Adelia Cleopatra Graves (pen name, Aunt Alice; March 17, 1821 - 1895) was an American educator, author, and poet. At one time serving as Professor of Latin and Belles-lettres at Mary Sharp College, she went on to occupy the position of Matron and Professor of Rhetoric in the college. In 1841, she married Prof. Zuinglius Calvin Graves (1816–1902), who was serving as president of Kingsville Academy. She was the author of several books including juvenile literature under the pseudonym of "Aunt Alice". She also contributed prose and verse to periodical literature. In her day, Graves was one of the most popular writers of the South. Her best-known works were: Life of Columbus; Poems for Children; Seclusarval, or the Arts of Romanism; and Jephtha's Daughter, a drama.
Adelia Cleopatra Graves
"A woman of the century"
|Born||Adelia Cleopatra Spencer|
March 17, 1821
Kingsville, Ohio, U.S.
|Pen name||Aunt Alice|
|Occupation||educator, author, poet|
|Alma mater||Kingsville Academy|
|Notable works||Life of Columbus; Poems for Children; Seclusarval, or the Arts of Romanism; and Jephtha's Daughter, a drama|
Zuinglius Calvin Graves (m. 1841)
|Relatives||Platt Rogers Spencer (uncle)|
Adelia Cleopatra Spencer was born in Kingsville, Ohio, March 17, 1821. She was the daughter of Dr. Daniel M. Spencer and Marian T. Cook, and a niece of Platt Rogers Spencer, the originator of the Spencerian script. Graves' mother was an intellectual. Her family was wealthy and cultured, all the men having for generations had the benefit of collegiate education. Her father especially excelled in the Greek and Latin languages.
Graves spent her early life on the shores of Lake Erie, where she resolved to devote her life to literature. She loved to be alone, passing her time on the beach, or in the old forests near where she had been born. Her love of nature was a passion, the record of which was preserved in some of her earliest unpublished poems. Stanzas written before she was nine years old were models of correct versification, exhibiting simplicity of expression and happy choice of words which characterized the productions of her more mature years. She wrote because she could not restrain the flow of thoughts, taking shape in rhymes.
In 1841, she married Dr. Zuinglius Calvin Graves, who was at that time president of Kingsville Academy; later, president of Soule College; and founder and president of Mary Sharp College. A few years after her marriage, Graves received a bad injury, which crippled her physical energies. For five years, she could not walk across her room; and later found it difficult to walk a short distance.
For years, she taught classes in languages in the Kingsville Academy. At Mary Sharp College, there were few positions she did not occupy at some point, save that of mathematics. For 32 years, she was matron and professor of rhetoric, belles-lettres, elocution, and English composition. She also taught French, ancient history, ancient geography, and English literature. 
The published works of Graves include Seclusaval, or the Arts of Romanism (1870), a work written to deter Protestants from sending children to Catholic schools; and Jephtha's Daughter, a drama, (1867). Besides these, there were two prize stories. Twelve or thirteen small volumes were also compiled from the Southern Child's Book, at the request of the Southern Baptist Sabbath School Union, for the use of Sunday schools. For years, Graves edited and wrote for that publication. She wrote the Old Testament Catechism in Rhyme (1859), on request of the same society, for African American slaves, for which she received US$0.20 a line. Her unpublished poems were numerous.
Graves contributed to different periodicals, mostly fugitive poems, and two prose tales, and a prize tale. "Ruined Lives," published in the Southern Repository, in Memphis, Tennessee, and the drama of Jephthah's Daughter, were some of her other published works.
Graves is mentioned in Woman in Sacred Song, and Southland Poets, as well as in the Successful Men of Tennessee for her extraordinary financial ability, having managed a business of US$15,000-20,000 per year for years at a time.
