport, Youth and Tourism, and later coached triple jumpers in Algeria and Cuba. His trainees included Pedro Pérez. In 1987 he was named an IAAF top 10 performer of all time in the triple jump.

Naoto Tajima

Naoto Tajima (田島 直人, Tajima Naoto, August 15, 1912 – December 4, 1990) was a Japanese athlete who competed at the 1932 and 1936 Olympics. In 1932 he finished sixth in the long jump, while in 1936 he finished third in the long jump, behind Jesse Owens and Lutz Long, and won the triple jump event, setting a world record at 16.00 m. This record stood until 1951, when Adhemar da Silva improved it by 1 centimeter.

Born in Iwakuni, Tajima graduated from Kyoto Imperial University just prior to competing in the Olympics. His gold medal was Japan's last Olympic track and field gold medal until Naoko Takahashi won the women's marathon at the 2000 Summer Olympics.

Triple jump at the Olympics

The triple jump at the Summer Olympics is grouped among the four track and field jumping events held at the multi-sport event. The men's triple jump has been present on the Olympic athletics programme since the first Summer Olympics in 1896. The women's triple jump is one of the more recent additions to the programme, having been first contested in 1996. It became the third Olympic jumping event for women after the high jump and long jump.

The Olympic records for the event are 18.09 m (59 ft 4 in) for men, set by Kenny Harrison in 1996, and 15.39 m (50 ft 5 3⁄4 in) for women, set by Françoise Mbango Etone in 2008. The men's triple jump world record was broken at the competition in 1924, 1932, 1936, 1956 and 1968. At the 1968 Summer Olympics, three men improved the record a total of five times at the high altitude of Mexico City. The women's world record has never been broken at the Olympics and the current mark of 15.50 m (50 ft 10 in), set in 1995, pre-dates the first Olympic event.James Brendan Connolly was the first Olympic triple jump champion and, as it was the first event to conclude in 1896, he was also the first Olympic champion of the modern era. Inessa Kravets, the world record holder, became the first women's champion 100 years later. American Christian Taylor and Colombian Caterine Ibargüen are the reigning Olympic champions from 2016.

Viktor Saneyev is the event's most successful athlete as he was Olympic champion three times consecutively from 1968 to 1976, as well as runner-up in 1980. Françoise Mbango Etone is the only woman to win two Olympic triple jump titles. Saneyev, Vilho Tuulos and Tatyana Lebedeva are the only three athletes to have won more than two Olympic medals in the event. The United States is the most successful nation in the event, with eight gold medals to its name. The Soviet Union is the next most successful, with four golds.

A short-lived standing triple jump variant of the event was contested in 1900 and 1904 and standing jumps specialist Ray Ewry won both gold medals.

Triple jump world record progression

The following table shows the world record progression in the men's and women's triple jump, officially ratified by the IAAF.

Vilhjálmur Einarsson

Vilhjálmur Einarsson (born 5 June 1934) is an Icelandic former athlete, and triple-jump silver medalist at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, Australia. Vilhjálmur grew up in the East-Icelandic fishing village of Reyðarfjörður and is the son of Einar Stefánsson and Sigríður Vilhjálmsdóttir.

In 1956 Vilhjálmur set a new Olympic Record by jumping 16.26 m in the triple jump, only to be surpassed by Brazil's Adhemar da Silva in the same competition. This was the most unexpected result of the Olympics that year, and his silver medal was Iceland's first ever Olympic medal. In 1958 he took bronze in the triple jump at the European Athletics Championships in Stockholm, Sweden, with 16.00 m. His personal best was 16.70 m set in 1960 in Laugardalsvöllur, Iceland. He has been declared Icelandic Sportsperson of the Year five times, more than anyone else.Vilhjálmur has also been headmaster of three schools: Héraðsskólinn in Laugarvatn, Reykholtsskóli in Reykholt, and Menntaskólinn in Egilsstaðir, where he later worked as a part-time mathematics teacher. He is also a painter, specializing in landscape painting, and his work has been on display in several art galleries in Iceland.

He attended Dartmouth College. His son Einar Vilhjálmsson later represented Iceland in the men's javelin throw at the Summer Olympics (1984, 1988 and 1992).

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