Addenbrooke's Hospital

Addenbrooke's Hospital is an internationally renowned[2] teaching hospital and research centre in Cambridge, England, with strong affiliations to the University of Cambridge.[3] Addenbrooke's Hospital is based on the Cambridge Biomedical Campus. The hospital is run by Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust and is a designated academic health science centre. It is also the East of England's Major Trauma Centre - the first of which to be operational in the UK.[4]

Addenbrooke's Hospital
Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
Addenbrooke's hospital
Addenbrooke's Hospital
Addenbrooke's Hospital is located in Cambridgeshire
Addenbrooke's Hospital
Shown in Cambridgeshire
Geography
LocationCambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge, England
Coordinates52°10′34″N 0°08′24″E / 52.176°N 0.140°ECoordinates: 52°10′34″N 0°08′24″E / 52.176°N 0.140°E
Organisation
Care systemNational Health Service
Hospital typeTeaching
Affiliated universityUniversity of Cambridge Medical School
Services
Emergency departmentYes – Major Trauma Centre
Beds1,000[1]
History
Founded1766
Links
Websitehttp://www.cuh.org.uk
ListsHospitals in England
Cmglee Cambridge aerial Addenbrookes
Aerial view of Addenbrooke's Hospital

History

The hospital was founded in 1766 on Trumpington Street with £4,500 from the will of Dr John Addenbrooke, a fellow of St Catharine's College.[5] In 1962 the first building was opened on its present site,[6] on the southern edge of the city at the end of Hills Road. The last patient left the old site in 1984 - the old site is now occupied by the Cambridge Judge Business School, as well as Browns Brasserie & Bar.[7] A new elective care facility was procured under a Private Finance Initiative contract in 2004, It was built by Alfred McAlpine at a cost of £85 million and completed in spring 2007.[8]

Services

Addenbrooke's provides a full range of clinical services, with the exception of cardiothoracic surgery, which is provided at the nearby Papworth Hospital (due to be re-located to the Cambridge Biomedical Campus in 2017).[9] It is a designated UK Major Trauma Centre.[10] Addenbrooke's was the first regional Major Trauma Centre in England to become fully operational and was featured on the BBC documentary series 'Life Savers' in 2013.[4]

Addenbrooke's is a tertiary referral centre for a number of specialities. Of note, it is one of the UK's seven liver transplant centres and performs multivisceral transplants. It is a busy regional neurosurgical centre[11][12] and has the largest neurological intensive care unit of its kind in Europe. It is also a centre of excellence for renal services, bone marrow transplantation, cleft lip and palate reconstruction, treatment of rare cancers, medical genetics, and paediatrics. Addenbrooke's is also the designated regional centre for pancreatic, biliary and liver cancer surgery and tertiary referral centre for complex pancreatitis. It has 37 operating theatres, and in addition to the neurosciences (neurosurgery and neurology) critical care unit it also has an adult, a paediatric, and a neonatal intensive care service, and several high-dependency areas (adult, paediatric, transplant, surgical, coronary care).[13] The Rosie Hospital is attached to Addenbrooke's, and provides a full range of women's and maternity services, including a midwife-led birth unit and birth pool.[14]

Addenbrooke's is an internationally renowned transplant centre. Addenbrooke's transplant surgeons have made many notable contributions to the world of transplantation, including:[15]

  • The first liver transplant outside the USA (1968)
  • The introduction of the immunosuppressant drug ciclosporin into clinical practice (1978)
  • The pre-clinical development of the immunosuppressant drugs sirolimus and tacrolimus (1980s)
  • The world’s first combined heart, lung and liver transplant, with Papworth Hospital (1986)
  • The first combined liver and pancreas transplant (1988)
  • The first small-bowel transplant in the UK (1992)
  • The first multivisceral transplant in the UK (1994)

The East of England Ambulance Service has an ambulance station in the grounds of the hospital, and there is an NHS Blood and Transplant facility on site.