— words chiselled onto the tombstone of John Keats, at his request
Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).1895
was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1895th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 895th year of the 2nd millennium, the 95th year of the 19th century, and the 6th year of the 1890s decade. As of the start of 1895, the Gregorian calendar was
12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.Graves (surname)
Graves is a surname of English origin. Notable people with the surname include:
Adam Graves, Canadian ice hockey player
Adelia Cleopatra Graves, (1821-1895) American educator and author
Alfred Perceval Graves, Irish writer
Bibb Graves, American politician
Bill Graves, American politician
Cecil Graves, BBC Director-General
Charles Graves (disambiguation), several people
Christopher and Kevin Graves, American actors
Clare W. Graves, American psychologist
Danny Graves, American baseball player
Denyce Graves, American mezzo soprano
Dixie Bibb Graves, American politician, wife of Bibb Graves
D. V. Graves (Dorsett Vandeventer Graves, 1886–1960), American college sports coach
Ed Graves (1917-1980), American art director
Edward O. Graves (1843-1909), American banker
Ernest Graves (actor), American actor
Ernest Graves, Sr., American athlete, coach, and military officer
Evelyn Paget Graves, 9th Baron Graves (1926–2002)
Ezra Graves (1809–1883), New York judge and politician
George Graves (biologist) (1784–1839), English naturalist
George Graves (actor) (1876–1949), English comic actor
George S. Graves, American politician
Henry Graves (disambiguation), several people
James Graves (disambiguation), several people
John Graves (disambiguation), several people
Josh Graves, American bluegrass musician
Kelly Graves (born 1963), American basketball coach
Kersey Graves, American theological reformist and writer
Leslie Graves, American actress
Lucia Graves, British novelist and translator
Lulu Grace Graves (1874 – 1949), American dietitian
Mary H. Graves, American minister, editor, writer
Michael Graves, American architect
Michael Graves (poker player) (born 1984), American poker player
Michale Graves, American singer/songwriter
Milford Graves, American-born jazz drummer
Morris Graves, American artist
Nancy Graves, American sculptor
Nell Cole Graves, American potter
Nelson Graves, Philadelphian cricketer
Paul D. Graves (1907–1972), New York politician and judge
Peter Graves (disambiguation), several people
Philip Graves, British journalist
Ralph Graves (1900–1977), American screenwriter, film director and actor
Ralph Graves (writer) (1924–2013), American writer
Randall Graves, New York politician, assemblyman 1829
Ray Graves, American footballer
Richard Graves (disambiguation), several people
Robert Graves (disambiguation), several people
Roosevelt Graves, American blues guitarist and singer
Ross Graves (1874–1940), New York politician
Rupert Graves, English actor
Sam Graves, American politician
Samuel Graves, British Admiral
Samuel Robert Graves, Irish-born businessman and Conservative politician (1818-1873)
Teresa Graves, African-American actress
Terrence C. Graves, American marine
Thomas Graves (disambiguation), several people
Tomás Graves, writer and musician
White Graves (born 1942), American football player
William Graves (disambiguation), several peopleKingsville, Ohio
Kingsville is a census-designated place in central Kingsville Township, Ashtabula County, Ohio, United States. Although it is unincorporated, it has a post office, with the ZIP code of 44048. It lies at the intersection of State Routes 84 and 193, less than one mile northwest of Interstate 90.
Kingsville was originally called Fobesdale or Fobesville, and under the latter name was laid out in 1810.Kingsville Academy
Kingsville Academy was a school which was chartered in Kingsville, Ohio in 1834. Its building was constructed in 1836. In its 37-year history, the institution educated about 5,000 students. With the rise of the public high school, enrollment dwindled and, ultimately lead to the Academy`s demise and the building burned down in 1927.List of poets from the United States
The poets listed below were either born in the United States or else published much of their poetry while living in that country.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S
T U V W X Y ZMary Sharp College
Mary Sharp College (1851–1896), first known as the Tennessee and Alabama Female Institute, was a women's college, located in Winchester, Tennessee. It was named after the abolitionist Mary Sharp.Platt Rogers Spencer
Platt Rogers Spencer (also Platt R. Spencer) (November 7, 1800 – May 16, 1864) was the originator of Spencerian penmanship, a popular system of cursive handwriting. He was a teacher and active in the business school movement.