The hospital has its own helipad, located on-site. This is an important feature for the numerous air ambulances that visit - transporting patients in a critical state to the Major Trauma Centre.[16]

Transport

DNA cyclepath to Shelford - geograph.org.uk - 538440
Start of DNA cycle path

Bus

The campus is served by a busy bus station, located on its gateway roundabout, with up to 60 buses arriving there every hour. Addenbrooke's hospital is directly accessible from three of Cambridge's five Park and Ride sites, of which Babraham Road and Trumpington are nearest.[17] The green Park and Ride buses from the Babraham Park and Ride stop at its main bus station, while the busway service A connects various locations around the site to Trumpington Park and Ride and the Cambridgeshire Guided Busway. Busway service U from and to Eddington has a stop at the Madingley Road Park and Ride and one outside the hospital's outpatient entrance. All three services also stop at the Cambridge railway station.[18]

Bicycle

Various cycle ways lead to Addenbrooke’s hospital and a new cycleway and footpath linking Great Shelford and Addenbrooke’s opened in August 2006, which also marks the 10,000th mile of the National Cycle Network.[19]

Car

Parking is increasingly restricted, as former car parks are being built on, and staff, patients and visitors are encouraged to travel in by bus or bike. A new multi-storey car park with 1050 spaces for visitor and patient parking and a further 63 for disabled parking was opened on 18 April 2008. There is a customer service desk and concession tickets are available for outpatients with appointments.[20]

Transport remains something of a problem due to the volume of people arriving each day – there are approximately 8,000 car movements each day, but only 3,200 car parking spaces available (as of March 2004). With three proposed developments around the hospital including an extension of the hospital site itself and two residential developments traffic is expected to increase considerably. For this reason work for a new access road from Hauxton Road in Trumpington to Addenbrooke's Hospital began in July 2007. The £25million new road opened in October 2010 and provides direct access from the M11 to the Cambridge Biomedical Campus, home to the hospital.[21] It is expected to handle up to 25,000 journeys per day when nearby residential developments are complete. To avoid the route becoming a rat run for access to other areas of Cambridge, it is fitted with Automatic Number Plate Recognition cameras to monitor traffic entering and leaving the site without stopping, and the police have power to issue Fixed Penalty Notices to drivers who are not authorised to use the route.[22]

Open days

The hospital holds a free open day to allow members of the public to visit areas of the hospital which would usually be inaccessible. The tours include visits to the basement service corridors, the hospital's mortuary, the pathology laboratories, the hospital roof, and one of the operating theatres. In March 2016, over 5,000 visitors attended the event.[23]

Fundraising

Addenbrooke's Charitable Trust (ACT) is the independent registered charity for Addenbrooke's Hospital and its associated hospitals. Its aim is to support and promote the work of Addenbrooke's for the benefit of patients and staff, by raising extra funds to enhance services, facilities and research.[24]

Incidents

In 2011 Addenbrooke's Doctors placed a do not resuscitate instruction on a patient's notes without consultation with either the patient or the family. The patient later died, and following a court case in 2014 Addenbrooke's was found to have acted unlawfully in denying the patient life saving treatment.[25]

In 2012, Dr Narinder Kapur, consultant neuropsychologist and Head of the Neuropsychology Service won a case of unfair dismissal against Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Dr Kapur was a whistleblower who raised patient safety concerns, such as the use of unqualified staff in clinics, concerns that were later vindicated by an internal report. Dr Kapur subsequently set up a website for whistleblowers, providing resources and advice on whistleblowing, patient safety and professionalism.[26]

In 2015 Addenbrooke's doctor Myles Bradbury was jailed for 22 years for abusing 18 boys at the hospital, between 2009 and 2013.[27]

In April 2016 Addenbrooke's was criticised for the treatment of Prof. Sir David J.C. Mackay. Mackay was unable to sleep, being kept awake by noisy staff, excessive heating, lights, and loud machinery that exceeded World Health Organization guidelines.[28] Mackay was reported to be in tears, and died six days later.[29]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Facts and figures - Cambridge University Hospitals". www.cuh.org.uk.
  2. ^ "Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (CUH) - The Shelford Group". shelfordgroup.org.
  3. ^ Boffey, Daniel (28 April 2012). "NHS trust plans to become next big name in luxury hotels". The Observer. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Addenbrooke's stars in TV series". Cambridge News. Local World. 12 June 2013. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  5. ^ "History of Addenbrooke's and the Rosie". Addenbrooke's Archives. Cambridge University Hospitals. Retrieved 9 June 2008.
  6. ^ "Cambridge University Hospitals". www.cuh.nhs.uk. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  7. ^ "Judge institute, Cambridge". www.johnoutram.com. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  8. ^ "Clinical and research centre reaches milestone". University of Cambridge. 7 November 2005. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  9. ^ "Papworth heart and lung specialist hospital to move". BBC News. 3 December 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  10. ^ "Emergency and urgent care services". NHS Choices. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  11. ^ O'Leary, Ronan (17 July 2014). "Neurosciences and Trauma Critical Care Fellowships in Cambridge". NCCU Education. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  12. ^ "Ward A2 - Neurosciences critical care unit (NCCU)". Cambridge University Hospitals. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  13. ^ "Theatres | Cambridge University Hospitals". Cuh.nhs.uk. Retrieved 2018-07-29.
  14. ^ "Giving birth at the Rosie birth centre". The Rosie Hospital. Cambridge University Hospitals. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  15. ^ "History of transplantation at Addenbrooke's". Addenbrooke's Hospital. Cambridge University Hospitals. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  16. ^ "East Anglian Air Ambulance | Helipad opens" (PDF).
  17. ^ "Park & Ride". Cambridge University Hospitals. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  18. ^ "Cambridgeshire Guided Busway – Information About the Scheme" (PDF). Cambridgeshire County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 May 2008. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
  19. ^ "Cycleway route to hospital". Cambridge Evening News. Local World. 3 June 2014. Archived from the original on 19 October 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2007.
  20. ^ "New Addenbrooke's multi-storey car park opens". Addenbrooke's Hospital. Cambridge University Hospitals. 17 April 2008. Archived from the original on 29 August 2008. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  21. ^ "Addenbrooke's Hospital access road officially opens". BBC News. 27 October 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  22. ^ Stone, Tim. "No shortcut at Addenbrooke's access road". Tim Stone. Association of Liberal Democrat Councillors. Archived from the original on 2012-07-28.
  23. ^ "Open day - Cambridge University Hospitals". www.cuh.org.uk.
  24. ^ Charity Commission. Addenbrooke's Hospital, registered charity no. 1048868.
  25. ^ Roberts, Michelle (17 June 2014). "Legal duty over resuscitation orders" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  26. ^ "ABetterNHS.com".
  27. ^ "Paedophile doctor breaks silence". 13 February 2015 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  28. ^ Knapton, Sarah (15 April 2016). "Cambridge professor reduced to tears by noisy hospital before death" – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
  29. ^ 15 April 2016 (2016-04-15). "Acclaimed expert on energy and engineering Sir David MacKay dies aged 48". Businessgreen.com. Retrieved 2018-02-09.

External links

Addenbrooke

Addenbrooke is a surname of English origin. People with this surname include:

John Addenbrooke (philanthropist) (1680-1719), English doctor and benefactor of Addenbrooke's hospital

John Addenbrooke (priest), Dean of Lichfield

John Addenbrooke (footballer), English footballer

Jack Addenbrooke (1865-1922), English football player and manager

Addenbrooke's Charitable Trust

Addenbrooke's Charitable Trust (ACT; established 2005) is a charity based at Addenbrooke's Hospital and the Rosie Hospital, Cambridge, UK. Addenbrooke's Charitable Trust (ACT) registered charity number is 1048868.

Alan Cuthbert

Alan William Cuthbert, (7 May 1932 – 27 August 2016) was a British pharmacologist and fellow of University College London.Cuthbert was born in Peterborough, England. He was a research professor at Addenbrooke's Hospital, located at the University of Cambridge.

From 1979 to 1999 he was Sheild Professor of Pharmacology, and from 1991 to 1999 he served as master of Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge. He died at the age of 84 on 27 August 2016.

Arthur Rook (dermatologist)

Arthur James Rook FRCP (15 May 1918 – 30 July 1991) was a leading British dermatologist and the principal author of Rook's Textbook of Dermatology (1968), known as "Rook's", which reached its ninth edition in 2016.

Rook was closely associated with Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, as a consultant dermatologist and later wrote the history of that hospital. He was the editor of the British Journal of Dermatology, president of the British Association of Dermatologists, and of the International Society of Tropical Dermatology, was elected an honorary fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine and became the president of the British Society for the History of Medicine.

Together with Ian Whimster, he wrote important articles on keratoacanthoma and blistering skin diseases.

Breath test

A breath test is a type of test performed on air generated from the act of exhalation.Types include:

Breathalyzer – by far the most common usage of this term relates to the legal breath test to determine if a person is driving under the influence of alcohol.

Hydrogen breath test – it is becoming more and more common for people to undertake a medical test for clinical diagnosis of dietary disabilities such as fructose intolerance, fructose malabsorption, lactose intolerance and lactulose intolerance.

The presence of Helicobacter pylori (in peptic ulcer disease) can be tested for with the urea breath test.

Exhaled nitric oxide is a breath test that might signal airway inflammation such as in asthma.

Breath tests for diseases have been developed for early detection of Lung Cancer, Breast Cancer, Pulmonary TB and many others, to serve as an adjunct to existing medical tests. A trial will commence at Addenbrooke's Hospital in Cambridge, England to confirm the efficacy of these breath tests. Phase II and Phase III clinical studies by Menssana Research, Inc. in The United States are also under way.

Cambridge Academy for Science and Technology

Cambridge Academy for Science and Technology (formerly UTC Cambridge) is a university technical college opened in 2014. It is located on the Biomedical Campus, which encompasses Addenbrooke's Hospital, next to the Long Road Sixth Form College in Cambridge. The school is a member of the Cambridge Academic Partnership (formerly the Parkside Federation) along with Parkside Community College, Coleridge Community College, Trumpington Community College, and Parkside Sixth. The formal ceremony to celebrate the change of name and to mark the school becoming a member of the Parkside Federation took place at the school premises on 19 September 2017.

Its sponsors include Cambridge Regional College, Cambridge University Health Partners and the Sanger Institute.

Students at Cambridge Academy for Science and Technology engage in Challenge Projects (held by regional employers such as AstraZeneca and Zeiss) between 10 and 20 hours per week for six to eight weeks. Challenge Projects are cross curricular in nature and engender innovation and enterprise while upskilling students in the latest scientific and computer technology.Students generate a portfolio of evidence of their developing professional, technical and employability skills that leads to evaluation by external moderators of the Duke of York Award.

Cambridge Biomedical Campus

The Cambridge Biomedical Campus is the largest centre of medical research and health science in Europe. Located at the southern end of Hills Road in Cambridge, England the campus is managed by the University of Cambridge. The site is funded by organisations such as the Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, the Wellcome Trust, Cancer Research UK, the UK government's Medical Research Council and has National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre status. It is an accredited UK academic health science centre (Cambridge University Health Partners) and home to Addenbrooke's Hospital and the university's medical school.

Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

The Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust is one of the United Kingdom's NHS foundation trusts. It was originally named Addenbrooke's NHS Trust. It became a foundation trust and was renamed in 2004.

The Trust provides healthcare for people in the Cambridge area, in southeast England, and specialist services such as transplantation, treatment of rare cancers and neurological intensive care for a much wider area. It runs Addenbrooke's Hospital, the Rosie Hospital, and Saffron Walden Community Hospital. It is one of the Shelford Group an informal organisation of ten leading English University Teaching Hospitals and part of the Cambridge Biomedical Campus.

Roland Sinker is the current chief executive and he joined the Trust in 2015 moving from King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust in London where he was acting CEO and prior to that the Chief Operating Officer from 2009-2015.

Charles Nicholas Hales

Charles Nicholas "Nick" Hales (1935–2005) was an English physician, biochemist, diabetologist, pathologist, and professor of clinical biochemistry

David Robinson (philanthropist)

Sir David Robinson (13 April 1904 – 10 January 1987) was a British entrepreneur and philanthropist. He donated £18 million to the University of Cambridge to establish a new college in his name. Robinson College, Cambridge, the newest in the university, was formally opened in 1981. Robinson also donated £3 million to start the Rosie Hospital, named after his mother, which is now a part of Addenbrooke's Hospital in Cambridge.

Robinson was born in Cambridge, England, but later moved to Bedford. He built a business renting radios and televisions, which was commercially successful. Robinson was also involved with horse-racing: in the late 1960s and 1970s he owned a large number of winning horses which also yielded significant profits.

His racing stables, Clarehaven, was one of the biggest racing stables in England. His string of 120-150 horses was split between two trainers, Michael Jarvis and Paul Davey.

He was knighted in 1985, and died two years later in Newmarket, the centre of English horse-racing.

Department of Oncology, University of Cambridge

The Department of Oncology at the University of Cambridge is part of the School of Clinical Medicine. It is based on 6 locations at or near to Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge and has large university and NHS components.

In 2008, the Department staff, together with the Departments of Pathology and Haematology, were formally assessed as:

35% of submissions were awarded a 4* grading (world-leading in originality, significance and rigour)

40% was awarded a 3* grading (internationally excellent in originality, significance and rigour)

Hills Road, Cambridge

Hills Road is an arterial road (part of the A1307) in southeast Cambridge, England. It runs between Regent Street at the junction with Lensfield Road and Gonville Place (the A603) to the northwest and a roundabout by the Cambridge Biomedical Campus, continuing as Babraham Road (also part of the A1307) to the southeast.

On the corner with Lensfield Road is Our Lady and the English Martyrs Church. To the west of the road is the Cambridge University Botanic Garden. At this point, near the Cambridge War Memorial, Station Road leads to Cambridge railway station to the east. Near the southeast end to the west, just north of the junction with Long Road, is The Perse School, an independent school. The Cambridge Biomedical Campus is to the southwest of the roundabout at the southeastern end, at the edge of the city and houses Addenbrooke's Hospital. The original hospital was located on the Old Addenbrooke's Site on Trumpington Street in central Cambridge.

Also on Hills Road are:

Homerton College, a constituent college of the University of Cambridge

The Perse School

Hills Road Sixth Form College

St John the Evangelist church

Isaac Pennington

See Isaac Penington (disambiguation) for other people with a similar name.Sir Isaac Pennington (1745–1817) was an English physician, of whom there are two portraits in the National Portrait Gallery.

Isaac Pennington was educated at Sedbergh School and St John's College, Cambridge. From 1773 to 1817 he was physician to Addenbrooke's Hospital in Cambridge and from 1793 to 1817 Regius Professor of Physic at Cambridge University.

Margaret Cooper (nurse)

Margaret Jean Drummond Cooper (23 March 1922 – 15 September 2013) was an English nurse and nurse-tutor. She developed a view that theoretical knowledge should be applied to practical training, and wanted to improve the education of nurses' and their competence. Cooper held tutoring positions at Northampton General Hospital and Addenbrooke's Hospital and later served as the Queen Elizabeth School of Nursing's principal.

Maria Francis

Maria Francis (Lund) (born 1969) is a British and Welsh slalom canoeist who competed in the 1980s and 1990s. She was women's K1 British Champion in 1989, silver medalist at the 1990 Europa Cup in Merano and went on to win a bronze medal in the K1 team event at the 1993 ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships in Mezzana.

Maria (now Maria Worrall, married to Photographer & Engineer Chris Worrall) lives in Cambridge (UK) and is a member of Bishop's Stortford Canoe Club. She currently works for Addenbrooke's hospital, Cambridgeshire.

Max Barrett

Arthur Max Barrett, MD (28 July 1909 – 11 December 1961), also known as Dr. A. M. Barrett, was a university morbid anatomist and histologist at the University of Cambridge, and an honorary consulting pathologist to the United Cambridge Hospitals and to the East Anglian Regional Hospital Board. He wrote numerous works, often cited in medical literature. The Barrett Room at Addenbrooke's Hospital is named in his honour. He was the father of Syd Barrett, a founder member of the band Pink Floyd.

Old Addenbrooke's Site

The Old Addenbrooke's Site is a site owned by the University of Cambridge in the south of central Cambridge, England. It is located on the block formed by Fitzwilliam Street to the north, Tennis Court Road to the east, Lensfield Road to the south, and Trumpington Street to the west.

Addenbrooke's Hospital was founded in 1766 on Trumpington Street, but in 1976 it relocated to larger premises further out of the city to the southeast at the end of Hills Road, hence the name of this site now. The Cambridge Judge Business School is located on the northern part of the site in Trumpington Street. The Sanger Building, housing part of the University of Cambridge Department of Biochemistry, is on the southern part of the site on Tennis Court Road. There are a number of other University buildings on the site especially administrative University Offices.To the east is Downing College and to the west at the northern end is the Fitzwilliam Museum. To the northeast is the Downing Site, another University of Cambridge site with departments and museums.

School of Clinical Medicine, University of Cambridge

The School of Clinical Medicine is the medical school of the University of Cambridge in England. According to the QS World University Rankings 2016, it ranks as the 3rd best medical school in the world. The school is co-located with Addenbrooke's Hospital on the Cambridge Biomedical Campus.

Wolfson Brain Imaging Centre

The Wolfson Brain Imaging Centre (WBIC) is a leading UK Biomedical Imaging Centre, located at Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, England, on the Cambridge Bio-Medical Campus at the southwestern end of Hills Road. It is a division of the Department of Clinical Neurosciences of the University of Cambridge.

The Centre opened in 1996 with a GE PET scanner, followed soon after by a Bruker 3T MRI system. After a major programme of infrastructure investment and redevelopment, funded by the Medical Research Council and the University of Cambridge. The facilities now comprise a Siemens 7T Terra MRI scanner, a Siemens 3T PrismaFit scanner, a Siemens 3T SkyraFit scanner, a GE 3T PET/MR Signa scanner and a hyper-polariser system.Research conducted within the Centre falls broadly into the categorisations of positron emission tomography, magnetic resonance and radiochemistry. It also provides research platforms for neuroscience themes, including dementia, stroke and neurosurgery as well as cognitive neuroscience.

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